F.L. Parrish was born in Pope County, Illinois, August 1st, 1872, and attended the county schools of Pope county for a number of years. He came to Metropolis 27 years ago and commenced work as an office boy in the office of Wm. Towle. After being employed at Towles for a time the factories were closed down and many were thrown out of employment as a result of the panic that came, said to be due to a Democratic Administration. He went back to the farm and remaining there at work for a time, when he secured a position with A.J. Gibbons, later on worked at the Metropolis Woolen Mills and then entered the employ of John M. Elliott for several years he opened up a large furniture, Undertaking and Embalming establishment of Third Street, where he is at present located. Mr. Parrish is a first class licensed embalmer and thorough undertaker. F.L. Parrish was married to Miss Virginia L. Green of Kansas, June 23, 1909. They have two children--a boy and a girl, L.F., Jr. and Virginia Moore. He carries a large and up-to-date stock of furniture and house furnishing goods and sells practically everything needed in the above line. As an Undertaker and Embalmer his equipment is simply perfect, the stock of funeral furnishings being the very best that can be procurred and in connection funeral parlors in this city or ranged store is to be found one of the finest funeral parlors in this city or Southern Illinois. Mr. Parrish has made a success as a leading business man of the city and enjoys the entire confidence of his patrons and the public in general. It will pay you to consult Mr. Parrish when in need of anything in his line. [Unknown source, Submitted by Norma Jean Huss]
Mr. Mitchell Pell was born and reared in Indiana. In 1836 he married Susan J. Badger, who died August, 1840, and he married Miss E.A. Badger December 7, 1841. Several children were born but died early. Elizabeth Josephine, however, was born at Rose Claire, Ill., where her parents lived, Jan. 8, 1844. She is now Mrs. Samuel Atwell of Metropolis. Mrs. Pell died Dec. 31, 1845, and Mr. Pell was married to M.A. Steele April 8, 1847, and she died March 30, 1851. March 24, 1861, Mr. Pell was united in marriage to Rebecca Louisa Patterson and they are the parents of three living children, William, born July 25, 1862; Mitchell, Jr., born March 16, 1871, and Alma Alice, born April 2, 1867, and now the wife of Phillip H. Murray, one of Brooklyn's leading citizens. Mrs. Pell still lives in the old home in Brooklyn. Mr. Pell went to Metropolis to invoice a cargo of meat, etc., purchased there for him preparatory to its being sent down the river. His horse was at the home of his son-in-law, Captain Samuel Atwell, and while going from the wharf to the house he was stricken with paralysis and died Jan. 24, 1871. Mr. Pell was one of the early citizens of Brooklyn, coming before 1850. In fact, he materially aided in the development of the village. He was a Methodist and republican. When he first came to Brooklyn his health was very poor. Later he improved and opened a general store which he conducted over fifteen years. His name is preserved in the post-office, "Pellonia." William Henry Clay Pell, oldest son of Mitchell and Rebecca Louisa Pell, born in Brooklyn, July 25, 1861, educated in the common schools, conducted a grocery for a number of years, sold out, bought the tow boat "Maggie Belle" and has for several years been engaged in the tie business. He has served his city in many ways, was elected mayor a number of terms and when the citizens cast about for a suitable candidate last spring he was prevailed upon to again serve them. Mr. Pell is a zealous and influential republican and lives with his mother in the old home to comfort and protect her in her old age.[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.]
JAMES A. PETER
J.A., eldest son of Colonel R.A. Peter, was born on the Custom House lot, Paducah, Ky., Sept. 13th, 1842, attended the Metropolis schools, and enlisted in Company A, afterward Company B, First Illinois Cavalry, May 20, 1861, being transferred to Carmichael's company. In August, 1862, he aided in organizing the 131st Illinois and Grant commissioned him to raise a company, which he did. August 12, 1862, in his 19th year, he was chosen second lieutenant, and served with honor throughout the war. For twenty years he engaged in the livery business, operated a saw-mill, and farmed. He has served two terms as constable and five terms in the city council, where his usefulness cannot be measured. He was the first captain of the local company of State Guards, and for ten days was ranking officer at East St. Louis, during the riots and creditably controlled a serious situation. January 1, 1867, he married Angelina Bacus, daughter of a leading Massac county farmer, and to them have been born three children, Mrs. Louis Paust, James Edward, special fire officer for the city, and Mrs. Fritz Roskemmer, of the firm of Bunger & Roskemmer, leading merchants. Mr. Peter is a loyal Grand Army man, an Odd Fellow for twenty-four years, a Knight of Pythias, a strict Republican, and hearty good citizen.[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.]
COL. R.A. PETER
The maternal grandfather and grandmother of Colonel R.A. Peter were Irish. The paternal grandfather's record is strictly American. The father and mother lived in Simpson county, Ky., were Richard Asbury Peter was born April 17, 1818. He came with his wife to Massac county, Ill., Oct. 14, 1842, having married Miss Amanda C., daughter of David Proffett, Nov. 11, 1841. She was born March 12th, 1825. They have long since passed their golden wedding anniversary and are yet living. Colonel Peter opened up a farm three miles from Metropolis and later moved to the city. His first vote was for William Henry Harrison and from the birth of the party has been an ardent Republican. He has many times been a justice of the peace and served for two terms as Police Magistrate of Metropolis. October, 1862, he enlisted in the 131st Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel. The regiment was stationed for sometime at Fort Massac and did good service. Colonel Peter has always been a strict temperance advocate. When in his thirteenth year he was converted in Calloway county, Ky., and joined the Methodist church, of which both are life-long members. They had twelve children.[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.].
HON. GEORGE W. PILLOW
Hon. George H. (sic) Pillow was born in Metropolis, Illinois, May 15, 1850, the son of Captain P.B. Pillow, then a prominent citizen of Massac county, who bore the distinction of holding a commission from the governor of Illinois as captain of the Regulators organized to suppress concerted violators of the law. When George was only two years old he was taken by his parents to Gallatin county, where he has since resided. In early years he lived on the farm and attended the rural schools. In 1868 he was apprenticed to Karcher and Scanland, spending fourteen years at the bench and during the latter years he read law at odd hours during the day and late into the night. He was admitted to the bar in 1882, since which time he has been actively engaged in the practice of his profession, which has reached far beyond the limits of his own county, and he has won an enviable reputation as a strong practitioner in criminal cases. An eloquent and forceful speaker, an enthusiastic republican, he wields a decided influence in each campaign. He was the nominee of his party for congress in 1890 in the nineteenth district, overwhelmingly democratic, was the nominee for state's attorney of Gallatin county, solidly democratic, in 1896, running 147 votes ahead of his colleagues, and in 1898 was nominated for the legislature, but was defeated. Mr. Pillow has many friends in this county and he has always loved his birthplace.[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.]
RICHARD H. POLLARD, M.D.
Doctor Richard H. Pollard was born in the Greenville district, South Carolina, July 14, 1819. His father was James A. Pollard, who married Miss Elizabeth Clarke of South Carolina. His paternal and maternal ancestry was English. When but 15 years of age the young lad enlisted in the Seminole war under Captain Campbell and went from Montgomery, Ala., to Mobile and thence to Tampa Bay, Florida. He served gallantly through this war and contracted an acute derangement of the digestive organs. Upon his return to Montgomery, Ala., his physician ordered him to Knoxville, Tenn., for the beneficial effects of the latitude upon his constitution. In early life he acquired the rudiments of an education which he now broadened and completed by an extended classical course in the famous University of Tennessee under the direction of Dr. Joseph Eastbrook, president, graduating with honors. Returning home he began to read medicine with Drs. Fox and Saunders, being later compelled by ill health to seek a more northerly climate. He located at Princeton, Ky., and pursued his medical studies with Dr. Throgmorton in connection with Young Throgmorton, a nephew of the doctor, who was later Governor Throgmorton of Texas. Dr. Pollard began the practice of medicine at Princeton, Ky., and in 1855 he came to Metropolis. Later he moved to New Columbia, Ill., and thence to Memphis, Tenn., where he conducted an extensive drug store and was attacked with the yellow fever but recovered. Mrs. Pollard, formerly Miss Nancy L., daughter of Elias Calvert, fell a victim to the dreaded scourge. Only one child, Charles R., resulted from this union. He is a wealthy commission merchant of Memphis. About 1878 Dr. Pollard went to Samoth, Massac county, where he has had, perhaps, the largest practice in the county. The doctor is a member of the Christian church and a Royal Arch Mason. In 1883 he married Miss Belle English, his present wife, and they have a lovely home in Samoth.[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.]
SAMUEL D. POOR
Samuel Poor, the father, was a native of North Carolina, who in an early day, with his wife emigrated to Fentriss county, Tenn., and in 1836 moved to Johnson county, Ill., entering forty acres of land when only five houses were between Grantsburg and Vienna. Twenty acres were cleared and fenced, and a house built the first year, when Mr. Poor died. For three years the mother struggled to make a living, when she sold the farm and found homes for the children. Samuel D. Poor was born April 8, 1827, in their Tennessee home. Was eight years old when brought to Johnson county, and at sixteen years of age went to work for Joseph McCorkle until he was twenty-one, for a horse, saddle, bridle and winter schooling. At twenty he left McCorkle because of a misunderstanding. About this time his mother died and the boy had gone to school eight months. He received six dollars a month to carry the mail from Vienna to Caledonia, then eight dollars a month as a farm hand, and went down the Mississippi river to cut cord wood. While on this trip he had the cholera, returned, went to Missouri on a "rail-splitting" expedition. At twenty-four he made enough cropping for A.D. Howell, his brother-in-law, at one-fourth, to purchase a horse, saddle and bridle. At twenty-seven he married, traded his horse for the improvement on a land entry and purchased a warrant for the land. To this he added other land until at the beginning of the war he owned, clear of debt, 200 acres. He built a store room at Grantsburg, but did not have enough money to stock it, so he rented the room to another, who was to give an option on the goods to Mr. Poor. Within six months the merchant died and the stock was sold to Mr. Poor by Thomas Morgan, administrator, at $600. In the stock was five barrels of "Bourbon whisky," which was immediately sold for $400 and paid on the $600 debt. The stock was gradually increased and rapidly turned at war-values, realizing large profits. He purchased the Howell farm, on which he had "cropped" years before, moved to his store in 1867, had a post office established at Grantsburg and became postmaster. He sold out to Simpson & Keith and after a rest re-entered merchandising until 1882, when he again retired for two years. In 1884, he formed the S.D. Poor & Co. - L.H. Frizzell and L.G. Simmons composing the company. When the railroad was built to Metropolis he and Mr. Simmons opened a store there. He opened another store with J.T. Hamilton as partner and sold his interest with Mr. Simmons to L.H. Frizzell. The Hamilton store interest he sold to Roskemer and later bought out Frizzell, which interest he sold to C.E. Hilgeman, who later purchased Simmons' interest. In April, 1896, Poor & Simmons opened their present business in the Poor block, and are prospering. In May, 1854, Mr. Poor married Miss Sarah J., daughter of William and Nancy Mounts, estimable people of Johnson county. They are the parents of ten children. Two sons died in infancy; G.W. died, 1864, and B.F., 1867; six reached maturity; Cora A., died 1872; Ida M., 1876, and Mary, wife of P.G. Burris, in 1892. Their only son, J.N., at 22, was started in business by his father in Vienna, and died in 1890; Mrs. Jane Fern is the wife of Dr. J.W. Fern, Tunnel Hill, Ill.; Mrs. Sidney Frizzell, the wife of L.H. Frizzell, Vienna, Ill.; Mrs. Lizzie Simmons, wife of L.G. Simmons of Metropolis, Ill., where Mr. and Mrs. Poor also now reside, in the enjoyment of a life well spent. He is 73 years old and his wife 70. When a youth Mr. Poor was converted at Vienna, Ill., and joined the Cumberland Presbyterian church, in which he lived for forty-four years. In Metropolis they united with the Congregational church ten years ago. In politics, Mr. Poor is an ardent Prohibitionist and has contributed a number of strong temperance articles to the press. He is also the author of an "Autobiography," "A Night of Dreamland," and "A Practical Talk on Christianity and Politics."[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.].
PROF. WILLIAM M. PRIESTLY
Prof. Wm. M. Priestly, "the father of the public schools of Massac county," was born in New Jersey, 1816, apprenticed for a term to a coachmaker of Philadelphia, who early discovered the lad's eagerness for mathematics and elocutionary talent, and sent him to a night school and added a half day at free school. At twenty he had mastered his trade and also bookkeeping, being called to manage his uncle's extensive wholesale cotton and merchandise establishment in Mississippi. Later a partner, he was stationed at an Indian reservation in Mississippi, learned their dialects and was induced to master Latin, which he did without assistance. In 1839, he married Mary Virginia Walker, a favorite niece of Gen. Winfield T. Scott. Revolting at the foulness of slavery, accompanied by his father-in-law, David Walker, moved to "Egypt," and settled in Massac county - Walker settling Johnson county. After one year he removed to Johnson county, 1854, built the court house and several other buildings still standing in Vienna. In 1865 he was chosen superintendent of the Metropolis city schools, serving until 1870; was postmaster until 1874, and was elected county superintendent of Massac county for several terms, virtually founding the public schools, and developing such wonderful talent that his annual institutes drew educators from distant counties, and left an impress upon our school system never to be erased. Not only a leader of teachers, he was a thorough master of the profession. He was master of the art of reading, and the mother tongue; fair-minded, kind-hearted and firm. He was a perfect disciplinarian, who won by the rule of duty and honor and impressed both pupil and parent, that he was their friend, and his school a workshop for "now" and "eternity." He was an earnest Methodist and an honored and exalted Mason. In 1887, his health failing, he moved to Lane county, Kan., dying Oct. 18, 1895, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Curtis, Trigo county, Kan. Many of our citizens cherish his memory, and "to know him was to count a friend."[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.]
DANIEL RISINGER PRYOR
Daniel Risinger Pryor, the subject of this sketch, was born in Pope county, Illinois, on the 15th day of January, A.D. 1841. He was the sixth son of Daniel Farley Pryor, who was the youngest son of Captain John Armstrong Pryor, who commanded a company of Virginia volunteers during the struggle for American liberty. After the close of the Revolutionary war Captain Pryor emigrated with his family to Kentucky, where Daniel Farley Pryor, the father of the subject of this sketch, was born. Captain Pryor's ancestors emigrated to this country from Scotland early in the settlement of the colony of Virginia, and were of that hardy and fearless stock known as Scotch-Irish, and possessed to a remarkable degree that peculiar courage and hardihood characteristic of the pioneer settlers of this country. The ancestral tree was exceedingly prolific and as a result the Pryor family are scattered from Virginia to New York. Judge Roger A. Pryor, of New York, is a descendant of the Virginia ancestors of the Pryor family, as also is Judge Pryor of Kentucky, who was a member of the notorious Goebel state election commission. On the side of his maternal ancestry his mother was Nancy Louis Risinger, the oldest daughter of John Risinger, of whose ancestors little is known beyond the fact that he was of German origin. His maternal grandmother was Miss Mary Pike and a descendant of General Zebulon Pike, of Revolutionary fame. It will be seen that Mr. Pryor has a long line of illustrious ancestors, men whom the state and nation have honored with positions of official distinction. Daniel Risinger Pryor, the subject of this biography, was reared on a farm in what is known as "Goose Neck," in Pope county, Illinois; with the exception of five years, from 1851 to 1856 he resided with his parents in Smithland, Ky. Since 1856 his place of residence has been in southern Illinois. In his rearing he had none of the advantages of the present free school system of the state, but had to depend on the uncertain and incapable subscription school for an education. But notwithstanding these educational disadvantages, but dint of perseverance and self-denial he managed to acquire a fair common school education. His early life was like most boys raised on the farm, rather uneventful, until the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861. The exciting campaign of 1860 so impressed him with the spirit of human liberty that the first call to arms found him ready to respond. He enlisted as a member of company K, 29th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry on the 13th day of July, 1861, but unfortunately for him he suffered a sunstroke the following September which so disabled him that in November, 1861, he was honorably discharged from the service for disability to perform military duty. However, he was not content to remain at home inactive while the life of the nation was threatened by armed rebellion, and in August, 1862, he re-enlisted in company H, 131st Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, but he was again doomed to disappointment as his disability prevented him from being regularly mustered into the service and he was again sent home as unfit for military duty. Broken down in health and suffering severely from disappointment, because of the early and unfavorable termination of his military career, he returned to the walks of civil life. On the 28th day of December, 1862, he was married to Mrs. Mary Ann Woodward, the widow of B.F. Woodward, and daughter of John and Lucinda Roberts. During all the trials and afflictions of life she has been a faithful and affectionate wife, sharing alike his joys and sorrows. In 1865 he was converted to the Christian religion and connected himself with the Baptist church. In 1867 he was ordained to the full work of the gospel ministry. The disability contracted in the United States army continued to afflict him to such a degree that he found himself wholly unable to perform manual labor, and he was therefore forced to resort to some less laborious profession to gain a livelihood for himself and family. He chose that of teaching in the public schools, which he entered upon in 1864 and pursued with unqualified success for a period of twelve years, when his health became so badly impaired that he was compelled to abandon the school room. In 1874 he suffered a stroke of paralysis which was followed by a still more severe one in 1882 from which he has never recovered. In 1889 he and H.C. Laughlin founded the Metropolis Republican, and run it very successfully for two years when his constantly declining health forced him to abandon the editorial chair, but his paper was consolidated with the Massac Journal and still lives. Mr. Pryor is a man who has made his impression socially and particularly among the people of his religious denomination. As a minister he is regarded as a very close logical reasoner, and as possessing very considerable pulpit power. As a writer he has few superiors, and as a consequence his productions are sought after by newspaper publishers and magazines. At the present time he is associate editor of the Baptist News, a Baptist publication of national reputation. He is also trustee of Ewing College, located at Ewing, Ill., and also a trustee of the Baptist Ministerial Education Society. This is but an index to the public spirit of the man and marks him as a man of influence and distinction in his denomination. He and his amiable wife are at this time living quietly on their farm in Jackson precinct, Massac county, where they expect to welcome the sunset of life when it is the Master's good pleasure to call them to their final home.[History of Massac County, Illinois, by O.J. Page, 1900 - Tr. by K.M.]
August Quante, Mayor of the city of Metropolis, Massac County, and one of the leading business men of the place, is a son of Frederick Quante, a native of Germany. The latter was a very successful man in his native country, and a man of considerable property and influence. As his boys were attaining majority, he sent the eldest ones to the United States, because he did not want them to serve in the army. They sent home such glowing accounts of the opportunities furnished by this country to men who desired to make something of life, that the rest of the family concluded to emigrate from their native land. While he was himself well enough off in the Old Country, yet on account of his children, he made the movement just mentioned. He took passage with the rest of his family in 1846, on a sailing-vessel, and after a long and tedious voyage of six months, during which they experienced all kinds of storms and calms, being driven back by the one and delayed by the other, they arrived in New Orleans. They remained there about four years, and then came to Illinois, settling in Massac County, on what is known as the Ledbetter farm. At that time, this farm was unimproved, with the exception of three acres of clearing. He made of it a good farm, and lived upon it about seven years, when he sold it and removed to Princeton, Ind., where he lived three years. He then removed to Metropolis in 1859, built a residence there, and resided until his death, which occured November 16, 1860. He was married in Germany to Sophia Wedking, a native of that country. She was a loving helpful and cheerful companion, and survived him until October 3, 1877. To their marriage there were seven children, William, Fred and William, all deceased; Jestina, wife of Henry Schutte of Metropolis; John, deceased; and Hiram and August, partners in business at Metropolis. Our subject, the youngest of the family, was born in Hanover, Germany, August 29, 1841, and was thus five years old when brought by his parents to this country. He obtained a fair education in the schools in Princeton, Ind., and at the early age of thirteen began life on his own account, and made a living for himself. He possessed what was better than money, a level head and willing hands. His first place was in an hotel at Metropolis, at $6 per month, and here he remained two years. He then took a position on a steamboat as cabin boy, lamp trimmer, etc. His desire was then to become a pilot on the rivers, and he would in all probability have succeeded in this, but for the opposition of his mother, who was opposed to his following steamboating in any capacity. So after four years spent on the boat, during which time he faithfully performed his duties, he left the river and engaged in a store with Morris Cann, a general merchant at Metropolis, and for his services received $200 per year. He remained thus engaged until 1859, learning the business thoroughly, and the knowledge thus obtained has been of inestimable value to him in his after career. During all the years that were thus spent, he saved his money, and in March 1860, in company with his brother Hiram, opened a grocery at Metropolis. Commencing in a small way and with but little capital, the two brothers have since continued in business in Metropolis, and are now the oldest firm in business here. In addition to their other business, they own and run the Riverside Flouring Mill, and have stock in the National Bank, and also in a number of the manufacturing enterprises of the town. Mr. Quante is thus one of the most successful business men of the place, and has attained to his present position and property by his own unaided efforts. He was married in 1864 to Hannah Foreman, a native of Europe, whose mother is dead, but whose father lives in Massac County. Mr. and Mrs. Quante have had three children, viz: Addie, wife of Walter McCalley, a miller of Metropolis; Millie and Hiram H., both at home. Politically Mr. Quante is a Republican; fraternally, he is an Odd Fellow and a Mason, and religiously a member of the Lutheran Church. He is a man of strong will and of superior business qualifications, and has always been successful. He is one of the prominent men of this part of the State, and is well known and popular with all who know him. [Taken from "The Biographical Review of Johnson, Massac, Pope and Hardin Counties" Published in 1893 by Chicago Biographical Publishing Co.; Transcribed by Debbie Woolard]
Another familiar name in the business annals of Metropolis is that of Wm. Quante, who has conducted a hardware store in this city since 1881. This esteemed and respected citizen is a member of the Quante family, who are numbered among the pioneers of Southern Illinois, and he has resided in this county since 1864, removing here with his parents from Indiana, where he was born. He was a mere child when he first landed in Metropolis and as a consequence he has witnessed the constant growth of the city and also of the surrounding community. Wm. Quante, like his ancestors, has always been on of the true friends of Metropolis. In the early days of our struggle for advancement Wm. Quante was among the most valiant workers for the city's interests and he is yet of that sterling progressive spirit. The hardware store of Wm. Quante has long been noted for its quality of goods, its completeness of stock and fair prices. The store houses everything in the hardware line and no matter what you may desire in that particular line of merchandise you will find it at the hardware store of Wm. Quante. Mr. Quante was united in wedlock in 1886, taking as his life companion the accomplished Miss Fannie L. Bradshaw, of this city. To this union two daughters were sent, Miss Kate, who died at the age of 18 and Miss Fannie, now Mr. F.B. Leonard, Jr. Mr. Quante is one of the supporters of the Journal-Republican in the issuing of the big Illustrated edition. He, like other prominent business men here, believe it will result in great good for the growing city, hence his willingness to help in the work. [Unknown source, Submitted by Norma Jean Huss]
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