Hamilton County, Illinois
Genealogy and History

Rawls Family

Reddick Rawls
Reddick Rawls was born in 1798 in Martin County, North Carolina. He served in the war of 1812 with the militia from Martin County,
(source: "Muster Rolls of the Soldiers of the war of 1812", Published Under the Direction of the Adjutant, General of N. C. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. 1976.)

He married Phinnie (Corrinda) Williams in North Carolina. (There was also a strong tradition in and around Belle Prairie City that Reddick had married Ann Wahl. Whether he was married only once, or perhaps married a second time, is not known.) Two of their older children were born in Tennessee, evidently en route to Hamilton County, Illinois. The oldest son, Carma, waited until his father's estate was settled, then moved to Tarrant (Ft. Worth) County, Texas. It is believed that Reddick Rawls came to Illinois for the Bounty Lands, to which veterans of the war of 1812 were entitled. A neighbor about 10 miles to the west (Joseph Shelton;), and a neighbor about the same distance to the northwest (John R. Smith) were both veterans of the same conflict. Reddick came to Illinois between 1830 (not in census report) and 1832, when he is listed as voting. A few years later, another veteran of the Uar of 1812, James B. Richardson settled in Hamilton County, near the Rawls family. Members of the Shelton, Rawls, Richardson, and Smith families united the families through marriage.

Reddick and his wife lived near the site of present day Belle Prairie City, south of Wayne City, Illinois. Their son, James' Rawls, born May 8, 1822 in Tennessee, married Linnie Pernecia Shelton, daughter of Joseph Shelton and Nancy (Fagan) Chaffin. Linnie Pernecia was born Jul. 1, 1827 in Hamilton County, Ill. Their daughter, Nancy, married E. Polk Richardson, and the daughter of Nancy and Polk (Martha Louvisa Richardson) married Wm. Walter Smith, a grand son of John R. Smith. The offspring of the 3 veterans of the War of 1812 soon married to connect all of the families. James Richardson, the grandfather of Polk Richardson was a veteran of the Revolutionary War.

Of interest is the fact that Reddick Rawls' home was used as a precinct voting place on August 1, 1842 in a general election. All the voters were of German ancestry, from the Duchy of Baden, and subjects of Leopold. They had entered the LI. S. in June, 1841. Illinois law required only 6 months residence in order to vote. The names will seem familiar to residents of Hamilton-Wayne Counties. The name were Urban Anselment, Charles Ayd, Albert Eswein, Joseph Haller, Mathias Kaufman, Marzell Zachman, and two other men having entered the Port of New Orleans in April, 1843: Ignatz Rubenaker and Solomon Karcher
(source: "Goshen Trails", October, 1976.)

Reddick Rawls died in Hamilton County, Illinois in October of 1849. His wife died just a week later. Both are buried in Rawls Cemetery, just outside Belle Prairie City. The cemetery is off the road about a quarter of a mile, arid neither the road nor the cemetery is in good condition. A new marker has been erected to mark the graves of his son James Rawls and his wife, Linnie Pernecia Shelton. The original marker for James Rawls still stands near the new marker. On July 20, 1991, a new bronze plaque was placed in the Rawls Cemetery by Douglas Wright and Dorman Wright. The plaque was furnished by the Illinois veterans' Commission and designates Reddick Rawls as a veteran of the war of 1812, from Martin County, North Carolina, in the Detached Militia of North Carolina.
(Dorman Wright)

In the name of God Amen. I, Reddick Rawls, of the County of Hamilton and State of Illinois knowing the uncertainty of life and the certainty of death, Being of Sound mind and memory, do make, ordain, and Publish this my last will and testament and do hereby appoint Cloyd Crouch to be the Executor of this my Last will and Testament.

First after my just debts and funeral Expenses are paid I give unto my beloved wife all my personal property. The Remainder of which at her death (if any) to be equally divided among my daughters. My Lands to be disposed of an follows; viz To my Beloved son James Rawls I give by deed bearing date herewith

The South East ¼ of the South East quarter of Section thirty, Township thru South Run Six East Being forty acres more or les The Remainder comprising the West half of the South west quarter of Sec twenty nine. Also the N. W. ¼ of the S E ¼ the S U qr. of Section twenty nine. All in Township three South Range six East being twenty acres more of less. To my beloved wife during her natural life—and after her death to be disposed to as follows vis To my beloved son Carma Rawls the northwest fourth of the S w quarter of Sec 29 Township three South. Range six East and to my beloved son Dennis Rawls the remainder If my son Dennis Rawls die without issue, I do bequeath the lands given to him to my several daughters to be equally divided among them.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto let my hand and apply my seal this 25th of November-Anno Dommi 1845
Signed and Sealed Reddick X Rawls

Before us mark
Cloyd Crouch
William C. Davis

State of Illinois
Hamilton County
I Cloyd Crouch one of the subscribing witnesses to the above will do solemnly swear that I was present at the time the testator signed the same, and that I saw him sign it; At that I did there believe & do still believe he was of sound mind & memory at the time of signing
Sworn and subscribed to before me Nov. 5th 1849
C. Crouch
Jno. Al. Marshall, PGP
State of Illinois
Hamilton County

I Wm. C. Davis one of the subscribing witnesses to the above Will do solemnly swear that I was present & saw the testator sign the same, that I did then believe & do still believe he was of sound Mind & memory at the time of signing, & that he called up Cloyd Crouch & Myself, to bear witness that this was his last will & testament.

Sworn & Subscribed to before me Nov. 22d 1849
William C. Davis
Jno. Al. Marshall, PGP

(Information from "Smith Family in Wayne County, Illinois" by Dorman Dean Wright)

James Rawls was born in Tennessee on May 8, 1822. His father, Reddick Rawls, had moved there from Martin County, North Carolina, and was probably on his way to Hamilton County, Illinois, where he arrived about 1831. James would have been about 9 years old then, and he lived in Hamilton County for the rest of his life.

James and Linnie Pernecia SHELTON Rawls
James & Linnie Pernecia SHELTON Rawls
Picture donated by Kyle Shoultz

James Rawls married Linnie Pernecia Shelton in Hamilton County, Illinois on October 16, 1845. They were married by a Justice of the Peace, C. Crouch. James Rawls died of pneumonia on April 17th, 1887. He had been ill, and his death was expected. With him at the time of his death were his wife and all of his living children, George Rawls, Nancy A. Richardson, Riley Rawls, Rebecca A. Knapp, Morning L. Rawls, Sarah Ellen Henson, waiter M. Rawls, and Cloyd Stull, a grandchild, son of Mary M. Stull, a deceased daughter.

James Rawls and Linnie lived near Belle City and attended church there.

They may have helped begin the Belle City Baptist Church, which still holds services. One of the early former pastors, J. D. Hooker kept a journal which he called Hooker's Hits: Lifr and Labors of J. D. Hooker. In book 2, page 1 he has this entry:

In Mar. 1881 : was called to the care of Belle City Baptist Church, Hamilton Co. Ill. I accepted the care of this church as its pastor, April 9, 1881. In this church were two of my best friends viz. UncIe Jimmy and Aunt Mecie Rawls. They were certainly fine old people. They are now both dead and have been called from labor to reward. They were so faithful.

Their three sons Geo. Riley. and Walter still live. This set of Rawls is fine people. I only worked here as pastor for seven months and resigned. Uncle Jimmy & Aunt Necie refers to James Rawls and Linnie SHELTON Rawls

The following Bill of Appraisment is on file in the Probate Records of Hamilton County, II.» at McLeansboro. The bill was probated in May of 1887.

Articles -- Value

Mareing Appearle -- $15.00
Library and School Books -- 5.00
One Sewing Machine -- 10.00
Three Bedsheets Beds and Beding -- 25.00
One Cooking Stove & Aparatuous -- 5.00
One Safe & fixtures -- 5.00
One Desk & book case -- 2.00
One clock -- 1.00
One Grain (?) Mill -- 5.00
One Grindstone --- 1.00
Five Bee Stands -- 10.00
4 Empty bee stands -- 1.00
One lot of meat -- 20.00
One Gar (.Jar) & Stands lard -- 10.00
One lot of soap -- 1.00
2 empty Barrels -- .50
2 Jugs -- .25
1 Vineger Keg -- .50
1 Sausage Grinder -- .25
1 lot of salt -- 1.00
1 Safe -- .50
150 Ibs. of flour -- 3.00
1 Bushel meal -- .40
& Gars -- .75
One pare of scales -- .25
2 Washing tubs -- .50
One Kettle ?i hooks -- 1.00
One barrel of millet (?:) -- 2.00
One parrler Stove & Pipes -- 4.00
1 Sider Mill -- 8.00
1 lot of Tobacco -- 1.00
1 man Saddle -- 2.00
1 lot of yarn & thread -- 2.40
1 Side Saddle -- 5.00
1 Set of Harrow with (?) maybe iron -- .50
1 lot of Nails & Bolts -- .20
white lead -- .25
1 Shade -- .50
3 Heeding hoes -- .25
1 Molder -- .25
1 Buggy -- .50
1 Gwin (?) Hill -- 5.00
One half Interest in plowing Machine -- 2.50
One hay rake -- 10.00
One Harrow -- 1.00
One Plow -- 2.00
One plow -- 1.00
One pare of Strechers & Singletree -- .50
2 old wagons -- 5.00
One Sled -- 2.00
One scoop shovel -- .10
One lot of Bridals Collars & Chains -- 5.00
One Double Shovel plow -- .25
One loaying (?) cutter -- .40
3 pitch forks -- .50
1000 lbs. (bales?) of hay -- 5.00
3 Old Carpets -- 1.00
One stand Gilie (?) -- 2.00
12 Chairs -- 3.00
1 Trunk -- .50
4 Corn Cutters -- .25
1 Augur -- .10
32 head of sheep and lambs -- 32.00
25 Acres of mowing oats . -- 25.00
10 Acres of mowing wheat -- 5.00
40 Acres of Grass -- 80.00
1 four Steer old Slag (?) steer -- 20.00
3 two four old heifers -- 36.00
3 two year old Steers -- 45.00
1 one year old Steer -- 8.00
1 Black cow -- lfc.00
1 white cow -- 18.00
1 red cow and calf -- 20.00
1 red cow and calf -- 20.00
1 Three year old mare -- 80.00
1 five year old horse -- 75.00
1 fifteen year old mare -- 40.00
1 Old Gray mare -- 25.00
2 pigs -- 3.00
2 yearling calfes -- 15.00
40 head of geese -- 6.00
6 Turkey -- 2.00
1 One lot of chickens -- 6.00

Note; The total value is given as $786.20. This an estimate of the value of goods owned by James Rawls at the time of his death. It was made either by Riley Rawls, which I think is correct, or by the County of Hamilton. In another listing of the goods dated the 5th day of Hay, 1887, some things have been left off the list, and the total value has been rounded to $787.00. A statement is made that the estimated value is $585. 70, with a listing of property. The difference is given as $201.30. Linnie P. (Pernecia) Rawls has made her mark X at the bottom of the paper. Riley Rawls was given as the administrator.
(Source: Information from "Smith Family in Wayne County, Illinois" by Dorman Dean Wright)

Linnie Pernecia Shelton Rawls, daughter of Joseph and Nancy (Fagan) Shelton was born May 31, 1827 in Hamilton Co. Il. Her parents came on a pack horse from Kentucky about 1818, and settled where John C. Stull now lives; and where the subject of this sketch was born, grew to womanhood and married. In 1842, at age 15, she professed the religion of Jesus Christ and was baptized by Elder Thomas Vance into membership in the Little Prairie (now Dahlgren) Baptist Church, where she remained a consistent working member until the '60's when she removed her membership to the Belle City Baptist Church, remaining a member until her death. October 19, 1844 she was married to James Rawls with whom she lived happily until the latters death 22 years ago. She died at the home of her daughter and son-in-law Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Knapp, April 12, 1909, aged 81 years, 10 months, and 20 days. Mrs. Rawls was the mother of 10 children, 5 boys and 5 girls, of whom 3 boys George, Riley and Walter and 4 girls Mrs. Alice Knapp, Mrs. Nancy Richardson, Mrs. Mournig L. Catlin and Mrs. Sarah E. Maulding are still living.

Mrs. Rawls was a very intellectual woman and knew much of the early pioneer history of Hamilton County, and had a rich fund of incidents connected with the early pioneer days. She was also a zealous church woman, and had paid out two life memberships in the Illinois Baptist Association. Her and her husband's home was the open home of ministers and other reform workers who came into the neighborhood. She was the oldest person whose birth and continuous residence had been in Hamilton County.

Mrs. Rawls had been in feeble health for some years, and for 10 years had made her home with her children, but her mind was active and she loved to talk of the old days, and of the friends who have all gone before, but she made friends of all who learned to know her. And at the close of a long and useful life she passed peacefully to rest reserved for the people of God. Funeral services were held at Belle City Friday April 23, 1909 conducted by Rev. J. H. Voliva, assisted by Rev. Charles Atchison and the remains were laid to rest in Rawls Cemetery followed by a large crowd of mourning friends.

Also in Leader April 29, 1909
Born May 31, 1827 Hamilton Co. Il daughter of Joseph & Nancy Chaffin Shelton. Married James Rawls Oct. 16 1844, (Hamilton Co. marriage # 747 gives date as October 16, 1845) he died 1887; 10 children 7 survive George Riley & Walter Rawls ; Mrs. Alice Knapp; Mrs. Nancy Richardson; Mrs. Mourning Catlin & and Sarah Maulding. Interred at Rawls Cemetery."

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