Illinois Genealogy Trails 
Madison County, Illinois


George B. Burnett, one of the prominent lawyers of the Madison county bar, was born in Ontario county. New York He pursued his legal studies under the supervision of his father, Benjamin F. Burnett, and was admitted to the bar in 1860. From 1860 to 1862, he practiced law at Aledo, Mercer county, Illinois. In 1862 he came to Edwardsville, and began the practice of law, by himself, and' thus continued till 1866, at which time he formed a partenership with Judge Dale, which lasted till 1876, his brother, Frank W. Burnett being admitted to the partnership in 1873. In 1876, Judge Dale was elected county Judge, and withdrew from the firm. The brothers, Barnett, continued their partnership about a year, and then dissolved, each establishing a practice for himself. Quite early in life Mr. Geo. B. Burnett gained considerable distinction as a criminal lawyer He has been for twelve years past the attorney for the St. Louis Branch of the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railroad. He is a fine lawyer, and excels as an advocate.

Judge M. G. Dale is a native of the city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and received his early education in the schools of his native city. In 1832 he entered Pennsylvania college at Gettysburg, and graduated in full course in 1835. He had the honor of being salutaturian of his class, and delivered his graduating oration in Latin. His legal education began in the office of Judge Champney, at Lancaster, and in 1837 he was admitted to the bar. On coming to Illinois in 1838, he settled at Greenville, Bond county, and opened a law office. From 1839 to 1853 he served as probate judge and county judge of that county, and washy President Pierce appointed register of the land office at Edwardsville, to which place he removed. On the removal of the land office from Edwardsville, he was elected county judge of Madison county, in which capacity he served eight years. At the close of his term as judge he resumed the practice of law, and continued it till seven years ago, when he was again elected county judge of Madison county, which office he still holds. Judge Dale is a very affable and courteous gentleman, and an excellent county judge, as is shown by his successive elections to that office.

ROBERT BOSOMWORTH Was born in Yorkshire, England. He is the son of George and Alice (Wright) Bosomworth. His mother died in England. In 1854 he emigrated to America and brought his father with him, who died the same year. Mr. Bosomworth is the only survivor of the family. He settled in Springfield, Ohio, stayed there but a short time, then came west to Morgan county, Illinois, where he remained two years. In 1856 he came to Madison county, and in 1866 bought 160 acres of woodland, where he now lives, cleared it and opened a farm, and there he still remains. On the 10th of June, 1829, he married Hannah Porter, who was born in Sussex, England, June 30, 1805. By this marriage there were eight children, five of whom are living. George, John, and Robert are dead. Charles lives in Macoupin county. Mary, Alice, William, and James are the names of those living. Politically Mr. Bosomworth has been and is yet a Republican. He has all his life been a hard working man of industrious habits. He has been a resident of the county since 1856, and in that time has made many acquaintances, who all know him as an honest upright man, who at all times strives to do his duty, and fulfil evfery obligation made by him.

FORBES, Robert Magnus, teas and coffees; born, Alton, ILL., June 26, 1861; son of James H. and Elizabeth (Ryrie) Forbes; graduated from Alton (ILL.) High School, and spent one year at Shurtleff College, Upper Alton, ILL.; married, Alton, ILL., Oct. 14, 1891, Mary P. Lewis; children: Harriet L., James H., Charles P. Since July, 1878, associated with father in tea and coffee business in St. Louis, now being vice president of James H. Forbes Tea and Coffee Co. Member Business Men's League. Republican. Baptist. Mason (32°), Knight Templar. Office: 908-916 Clark St. Residence: Alton, ILL. (Source: The Book of St. Louisans, Publ. 1912. Transcribed by Charlotte Slater)

FISCHER, John Caster, president Fischer Flour Co.; born, Highland, Madison Co., ILL., June 17, 1850; son of Anton and Elizabeth (Toggenburger) Fischer; educated in public school and Rohers College; married, St. Louis, Sophie N. Kern; children: Oliver C, Edward Allen, Charles Grover, Mary Annie. Began business career in employ of Meyer & Guye, millers and flour dealers, as shipping clerk and salesman, continuing for twelve years; vice president of Mauntel, Borgess & Co., 1880-90; in 1890 joined in organization of the Fischer Flour Co., millers and flour merchants, of which has since been president. Democrat. Member Tower Grove Turner Society. Recreations: bowling, fishing and all athletics. Office: 111 Market St. Residence: 3821 Hartford Street. (Source: The Book of St. Louisans, Publ. 1912. Transcribed by Charlotte Slater)

EDWARD EVERETT SWAIN was born at Ewing, Franklin County, Illinois, being a son of H.V.J. and Clara (Harrison) Swain.He was married in 1907 to Harriet S. Ryrie of Alton Illinois.Mrs. Swain is a daughter of John A and Elizabeth (Stanton) Ryrie.They have one child- Edward Everett Jr.Mr. Swain received his early education in the Franklin County {IL} public schools. His family moved to Upper Alton, Illinois, in 1897, where he was a student of Shurtleff College, graduating with the A.B. degree. Upon his graduation he entered newspaper work in Rochester, New York, working for the Herald two years, one year as political reporter.He then went to St. Louis and worked in the offices of the Globe-Democrat, a little later becoming night editor of the Associated Press at St. Louis.A year later he was in St. Louis on the Republic, and for almost a year served as copy editor and head-line writer for the Post-Dispatch. In November 1909, he formed a partnership with Walter Ridgway, purchasing the Kirksville Daily Express from C.C. Howard.In the spring of 1911, he purchased Mr. Ridgway's interest in the paper, assuming control in June.Mr. Swain is independent politically.He is a member of the Baptist church.
* Signifies that the spelling is exactly how it was in the original source. Source: "The History of Adair County Missouri, by E.M. Violette (1911)"submitted by D. Rodcay


[Source: History of Madison Co Illinois, 1812-1912, pages 1176-1178, Volume#1; Submitted by Crystal]
C.W. Smith: "Like Father, Like Son" proves true so often that it has come to be a trite saying. Frequently this is by personal selection, the son following in the footsteps of his sire in some particular calling, there being many reasons why this is both desirable and natural.   Less often is the son seen emulating the father in the latter's public record. C.W. Smith, of Mitchell, Madison county, Illinois, and his father, Nathan Robison Smith, of Staunton, Macoupin county, have in many respects presented a parallel in their activities.
Each has followed farming with success, but with the achievement of success has not cared to seek a home in some city and sink into idleness, but preferred rather to continue active in the pure air of the country. Each also has served his particular county in the same way - as a member of the county board of supervisors. The senior Mr. Smith was one of the first members of the board that paid the debt on the famous "million dollar" court house at Carlinville, on whose construction earlier officers had expended money so wildly that the county seemed hopelessly plunged in a financial mire.
After conditions had settled Mr. Smith and others began care fully to plan to retrieve the fortunes of Macoupin, a difficult task but one which was eventually crowned with success.
In similar wise the son, Charles Wesley Smith, in the county of Madison, was called by his constituents to a place in the county board of supervisors of Madison county. First elected in 1904, he has been returned to the board from Chouteau township at every election since and is the present representative.
He was chairman of the board three successive terms,in 1907, 1908, 1910, and in 1909 was also a member of the board. During these years, by reason of the many important events that were transpiring and grave matters that were continually coming up for consideration, he had much to do. His parlia-mentary rulings were given the approbation of the board and he was a popular and efficient executive.
Charles Wesley Smith was born Septembcr 18, 1859, at Staunton, in Macoupin County. His father, Nathan Robison Smith, was born in Greene County on December 5, 1838. He represented Dorchester Township for over twenty years as its supervisor. He now lives near Staunton, blessed with good health and activity even if his life is crowned with more years than the Biblical "three score and ten." Mr. Smith is a staunch Democrat and in addition to the place named has filled the positions of commissioner of highways and school direc- tor. His people were originally from Carolina, and the relatives of his wife, Serelda Walker, a native of Macoupin County, came from West Virginia.
By his first marriage Mr. Smith had six children: Charles W., of Mitchell; Rebecca, William, Thomas H., James 0. and Carey L. Of these only two, Charles W. and Thomas H. are living. The second marriage of Mr. Smith was to Hannah Cornelius, who is now also deceased. Their three children are living: Nathan C., Verna Ray and Cornelius. The third wife of Mr. Smith was before her marriage Julia Perrine.
Charles W. Smith, the subject of this sketch, attended school in Dorchester Township (during his boyhood) and assisted his father about the farm. When at twenty-one he attained his majority he rented a farm for one year, at the expiration of which time he bought forty acres, which he soon thereafter exchanged for an eighty-acre tract and proceeded to occupy the latter.
Coming to Madison county in 1893, he located at Mitchell in Chouteau Township. Three years later he was made assessor of the township and held the place for eight years.
A thorough inspection convinced him of the fertility of the ground in Chouteau and he bought a farm and built a fine homestead in 1906. This farm, together with the modern improvements upon it is considered one of the best country places in the county.
His services on the board of supervisors and his experience as assessor caused his knowledge of tax matters to be in demand and in 1909 he was appointed to the board of tax review. He filled this important post for four years, being chairman of the board three terms. He is a Democrat in Politics and, it goes without saying, is one of the most prominent members of that party in his vicinity.
Much of his time at present Mr. Smith devotes to dealing in livestock. He has on one corner of his premises at Mitchell, where it is convenient to shipping on the railroads, a very large and well-equipped series of barns and outbuildings. His operations cover several states and he buys and sells horses and mules in carload lots, singly or in team or any desired number in between.
He belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America, having a record of over twenty years in that order. The Smith family are affiliated with the Methodist Church. Mr. Smith is of a genial nature, quick to make friends and of the cordial disposition that retains them. He is generous and open-hearted and, stands high throughout the American Bottom.
On August 25, 1880, Mr. Smith was married to Miss Lyda Hutchinson, the ceremony taking place at the home of the bride in Macoupin County. She was a daughter of James W. Hutchinson and Elizabeth F. (Walker) Hutchinson. Her father was a Methodist preacher and came from Kentucky.
Macoupin county was the home of Mr. and Mrs. Smith for some time after their marriage. Four children were born to them: Charles E., who is located in Oklahoma and follows the stock business; Donna P., who married William Dean and is living in Terre Haute; Margaret B., who married Roscoe Brown, of Terre Haute, and Sue, who is at home with her parents...  


BARNSBACK, George Frederick Julius, pioneer, was born in Germany, July 25, 1781; came to Philadelphia in 1797, and soon after to Kentucky, where he became an overseer; two or three years later visited his native country, suffering shipwreck en route in the English Channel; returned to Kentucky in 1802, remaining until 1809, when he removed to what is now Madison (then a part of St. Clair) County, Ill.; served in the War of 1819, farmed and raised stock until 1824, when, after a second visit to Germany, he bought a plantation in St. Francois County, Mo. Subsequently becoming disgusted with slavery, lie manumitted his slaves and returned to Illinois, locating on a farm near Edwardsville, where he resided until his death in 1869. Mr. Barnsback served as Representative in the Fourteenth General Assembly (1844.46) and, after returning from Springfield, distributed his salary among the poor of Madison County.
- Julius A. (Barnsback), his son, was born in St. Francois County, Mo., May 14, 1826; in 1846 became a merchant at Troy, Madison County; was elected Sheriff in 1860; in 1864 entered the service as Captain of a Company in the One Hundred and Fortieth Illinois Volunteers (100-days' men); also served as a member of the Twenty-fourth General Assembly (1865).

Donated by ©Kim Torp

Highland Illinois to Greene Co, Missouri

Mr. Savage is a son of Thomas B. and Frances S. (Robinson) Savage, and was born April 6th, 1838, in Madison county, Illinois. He received his education at Highland, Illinois, and lived upon the farm with his father until the war commenced. He enlisted in company O, 117th Illinois infantry, as a private, but was afterward promoted corporal. He participated in the battles of Clinton, Mississippi; Fort De Russey, Louisiana; Pleasant Hill, Louisiana; Yellow Bayou, Louisiana; Lake Chicot, Arkansas; Tupelo, Mississippi; Hurricane Creek, Mississippi; Franklin, Missouri; Nashville, Tennessee, and Blakely, Alabama. In 1865 he returned home and engaged in farming. In 1869 he came to Missouri and settled in Greens county. He was a member of the police force of Springfield in 1878, and deputy constable in 1874-5. In 1876 was elected constable of Campbell township, and re-elected in 1878 and served until 1880. He is now of the firm of Winkel & Savage, on St. Louis street. They have the largest meat market in the city. Mr. Savage was elected a justice of the peace of Campbell township in November, 1882. He was married November 29th, 1865, to Miss A. L. Hanptly, of Madison county, Illinois. Their union has been blest with nine children, seven of whom are living. He is a member of the M. E. church South, an Odd Fellow and a Knight of Pythias. His father was killed by a team running away in St. Louis in 1868. His mother died in 1871. They had ten children, five boys and five girls; seven are yet living, Daniel being the third son and fifth child.



Samuel Judy became a permanent and valued citizen of the county, having fought in the War of 1812 and served in the first legislature and on the county commission.  He was married to Margaret Whiteside, a sister of Gen. Samuel Whiteside.  The first or second year after his arrival he set out an orchard in what was known as Goshen, at about the present site of Peter's Station. He also bought land from a Ephriam Conner who is thought to be the first American to build in the county. Conner had built a cabin the northwest corner of the present Collinsville township around 1800. Conner apparently decided to move one and he sold his holdings to Judy after about a year.

Jacob Judy, oldest son was register of the Edwardsville land office from 1845 to 1849.  Another son, Col. Thomas Judy was in the legislature in 1852 and 1853.


Another of the first families to settle in Madison County was the Gillham family.  The first to come to America, Thomas Gillham ws a native of Ireland. His fourth son, James, was the first to arrive in Illinois, coming here in 1794 to search for his wife and chldren who were held captive by Indians.  He settled in the American Bottomm, apparently south of St. Louis, and later moved to Madison County.  Two other brothers, John and William, arrived in Madison Co. in 1802.  Another brother, Thomas II had reached Illinois in 1799.  A fifth brother Issac, settled in this county in 1804-1805.

The large Gillham family became one of the most prominent in the county. The Gillhams were strong supporters of morality and order, opposed introduction of slavery into Illinois.


, who attained distinction as a defender of human rights, and whose brilliant career added luster to the pages of history, taught men the real meaning of self sacrifice as few have done either in this state or elsewhere throughout the country. He was born at Albion, Kenebec County, Maine, January 6, 1811, a son of Rev. Daniel and Elizabeth (Patte) Lovejoy, the former a Congregational minister and farmer.
Reared on the homestead until he was eighteen years of age, Owen Lovejoy up to that time only attended school during the winter months, but at that age began to prepare himself for a high educational training, and entirely through his own efforts put himself through Bowdoin College, following which he took up the study of theology. In 1836 Mr. Lovejoy came to Illinois to join his brother, Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy, at Alton, and after the latter's tragic death in 1837, in the historically known "Alton trouble," he vowed to continue his brother's work in behalf of abolition of slavery. Going to Jacksonville, Illinois, Owen Lovejoy was licensed to preach as a Congregational minister, and in October, 1838, he was ordained as pastor of the church of that denomination at Princeton, where he labored effectively for seventeen years, and then resigned the only pastorate he had ever held. Of strong convictions, he stood like the adamantine rock for the cause of human justice and freedom, in the pulpit, on the rostrum and in the halls of Congress. Possessed of great physical as well as mental power, Owen Lovejoy, with equally strong eloquence, soon became a leader in the thought and movements of his day. In the cause of human liberty he was soon drawn into politics, first as a candidate of the liberal party for Congress in 1844. In 1854 he was elected to the Illinois Legislature, and in 1856 to the National Congress, of which he continued a distinguished member until his death, which occurred at the home of a friend at Brooklyn, New York, March 25, 1864. Adhering always to his views and opinions with great tenacity, and being a vigorous thinker, Owen Lovejoy was convincing and eloquent of speech. His keen perception and forcible diction were readily understood. He had no fear, and as a public speaker he had no superior; he had faith in truth, and never doubted its final triumph. Of him Abraham Lincoln said in a letter written after the death of Mr. Love-joy:
"Throughout my heavy and perplexing responsibilities here (in Washington as President) to the day of his death it would scarcely wrong any other to say he was my most generous friend." And also in the same letter Mr. Lincoln added: "my acquaintance with him began about ten years ago, since which time it has been quite intimate, and every step in it has been one of increasing respectand esteem, ending with his life, in no less than affection on my part."This heartfelt and highly gratifying testimonial to the high appreciation in which Mr. Lovejoy was held by his associates, however, was not the only one which came to his sor rowing family following his untimely demise. In a sixty-page pamphlet issued by the government following his death, the country at large were given in full the addresses made at memorial meetings delived in the Senate and House of Representatives, Monday, March28, 1864. ("ILLINOIS, The Heart of the Nation" by Hon. Edward F. Dunne, Volume IV, 1933, Transcribed by Kim Torp)

LEVI DAVIS was born July 20, 1808, in Cecil County, Maryland, and died in 1897. From infancy to manhood he was a fatherless orphan whose training and development was wholly under the guidance of his mother. He was educated in Newark Academy, Delaware, and Jefferson College, Pennsylvania. He obtained the degree of B. A. when he was twenty years old, and immediately began the study of law. Two years later he was examined and licensed to practice law, at Baltimore, Maryland, and the following spring began his professional career at Vandalia, Illinois, then the capital of the state. Governor Duncan appointed Mr. Davis to fill a vacancy in the office of auditor of public accounts, and he was twice elected to the same office by the general assembly. Upon removal of the capital to Springfield he became a resident of that place, and continued to reside there until 1846, when he removed to Alton.
Before going to Springfield he gained an enviable reputation as a lawyer. When he was succeeded in office by General James Shields he engaged in the practice of law in the state and United States courts, at Springfield. Levi Davis was in intimate relations with such eminent men as Lincoln, Browning, Norman B. Judd, David J. Baker, Stephen T. Logan, E. D. Baker, was often associated with them, and as often their opponents in the trial of cases. After his removal to Alton he was attorney for the Chicago & Alton Railroad Company, and for the St. Louis, Alton & Terre Haute Railroad Company, and was for a long time a director of the last named company.
His unselfishness, rectitude of purpose, and fidelity to all that is highest and best in the ethical standards of the legal profession made him a peacemaker. He probably made more amicable settlements of lawsuits than any of his contemporaries, and this was especially true of suits against the railroads which he represented. He could not tolerate, much less countenance or encourage trickery, deceit, meanness or corruption in the practice of law, or in the rivalries of business or politics. Though born and reared in a slave state, until the defeat of Henry Clay as a candidate for president, he was an ardent supporter of all public measures which looked to the immediate restriction and ultimate extinction of slavery. When Clay was defeated he foreswore active participation in party politics for the rest of his days, and kept the vow. ("ILLINOIS, The Heart of the Nation" by Hon. Edward F. Dunne, Volume IV, 1933, Transcribed by Kim Torp)

MONKS MOUND:  An area of 400 acres around Monks Mound (then known as Cantine Mound) was first owned by Nicholas Jarrot (of Jarrot mansion fame), affirmed to him Dec. 31, 1809.  He had given the land to the Trappist Monks in April, 1809, before he had official possession, and when they left in 1813, they reconveyed the land to Jarrot.They actually lived on a smaller mound, even though they big mound was named after them.Amos Hill took possession in 1831 and built a farm house and outbuildings on the top of Monks Mound and he, or a subsequent owner, dug a well from the second terrace on the west side.  Thomas Ramey took possession around 1860 and his family owned it until the State purchased some of the land from the Rameys in 1925 to establish Cahokia Mounds State Park.



 1826—1918. By Alexander H. Bell.

On the 25th day of March, 1918, at Carlinville, Illinois, after bearing the burdens and heat of the day for over ninety-one years, Charles A. Walker passed from this life into that sleep that knows no waking. Thus ended a truly remarkable life; thus closed the career of a truly remarkable man. Mr. Walker was born at Nashville, Tennessee, on the 21st day of August, 1826. His father was Abraham S. Walker, who was a native of Kentucky. His mother was Rosina (Phelps) Walker, a native of North Carolina. Abraham S. Walker was married in Tennessee, where the subject of this sketch was born.

Abraham S. Walker came from Tennessee to Illinois and settled in Madison County, south of Staunton, which is in Macoupin County, in the year 1828. In 1830 Abraham S. Walker moved to Carlinville. Charles A. Walker at that time was a boy about 4 years of age. The present city of Carlinville was then not known. There were but two houses standing on the present site of Carlinville. Abraham S. Walker built the third house at that point.

Charles A. Walker resided continuously at Carlinville from the time when his father settled there until his death. He acquired such education as the very poor schools of that day could impart. He attended the old seminary which was conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Orin Cooley. Later he became a student of Shurtleff College at Upper Alton, which he attended for two years. Being of a bold and adventurous disposition, Mr. Walker in 1849 shared with all of our people in the great excitement which followed the discovery of gold in California and he joined a company of men and went to California, traveling by ox team and spending about three months in making the journey. While in California he engaged in mining, in packing goods into the mountains, and in a variety of enterprises. Mr. Walker, on his return from California, came by way of the Panama Canal.

On returning to Carlinville in 1851, Mr. Walker went into mercantile business with his father and his brother-in-law, under the firm name of Walker, Phelps & Taggart. They also had a business place in Alton and Charles A. Walker had charge of that. He afterwards engaged in merchandising with his father-in-law, Daniel Dick, under the firm name of Walker & Dick, at Carlinville. He afterwards became a member of the firm of Walker, Phelps & Company.

In 1852 Mr. Walker married Miss Permelia A. Dick, the second daughter of Daniel and Susan (Gates) Dick, who came from Kentucky. Mrs. Walker died at Carlinville in the year 1913. Two daughters were born of this marriage. The oldest daughter, Lolah, married Dr. William M. Woods. One son was born of this marriage, Charles H. Woods, who is now practicing law in Lincoln, Illinois. The younger daughter, Mae, married Charles McClure, who was then a lieutenant in the United States Army. Her husband, as Colonel McClure, died in Alaska in the year 1913, while still an officer in the regular army. Their son, Charles W. McClure, is now a lieutenant colonel in the regular army of the United States.

 In the year 1856, Mr. Walker studied law in the office of Gilbert & Rinaker, a law firm composed of Judge S. S. Gilbert and General John I. Rinaker, who were then partners under the firm name above given. In the same year Mr. Walker was elected police magistrate in the city of Carlinville and discharged the duties of that office efficiently. He was licensed to practice law in 1858, and from that date until the day of his death he was active in the practice, excepting that the last few years of his life, on account of impaired hearing, he had in large measure retired from active work in his profession.

 In 1862 Mr. Walker formed a partnership with John M. Woodson, then of Carrollton, under the firm name of Walker & Woodson, which partnership continued until the year 1867. In the year 1900 he formed a partnership with Hon. James B. Searcy, under the firm name of Walker & Searcy. Later Mr. Walker's grandson, Charles H. Woods, was taken into the firm and the firm became Walker, Searcy & Woods. Mr. Walker was always an active member of the Democratic party. He was a delegate to the Charleston Convention, which nominated Stephen A. Douglas for the Presidency. Mr. Walker in 1862 was elected to the lower house of the General Assembly of Illinois. He served as master in chancery for Macoupin County for a term of sixteen years. He has served as mayor of the city of Carlinville and as a member of the board of education of the city. In 1880 he was elected to the State Senate, where he served with distinction. Thus, briefly stated, are given the more salient features in a truly remarkable life.

Mr. Walker was a remarkable man physically. He was compactly built. He had that indefinable quality winch we call "presence." He was a distinguished looking man in any company. He had a massive head, keen, piercing eyes, bold and aggressive features. All his life he took great interest in out of door sports. At times in his life he was much interested in horses and had some valuable horses. He was always an ardent hunter. While he would fish and seemed to enjoy it, yet his chief delight was in hunting. In the early days of this county he would hunt for prairie chickens and kill them by the hundreds. He knew all about the deer hunting in early times in Illinois. The writer remembers distinctly that on one occasion he was talking to Mr. Peter Camp, an old settler of the county, still living at Staunton, and Peter Camp was telling him about a remarkable experience of Mr. Walker in killing a large number of deer without a gun. The writer asked him about it, and Mr. Walker then said that he had been to Taylorville and was returning across the prairies in a sleigh or sled with a companion, when they noticed a large number of deer on top of a wooded rise in the prairie, and because they did not run Mr. Walker got out of the sleigh and approached them on foot to discover why they did not run. He then discovered that because there was a sleet on top of the snow the deer could not run without falling, but that the sleet was not so bad on the rise where they were, arid thus they remained there. Mr. Walker said he went back to the sleigh and he and his companion took some iron bars that they had with them, and as the deer would try to escape over the ice and would fall, they killed sixty odd deer with those iron bars; and that he then came on to Carlinville, engaged wagons, went out, and had the deer hauled to Carlinville, and got them to the market in St. Louis, and that it was the money that he got from those deer which in large part enabled him to make his journey to California in '49.

Nearly every year while Mr. Walker lived he would go away from home on an annual hunting expedition. Sometimes he went to Arkansas, where he would camp out for several weeks. Many times he would go to the Illinois River or to Reel Foot Lake and camp for weeks. At other times he went to the Rocky Mountains, where he hunted larger game. He was an expert in everything pertaining to small firearms, ammunition and everything connected with hunting. Mr. Walker was the president for many years of the Macoupin County Bar Association. For more than twenty years he was the president of the Old Settlers' Association of Macoupin County, and retired only three or four years before his death because of his feeling that his impaired hearing required that some other person should be chosen for that place. He was instrumental in organizing the Macoupin County Historical Society in 1906 and was its president. He became a member of Mount Nebo Lodge No. 76, A. F. & A. M., of Carlinville, in the year 1852; so that for sixty-six years prior to his death, without interruption, he was a member in good standing of that lodge. He was a member and vice president of the Illinois State Historical Society by virtue of his office of president of the Macoupin County Historical Society.

Mr. Walker assisted in preparing the-history of Macoupin County which was published in 1911. He was the supervising editor of it and contributed many reminiscences to that valuable volume. He had traveled extensively through the United States and Canada. He was a great reader. He had a good library at his home and a good law library at his office. He was always peculiarly attentive to his wife and daughters, and no man greeted his friends in his home with greater cordiality than Mr. Walker. He was hospitable and kind to every guest and made his guest feel that he was at home in his friend's house. He was a keen student of nature and a lover of flowers.

Mr. Walker was active until three or four days before his death. He had gone to his farm and was actively assisting in some farm work. He became too warm, and riding home in the cool air became chilled, pneumonia followed, which quickly terminated fatally. Mr. Walker during his professional life enjoyed as large and lucrative a practice as any lawyer ever enjoyed in Macoupin County. He was peculiarly successful as a lawyer. I think it should be said that, tried by present day standards, Mr. Walker was not a scholarly lawyer. Very few, indeed, of the old time lawyers were such, but Mr. Walker was a keener judge of men than others. He understood better than other men the motives that control the actions of ordinary men. He had a keener and juster appreciation of evidence and of its effect upon the minds of a jury than any lawyer that the writer ever knew. And in his conduct of a case before a jury and in his discussion of the case to the jury, he was able at all times to get the attention of the jury, and in a surprising number of instances to win their verdict. He was particularly strong in the trial of criminal cases, and for more than forty years there was not a hotly contested criminal case tried in Macoupin County except that Mr. Walker was actively in it. Criminal trials are concerned with the motives of men, and in interpreting the conduct of men, in applying the evidence in the case to their conduct, in discussing the value of each circumstance in evidence, and, in short, in recalling to the mind of the jury the acts and intention of the party in question, Mr. Walker had peculiar power and was always efficient. His services, therefore, in this class of cases were always in demand.

 Mr. Walker was a bold, aggressive man. He was what is known as a fighting lawyer. That is to say he was earnest, insistent, persistent, aggressive and tireless in the cause which he espoused. A man of this character makes enemies as well as friends, and thus it was that during Mr. Walker's active life he had scores of warm friends, and as a result of his activity made some enemies; but as he became older and retired more and more from the active struggles of the profession, he seemed to ripen and mellow to a degree .that I think it may be said that at the time of his death, and for years before it, he had no enemies and enjoyed the respect of all who knew him and the affection of many.

 Mr. Walker, like all bold, aggressive men, was capable of great acts of generosity. He was always a leader in every public movement for the betterment of the community in which he lived. He was generous in supporting every public enterprise that deserved support, and the writer can truly say that he has never known a lawyer who would do as much to help a young lawyer as Mr. Walker. The writer began studying law with Mr. Walker in June, 1875, immediately after he graduated from Blackburn University in Carlinville. Excepting a few months, during which he was teaching, the writer was in Mr. Walker's office until June, 1877, when he was licensed to practice law, and he remained in Mr. Walker's office during that summer until about October 1, 1877. Mr. Walker knew that the writer was a young man without means, and never during all that time did the writer have occasion to leave town but that Mr. Walker would inquire if he had money. The writer was under so many obligations to Mr. Walker for his undeserved kindnesses that he has always been partial to him, and it is with pride that he can say that Mr. Walker to the day of his death always treated him with the greatest kindness and consideration and trusted him to the utmost.

 It is almost inconceivable that one life could have witnessed the remarkable development which passed under Mr. Walker's vision. When he came to the place where Carlinville now stands as a boy 4 years of age, there were only two houses standing there. While he lived there he saw the city of Carlinville grow to its present proportions. He saw every town in Macoupin County grow up out of the prairies. He saw every public school building in Macoupin County erected. Every church building, every public building in the county was erected while he was here. He saw a great population, a high state of civilization, come to these prairies. When he first knew them they were inhabited only by the wild animals and produced only rank prairie grass. When Mr. Walker was a boy here in Carlinville there were but three white families in Chicago, and from Carlinville to Chicago the tall prairie grass waved in the wind in unbroken undulation practically without interruption, except that here and there small villages interrupted the continuity of the scene. This man has left his imprint upon the generation which follows him.

The records of our courts copiously disclose his activity for many, many years. His skill, address and courage as a lawyer had much to do with the final favorable determination of the litigation which resulted from the erection of the great court house at Carlinville and in the ultimate extinction of the debt. He began life under the hardest circumstances, with practically no opportunity to acquire an education. But by industry, by sedulous application he acquired an education, which, supplemented by his later attainments in the law, made him a power among men and a prince among lawyers. The community and the State have lost much by his demise, but are richer and better because he lived. Every compulsory education law in the State of Illinois is the offshoot of the laws on that subject which were introduced by him while a member of the State Senate, and fostered and promoted by him until they were adopted.

 For many, many years to come—indeed, so long as men shall be concerned in reading the records of the past—it will be found in multiplied instances that life and property have been made more secure, society better and sweeter, because Charles A. Walker lived among us and gave to his fellowmen a service so valuable that its results must endure forever. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Volume 11



 Robert A. Gray was born of Scotch-Irish parentage in County Donegal, Ireland, Oct. 16, 1835, and died at his home in Blue Mound, Ill., at 6 o'clock Thursday morning, Dec. 5, 1918; being just 83 years of age. When a lad of 16 he came to this country with his now aged sister, Mrs. Sarah J. Martin of St. Louis, Mo., and his brother, the late William A. Gray in the went out to the neighborhood of Edwardsville, Ill., where by unusual energy he succeeded in fitting himself to each school. Here, also, he renewed acquaintance with the Blackburn family who had formerly been old neighbors in Ireland, and on January 24, 1861, was united in marriage to Martha Blackburn.

Mr. Gray taught school and farmed in Madison county until 1874, when he moved with his family to Christian county and settled on the farm now known as the old homestead northwest of town. While residing on the farm he served his township and county well for many years as an efficient member of the board of supervisors and became one of the best known and most highly respected men of the county and in consequence was elected in 1886 to the State legislature, where he rendered creditable and valuable service for this district for two terms. In legislative halls he became known as a man unusually well informed on historical, political or economic subjects and a man of unquestioned honesty and integrity who would strenuously oppose anything that savored of political trickery or crookedness. From 1891 until 1895 Mr. Gray was a trustee of the Illinois State Historical Library. The following clipping written at the time of his resignation of that trusteeship shows his service in that capacity: '' During Mr. Gray's term the directors of the library have added 4,000 rare and valuable books to the collection, all bearing upon the history of Illinois and the territory of which it is composed.

 A little reflection will disclose the magnitude of the work, a large part of which fell upon Mr. Gray." Not only was he a life-long student of remarkable memory, but he was a writer of no little merit. A great number of his articles and a few poems sent to the newspapers he signed Querques. One such poem entitled "There's but One Pair of Stockings to Mend Tonight," is published in Edward's Reader as an anonymous production. Following the death of a little daughter, Mary, at the age of three, Mr. Gray wrote a poem entitled "Mary." Of this poem Eugene Field said, "it is one of the finest productions in the English language." Among his other poems are "Logan", written during the debate in the House on the Logan Monument Bill. "To My Wife," written on the occasion of his fortieth wedding anniversary; "A Bobby Burns Poem," "Birthday of Robert Burns," and several other poems. In the Publication No. 9 of the Historical Library of Illinois is a paper entitled "The Scotch-Irish in America," read before the Illinois Historical Association held in Bloomington in 1904. Mr. Gray was for many years an honored member of the Blue Mound Masonic lodge and was also a prominent official of the Cumberland Presbyterian church of Blue Mound until that church was disbanded a few years ago..

 The members of his family bereaved by his death are an aged sister living in St. Louis, his life-time companion and helpmate, Mrs. Gray, and the following children: William A., of Labelle, Mo., Mrs. W. H. Walley of Decatur, John K, of Blue Mound, Mrs. C. S. Burdick of Prairieton township, Christian county, Robert H. of Blue Mound, Mrs. Frank Long, Mt. Auburn, Sarah, at home, James M. of Oregon, Frank S. of Morgan Park, HI., and Edna B. of Riverside, HI. There were also Joseph S., who died in 1907, and two children who died in infancy. Seventeen grandchildren are also left. A very large circle of friends will feel they have suffered a personal loss in his death. A good man and valuable citizen has gone from among us whose virtues young men would do well to emulate. Funeral services were held Friday afternoon at 1 o'clock at the residence, conducted by Rev. A. N. Simmons, pastor of the M. E. church. The singing was by a quartette consisting of Mr. and Mrs. Dan Zittrell, Mrs. Dora Denny and Robt. McClure. Burial was at the Hall cemetery. Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Volume 11

William E. Lea

William E. Lea of Long Prairie Has Done Much for Farm Implement Department William Edwin Lee, superintendent of the Machinery department, manufacturers, farm implements and carriages at the Minnesota, State Fair, was born in Alton, Illinois, January 8. 1852. His parents came from England in 1851 and first settled at Alton. They removed to Minnesota in 1857 and settled at Little Falls, where they removed to Long Prairie, but returned to Little Falls during the Indian outbreak of 1862. Mr. Lee lived on a farm near there until he left home to take up his residence at Long Prairie in 1875. While a young man he worked on the farm and with his father at millwright and carpenter work, also worked in the lumbering woods and on the river. While working as a millwright he invented a valuable improvement in grain cleaning machinery, which was extensively used in the mills of the country and was the subject of considerable litigation between the inventor and the millers.In 1876 he opened a store, at Pillsbury, Minnesota, and in 1877 was elected register of deeds of Todd County, Minnesota, and held the office four years. In January, 1882, he established the bank of Long Prairie, the first bank in Todd county, and has been one of its officers ever since. Mr. Lee represented Todd county in the legislature of 1885, 1887 and 1893, being speaker of the house during the session of 1893. In 1894 he was appointed superintendent of the Minnesota state reformatory at St. Cloud, which position he filled for two years. He was appointed by Gov. Van Sant one of the first members of the state board of control and served upon that board about two years, he also served one term on the state normal school board and has been four years on the State Fair board. He is president of the First National Bank of Browerville; First National Bank of Eagle Bend; First State Bank of Burtrum; Vice President of the First State Bank of Thompson Falls, Thompson, Mont, and cashier of the bank of Long Prairie. [The Bemidji daily pioneer (Bemidji, Minn.), November 05, 1908] submitted by Kim Torp

NIMERICK BROTHERS This enterprising and progressive firm of ranch and cattle men is composed of James B. and John C. Nimerick, the former born on February 22, 1858, in Monroe county, Illinois, and the latter on May 5, 1860, in Madison county, Illinois, the sons of James M. and Elizabeth (Glass) Nimerick, natives of St. Clair county, Illinois. The father’s life began on August 31, 1822, and he grew to manhood in his native place after the manner of boys of his time and locality, attending the common schools and working on the home farm. He also had a term or two at McKinley College. When twenty-six years old he began learning the trade of milling, and during the next twenty-five years he followed that craft, after some years building a mill of his own. In 1864 he came west, going up the Missouri as far as Fort Benton, Montana. Later he went into Utah and Colorado, returning to his eastern home from Denver. Indians were plentiful and often he was obliged to seek shelter from their fury. In 1872 he purchased land near Greenland, forty-eight miles south of Denver, and there he was occupied in ranching until 1886. He then sold his interests in that locality and moved to the section in which he now lives. Soon afterward he made a trip through Washington Territory as it was then, and on the return trip, stopping at Salt Lake, devoted some time to speculation. In 1889 his family came to White river valley and took up a squatter’s claim on which they followed ranching. The father became prominent in the political affairs of the section, representing Elbert and Douglas counties in the territorial legislature while he lived in one of them. He also held local offices in Illinois before leaving that state, serving as justice of the peace and probate judge. He was married on November 9, 1846, to Miss Elizabeth Glass, a native of the same county in Illinois as himself. Of their nine children five are living, Jennie (Mrs. Lloyd Stealey), Neil G., James B., John and Nellie (Mrs. George Taylor). The two sons who form the subjects of this review were educated at the common schools and early began learning on the paternal homestead the lessons of thrift and useful industry, which have been their main stay through subsequent life. They have a good ranch of two hundred acres, eighty of which are under cultivation in the usual farm products of the region, and they carry on a flourishing stock industry. The ranch is twenty-eight miles east of Meeker, which affords them a good market. The possessions they have and their good standing in their community are the legitimate fruits of their own enterprise and worth, and their career affords a forcible illustration of the benefits of forecast, industry and careful attention to a chosen pursuit in this land of wide and fertile opportunities. Both are Democrats and earnestly interested in the welfare of their party. They are the pioneers of the north fork of the White river, their mother and nephew, Guy M. Stealey, accompanying them. They were obliged to cut their way for many miles through underbrush which grew along the river and forded that stream nine times in order to reach the location of their present home. It was a wild, unbroken country and far from the civilization of white people. Mrs. Nimerick was the first woman to settle in the North Fork valley. Since those days the country has been well developed and Nimerick brothers have done their share, having constructed four miles of the present road to their ranch. They have also built irrigating ditches, etc. (Source: Progressive Men of Western Colorado, Publ 1905. Transcribed by Kim Mohler)

John York Sawyer

John York Sawyer was born at Reading, Windsor county, Vermont, March 15,1787. At the commencement of the war with Great Britain in 1812 he enlisted in the army and was appointed ensign, and afterwards promoted to adjutant of Colonel Aikens' regiment, and served until the close of the war. He came to Illinois in 1816, and settled at Edwardsville on the 16th of December of that year. He was Probate Judge and Recorder of Madison county for several years. On the 29th of December, 1825, Messrs. Sawyer, Samuel McRoberts, Richard M. Young, James Hall and James O. Wattles were commissioned to be Judges of the Circuit Court. In the arrangement of circuits, Judge Sawyer was assigned to the First circuit, which included Peoria county. The appointment of clerks to the clerk was vested in the judges in those days, and Judge Sawyer appointed Isaac Waters to be clerk of the Peoria Circuit Court. After serving as judge two years, the Legislature repealed the act establishing the system of courts as being too expensive, the salaries of the judges being fixed at five hundred dollars each per year. In 1827 Sawyer embarked in the newspaper business, establishing the Plow-Boy, an agricultural paper, which he published for two years. He afterward owned the Illinois Advocate, published at Edwardsville, and was the author of the first "Illinois Farmers' Almanac." In 1832, he was elected State printer, and moved to Vandalia, where he died in 1836, from an attack of pneumonia. Judge Sawyer was twice married. His second wife survived him, and died in Upper Alton in 1872. He left no issue. Jrice (history of Peoria County 1881)

The Pyle family is of English and Welsh ancestry. Samuel Pyle, the ancestor of the present, family was of Quaker origin and came with William Penn to America in 1682, and made the first settlement in Pennsylvania and founded the city of Philadelphia. Subsequently his offspring removed south and helped to form the settlements along the coast in the Carolinas. There they lived during the revolutionary war, and iu which struggle both the paternal and maternal grandfathers of Abner Pyle took part. Abner Pyle, the father of the subject of this sketch, was born in Chatham county. North Carolina. The family moved to Kentucky soon after that state was admitted to the union, and remained there until 18 IS, when they came to Illinois and settled in Jackson county in a section that is now .a part of Perry county. Mr. Pyle was one of the first

Abner Pyle

The Pyle family is of English and Welsh ancestry. Samuel Pyle, the ancestor of the present, family was of Quaker origin and came with William Penn to America in 1682, and made the first settlement in Pennsylvania and founded the city of Philadelphia. Subsequently his offspring removed south and helped to form the settlements along the coast in the Carolinas. There they lived during the revolutionary war, and iu which struggle both the paternal and maternal grandfathers of Abner Pyle took part. Abner Pyle, the father of the subject of this sketch, was born in Chatham county. North Carolina. The family moved to Kentucky soon after that state was admitted to the union, and remained there until 1818, when they came to Illinois and settled in Jackson county in a section that is now .a part of Perry county. Mr. Pyle was one of the first commissioners of the latter county, and helped to locate the coanty seat and lay out the town of Pinckneyville. He remained a citizen of Perry county until the death of his wife, then came to Madison county, where he lived with his sons until his death, which event occurred in July, 1863- He married Sarah Wells, a native of South Carolina. She died in Perry county, January 25, 1825. By the union of Abner and Sarah Pyle there were twelve children, ten of whom lived to maturity and raised families. Abner Pyle, Jr., the subject of this sketch was born iu Christian county, Kentucky, January 25th, 1809, and was a mere boy when the family came to Illinois. Here he grew to manhood and received such instruction as the public schools of Perry county afforded. His first effort in public life was acting as surveyor of Perry county,Gov. Duncan. He afterward engaged in farming and trading. In 1848, lie moved to St. Clair county and remained there until March ITth, 1859, when he purchased one hundred and twenty acres in section twenty-six, of St. Jacob's Township, in Madison county. He improved his land, added more tn it, and there he has resided to the present. In May, 1833, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary llogue. She died in 1844, leaving one son named Andrew, who grew to maturity, married, and died in 1879, leaving a wife and two children. On the 19th of August, 1848, he married Naomi Bradsby, widow of John Bradsby. Her maiden name was Faires, daughter of William and Elizabeth (Orr) Faires. She was born in North Carolina, January 14, 1815. By her marriage with John Bradsby she had three children, named Francis M., Mary E. and William D. Bradsby. By her marriage with Mr. Pyle, there are alsoa position he was appointed to by three children, whose names are Martha A., wife of James Thompson, Lyman and Henry B. Pyle. Both Mr. and Mrs- Pyle are members of the Christian Church. Politically he was originally an old Jacksoniau Democrat. His first presidential ticket was cast for the hero of New Orleans. From that time to the present he has not swerved in his allegiance to the party of his first choice. Mr. Pyle is one of the pioneers of Illinois, and is a connecting link between this and a race of hardy and venturesome men that are rapidly passing away. A few more years will witness their departure, and they will only exist in the memories of the older people and in the pages of history. Would that the free, generous, open-hearted pioneer of old could always be with us and teach us by example what open and true hospitality is, and means. To that class belongs Mr. Pyle.


The Searcy family are among the old settlers and the descendants of one of the pioneer families of Madison county. Philip T. Searcy, the father, was a native of North Carolina born in 1802. He was left an orphan while yet youug in years; he was taken by his guardian, Granser Dugger, to Tennessee, and brought by him to Illinois, November 17, 1817. The Dugger family stopped for a short time in the forks of Silver creek, then a part of Marine township, in Madison county, but soon after moved to Bond county, and Battled on Hurricane Fork of Shoal creek; three years later they returned to Madison county and permanently located on the piece of land upon which they settled when they first came to Illinois. Mr. Dugger entered laud in sections 5 and 6, of what is now St. Jacob's township. From the Dugger family sprang a numerous progeny. John, Wesley, Jarret, sons of Mr. Dugger, were soldiers of the war of 1812, and also of the Black-Hawk war of 1831-'32. Philip T. Searcy married Elizabeth, daughter of Granser Dugger. She was the widow of John Hunter, by whom she had one son, named John Andrew Hunter; he was also a soldier of the Black- Hawk war. Mr. Searcy died February 13, 1861, and his wife February 13, 1864. There were twelve children born to Philip T. and Elizabeth Searcy, three of whom are now living. Their names are Nancy Jane, Edward C and George W. Thomas J. was a soldier in company I) of the -SOth Illinois Volunteers. At the battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862, he was wounded, and died two years later from the effect of the wound. Edward C. was also a soldier in the same company and regiment, and was captured by the rebels when in the act of bearing his wounded brother from the field George W., the subject of this sketch, was born on the old homestead March 6, 1834. He there grew to manhood, and remained at home until twenty-one years of age; he then clerked for his half brother, Mr. Hunter, for two years. Realizing that he had insufficient education, he spent the winter of 18.57-'58 in school. The fall previous, he had been elected constable, a position he held for twelve years. In the spring of 1858, he purchased sixty acres of land in section 17, and there made his home until 1866, when he moved to section 18, where he had purchased one hundred and fifty-five acres. On this tract, in former years, stood Fort Shilton, one of the block-houses during the Indian troubles in 1812. Mr. Searcy made his home on section 18 until the spring of 1880, when he removed to the village of St. Jacobs, and there, on the 28th of February, 1882, engaged in general merchandising; in which he still continues. On the 2d of April, 1858, he married Miss Mary Ann Taylor. She was born on the ' Old Chase " farm, in St. Jacob's township December 6, 1833. Her parents were natives of Virginia, and removed to North Carolina, tlien to Illinois and .settled in White county, and subsequently came to Madison. There were four children born to Mr. and Mrs. Searcy; one living named George L., who was born June 2, 1860. The others died in infancy and early childhood. Both Mr. and Mrs. Searcy attached themselves to the M. E. Church while young. In politics he is a Republican ; he was justice of the peace for his township for four years, and was special deputy sheriff for six years. During the late war he was enrolled officer from November, 1864, until the close of the war. In his manners he is plain and unassuming, and his character and reputation is that of an honorable and honest man.


 The Smart family are of English ancestry. Peter Smart, the great-grandfather of the subject of the sketch, was a native of the Carolinas, and was born February 7, 1730. He had two sons, named Laban and Amos Smart, both of whom were soldiers in the Revolutionary war, and were with Gen. Morgan at the memorable battle of the Cowpens. The present Smart family are the descendants of Laban Smart, who was born November 9, 1758. He married Susanah Simmons in North Carolina, by whom he had ten children, one of whom was Henry B., the father of Alsey S. He was born in Chatham county, N. C, August 25, 1800, and came with his parents to Kentucky in 1806, where they remained until 1816, then moved to the territory of Illinois, and settled in Madison county, in what is now known as Jarvis township, where the father of Alsey afterward entered land, improved a farm and made his home until his death, which took place January 22, 1882. He proftssed religion, joined the regular Baptist church, and lived in full communion with that Christian organization during life, and died in the belief and full faith, that he would meet his Redeemer in the world beyond. He was one of the pioneers of the State, and the prairie known as " Smart's Prairie' took its name from the family, as they were the first actual settlers in that section of the county. He married Sally Thompson on November 9, 1826. She was the daughter of Henry and Mary (Ray) Thompson, who were natives of Kentucky.

The Rays were among the pioneers of Kentucky, and were companions of Daniel Boone. Mrs. Smart's parents died while she was yet in her infancy, and she was brought to Illinois by her uncle. Elder Tliomas Ray, in 1818, and was living in this township when married to Mr. Smart. She died in 1879. There were eight chddren, the offspring of that union. Their names are, Alsey S., Maria, wife of John H. Smith, Martha E., the widow of Samuel Whiteside, Henry A., Itha J., wife of B. P. Harris, of Chetopa, Kansas. Lucy married Alexander Taylor, died and left five children. Alsey S., the subject of this sketch, is the eldest of the family. He was born in " Smart's Prairie, " Madison county, Illinois, September 23, 1827. In his youth he was in delicate health, and was weak physically, and in consequence it was thought he would be unable to perform manual labor, and was therefore sent to school, and therein gained a better education than usually fell to the lot of boys in his days. When the gold excitement broke out in California in 1849, he in company with a number of others made the trip across the plains and mountains in ox carts to the land of gold.

Mr. Smart remained in California for two )'ears mining gold That change of life and roughing it had the effect of hardening up his constitution, and he regained his health and robust form. In 18ol he returned home by the Isthmus of Panama ; here he re-engaged in farming on the place where he now lives, and there has made his home, quietly engaged in agricultural pursuits, and stock raising until the present. On the 7th of December 1854, he married Miss Rhoda Giger, daughter of Joseph and Nancy (McAdams) Giger. She died July 25, 1862, leaving two children named, Jerusha, wife of George Anderson, and Sally Smart. On the 20th of October, 1864, he married Miss Mary Joslyn, a native of Greene county, Illinois. She died August 10, 1874, leaving one child, named, Henry W. Smart. In matters of religious belief Mr. Smart is inclined to be liberal. He is a respected member of the Masonic fraternity, and belongs to Troy lodge, No. 588. Politically he has always voted the Democratic ticket upon State or national occasions. He has represented the township in the Board ' of Supervisors. In 1877 he was elected one of the Justices of the Peace, was re-elected, and is now serving his third term. Mr. Smart is one of the old settlers of the county, and like them he is a plain, unassuming, honest man, striving to do his duty to his fellow men, and live a life that will be marked by no act that would condemn him in the estimation of his fellow citizens.


Was born in Frederick county, Virginia, January 26th, 1827. His father, James Christopher Smith, who was a native of same county, went with his father, Christopher, to Ohio about 1828, and there died. James C, his son, moved to Holmes county, same state, in 1829, and in 1839 went to Lawrence county, Indiana. In the fall of the same year he came to Effingham county, Illinois. One year later he went to Clay county, which was his home until January 13, 1843, when he died. He married Elizabeth Tewalt, a native of Frederick county, Va. She died in November, 1843. There were eight children by that marriage, five sons and three daughters. Five children are yet living. John H., the subject of this sketch, is the third in the family. He was raised on the farm, and received his education in the common schools, which ceased when he was twelve years of age. Mr. Smith remained at home until 1847, then went to St. Louis, and in January following, 1848, came to Madison county, and stopped in the town of Alhambra, where he and W. W. Pierce hunted game for the St. Louis market. The next spring he came down to the part of the country where he now lives, and worked on a farm, first for seven, and afterwards for ten dollars per month. He soon after bought one hundred and sixteen acres on Smart's Prairie, forty acres of which were improved, and continued there until January, 1853, then sold the farm and bought one hundred and ten acres in section twenty-four of Pin Oak township. The latter was slightly improved, and had on it a small log cabin, and there he has lived ever since. He has built a large, fine dwelling-house, barns and out-houses, and has now a beautiful place, as will be seen on another page of this work. On the 23d of August, 1849, he married Miss Maria Smart, daughter of Henry and Sally Smart, old settlers of Madison county. Henry Smart was a native of North Carolina, and Mrs. Smart of Kentucky. Mrs. Smith was born near where she yet lives. Twelve children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Smith, eight of whom are living. Their names in the order of their birth are : James H., who married Miss Elizabeth Boliger ; Martha Jane, wife of F. M. Bartlett ; "William A., married Miss Elvina Shadrick ; Sidney L., married Miss Julia Dietz ; Mary Alice, Itha Rachael, John A., and Narcissa E. Smith. Those that are married live in the township, and the others are yet at home. Mrs. Smith is a member of the Baptist church. Politically Mr. Smith has been a Democrat since 1852, when he cast his vote for Franklin Pierce for President. He is an honored member of the order of A. F. and A. M., and belongs to Troy Lodge No. 588. He has been reasonably successful in life, all of which is owing to his industry and energy. He is a good man and much respected in his neighborhood.

W A Smith

Was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, December 10, 1835. His father, Samuel Smith, was born in the same county, Oct. 30, 1791. Hugh Smith, the paternal grandfather of William A., was a native of Scotland, and subsequently moved to Ireland, and emigrated to Cumberland county, Penn., about the year 1765. He there married Elizabeth McCormick, the date of which was Feb. 22, 1784. He died March 17, 1823, and his wife died May 28, 1822. There were nine children. Samuel, the father of Wm. A., was the eldest. He came to Illinois in 1843, and stopped in Alton one winter, then moved to the northern part of Fort Russell township and purchased land in Rattan's prairie. It was raw and unimproved. He moved on it in 1845 and commenced its improvement, and thus he lived until his death, which took place June od, 1856. He married Ruth Duncan, a native of Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, daughter of David Duncan, a native of the same county, whose father was a native of Ulster county, Ireland. She was born January 11, 1800, and died March 6, 1855. Her father, David Duncan, married Silieia Anderson. There were six sons and four daughters; three sons and two daughters are yet living. William A., the subject of this memoir, was but eight years of age when his parents came to Illinois. Here he has lived, except six years he spent in Missouri and the time he was in the army. Soon after the war broke out, or in 1862, he enlisted as a private in Co. D, of the 117th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He participated with his regiment and company in all the skirmishes battles, and marches in which it was engaged, and remained in the service until the close of the war. He was mustered out and honorably discharged August, 1865. He returned home and re-engaged in farming. In 1869 he moved to Lafayette county, Missouri, and remained there until 1875, then returned to where he now lives, and there he has remained to the present. On the 8th of February, 1860, Mr. Smith was united in marriage to Miss Polly Ann, daughter of William A. and Eliza Lanterman. She was born in Fort Russell township, June 3, 1840. By this union there were twelve children, of whom there are six sons and two daughters living. The names of the children in the order of their birth are : Margaret Eliza, who died in infancy; Ruth A , born Oct. 22, 1S62; Clara Estella, born May 24, 1864, and died Dec. 20, 1865 ; Frederick J. A., born July 6, 1866; Lewis James, born January 6, 1868; William Norman, born Sept. 24, 1869; Joseph E., born Feb. 25, 1872; Martha Letitia Harriett, born January 4, 1874; Frankin, born April 10, 1876; Mary Elizabeth, born April 30, 1878, died May 24, 1878 ; John Henry, born March 26, 1880, died August 4,1881; Chester Marshall, born December 14, 1881. Both Mr. and Mr|. Smith are members of the old school Presbyterian church. Politically has always voted the Republican ticket. Mr. Smith'd occupation and business through life has been that of a farmer and stock raiser, in which he has been more than ordinarily successful.

Thomas Springer

The Springer family in Madison county are of Swedish- German descent, and trace back their lineage to Otto the Great, Emperor of Germany, born in the year a. d. 912. Christopher Springer, a lineal descendent of the 21st generation from Otto the Great, was born a. d. 1592, in Germany, and subsequently by cession of German territory to the King of Sweden, became a subject of and attached to that kingdom, where he became prominent in the councils of the King and a successful and influential officer in the settlement of treaties with foreign nations, greatly to the advantage of his sovereign, for which he was magnificently rewarded by grants of large landed estates by the King. His son, Charles Christopher Springer, the first to come to Amerwa, was born at Stockholm, Sweden, a. d, 1647.

When he was twenty years of age, having completed his education in the Swedish language, he was sent by his father to London to finish his education in English, and was placed in charge of the Swedish Ambassador, and became an inmate of his family. In an unguarded moment he was unluckily pressed on board an English merchant vessel brought over to America and sold into slavery to an English planter, in the Colony of Virginia. From Ferris' history of the Swedes on the Delaware, page 281, we make the subjoined extract of the particulars of the kidnapping of Mr. Springer. That biographer says : " Mr. Springer was in the family of the Swedish Ambassador in London. Driving home one evening in a Post-Chaise, he was seized and carried on board a merchant vessel in the Thames, bound to Virginia. He was there sold as a servant for five years ; at the expiration of his term of service he was set at liberty, when he joined his countrymen on the Delaware, and afterwards, by his sterling virtues and fine capacity, became honored and influential, and was elected a Justice of the Peace in the district of Christiana." It was by his energy and perservance, together with the assistance of the minister in charge of the Swedish congregation, that the old Swedes church of Wilmington was built about the year 1697. He served the church as vestryman and kept the records during his life. He came to America about the year A. D. 1667. He was a devout Christian, and a useful and active member of the Swedish church, and being quite prominent in both religious and civil circles his memory has ever been revered by his countrymen. His death occurred on the 26th of May, 1738, at the age of 91 years, and his remains now repose beneath one of the arches of the old Swedish church at Wilmington, Delaware. His grandson, Charles Springer, was married to Susannah Seeds, at Wilmiuictou, Delaware, April 7th, 1752, and soon after removed to Frederick City, JIaryland. where he died, leaving a family of eleven children, six sons and five daughters. John Springer (the second son), was with Daniel Boone two years in his early exploring expedition in the wilds of Kentucky, and afterwards with his family, wife and two children emigrated to Kentucky in 1783, and was among the first settlers around Harrod's Fort, in said state. He afterward removed to Washington county, Kentucky, where he died 1812. His son John, the father of the subject of this memoir, was born in Harrod's Fort, Kentucky, January 8th, 1784, and was married July 13th, 1809, in Kentucky, to Susan Sage. By this marriage he had four children, one of whom, Sarah A. Davidson, is still living. He emigrated to Illinois in October, 1810, and settled at Jones' Fort in what is now Bond county, Illinois, near Old Ripley. On the breaking out of the war of 1812, Mr. Springer was enrolled as a home guard, and served as first Lieutenant of Captain Jones' Company which was stationed at the Fort. In the fall of 1814, in company with Captain William Jones and others, he removed to Fort Russell township, in Madison county, Illinois, and settled on the farm where Thos. O. Springer now resides.

 Here he at once engaged in the vocation of an agriculturist, and was ever recognized as one of the best and most careful farmers of his time. For many years he discharged the duties of Justice of the Peace, and was noted for his high-toned, courteous and impartial bearing, and for his fidelity to the responsible trust. Always prominent in matters affecting the interests of the community in which he resided, he really filled a large place in public esteem. When he came to Fort Russell township he at once united with the Methodist church at Salem, and was soon after selected as class-leader of that society, which position he occupied and continuously filled to the time of his death, which occurred June 25th, 1849. He was a man of the strictest integrity, firm in his convictions, an energetic and devoted Christian, and faithfully filling all the trusts imposed in him. His death created deep regret among all who knew him. His wife, (Susan Sage), died July 8th, 1825. On the 16th of March, 1826, he married Mrs. Elizabeth Biggs, nee Byrd, a native of Alabama. By the latter union ten children were born, to wit: Thomas O., AVilliam M. T., Levi C, Martha E., Nancy E., Emily P., John W., Lucinda, Joshua S., and Joseph E., six of whom are still living. His wife, Elizabeth, died of cholera June 24th, 1849; his death occurring on the following day they were both buried in one grave.

Thomas O. is the first offspring of John Springer and Elizabeth Byrd. He was born on Sec. 30, T 5, R. 8, in Madison county, Illinois, March 2d, 1827. He was reared upon the farm, and obtained his rudimentary education in the public schools of his neighborhood, attending JIcKendree College at Lebanon, Illinois, and graduated in the Scientific Department of that institution in July 1849. The death of his parents occurring about that time, he returned home, and with his brothers William M. T. and Levi C. Springer, he succeeded in educating and providing for them until they became of age. The death of his parents and his desire to keep the family together served to modify his plans for the future, and threw him into the channel of farming, which business he has continued almost uninterruptedly to the present. On the 10th of October, 1855, he was united in marriage to Miss Emily M. Thompson, daughter of John Thompson, of the American Bottom, in Madison county, Illinois. She died January 21st, 1858. There was one child born to them, who died August 2d, 1857. On the 7th of November, 1872, Mr. Springer was married to Miss Ella J. Randle, his present wife. She is the daughter of Edmund Randle, formerly of Madison county, Illinois. Politically Mr. Springer was originally an old line Whig, and cast his first presidential vote for Gen. Zachary Taylor, in 1848. On the organization of the Republican party he joined its ranks, and from that time to the present has been an active and staunch Republican. In 1856 he received the nomination for Clerk of the Circuit Court, and in the ensuing election was elected to that office. In 1860 he was again the nominee of his party, and became his own successor, and held the office until December 1864. He made an able and efficient officer, and retired from the office with honor and credit. In September, 1880, he was appointed to fill the vacancy in the board of County Supervisors occasioned by the death of John B. Gibson, and in 1881 was elected by the voters of his township to the same position. He is a member of the order of A F. & A. M. and R. A. M., and Knights of I Honor. Both he and his estimable wife are members of the M. E. church.

James Squire

The present popular supervisor representing Godfrey township in the county board, is a young man possessed of many commendable traits of character. He was born December 11, 1843. His parents were William and Lydia Squire (Widaman). His father, William, was a native of Devon" shire, England, where he was born August 9th, 1814. He came to America in 1835, locating first in Coshocton county, Ohio, from whence he came to Madison county, 111., in 1839. Arriving in Alton he commenced wrk as a laborer, but, upon his refusing to work on Sunday, he quit his employment, and moved to Godfrey, where he became foreman on Godfrey's farm, a place he held for years. His wife, Lydia Widaman, «as a native of Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, where she was born March 8, 1818. Her father was a teacher—a vocation he pursued first in Germany, then in this country. On the first of March, 18-13, she and William Squire were united in marriage by Rev. I. B. Randle, of Edwardsville. James Squire received a fair common-school education, which was aided by attendance at Shurtleff College. It is related that when attending school taught by Miss Corbett, he'and his brother Frank encountered a panther in their pathway. Quite terrified, they hurried home, telling the story to their parents, who thought it incredible ; but the following day parties dispatched the monster, and established the correctness of the boys' story. During the war James Squire enlisted in the service of the United States in the 144lh Regiment Illinois Volunteers. He has been quite uniformly engaged in farming and teaching. In both pursuits he has been successful. He was married to Mattie Braden, March 25, 1874, by whom he has two children living, Vinnie Grace and Mattie Pearl, and one dead, James William. His wife died May 14, 1882. She, was a daughter of Isaac Braden, one of the pioneers of Nameoki township. Politically he is an earnest, outspoken Democrat; is a member of the Democratic Central Committee ; was elected supervisor from Godfrey township in 1877, and has been annually re-elected ever since. When it is considered that this is a Republican stronghold (Garfield's majority being 66), his election can only be accounted for on the ground of personal popularity. He is a member of both the Masonic and Odd Fellow's orders ; has been a justice of the peace, and was deputy sheriff under R. W. Crawford ; has taught thirteen years, and is at present principal of the Godfrey school.

John Worden

JOHN C. WORDEN, The founder of the village of Worden, in this county, is a native of England, born at Preston, Lancashire, June 24, 1834. He was the second son of Peter and Ann (Charnock) Worden, whose ancestry date back many generations in England, and members of the same family were among the earliest settlers on that narrow strip of country lying directly south of Cape Cod, in Massachusetts. Peter Worden once owned land where now stands Yarmouth Port, in Barnstable county of that State, where he was married, and died at the age of seventy years. Mr. Worden has in his possession a genealogical history of the Worden family covering a period of three hundred years. When, at the tender age of six, Mr. Worden had the misfortune to lose his father. He remained with his mother until the age of thirteen, when that ambition, so marked a characteristic in his life, tempted him to emigrate to America, which he did, locating at Albany, N. Y. Here he found employment for six months at the public works, with a salary of seven shillings a day. Soon afterward he apprenticed himself for one year to learn blacksmithing at Schenectady. While thus working at the trade he attended regularly the night schools, and by studious application to liis books, made rapid progress in education. After the expiration of his apprentictship, he became a canal-boy on the Erie canal ; but being desirous of improving his education, he soon left, and sought a position with a farmer, paying his board by labor, and attending school during the winter months. His next occupation was working in a brick yard at fourteen dollars a month, which he continued during the brickmaking season of six months. To further resume his studies he attended for one term, Whitestown Seminary, after which he purchased a half interest in a canal boat. Ever changeable, this business did not occupy his attention more than six months. During the following winter he drove a stage from Mohawk to Herkimer, and in the ensuing spring clerked in a provision store. Mr. Worden, now competent to teach school, engaged in that profession in the winter of 1853-54, in western New York State. The next spring he again entered a provision store, in which he remained eight months, leaving in 1854, to engage with his aunt (Mrs. Elizabeth Sandbach), then residing in this county, about two miles northwest of the present village of Worden. Mr. Worden was in his aunt's employ about five years, and had now grown to manhood, and during the period of his rambling career, had managed to save money, and concluded that he could not do better than to devote a portion of it to visiting the home of his childhood. Accordingly, early in 1856, he returned to England, where he spent nine months with his relatives, and availed himself of the opportunity offered, during his stay, of visiting the many places of interest in his native country. Mr. Worden came back to this country in the fall of the same year, and taught school in St. Louis county. Mo. At the completion of his scholastic duties there, in 1857, he again returned to this county, and commenced teaching school in Moultonville, where be continued for five winters. In the meantime he was appointed Deputy Sheriff and Deputy Assessor. After the close of his school in Moultonville, he went into business for himself at New Hampton, now the village of Worden. On the 26th of November, 1867, he was married to Miss Virginia J., daughter of G. S. and Nancy. J. Weaver. By this union six children were born, two of whom have since died. On the twelfth of September, 1881, Mr. Worden had the misfortune to lose, by death, his most estimable wife. In 1809 was in contemplation the Decatur & East St. Louis Railroad, now the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific. An election was held to consider the matter of contributions, and decided against the railway. A subsequent election, brought about by the exertions of Mr. Worden and a few others, resulted in a contrary manner. A short but pointed speech was made upon this occasion by Mr. Worden, in relation to the future prosperity of the town bearing his name, and the surrounding country. When the railroad was completed the following September (1870), the town was laid out by Mr. Worden. Politically he is a Democrat, and in religion he is a member of the Methodist church. He is also a member of the Masonic fraternity. Few of our citizens can present such a varied career as the subject of our sketch—thrown entirely upon his own resources and in a strange land, at the early age of thirteen ; self educated and self-made - showing what a brave and determined spirit can do in battling with the world. The doubts, difliculties and impediments were each in turn overcome, and Mr. Worden stands today a representative of the most enterprising men of our country, and one of the most successful and best respected citizens of Madison county.



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