Welcome to the Genealogy Trails website for Lake and Peninsula Borough, Alaska
Our goal is to help you track your ancestors through time by transcribing genealogical and historical data and
placing it online for the free use of all researchers. This is a continuation of our original Illinois Trails History and Genealogy Project
and we are excited about this opportunity to expand into other states.
We welcome your feedback and comments, and of course, your data contributions. If you have transcribed data that
you would like to have posted on this website, please send it to us.
If you would like to be kept informed of our state and county website updates, subscribe to our mailing lists
This Site is Available for Adoption!
We are looking for a coordinator for this site.... folks who share our dedication to putting data online and are
interested in helping this project be as helpful and useful to researchers as it can be. If you are interested
in joining our group as host of this site, view our Volunteer Page for further information
Location and Climate
Lake & Peninsula Borough is located on the Alaska Peninsula, southwest of Anchorage. It is comprised of 17
communities, including 5 incorporated cities. It lies at approximately 59.716670° North Latitude and -154.900000°
West Longitude . The area encompasses 23,782.0 sq. miles of land and 7,125.0 sq. miles of water. The area experiences
a transitional climate. Average summer temperatures range from 42 to 62; winter temperatures range from 6 to 30.
Annual precipitation is 24 inches, with 50 inches of snow.
History, Culture and Demographics
Yup'ik Eskimos and Athabascan Indians have jointly occupied the area for the past 6,000 years. The late 1800s first
brought an influx of non-Native fishermen and cannery operations. A flu epidemic in 1918 was tragic to the Native
population. Reindeer were introduced to assist the survivors, but the experiment eventually failed. During World
War II Fort Morrow was built at Port Heiden. The Borough was incorporated in 1989.
The population of the community consists of 79.7% Alaska Native or part Native. The majority of the Borough's
year-round residents are Aleuts, with a mixture of Eskimos and Athabascans. During the peak commercial fishing
season, the Borough population increases sharply.
Communities located within the Borough include:
Chignik, Chignik Lagoon, Chignik Lake, Egegik, Igiugig, Iliamna, Ivanof Bay, Kokhanok, Levelock, Newhalen, Nondalton,
Pedro Bay, Perryville, Pilot Point, Port Alsworth, Port Heiden, and Ugashik.
Economy and Transportation
Commercial fishing, fish processing, tourism and sport fishing are the mainstay of the Borough's economy. 227 borough
residents hold commercial fishing permits. Government services also provide employment. Subsistence hunting and
fishing are important to year-round residents. Iliamna Lake offers trophy rainbow trout, attracting tourists and
Scheduled and charter air services as well as barge and ferry services provide transportation of passengers and
goods in this area of the state. Travel to Dillingham, Kodiak and Anchorage is frequent.