Colorado State Emblems
Nil sine numine
(Latin, "Nothing without Providence"
or "Nothing without the Deity")
The color red, abundant everywhere you look in Colorado, likely contributed to the choice of state mineral. A rose-colored mineral received the distinction on April 17, 2002.
The white and lavender columbine (Aquilegia caerules) was recognized early on in Colorado's history as a fragile and rare flower species. On April 4, 1899, it was named the state flower, and in 1925, a law was passed further protecting this beauty by making it the duty of all state residents to protect it.
Calamospiza melanocorys was adopted as the state bird on April 29, 1931. It is a medium sized, sparrow-like bird, and during mating season, the male of the species is jet black with a swatch of white on its wings and a large, whitish bill.
State TreeThe Colorado blue spruce (Picea pungens) was discovered on Colorado's Pike's Peak in 1862 by botantist C.C. Parry, but it didn't receive its official name until 1879. As with most spruce varieties, the Colorado blue has a wonderful symmetry about it, and on Arbor Day, in 1892, school children across the state voted it as the state tree. It wasn't made official until March 7, 1939.
Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep
(Ovis canadensis) is only found in the Rockies. It was so named on May 1, 1961.
State GrassBlue grama is a native Colorado grass that growns wild throughout most of the state. It was named the official state grass on May 20, 1987.
Greenback Cutthroat Trout
(Oncorhynchus clarki somias) Once quite prolific in state lakes, the greenback was almost wiped out by pollution produced by the mining industry and people in general. When a small population was discovered in a few remote areas, wildlife officials were anxious to protect the speies. Hence, the naming of the greenback as the official state fish took place on March 15, 1994.
The Colorado hairstreak butterfly
(Hupaurotis cysalus) with is purple, orange and black wings, received the designation on April 17, 1996.
A gemstone the color of a clear, blue-green mountain lake. It was adopted as the state gemstone of April 30, 1971. Aquamarine is found in abundance on the peaks of Mount Antero and White Mountain.