Near North Side
Cook County, IL
Presented by Illinois Genealogy Trails


LOCATION:

The Near North Side is the part of Chicago, Illinois just north of the downtown central business distict (the Loop).


NAMED AFTER:

Streeterville is named after Captain George Streeter.


NEIGHBORHOODS:

Cabrini Green - is one of the most notorious and infamous public housing projects in the world. It is located on the North Side of Chicago, near the North/Clybourn Red Line stop along with the Chicago and Sedgwick Brown Line stops. It is made up primarily of mid- and high-rise apartment buildings, many with exterior porches so that residents enter their apartments like a motel room. Though Chicago has many housing projects with crime problems, this one is the most noticeable because it is surrounded by wealthy neighborhoods, notably the Gold Coast and Lincoln Park just blocks away. According to the Chicago Housing Authority, the early residents of the Cabrini rowhouses were predominantly of Italian ancestry, although by 1962 the majority of those living in the completed Cabrini-Green complex were African-American.

The apartment buildings opened in 1958 (The "reds") and 1962 (The "whites"), while the rowhouses (called the Frances Cabrini Homes) opened in 1943. Cabrini-Green stands on top of what used to be an Italian slum called "Little Sicily" or more sardonically, "Little Hell".

As gentrification began to take hold of the city in the early 1990's, the land on which Cabrini-Green sat on became extremely valueable, and one by one, the buildings have begun to meet the wrecking ball to make way for new development. Destruction of the "reds" began in 1995, and were all completely demolished by 2002.
[Source: Wikepedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near_North_Side%2C_Chicago]

Gold Coast - A prosperous neighborhood, mostly consisting of high-rise apartment buildings on Lake Shore Drive, facing Lake Michigan. This is the second-wealthiest urban neighborhood in the United States, after the Upper East Side in New York City. The Gold Coast was an unexceptional neighborhood until 1885, when Potter Palmer, former dry goods merchant and owner of the Palmer House hotel, built a fanciful castle on Lake Shore Drive. Over the next few decades, Chicago's elite gradually migrated from Prairie Avenue to their new home north of the Loop. The "Gold Coast Historic District" was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on January 30, 1978.
[Source: Wikepedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near_North_Side%2C_Chicago]

Goose Island - Goose Island, located in the Chicago River, is the only natural island located within the boundaries of the city of Chicago. The island is separated from the mainland by the North Branch of the Chicago River on the west and the North Branch Canal on the east. Labelling the island natural can be misleading since the canal (along with the turning basin at the northern end of the island) was dug for industrial use.
[Source: Wikepedia.com, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Near_North_Side%2C_Chicago]


Magnificent Mile - is a stretch of North Michigan Avenue between the Chicago River and Oak Street, measuring closer to three-quarters of a mile. Along this street is a mixture of high-class stores, restaurants, office buildings and hotels. The area has a high concentration of the city's major media firms and advertising agencies, including the Chicago Tribune newspaper. Chicago's famous Water Tower landmark, the postage-stamp sized Water Tower Park with its historic clock, as well as the eight-level Water Tower Place shopping center which grew up next door to, and overshadowed, the comparatively diminutive landmark are all located here. North of the shopping center can be found the famous John Hancock Center, the art deco Palmolive Building and the lavish Drake Hotel.

Streeterville - Streeterville is a neighborhood located north of the Chicago River. It is bounded by the river on the south, Michigan Avenue on the west, and Lake Michigan on the north and east. Some of Chicago's tallest skyscrapers (including John Hancock Center), most expensive stores, most luxurious hotels, most elegant restaurants and most entertaining theaters are located here. The Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue is part of Streeterville, as is the number one tourist attraction in Chicago, Navy Pier. Streeterville is located east of the Chicago and Grand stations of the Red Line.

River North - is a neighborhood in the Near North Side community area of Chicago, Illinois. It is bounded by Clark street, Chicago Avenue, and the Chicago river. This neighborhood has the largest concentration of art galleries in the United States outside of Manhattan.

Dearborn Parkway
Near North Side
Old Town
River West
State Parkway


ORIGINAL SETTLERS/PROMINENT PEOPLE/IMPORTANT DATES:


1885 - Potter Palmer built his "castle", drawing many of Chicago's elite to the area.

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