Donated by ©SFC John B. Lankford, Jr.
Thomas Posey (1750-1818) was born in Fairfax County, Virginia, and received little formal education. At the age of 19 he went to the Virginia frontier where he enlisted in that state's militia and fought the Indians beyond the western frontier in 1774. During the American Revolution he enlisted as a captain and was later promoted to major in the 7th Virginia Regiment seeing action at the Battle of Saratoga and against the Indians on the Pennsylvania. In 1782 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Posey remained in the military after the war and in 1793 he became a brigadier general serving with Anthony Wayne in the campaign against the Indians of the Northwest. In 1794 Posey resigned his commission and moved to Kentucky where he was elected to the state Senate and became lieutenant governor in 1806. When British and French involvement in the west became a threat in 1809 he returned to military service with the rank of major general in command of the Kentucky volunteers. Posey moved to Louisiana where he served as a U. S. Senator from 1812-1813, and in February, 1813, he was appointed governor of the Indiana Territory succeeding William Henry Harrison. Posey remained territorial governor until Indiana became a state in December, 1816. (During his term as governor he resided in Jeffersonville rather than in Corydon because of poor health which resulted in some criticism from the legislature for his inaccessibility.) Posey was defeated by Jonathan Jennings in Indiana's first gubernatorial election and was also defeated by Thomas Hendricks in his bid for a U.S. Congressional seat from Indiana in 1817. From 1816 until his death Posey served as agent for Indian Affairs in the Illinois Territory. Posey was married to Mary Matthews from 1772 until her death in 1778, and they had one son who lived to adulthood. In 1784 he married Mary (Alexander) Thornton and produced nine children.
Mary Alexander Thornton Posey (1754-1837), the daughter of Viriginia aristocrat John Alexander, was born and educated on the family's estate in Stafford County, Virginia. In 1773 she married George Thornton, a well to do businessman and landowner in Fredericksburg, Virginia. George Thornton died in April, 1781, while serving in the state militia. The Thorntons had three children, the youngest of which, Lucy, was born seven months after her father's death.
Dictionary of American Biography, vol. 8, pp. 111-112.
General Thomas Posey: Son of the American Revolution.
A Guide to the Manuscript Collections of the Indiana Historical Society and Indiana State Library, p. 152
POSEY, Thomas, a Senator from Louisiana; born in Fairfax County, Va., July 9, 1750; received a limited schooling; moved to the western frontier of Virginia in 1769; served in the Virginia militia in the French and Indian wars; member of the Virginia committee of correspondence; at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War was appointed captain in a Virginia regiment; promoted to the rank of major in 1778 and the following year was made colonel; was at the surrender of Yorktown in 1781; held various county and militia offices; appointed brigadier general in 1793 and participated in campaigns against the Indians; moved to Kentucky in 1794; served in the State senate and was its presiding officer in 1805 and 1806; lieutenant governor of Kentucky for four years; major general of Kentucky levies after 1809; moved to the Attakapas region of Louisiana; appointed to the United States Senate from Louisiana to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John N. Destrehan and served from October 8, 1812, to February 4, 1813; unsuccessful candidate for election to fill the vacancy; Governor of Indiana Territory 1813-1816; unsuccessful candidate for governor of Indiana; appointed Indian agent in 1816 and held the position until his death in Shawneetown, Ill., on March 19, 1818; interment in Westwood Cemetery.
[Source: Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress]
PATRIOT THOMAS POSEY- 4 SIDES & DAR MARKER
Big panel on his right side:
THOMAS POSEY BORN IN VIRGINIA, JULY 9, 1750.
HE ENTERED THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE AS A CAPTAIN IN 1776, AT ITS CLOSE, WAS LT. COL.
AT THE STORM ON STONEY POINT HE WAS FIRST TO GIVE THE WORD, "THE FORT OUR OWN" IN THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC, HE WAS BRIG. GENERAL OF THE U S ARMY, SENATOR IN CONGRESS, AND GOVENOR OF INDIANA TERRITORY. IN KENTUCKY HE WAS LT. GOV., MAJOR GENERAL. HE DIED IN ILLINOIS ON MARCH 19, 1818.
LEAVING AN UNSTAINED CHARACTER. A LASTING MONUMENT OF HIS VIRTUE.
panel on his foot:
BY HIS 7TH SON, THIS MONUMENT WAS ERRECTED AD 1834
on the TOP PANEL COVER:
IN MEMORY OF
GENERAL THOMAS POSEY
WHO WAS BORN 1750
DIED IN 1818,
AGED 67 YEARS, 8 MONTHS, 10 DAYS.
HE WAS AN HONEST MAN
AND PIOUS CHRISTIAN
-on his head panel-
Also his Gr. Child
Sarah Ann, daughter
of J. M. & Eliza. M. Street
& his Gr. Gr. Child
S. F. Hall, daughter of
James & Mary Posey
1750 (DAR EMBLEM) 1818
JEFFERSON CHAPTER, D. A. R.
SAINT LOUIS, MO.
1. Thomas5 Posey (Thomas4, John3, John2, Francois1 Poschet)
(Source: (1) Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, (Chap. X: War of the Revolution, etc., from 1779 to 1781), "CD-ROM.", (2) Augusta County Court Clerks, Virginia Genealogies #4, Annals of Augusta County, VA, Chapter X: War of the Revoluiton, (War of the Revolution, etc., from 1779 to 1781), p. 266-7, 402, 621, 730, 818, 822, 833, 848, 902,
Capt. Posey, Major, Lt. Col., Stoney Point, 1st VA RGT, 7th VA RGT, 2nd VA RGT, SOCIETY OF CINCINNATI OF STATE OF VIRGINIA,.) was born July 9, 1750 in Charles County, Maryland, and died March 19, 1818 in Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Illinois. He married (1) Martha Mathews 1772 in Augusta County, Virginia, daughter of Sampson Matthews. She was born in August County, Virginia, and died in Virginia. He married (2) Mary Alexander January 3, 1772 in Augusta County, Virginia, daughter of John Alexander and Lucy Thornton. She was born in Augusta County, Virginia.
Notes for Thomas Posey:
Sources: Several books in the Tazewell Library, Tazewell, Claiborne County, Tennessee, researched by Alene Presley Gilbert, Coalgood, Kentucky. And, John Lankford
Annals of Augusta County, Virginia, Chapter X: War of the Revolution, etc., from 1779 to 1781; at the Battle of Stony Point, July 15-16, 1779, page 564, and pages 402, 621, 730, 818, 822, 833, 848, 902.
And from: VIRGINIA SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI, list of membership, 1802-1803. Sometimes refereed to as "The Society of Cincinnati of the State of Virginia".
There is also, listed a Thomas Posey, in the "Society of the Descendants of Washington's Army at Valley Forge".
Notes by SFC John B. Lankford, Jr.:
Thomas Posey was everywhere. Tracking him, you needed several bloodhounds and an Atlas of the times. He was in western Virginia, before the Revolution. Did his full patriotic duty as a soldier. April 13, 1776, enlisting and forming a company in Augusta, Virginia, has him as a patriot son. The bloody battle of Stony Point, July 15-16, 1779, where he was among the first, under General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, to enter the fort and strike the British flag, and sprang to the ramparts and shouted, "The fort is our own!" September 14, 1778 to June, 1779, at Fort Pitt. He was there, at the surrender of the British at Yorktown, October 19 ,1781, with General George Washington. General "Mad" Anthony is well known in Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio, formerly, Fort Hamilton on the Big Miami River, Ohio Territory. The place of my school years, and my brother James Lankford's place of eternal rest. Thomas Posey was assigned, after recruiting duty in Augusta County, Virginia, to General "Mad" Anthony Wayne's command, in the SOUTH (Georgia), 1782. In the Northwest, 1793-94. Fighting the Indians of Cincinnati and the Great Miami River. And back to Georgia. This covers over twenty years of military duty. Somewhere, he got into politics, and was off again to New Parts of the newly formed Republic of the American States. Next, we find Thomas Posey in Kentucky as a state senator, from 1805-6. 1809, when rumors of war, began, he was commissioned Major General and organized the Kentucky Volunteers. Then, off to Louisiana, as a United States Senator. Next, governor of Indiana Territory, 1813-16. Next, 1816-18, Indian agent at Shawneetown, Illinois. Thomas Posey is also known as: General Posey, of Spotsylvania County, Virginia. Knowing of Thomas Posey's military exploits, he should be listed as one of American Revolutionary War Veterans buried in Illinois . One small foot note, does not do Thomas Posey, justice, in American History, nor in the genealogy file.
More About Thomas Posey:
Army of George Washington: Bet. 1777 - 1781, Surrender of English at Yorktown, New Jersey
Burial: March 1818, Westwood Cemetery, Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Illinois
DAR Monument: Aft. 1818, Shawneetown, Gallatin County, Illinois
Government Appointment: 1816, Agent for Indian affairs, Illinois
Military service 1: 1776, American Revolution, 1st Virginia Regiment
Military service 2: 1781, With General "Mad" Anthony Wayne in Georgia
Occupation: Bef. 1774, Saddler on the Virginia frontier.
Political Office: Bet. 1805 - 1809, Lt. Governor of Kentucky
Political Office 2: Bet. 1812 - 1813, U. S. Senator of Louisiana
Political Office 3: 1813, Appointed Territorial Governor of Indiana. 1814, Lost election to Benjamin Harrison.
Residence: 1775, Augusta County Committee, Virginia
More About Thomas Posey and Martha Mathews:
Marriage: 1772, Augusta County, Virginia
Marriage Notes for Thomas Posey and Mary Alexander:
Yates Index has 1784, Georgia.
More About Thomas Posey and Mary Alexander:
Marriage: January 3, 1772, Augusta County, Virginia
Child of Thomas Posey and Martha Mathews is:
2 i. John6 Posey, born 1774 in Virginia (Source: Virginia Genealogies #2, 1600-1800's, Genealogies of Virginia Families, "CD-ROM," Vol. V, page 55-59,
General Thomas Posey, of the Revolution, married (1),_______ Matthews, daughter of Samson Matthews, of Augusta county, and they had one child, John, whose mother died during the Revolution. After the Revolution, he married Mary Alexander, widow of Major Gen. Geo. Thorton,'a zealous partisan officer.' As her mother was Lucy Thornton, she was akin to her first husband. General Posey's son by his first wife married Mrs. Thornton's daughter by her first husband after the General and Mrs. Thornton married. Col. Thornton Alexander Posey, U. S. A., was the son of General Thos Posey and his second wife, Mary A. Thornton"----George Wilson, Lexington, Missouri. He married Lucy Francis Thornton; born 1781 in Virginia.
Children of Thomas Posey and Mary Alexander are:
3 i. Lloyd I6 Posey, born Bet. 1770 - 1790.
Notes for Lloyd I Posey:
Thomas Posey used the name Lloyd for two of his sons.
4 ii. Lloyd II Posey, born Bet. 1770 - 1790.
5 iii. Thornton Alexander Posey, born Aft. 1772 in Virginia.
Donated by ©SFC John B. Lankford, Jr.
is northwest of the POSEY-CAMPBELL graves.
Looks new VA issued.
APR. 13, 1756
APR. 13, 1837
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