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ACHENBACH PETER - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 30, P.O. Rockbridge. The history of Greene County would be rendered incomplete without the sketch of Peter Achenbach, whose successful career has justly entitled him to a place in the front rank of self-made men, and whose success and present surroundings are due to his energy, industry and business tact. He was born in Appelsheim Kreise Worms, Hesse Darmstadt, Nov. 11, 1825; his father's name was Frederic, and his mother's name was Mary Schwarz. At the age of 19 he left the parental roof and hired out for three years, to one man, at $22 (of our money) per year. In Sept. 1848, he embarked for this country with a man by the name of Rothgeber, they came direct to this county. Peter first hired out to Wm. Hardcastle at $115 per year; worked the second* year for Rothgeber, for which he received $120; he then bought him a cheap team and began farming for himself, first renting one year of Rothgeber, then six years on Sec. 7, on the Harden estate. Feb. 2, 1851, he was married to Mrs. Maggie Dohm, relict of Jacob Dohm. Three children have blessed this union: Frederick, born Oct. 28, 1851; Mary, born Sept. 15, 1853; Bena, born Feb. 8, 1855. In 1858 Mr. Achenbach bought 160 acres of land, where he now resides, costing him $31350. Phillip Keohm was the former owner. He has since remained on the same land, but has added to it until he now has 1,340 acres of choice land and all under the very best cultivation and improvements. Mr. Achenbach, a few years ago, built him one of the finest barns in the county, which was destroyed by fire including nineteen head of fat steers; was insured in the London Imperial, by B. B. Bartholomew. The loss was not total, as he received the amount of his policy. Mr. Achenbach has for several years been engaged in stock raising, and his efforts in that direction have been characterized by the same degree of success that has attended all the enterprises in which he has been engaged. In short, he is a man far above the average, having a remarkable memory, and evinces great sagacity in business matters, and one whose honesty and integrity are unquestioned. Such is, in brief, the sketch of one of Greene County's self-made men.
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 661(T10N R10W); - transcribed by bmt

ADAMS JOSEPH - thresher and farmer residence Kane. The above named gentleman is a native of Onondaga County, N.Y., born in 1841; three years later his parents, George W. and Bathsheba Adams, emigrated to the West, locating in Greene County, near the present town of New Kane, on a farm, and here, amid the associations of pioneer life, young Adams passed his boyhood, receiving a liberal education in the district schools; while at work upon the farm, the war broke out, and accordingly, the youth, fired with that zeal which appears to be a peculiar characteristic of western people, enlisted in Co. C, 122d Regt. Ill. Infantry, serving three years. He became a participant in numerous battles noted in history. He was honorably discharged at Springfield, Ill., when the war closed. He returned to Greene County, where he subsequently married, in 1869, Mrs. Laura Froment, a daughter of Matthew Duty, by whom he has five children: Harry L., Gracie F., Herbert L., Royal J., and Blanche. Ever since the town of New Kane was platted, Mr. A. has taken up his residence here, in former years holding the position of constable; Mr. Adams is well and favorably known to many of the residents of Greene County, having a large trade as a grain thresher in this section
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 726(T9N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

AKERS JOSEPH - AKERS JOSKPH, farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 1, P.O. Barrow. Mr. Akers was born in Scott County, Illinois, in 1846. On attaining his majority he was united in marriage to Miss Mary A., daughter of James Thompson, who settled in Greene County when scarcely a cabin broke the monotony of our western prairies. Shortly after his marriage Mr. Akers moved to Greene County, near Barrow, where he at first rented the farm he now owns, comprising 200 acres. This property has been acquired within the last ten years by the exercise of economy, judgment and hard work. A better showing for a young man has not been equalled in this county. Mr. Akers is a native of Greene County, born in 1848.
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 545(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ALBERT T. J. - Principal Wilmington School. Mr. Albert was born in Carrollton, Greene County, III., in 1842. On attaining his twentieth year his parents, John and Nancy D. Albert, moved to Milton, Pike County. From Milton the family moved to Pearl Prairie; here the head of the family continued to farm it until his decease, which occurred during the Spring of 1877. He was seventy-seven years of age when his death occurred. During his life he was noted for his energy and enterprise. In 1868 T. J. Albert purchased a farm in Missouri, consisting of 130 acres. His preliminary education was received in the district schools. On obtaining his majority he taught the village school at Pearl, Pike County; he also taught school near Mexico, Missouri, and now during eleven years, to his credit be it said, he has taught but two schools; eight of these years, or part of them, were spent in the Wilmington school house, not a similar instance being known in the county. He was a student of Gem City College, of Quincy, and also attended three terms at Milton Normal School. In 1876, in connection with John M. Ferris, he began the publication of the Greene County Democrat, whose columns always teemed with well written articles; and the common sense article that appeared in its columns on the celebration of our one hundredth anniversary will not soon be forgotten. When the war broke out Mr. Albert enlisted at Milton, Pike County, in Company I, 99th Illinois Infantry. He was then in his nineteenth year, and was engaged in the following battles: Port Gibson, Jackson, Champion Hills, Black River, Vicksburg, Fort Blakely and many others.
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 545(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN ALONZO - farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 23, P.O. Roodhouse. Mr. Allen is among the more substantial farmers of Greene County; he was born here in 1837; his father, John Allen, was a native of Tennessee, who emigrated to Greene County as early as 1830, where he married Miss Martha Barrow, to whom he had seven children; four are living: Sarah, who married the late Wylie Pinkerton, and afterward married Joshua Martin; William, who married Mary Shaw; Alonzo, and Nancy. Alonzo for many years supported his widowed mother on the homestead, comprising 80 acres; this he eventually purchased from the heirs. After many years he has gathered together a valuable tract of land comprising 300 acres. In 1868 Mr. Allen was married to Mrs. Ellen Ellsworth, a daughter of Samuel McCracken, a native of Pennsylvania, as was also his wife, whose maiden name was Brouyn. The former husband of Mrs. Allen was a native of Pennsylvania. Four children blessed the marriage of Mr. Allen to Mrs. Ellsworth: John, Jessie, Albert, and Olive. Mr. Allen has always taken a deep interest in educational matters, for several terms holding the office of school director; was once judge of election. Note: Parents of Mr. Allen, on their first settlement in Madison County, Ill., found Alton a village containing but few rude dwellings
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 581(T12N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN BENJAMIN - farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 5, P. O. Rockbridge. Years ago, when the emigrant wagons lined the banks of the Macoupin, Benjamin Allen, then in the flush of early manhood, became an inhabitant of Illinois; when Chicago was so deep in the wilderness that the news of Indian outbreaks on our western frontiers did not reach the adventurous men comprising its inhabitants, for many weeks; St. Louis itself, now one of the wealthiest cities in the Union, a mere trading point for the Hudson Bay Fur Co., and others who, plunging into the wilds of the far west, hunted the fresh water streams for mink, otter and other fur bearing animals; but to the subject under consideration. Benjamin Allen was born in South Carolina, in 1792. In an early day he made his way to Kentucky where he subsequently married Miss Susan Taylor, and shortly after this important event, he made his way to Monroe Co., Illinois, two years later removing to Madison Co., thence to Greene Co., where he bought an improved claim; for a considerable length of time his only neighbor was John Taylor, who has long since been gathered to his fathers; in those days, wolves abounded, and deer and turkey in great numbers, sometimes formed a delicious repast for the vigorous backwoodsman; many a time he found it necessary to make a journey of thirty or forty miles, and there patiently await the grinding of his grist. Years have flown since then, and Mr. Allen has long since reaped the benefit of his early labors in the far west. To follow Step by step his career on the prairies, where he followed the plow, or swinging his ax among the timber, or assisted in the raising of a cabin, would perhaps be superfluous, as so many of the trials endured in frontier life are found in our general history. His wife, whose maiden name was Susan Taylor, departed this life in i860, and was laid at rest in the Rockbridge Cemetery; the children born of this marriage now living, are John, who married Miss Amanda Huff; Margaret, who married Jefferson Dixon, and Mar}-, who married Anson Miller. In the war of 1812, Mr. A. became an active participant, and few indeed have witnessed a more eventful, progressive life than the aged veteran from whom this narrative is obtained
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 720(T9N R10W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN CHARLES E. Dr. - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 22, P.O. Roodhouse. Dr. Allen is a native of Massachusetts, born June 23, 1827, the eighth child of Abner and Lucy Allen. The days of his youth were passed in Massachusetts where his preliminary education was received in the district schools. Having an ambition to become a scholar, he now entered the Normal school, where he became versed in the higher English studies. On perfecting himself at this institution, and having a thirst for greater knowledge, he now proceeded to that famous seat of learning, Amherst College. Becoming proficient as a scholar, he now determined to adopt the medical profession, and accordingly, becoming a resident of Chicago, he attended the Rush Medical College, where he studied all the branches, including surgery, under those eminent Professors, Drs. Brainard and Freer. Graduating from this institution in 1861, he now became a practicing physician in Chicago, remaining one year. Moving to Blue Island, his thorough course of practical study, and also thorough knowledge of the duties appertaining to his profession, soon brought him a large practice. He remained here seven years, when he moved to Murrayville, Morgan County, where he met with flattering success, remaining six years. Moving to Greene County, the doctor concluded to follow agricultural pursuits, and is engaged in this pursuit at the present writing. He was first married to Miss Marcia D. Hale, of Massachusetts, in 1859; there were born of this marriage six children, three living: Charles H., Hattie, and Bertie. Mrs. Allen died at Murrayville, in 1869. Mr. Allen was married to Mrs. Elizabeth N. Dixon, relict of Joseph Dixon, and daughter of William and Elizabeth Gould. The home farm comprises 120 acres, one of the most valuable tracts of land in Illinois, on which are situated the famous mineral springs for the cure of many diseases of a chronic nature. The springs have been analyzed by eminent chemists, and found to be extremely beneficial. We learn with surprise that this valuable property will be sold at nominal figures, as the doctor and his excellent lady do not at their time of life feel equal to the task of opening the grounds to the traveling public. An investment there by some enterprising man would prove a boon to suffering humanity, and a bonanza to its lucky owner. Here, also, are valuable coal deposits
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 581-2(T12N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN F. H. - farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 3, P.O. White Hall; born in Greene Co., Ill., in 1836; was married, April 8, 1867, to Mrs. S. S. Pankey, the widow of Thomas L. Pankey. She was born Jan. 16, 1836, having two children by first marriage: Napoleon B., born July 13, 1861; William T" born Nov. 24, 1862; had two children by second marriage: Mattie May, born May 9, 1870; Jessie B., born April 22, 1873. Mr. Allen lives on the old homestead of his grandfather, Zachariah Allen, which he bought from the government in 1819; the farm contains 100 acres
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 642(T11N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN JAS. M. - M. farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 32, P.O. Greenfield, Ill. Was born in Greene County in 1831. His father, William Allen, was born in North Carolina in 1798; emigrated to Greene County, Ill., in 1818; was one among the oldest settlers of that county; entered 80 acres of land from the Government in 1824, and commenced as a farmer on the unbroken soil of Greene County. Was married to Mary Pincerton, who was born in Virginia in 1798. He died in Greene County, 1814, at the age of eighty-two. His wife died in 1863, at the age of seventy-one. The subject of this sketch was married in 1855, to Louisa M. Strickland, who was born in Greene County, Ill., in 1831. Have twelve children: Laura E., Mary A., Frank, John, Fannie J., William G., Ida E., Lillia A., Carrie P., Anna M., deceased; Nellie K., deceased; Mattie B. Mr. Allen owns 154 acres of land
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 620(T11N R10W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN JOSEPH DUNCAN - farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 8, P.O. Roodhouse. Mr. Allen is a native of Greene County, born October, 1834, the seventh of a family of eleven children. As Jas. Martin Allen, the head of this family, was in all probability the first settler of White Hall, and the first settler who erected a dwelling there for the purpose of keeping an inn, a brief sketch of his life will prove interesting to many of the old settlers who are still living. A native of Tennessee, he was born in 1794; he found a home in Greene County as early as 1820, when the copper-colored face of the Indian was more frequently seen than the early settler; the prairie wolves were still numerous, and frequently made their way to the little log cabin, making the night hideous with their discordant notes. Shortly after his arrival he was married to Miss Elizabeth A. Morrow. For many years he kept the only inn, or tavern, on the property now owned by Mr. Adams, the country thinly settled, and the Indians, still numerous, acquired the habit of stealthily purloining small articles from his cabin; his family quite large. When the present town of White Hall was laid out, he concluded to settle upon a farm, and accordingly purchased a tract on Lorton's Prairie. While here he made frequent trips to Alton to get his grist ground, awaiting patiently his turn at the rude horse mill. As the county grew in importance, he became a large property owner; his busy and eventful life was brought to a close in 1873. His wife, a lady of a most kindly disposition, passed away eleven months prior. The survivors of this family are: Elizabeth J., who married Hiram H. Lemon, a prominent farmer of Scott County; William P., who married Miss Clarinda Billings; Sarah Ann, who married James Alverson; Joseph D., who married Miss Nancy E. Goldsby; Samuel, unmarried; James M., who married Eliza Gilbreth; and John Newton, who married Miss Gracie Frazier
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 582(T12N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN W. J. - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 14, P.O. Roodhouse. The above named gentleman, who takes a leading position as a farmer, was born in Greene County, on the old homestead of his parents, John and Martha Allen. While a youth, during the winter season, he attended school in a log cabin, where a window or series of windows the entire length of the cabin admitted the daylight, the seats constructed of slabs, while the writing desk was made of plank. In 1855 Mr. Allen was united in marriage to Miss Mary Shaw, a daughter of James Shaw. At this time, his capital, quite light, and having little if anything to lose, instead of renting property, like ninety-nine in a hundred would have done, he purchased 70 acres, thinking it as well to pay interest as rent. The result to-day shows the wisdom of the venture. After many years of patient labor he is now the owner of 280 acres of valuable land. Of this marriage seven children were born: Lizzie, James, Alonzo, Thomas, Dora B., Nancy J,, and Sarah
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 582(T12N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ALLEN WILLIAM A. - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 5, P.O. Rockbridge. The above named gentleman is a native of Randolph Co., Ill. where he was born June 29, 1840. Oldest son of William Allen and Martha, whose maiden name was Chestnut. William Allen the head of the family, was a native of Scotland; in 1821 he crossed the ocean. For some years he resided in Indiana, where he followed the life of a boatman and where he married the lady above mentioned, on March 29, 1838; one year later be moved to Randolph Co., where the family were residents until 1848, when a removal was made to Greene Co., where Mr. Allen died on the 4th of June, 1874, finding a last resting place in the Cemetery known as the Witt. Mrs. Allen survives her husband and is a resident of this township. William jr. was married to Miss Lessa M Jackson, a daughter of Lemuel Jackson, an old settler of this county, in 1866. Of this marriage two children were born: William L. deceased, and Mary Ida. Mr. Allen is the owner of 160 acres of valuable land in this township, and the only office he has ever had or aspired to, is that of constable of his native place
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 720(T9N R10W); - transcribed by bmt

ALVERSON JAMES - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 23, P.O. Roodhouse. James Alverson is a native of Kentucky, born in 1821, fourth child of Benjamin and Mary Alverson, natives of Kentucky, who emigrated to Illinois in 1830, settling on the farm now owned by Samuel Hopkins, where the head of the family passed the remainder of life. He was a merchant. Many years afterward, turning his attention to farming, becoming a successful one. Of James it may be said that from boyhood he exhibited a daring disposition, and now concluded to travel, finding his way to far western and southern points, as Mexico California, and Oregon; a miner in California; in Oregon he also prospected for gold. Exposed to climatic changes, he became nearly deprived of sight, and accordingly returned to Greene County. In the far west, under the hands of unskillful physicians, the best surgical aid in Illinois could not prevent a total loss of sight. His first wife was Martha Hawks, to whom he was married in 1827, and by whom he had one child, Hardin. Mrs. Alverson died a quarter of a century ago, and six years ago he was married to Miss Sarah Ann Allen, a daughter of James M. Allen. The homestead property comprises 45 acres
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 582-3(T12N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

AMOS GEORGE H. - farmer, stock raiser and shipper. Sec. 26, P.O. White Hall. George H. Amos was born in Maryland, July 8, 1826. He was in his twelfth year when his parents moved to Virginia; remaining one year the family moved to Pennsylvania. At fourteen young Amos concluded to go it on his own hook, and accordingly made his way to Illinois. Locating in Greene County he secured employment on a farm and afterwards worked in the cabinet shop of his brother. At seventeen he was apprenticed to the trade of a blacksmith. Serving his time he opened a shop on Main street, and continued in business several years. While here he married Miss Levina Barrow. For a short time Mr. Amos became a resident of Iowa. In 1854, long before the Union Pacific was thought of, Mr. Amos made his way across the continent to California; by way of speculation, driving some fifty head of cattle, which upon arriving in California, near Sacramento, he disposed of for a fair profit. When he made the return trip, on a sailing vessel, he purchased a farm of 160 acres in Piatt County. He disposed of this for a stock of goods, and accordingly opened a general merchandise store at White Hall, where he sold goods for a few months. He now became a trader, and during the war speculated largely in horses, and here procured his first start in life. In order to show his enterprising disposition Mr. Amos gathered together a large flock of turkeys, which he drove to the Illinios River and shipped them to New Orleans, making a fair profit on his venture. At another time he made a similar venture, his shipping point being St. Louis. In all probability he was the first one engaged in this venture in Greene County. The life career of Mr. Amos has been fraught with interest. Early learning to rely on his own resources he to-day is the owner of 570 acres of valuable land. His keen judgment and extraordinary energy have brought about the wealth he today enjoys. The marriage of Mr. A. was to Miss Barrow, and was blessed with eleven children: Ruth M., William T., George H., Joseph B., and Charles R.; not living: John L., Elizabeth L., James L., Addie, Mary and Alfred. Three years ago Mr. Amos was elected County Commissioner. He is an extensive grain buyer
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 545-6(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

AMOS JOHN - deceased, was born in the State of Maryland in 1816. While quite young he became apprenticed to the trade of a cabinet maker. At the age of eighteen he moved to the west, locating in the vicinity of White Hall, where he first worked at the cabinet business, and subsequently became a stock buyer and shipper. In 1846 he was united in marriage to Mrs. Mary T. Bishop. In 1838 he abandoned agricultural pursuits, and locating in White Hall, he purchased the property owned by a party by the name of Merritts. This comprises part of the hotel property now owned by Mrs. Mary Amos, an addition to the present hotel having been built in 1857. Mr. Amos died ia 1862, leaving his family very comfortably situated in life. The members of the family, then as now, consisting of James, from whom this sketch is obtained, a stock dealer in Greene County, who married Miss Delilah Dallas, by whom he has four children, Maud, Lewis, Cora and infant child; and Margaret R. Amos, who married Aaron Vosseler, a merchant of White Hall; Mary J., who married Herbert McFarland, a blacksmith and wagonmaker, at Milton, Pike County, and Winfield T., a resident of White Hall. Mrs. Amos is a native of North Carolina, born in 1821, one of the earlier settlers of Greene, who crossed the prairie for southern Illinois as early as 1830, and for the past sixteen years has been identified with the hotel business of White Hall. The house familiarly known as the Amos House is well and favorably known to the traveling public, who appreciate the comforts there obtainable. See business card elsewhere
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 524(White Hall); - transcribed by bmt

ANDERSON JOHN D. - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 21, P.O. Kane. John. D. Anderson is a native of Ireland, where he was born in the year 1846; fourth child of William and Mary Ann Anderson. The days of his childhood were spent in Ireland, where he received a common school education. At the age of twenty, to better his fortunes, he crossed the ocean for America, arriving in New York city, on the 24th of February, 1866; from the great metropolitan city, he wended his way to Greene County, where he has since been identified with the farming interest. In 1871, he was married to Miss Mary Williams, a daughter of John S. Williams, by whom he has two children: John and Margaret. Mr. A. ranks among our most successful agriculturists; owning 220 acres of valuable land in this township, and like nearly all of his race, his is a generous nature
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 748(T9N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ANDREWS LEWIS - ANDREWS LEWIS, farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 35, P.O. Greenfield. Was born in Butler County, Pa., Sept. 28, 1823. His father, I. Andrews, was born in Pennsylvania in 1798; and married in 1811 to Elizabeth Johns, who was born in Pennsylvania in 1799; emigrated to Illinois in 1835. The party started down the Ohio River on the Wanoacatt. During the night the hands were intoxicated, and ran the boat at a terrible rate; the shaft of the fly wheel broke and went tearing through the wheel-house, causing the boat to leak. Another boat came to the rescue, landing them at Cincinnati, Ohio. They then took passage on the General Pike to Louisville, Ky.; changed to the Citizen, and came to Shawneetown, Ill., staying there a few days, but found it to be unhealthy there; loaded up their wagons and went to the bluffs, near Edwardsville; out of money and provisions. Mr. Upton Smith gave them meat and potatoes, for which he took his pay in work. Staying there for awhile, moved to Rockbridge and bought a mill, running it a short time; exchanged it for a farm of 160 acres, near Walnut Grove, living there for sixteen years; sold the farm and moved to Greenfield, living there one year; broke up housekeeping and went to live with his oldest son, where he died in 1870. Mr. Lewis Andrews was married in 1852, to Mrs. L. Saterlee, who was born April 5, 1830; have six children, three living: Leu S., Feba A., Ruber B. Mr. Andrews owns 120 acres of land
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 620(T11N R10W); - transcribed by bmt

ANDREWS N. J. - Ex-Sheriff of Carrollton. Mr. Andrews was born Sumner Co., Kentucky, in 1830; he was but five years old when his mother, Mary P. Andrews, set out in company with friends for Illinois. His father, Baker Andrews, a man of wealth and position in his native place, died in Kentucky. To the care of his wife he left a family of six children; Mrs. Andrews became a resident of Carrollton in 1835, where Nathaniel J. Andrews, from whom this sketch is obtained, grew to manhood; receiving a liberal education, he ventured forth as a farmer, which he has followed very successfully many years of his life. In 1860 he was elected Assessor and County Treasurer, a position he filled to the satisfaction of all for a period of ten years. With Jas. S. Vedder, Mr. Andrews became identified in the grocery trade, doing a prosperous business for one year, when Mr. Andrews disposed of his interest to Mr. Vedder. The following year he was elected Sheriff of the county, holding this responsible position two years. Since his retirement from official duties, Mr. Andrews has turned his attention to his farm, comprising 300 acres of choice land. In 1852 he was married to Miss Elizabeth Jones, a daughter of Dr. Jones, of Greene County. Of eleven children born of this marriage, nine are living: Catherine, Benjamin B., Lizzie, John B., Mattie V., Mary H., Nathaniel L., Lela Belle, and Beatrice. Mr. Andrews is a true lover of nature, who loves to roam the fields in quest of game or watch the streams in quest of wild fowl; this passion for nature has made him an extensive traveler over a great portion of the West; he it was who, in company with Col. Jacob Bowman, laid out the town knows as Brown's Grove, Pawnee County, Kansas
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 469(Carrollton); - transcribed by bmt

ANTROBUS B. R. - farmer and stock raiser, Sec. 12, P.O. Manchester, Scott County, Ill. Mr. A. is a native of Maryland, born in 1822. The following year his parents, Thomas and Mary Antrobus, concluded to cast their fortunes in the boundless west, and accordingly made their way to Morgan County, finally locating near what is now Franklin. In the counties of Scott and Morgan young A. passed his youthful days, and in his twenty-fifth year was united in marriage to Miss Melissa Boyd, a daughter of James Boyd, by whom he had eight children: Mary Jane, who married Nelson Carmine; Lean, who married George Canatsey; Phoebe L., who married Peter Spencer; Martha L., who married Wilder Goacher; and Rachel, Newton M., Rena E., and Barnabas E. As the life career of the early pioneer has been so graphically described by old and experienced writers, their simple mode of living so well described, and their journeys to a horse mill or cabin raising so well depicted, the statement is here given that from boyhood to old age Mr. A. has followed agricultural pursuits. A resident of township 12, range 11, in the county of Greene, he is the owner of 80 acres, acquired by industry and economy. An earnest working Christian, he merits the respect of his many friends in this community
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 583(T12N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ARDINGER J. W. - flouring mill, Greenfield, was born in Washington County, Indiana, Jan. 1, 1838; was the son of Charles and Jane Ardinger, who were both of German descent. Mr. Ardinger is a knight of the pick; his father before him being an old-time miller and is now running a large flouring mill in Williamsport, Maryland. In the early part of the life of J. W. he remained with his father until he obtained his majority, when he then set out for himself in Baltimore, where he remained three years until the outbreak of the war when he enlisted in the first Maryland Cavalry, and remained three years and three months, with Col. Wetsky, Banks' Division; during which time the regiment was engaged in doing scouting and skirmishing duty, yet were engaged in several engagements during the war, Anteitam, Gettysburg and others. Mr. Ardinger was married Nov. 10, 1859, to Susan Ellen Albert, daughter of George Albert; by this marriage they had nine children, seven of whom are now living, viz: Mary, William, George, Susan, Fannie, Charles, Winnie. In Aug. 1864, Mr. Ardinger moved to this State; he has made several changes; went first to Springfield, where he remained for eighteen months; from there to Logan County, Mt. Pulaski, where he remained at his business for a term of seven years, when he moved to Carlinville, remained one year, then went to Girard, where he remained until Feb. 1876, then came to Greenfield and since remained. First he was in partnership with Haven and French, and the next year he purchased one-half of the mill and has since retained it. When Mr. Ardinger came here the mill was very badly out of repair, and as a result, the trade was very poor, but since the present management the mill has been thoroughly repaired being now in first-class order, and by doing first-class work, and square dealing with the people, he has now built up a fine trade, and now have all they can do, and from the known ability of the proprietors, success will attend their further efforts
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 661-2(T10N R10W); - transcribed by bmt

ARMSTRONG DR. C. - physician and surgeon, r. Maple av. and W. 7th St., office N. Main st., Carrollton, Ill, Clinton
Armstrong is a native of Rogersville. East Tenn., where he was born on the 10th of March, 1823. Tracing back the genealogy of the Armstrong family we find that Joseph Rogers, who was the father of the mother of our subject, was the founder of the town of Rogersville; he was born in the county of Tyrone, in the north of Ireland; in 1786, while yet in the flush of early manhood, he crossed the ocean for the New World; after a voyage of some weeks' duration he landed at Norfolk, Va., and eventually made his way to Tennessee, where he was destined to bear a prominent part in the mercantile world; we have only space to say that he platted the town of Rogersville the year of his arrival, afterward became one of the most prominent merchants of his day, having intercourse with some of the leading men of his time; he died at Rogersville, where his ashes now repose, in 1833. William Armstrong, the grandfather of the subject of this biography, was born in Augusta Co,, Va., in 1758; he was of Scotch Irish origin, and early turned his attention to farming and became a leading man in his profession; during its early settlement he moved to Tennessee, where he married Miss Elizabeth Galbreith, by whom he had eight children, of whom Clinton Armstrong, whose career we now follow, was the third son. He was born in Tennessee on the 10th of March, 1793, lived in Tennessee until 1845, when he moved to St. Louis, where he died in 1853, a merchant and farmer of prominence. Dr. C. Armstrong, of Carrollton, was born in Hawkins Co., Tenn., town of Rogersville, on the 10th of March, 1823; lived here until 1844, when he located at St. Louis, studied medicine three years, and graduated from the Medical Department of the University of Missouri, known at this early date, 1847, as the McDowell School. Dur- this year in Tennessee he was married to Miss Mar ha Lynn, a daughter of Wm. Lynn, of Kingsport. Of this marriage four children were born, all living, whose names are William, Clinton, Lucy and Mary. Residing in St. Louis five years, in 1849 he came to Carrollton, where he has since resided, securing in his profession a large and lucrative practice. Dr. Armstrong is one of our most liberal citizens, secretary of the Old Settlers' Association and takes a deep interest in educational matters. Mrs. Armstrong died April, 1872, and lies at rest in Oak Ridge cemetery, Mo. Oct. 30, 1878, Dr. Armstrong was married to Miss Lottie E. Hayden, a daughter of David Hayden, late of California, and granddaughter of General Eaton, who entered the United States service during the Revolutionary struggle, gaining fame and wealth, and was afterward Counsul at Tunis. When the late Civil War was in progress Dr. C. Armstrong served two years, doing noble work as an acting assistant surgeon of the 61st Ill., from Greene County, and was an eye witness of the siege and capture of Vicksburg
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 469-70(Carrollton); - transcribed by bmt

ARMSTRONG FRANK P. - timber contractor C. & A. R.R., Roodhouse, was born in Maine, March, 1840. Becoming of age, he left the scenes of his youth for Illinois, and locating at Brown County, where he first worked by the month, afterwards he became very successful as a contractor on the C. & A. R.R., and one among the contractors for the woodwork entering into the construction of the Louisiana bridge; from Bloomington to Alton, contracted for and built the fencing for the C. & A. R.R. In 1873 he was united in marriage to Miss Annie Ross, of White Hall, a daughter of Simeon and Eveline Ross. We have thus given in brief a sketch of one whose life has been marked by decision of character and honesty of purpose and benevolence
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 567(Roodhouse); - transcribed by bmt

ARMSTRONG GEO. W. - dealer in groceries, queensware, hardware, wooden ware, willow ware, glassware, etc., etc. The above named gentleman was born in Maine in the year 1843. He is the youngest son of John and Isabella Armstrong, natives of Boyhill, Ireland. John A. married, in the beautiful isle of the sea, Miss Atwell. Crossing the broad waters of the Atlantic in 1820, after a long, tedious voyage, the youthful couple set foot in Mass., where the husband procured employment in a tannery, at which vocation he served his time in Boston & the date is not known & from Boston to Maine, where following this some years he turned his attention to farming, an uphill business, although a large family contributed toward the family maintenance. In reference to the children it may be said that Humphrey W. is timber agent on the C. & A. U.K., and resides at Minneapolis, Minnesota; here also is the home of John A., who is an extensive wood and coal dealer; Robert, who follows farming, resides in North Missouri; Sarah E. is not living; Frank A., R.R. contractor, resides in Roodhouse; George W., from whom this sketch is obtained, first settled on arriving in Illinois in Brown County, there and in Menard and Greene, in conjunction with his brothers, he became a R.R. contractor, and by skillful management laid the foundation for his successful career of to-day. Mr. Armstrong was united in marriage to Mary L. Sharp, a daughter of Peter L. Sharp, of Dubuque, Iowa. This marriage was blessed with three children: Katy, Georgia and Albert A. For the past seven years Mr. Armstrong has been a resident of Roodhouse; for the past four in the business mentioned; in the venture he has been very successful, due to his efforts to please and unswerving honesty; the last mentioned article, if so it may be called, is the true secret of Mr. Armstrong's success, and the boy who entered Illinois years ago poor as the poorest of Illinois youths, has won his way in the world through merit, hard work and integrity
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 567(Roodhouse); - transcribed by bmt

ARMSTRONG JAMES M. - lumber dealer. Oldest child of E. T. and Isabella Armstrong. E. T. Armstrong, the head of the family, was born in Madison County, Illinois, and in the year 1818, during his boyhood, he accompanied his parents to Sangamon County, Illinois, and afterwards to Pike. In 1852 E. T. Armstrong moved to Oregon, where he now resides, a well to do citizen of that State. J. M. Armstrong, from whom this sketch is obtained, did not accompany his parents to Oregon. From the age of sixteen to twenty-one he taught school, and then made his way to Chicago where he entered Eastman's College, securing a classical education; he also became a telegraph operator, serving afterwards in this capacity on the Wabash R.R., also ticket agent and operator on the Jacksonville Division of the C. & A. R.R. In 1868 Mr. Armstrong came to Roodhouse, and the statement is made on good authority that he was the first telegraph operator here. He afterwards entered into business with Geo. Armstrong and P. J. Sharp. This house transacted a dry goods, grocery and lumber trade. This firm dissolved partnership by mutual consent, Mr. J. M. Armstrong taking the lumber department, made the first shipment of lumber for Roodhouse. At Winchester, in Scott County, he married, in May, 1862, Miss Anna M. Reed, a daughter of John M. Reed, of Morgan Co. One child, Mattie Belle. Mr. A. is a strict advocate of temperance
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 567-8(Roodhouse); - transcribed by bmt

ASHFORD GEORGE - farmer and stock-raiser, Sec. 4, P.O. Carrollton, is a native of Frederick County, Va., where he was born in the year 1820; was the oldest child of John and Lydia Ashford. John Ashford is also a Virginian, where he resided many years, and married Miss Lydia Clevinger. In 1827, the family moved to Ohio, where they settled upon a farm. In 1S44, wending their way still farther westward to Illinois, they purchased a farm in Greene County, where the head of the family died one year later. Mrs. Ashford is still living. George, from whom this sketch is obtained, since the family removed west, has followed agricultural pursuits. In 1842, he was united in marriage to Miss Margaret Murphy, a daughter of Isaac Murphy, a native of Ohio. Eleven children were born of this marriage, nine of whom are living. Mr. Ashford is among our most successful agriculturists
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 726(T9N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ASHLEY A. J. - tile manufacturer, Barrow. The above named gentleman, who in connection with Mr. Bruce has shown considerable enterprise in the erection of tile works, at Barrow, was born in Kentucky, January, 1843. He was but eight years of age when his parents moved to Illinois, where he has now resided nineteen years. When the war came on he enlisted in Company F, 61st Illinois Infantry, for one year's service. When the war closed he returned to Illinois, located at Winchester, Scott County, and worked as a carpenter. From this point he moved to Barrow in 1871; pursuing the carpenter business he was largely patronized and erected some of the most substantial dwellings in the neighborhood. In 1868 he was married to Miss Sarah A. Campbell, by whom he had four children, three living: John B., Bertha M. and Caroline
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 546(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ASHLEY JAMES M. - carpenter and joiner, for the past six years a resident of Barrow, was born in Casey County, Kentucky, September 29, 1834. In 1851 he accompanied his parents to McLean Co., Ill., then a small village, with no railroad facilities. Here the family remained a short time, when they moved to Pike County. James shortly after removed to Kentucky, where he learned the trade of a carpenter and joiner. This occupation he follows at the present writing and receives a large share of public patronage, as his skill as a workman is well known. In the State of Tennessee in 1860 he was united in marriage to Miss Nancy Hubble, who passed away in the year 1868, leaving to the care of her husband four children: Alonzo, Mary E., Eva B. and James L. July 28, 1869, Mr. Ashley was married to Miss Anna Summers, of Winchester, Scott County, by whom he has three children: Tessie, Earnest G. and Myrtle. Mr. A. owns two lots at Barrow, a commodious frame building, and is one of our most public spirited citizens. It is the intention of Mr. A. to open a first-class boarding house at Barrow, shortly, and parties looking for the comforts of a home will do well to note this fact
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 546(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ASHLOCK JAMES - who was the first blacksmith to locate at Barrow, and who has built one of the best shops in the county, was born in Anderson County, Tennessee, November 23, 1830. He was the fifth child of William and Rebecca Ashlock. In his eighteenth year he accompanied his parents to Greene County, Illinois, where a settlement was made four miles east of Carrollton, where the father followed the calling of a cooper. James proceeded to Scott County, some years after his parents located in Greene County, where he served his time to a blacksmith. Returning to his old home in Greene County he opened a blacksmith shop, transacting business some three years, and during this time married Miss Sylvania Breden. Moving to Wilmington Mr. Ashlock carried on blacksmithing successfully for a period of eleven years. Moving from Wilmington to what is now the town of Barrow, Mr. A. erected the first building and became the first resident of the live little town, and has watched with proud satisfaction its upward growth. In addition to general blacksmithing Mr. Ashlock does a large horse shoeing business, and is known as a superior workman in wood. He has five children; Rosetta, Cyrina C, Sarah L., Wilburn W. and Emma R.
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 546-7(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

ASHLOCK WILLIAM M. - farmer and stock raiser. Sec. 21, P.O. Carrollton. One of the most successful and prominent men in this township, is Wm. Ashlock; born Nov. 12, 1821, in Anderson County, Tennessee. In his eighth year emigrated to this State in company with his parents in wagon; he remembers it very distinctly, as he walked the greater part of the way, arriving in this county Nov. 28; locating on what is now known as the Tunnell farm; remained about two years; after leaving this place, bought out a pre-emptor's claim on Sec. 31, and when the land came into market entered 80 acres of land, moved on the same and lived upon it until he died, which occurred in 1862. William had but the meager advantages afforded by that early time in log cabins at subscription rates. He left the parental roof at the age of twenty-three, when he formed a matrimonial alliance with Nancy Gough, born in Ohio, Sept. 1825; their marriage occurred Feb. 4, 1844. They have had twelve children, but ten living, viz: George K., William H., Mary P., Margaret L., Martha V., Minerva M., Harvey H., Julia H., Henry C, and Lucy E. Mr. Ashlock has been engaged in agricultural pursuits since he began business for himself; has traded in stock considerably, during the time there were no railroads, drove a great many hogs to St. Louis. Has bred and raised a good deal of fine stock; is a great lover of a good horse, his partiality leading in the direction of thorough-bred running stock, of the Lexington blood. Is the owner of the noted " Cape Race." Mr. Ashlock is the owner of 900 acres of good land; has been successful in his business operations, and though attentive to his business affairs, yet there is no man in the county that enjoys his wealth better than he, and nothing short of a business engagement will prevent him from joining in a big hunt, a race or chase, of which he is always a jovial and congenial companion. Is a zealous advocate of the principles of Freemasonry, being a member of the Carrollton Lodge, and Chapter also of Hugh DePayne Commandery
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 706(T10N R11W); - transcribed by bmt

ATCHISON EDWARD L. - farmer, sec. 22, P.O. Schutz Mill, was born in Belleville, St. Clair Co., Ill., Aug. 30. 1854. His father was born in St. Clair Co., Ill., Aug. 21, 1830, died Feb. 21, 1861. His mother, Sarah H. Atchison, was born in Todd Co., Ky., Aug. 15, 1830, and came to this county in 1855, and is now living with her son Edward. He was married, April 4, 1874, to Mary J. Fox, daughter of John Q. and Artie Fox; she was born in Pike Co., Ill., Jan. 2, 1855. They have two children: Zuma I., born Jan. 8, 1875, and Donald R., born Aug. 25, 1877. He has one brother and one sister living in this county. He is living on the home farm of sixty acres, two shares of which belong to him. The Perkin's Cave, a very noted cave, is located on this land.
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 613(T12N R13W); - transcribed by bmt

ATKINS JOSEPH J. - blacksmith, Sec. 31. P. O. White Hall. Mr. A. was born in Virginia, November 25, 1823, the second son of Nathaniel and Nancy Atkins, who passed the remainder of life in Pike County, Missouri, Joseph J. became a skillful blacksmith, and in Ashley, Pike County, Missouri, he followed his vocation some four years. Here he married Martha J. Gourley. Locating at Carrollton. in Greene County, about 1835, he remained some two years, working at his trade, when he moved to Wilmington, opened a shop and conducted a successful business for five years. He then went to Carrollton, working for John C. Kelley six years and a half; was also employed by Winn Bros., who now do business at White Hall. Mr. A. is one of the most skillful mechanics in Greene County, and it is said repaired the first agricultural machinery in this county. Mr. A. owns 160 acres of land, has one child, Montgomery. Mr. A. is now blacksmith for Stewart Seeley Atkins Montgomery, cigar maker, Seeley Place, P.O. White Hall
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 547(T12N R12W); - transcribed by bmt

AULABAUGH SAMUEL A. - farmer and stock-raiser. Sec. 4, P.O. Carrollton. The subject of our sketch was born in what is now termed West Virginia, on the second day of November, 1833, the seventh child of Jacob and Elizabeth Aulabaugh. In the old Dominion State young Samuel attained his 17th year, when his parents emigrated to the West, located in Gr3ene County, on the farm now owned by Samuel Aulabaugh, who has, since this date resided in Greene County; in 1864 he was united in marriage to Miss Eliza Ann Hankins, a daughter of Alexander Hankins, by whom he has six children: Sarah M., John C. Walter L., Mary E., Ida M., and Lottie H. Mr. Aulabaugh owns a valuable tract of land comprising I2g acres, acquired by energy and industry. Jacob Aulabaugh and Elizabeth Robinson, daughter of Abraham and Rebecca Robinson, were married Aug. 26, 1819. "I was born in Morgan County, Va., on the 10th of January, 1797. My father, born in Maryland, was of German origin; and my mother, who traced her ancestry to Germany, was born in Pennsylvania. I was but a child when my father died, and to the care of my mother were left a family of five children, four boys and one girl. Not being in easy circumstances, my mother labored hard for two years to provide for her family, and then received a proposal of marriage from R. Buck, a native Irishman, a good man in many respects, although at times he displayed an ungovernable temper. The learning of the family was the Bible; the family library was Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, the Saint's Rest, one or more books of sermons, one volume of Whitfield's works, and a work on Predestination. Both my foster father and my mother were diligent Bible readers, and I believe both were blessed with a good knowledge of the old and new Testaments. In my sixteenth year I left the home of my youth and proceeded to Boonesborough, Maryland, where my sister and several of my uncles lived. The war of 1812, had already commenced and intemperance and vice of every kind was prevalent, and indeed it was considered genteel to swear, drink, gamble and dance. I soon discovered that I needed now more than ever the advice and instructions of my parents, but happily for me, I had been taught to read the sacred volume, and the truths it contained made a vivid impression upon me. I hired out by the month and my duties were to drive team from Williamsport to Baltimore; wages were low, but by economy, I kept myself decently clothed. I made an attempt to apprentice myself to the blacksmith trade, but failed in accomplishing my object. My next venture was to hire to a mason, where I remained until enlisting as a soldier from the vicinity of Bladensburgh, under the command of Gen. Winter; the British had marched to Bladensburgh; Winder collected his forces and joined by Commodore Barney and the Baltimore volunteers, proceeded to Bladensburgh, and on the 24th of August, 1814, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon, a general engagement took place; it lasted but a short time, when the American troops gave way in disorder, the order of retreat was to Montgomery Court House, but a large portion of the soldiers never halted at the court house, and the retreat was characterized by extreme disorder." The above is a copy of an article written many years ago by the father of the subject of this sketch
Source: "History of Greene County Illinois"; Chicago: Donnelley, Gassette & Loyd, Publishers, 1879, page 726-27(T9N R11W); - transcribed by bmt