For the first time in 1960, the Census Bureau mailed out a combined
population and housing questionnaire to all urban residents in the United
States. Residents were to complete the questionnaire themselves and
hold it until an enumerator came visit and collect the form. Enumerators
then gave an additional sample questionnaire to 25 percent of households,
with instructions to mail it back to their census office. Rural residents
were enumerated by traditional visitation. The census "short form" collected
only five questions: age, sex, race, and marital status. The census
questionnaire and enumerators collected the following information, listed
by question number:
- Relationship to head of household
- Race or color
- Date of birth
- Marital status
- Place of birth
- If foreign born, what is the person's mother tongue?
- Birth country of person's father
- Birth country of person's mother
- When did this person move into this house or apartment? The following
categories were listed on the form:
- In 1959 or 1960
- In 1958
- In 1957
- April 1955 to December 1956
- January 1954 to March 1955
- 1950 to 1953
- 1940 to 1949
- 1939 or earlier
- Always lived at this place
- Did the person live in this house on April 1, 1955?
- Born April 1955 or later
- Yes, this house
- No, different house
Where did he live on April 1, 1955?
- City or town
- Did he live inside of the city limits?
State, foreign country, U.S. possession, or etc.
- What is the highest grade this person has attended in school?
- Did the person finish that highest grade?
- Has the person attended regular school or college at any time since
February 1, 1960?
- Was it a public or private school?
- If this person has ever been married, has this person been married
more than once?
- What month and year did the person get married? If he has been married
more than once, what was the month and year of his first marriage?
- If this is a woman who has ever been married, how many babies has
she ever had, not counting stillbirths?
- Was this person born before or after April 1946?
If the person was born before April 1946...
- Did this person work at any time last week?
- If yes, how many hours did he work last week at all jobs?
- Was this person looking for work, or on a layoff from a job?
- Does this person have a job or business from which he was temporarily
absent last week because of illness, vacation, or other reasons?
- When did the person last work, even for a few days?
- Working now
- In 1960
- In 1959
- 1955 to 1958
- 1950 to 1954
- 1949 or earlier
- Never worked
- This person last worked in 1949 or has never worked
- This person is on active duty in the armed forces now
- This person worked in 1950 or later
- For whom did he work?
- What kind of business or industry was it?
- Was the industry primarily...
- Wholesale trade
- Retail trade
- Other (services, agriculture, government, construction,
- What kind of work was this person doing?
- Was this person...
- Privately employed
- A government employee
- Working without pay
- What city and county did this person work in last week?
- How did this person get to work last week?
- Subway or elevated train
- Bus or streetcar
- Private auto or carpool
- Walk only
- Worked at home
- Last year, did this person work at all?
- How many weeks did this person work, either full time or part time?
- How much did this person earn in 1959 in wages, salary, commissions,
or tips for all jobs?
- How much did he earn in 1959 in profits or fees from working in
his own business, professional practice, partnership, or farm?
- Last year, how much income did this person receive from Social Security,
pensions, veteran's payments, rent (minus expenses), interest or dividends,
unemployment insurance, welfare payments, etc?
- Has this person ever served in the Army, Navy, or other Armed forces?,br
/> If so, was it during the Korean War, World War II, World War I,
or at another time?