|Josiah THROGMORTON, a Director in the First
National Bank of Vienna, Johnson County, was born in Union County,
Ill., July 24, 1828. His father, Joshua Throgmorton, was born in
Virginia, and removed from that State to North Carolina, where he
married. He then removed to Kentucky and thence to the Territory of
Illinois, becoming one of the pioneer settlers of Union County. He
there secured a tract of Government land and improved a farm, upon
which he spent the rest of his days. The maiden name of his wife was
Fannie Stokes. She was a native of North Carolina, and died on the home
farm in Union County. Her father, William Stokes, was a native of North
Carolina, and one of the early settlers of Union County.
Throgmorton and his wife reared four children: Mary, Patsy, Elizabeth
and Josiah. The lastrnamed was reared and educated in his native
county. The early schools were taught on the subscription plan, the
schoolhouses being of the most primitive kind. The seats were made of
puncheon, with wooden pins for legs. There were no backs to the seats
nor desks in front of them. Holes were bored in the logs at the sides,
in which pins were driven, and upon these pins was laid a piece of
puncheon, which served as a desk for the larger scholars to write upon.
Young Throgmorton split rails to earn the money with which to pay his
tuition for the last term he attended school. He was thirteen years old
when his father died, and seven years later his mother passed away. He
commenced life for himself working on the farm at $10 per month.
There being no
railroads in this part of the country at that early day, the towns
along the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers were the markets for the
interior. Having accumulated a little capital, Mr. Throgmorton became a
dealer in poultry, eggs and produce, buying in Union County and taking
his produce down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. This course he
followed a portion of the time for two or three years, when he
purchased a steam sawmill, and engaged in the lumber business. This
proved a failure and he lost all his money and became involved in debt
besides. In 1858 he removed to Vienna and became interested in a
gristmill. This mill he continued to operate until 1861, when he
enlisted in Company K, Sixtieth Illinois Infantry. He was soon
appointed Commissary Sergeant, which position he held while in the
service. He was with Sherman in the Atlanta campaign, and went with him
to the sea, and thence to Fayetteville, N. C., where he was honorably
discharged in March, 1865. Returning home, he resumed his milling,
which he continued until 1884. He has also been engaged in buying and
shipping grain, and in farming,and has continued in both these lines
until the present time. In 1891 he became interested with P. T. Chapman
in a steam saw and planing mill, etc., and since then he has devoted
much of his time to the supervision of these mills.
1853, Mr. Throgmorton married Abigail Musgrove, a native of Union
County, Ill., who was born there January 11, 1828. Her father, Caleb
Musgrove, was born in North Carolina, and moving from that State to
Illinois, became one of the pioneer settlers of Union County. He
improved a farm and resided upon it until his death. The maiden name of
the mother of Mrs. Throgmorton was Clarkey Cox; she was born in North
Carolina and died in Union County, Ill. Mrs. Throgmorton was reared in
her native county. In her youthful days her mother used to card and
spin, and she learned both arts from her mother. Mr. and Mrs.
Throgmorton have one daughter living, Fanny, who is the wife of Thomas
H. Sheridan. In his political sympathies our subject is a Republican.
In his religious belief he is a Universalist. He is a member of Vienna
Lodge No. 150, A. F. & A. M.; and of Vienna Chapter No. 67, R.
A. M. He has served as High Priest of the Chapter several times and has
been a representative to the Grand Lodge at Chicago.