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Illinois Genealogy Trails

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 Jefferson County Illinois
Black Hawk War

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The Black Hawk War (1832) put down the last armed Indian resistance in the territory north of the Ohio River and east of the Mississippi. Early in the nineteenth century, whites started moving into what is now the state of Illinois. This movement precipitated numerous clashes with the Indians, and U.S. government officials sought to move the Indians out of the path of settlement.

In 1804, a treaty of questionable validity decreed that the Sac and Fox Indians move west of the Mississippi. Some refused, however, and soon after the War of 1812 one leader, Black Hawk, denounced the treaty and proclaimed the Indians' determination to retain their land. After years of skirmishes, the whites forced a new treaty on Black Hawk in 1831, which compelled the Indians to leave.

The next spring, however, Black Hawk returned with four hundred braves and their families, hoping to gain additional support from other tribes. When little help materialized, he prepared to sue for peace, but when the whites murdered one of his emissaries, he attacked again, defeating a much larger force. Fleeing into what is now Wisconsin, he was pursued by a newly formed army of volunteers assisted by the Sioux. A final battle took place at the Bad Axe River. Although Black Hawk raised a white flag, the attackers shot most of his band—men, women, and children. Black Hawk escaped to the Winnebagos, but they surrendered him to the whites. After a year of imprisonment, he returned to the remnants of his people in Iowa. The defeat of Black Hawk removed the last obstacle to white settlement in the Old Northwest.

Soldier Burials in Jefferson County

Name

Dates from Stone

Military Co. or Unit

Cemetery

Carpenter, Samuel b.1-3-1812
d. 5-1-1892
  Jordan Chapel
Lane, Gilbert d. 5-5-1872, 67y H 2 IL INF Pleasant Grove
Owens, Peter No stone CPT BOWMAN CO Pleasant Grove


ENLISTMENTS

NAME

RANK

COMPANY

PLACE OF
ENROLLMENT

REGIMENT

BRIGADE

ALLEN, WILLIAM PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
ANDERSON, ELI D SGT J BOWMAN SP 1
ANDERSON, STINSON H SGM     SP 1
ATCHISON, GEORGE W PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
ATCHISON, IGNATIUS PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
ATCHISON, WASHINGTON PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BAUGH, JOHN PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BINGAMAN, WILLIAM PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BINGEMAN, WILLIAM PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BLACK, JAMES PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BOND, JAMES B PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BOWMAN, JAMES CPT J BOWMAN SP 1
BRADFORD, ABNER PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BRADFORD, JOSEPH PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BRUCE, MARCUS D PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BUFFINGTON, P C PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BUFFINGTON, PHILLIP C PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
BULLOCK, GEORGE CPL J BOWMAN SP 1
BULLOCK, JAMES CPL J BOWMAN SP 1
CARPENTER, SAMUEL W PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
CASEY, F S 1LT J BOWMAN SP 1
CASEY, ISAAC S CPL J BOWMAN SP 1
CASEY, ZADOC PAY     SP 1
DARNALL, JOHN PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
DEPRIEST, GREEN 2LT J BOWMAN SP 1
DEPRIEST, ISAAC C CPL J BOWMAN SP 1
DEWEZE, WILLIAM PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
ELKIN, GAZAY PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
ELKIN, ROBERT PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
FAULKENBRY, ISAAC PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
GASTIN, WILLIAM D PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
HAM, JAMES PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
HARLOW, JOEL PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
HAYS, WILLIAM B PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
HICKS, STEPHEN G SGT J BOWMAN SP 1
HOLDER, WILLIS B PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
ISAM, JOHN PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
KITREL, DAVID PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
KITRELE, DAVID PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
LITTLETON, DANIEL SGT J BOWMAN SP 1
LITTLETON, DANIEL SGT J WATKINS 1 1
MARTIN, JAMES C PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
MARTIN, JAMES C PVT J WATKINS 1 1
MC BRIEN, JOHN E PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
MEEK, ROBERT PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
MINER, JAMES F PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
NEWBY, HEZEKAH B PVT J WATKINS 1 1
NEWBY, HEZIKIAH B PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
OWENS, JOSHAU PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
OWENS, PETER PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
OWINS, JOSHUA PVT J WATKINS 1 1
OWINS, PETER PVT J WATKINS 1 1
PACE, GEORGE W PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
PARISH, WIATT PVT J WATKINS 1 1
PARISH, WIOTT PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
REYNALDS, JACOB PVT J WATKINS 1 1
REYNOLDS, JACOB PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
RHEA, JAMES PVT J BOWMAN SP 1
SATERFIELD, JOHN R SGT J BOWMAN SP 1
SATTERFIELD, JOHN R SGT J WATKINS 1 1
THOMINSON, WILLIAM PVT J WATKINS 1 1
TOMISON, WILLIAM PVT J BOWMAN SP 1




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