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Montgomery County
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Source: "History of Bond and Montgomery Counties, Illinois". Edited by W. H. Perrin, 1882

Transcribed and Submitted by Norma Hass, except where noted.

Pg. 135-

City of Litchfield and North and South Litchfield Townships

John CALDWELL, farmer, P. O. Litchfield, was born in County Derry, Ireland, on March 16, 1837, and came to the United States with his parents in the following year; theysettled on a farm near Staunton, Macoupin Co., Ill. Our subject was raised on a farm, and in his boyhood attended a few terms of subscription school in the school houses of the primitive sort. Until 1868, he worked the old homestead of his father, and then came to Litchfield, where he purchased twenty six acres of land, on which he built a substantial brick building; his purchase lies in the northeastern corner of the city limits, in Burr’s Addition; in addition to this property, he owns and operates several other tracts of farming lands in the vicinity. He married Miss Amelia S. AUGHINBAUGH in 1861; they have had six children, all of whom died when quite young. Mr. CALDWELL is a Presbyterian. The father of our subject, Mr. Hugh CALDWELL, was born in Ireland in 1805, and came to the United States in 1838, farming in Macoupin County, Ill., until the close of the war. From 1866 to 1882, he served as Postmaster at Staunton, Ill. During the war, he was Deputy Provost Marshal.



T. J. CHARLES, Superintendent of Schools, Litchfield, was born in San Francisco, Cal., May 9, 1855, and, when eleven years, came to Litchfield, where, in the publicschools, he prepared for college; in 1873, he entered Westminster College, at Fulton, Mo., and took a three years’ elective course. In 1876, he began teaching in the public schools of this county, continuing two years, when he became teacher of the high school department of the Litchfield schools, holding that position one year, at the expiration of which time he was elected Superintendent of the schools, which position he still retains. The city schools include twelve departments and enroll 825 pupils.

William CAMPBELL, Postmaster, Litchfield, was born March 17, 1843, in the county of Monaghan, Ireland, his parents being Scotch Protestants. He was but four years old when he came to the United States with his widowed mother and her six other children. She resided seven years in New York City, where she acted as dressmaker and forewoman of a large manufacturing establishment; she died in 1865. In 1856, Mr. CAMPBELL came to Illinois, being then thirteen years old; he made his home with Philo JUDSON, ofEvanston, this State, for one year. In 1857, he went to Carlinville, where he engaged his services as clerk to G. W. WOODS; he continued a year, and then removed to Franklin, Morgan Co, Ill., where he lived three years with Abram C. WOODS, and clerked in the store two years of that period, the remainder of the time working on the farm. In July, 1862, he enlisted in the One Hundred and First Illinois Infantry, Company H, for three years, and served his entire time; his regiment was assigned to the Army of the Mississippi, and during 1863, the company to which he belonged was as signed to marine duty on the gunboat LaFayette, which ran the blockade at the siege of Vicksburg and silenced the batteries at Grand Gulf; late in 1863, they were transferred to the Army of the Cumberland, and their battles were the midnight fight at Lookout Valley, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain and Sherman's march to the sea; in the first battle at Resaca, Ga., Mr. CAMPBELL was wounded in the neck by a Minie ball, on May 14, 1864;passing beneath the jugular vein, it lodged in the tissues of the neck, and was removed on the following day; he was sent to Jeffersonville, Ind., where the wound, which had been badly neglected, healed so rapidly that in June he went on duty as a hospital nurse; he left the hospital service from choice, and on July 10, started back to join his regiment, which he did non the 18th, and two days later, engaged in the battle of Peach Tree Creek, where he was wounded twice early in the fight by some Minie balls which struck his ankle, crushing the tibia bone, and produced a flesh wound in the thigh, passing out; he was consequently disabled, and lay in the hospital until July, 1865, when he was discharged. He returned to Jacksonville and entered school for thewinter. In the spring of 1866, he became a clerk for his old employer, G. W. WOODS, at Carlinville, Ill., where he remained until March, 1873, when he came to Litchfield and took charge of the ticket and express office of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad, under Mr.KEELER, continuing three and a half years; he then entered the employ of the Litchfield Car Company as assistant book-keeper, holding that position a year, when,learning that none of the applicants for the post office were successful in receivingappointment to the same, he made application for it, and, fifteen days later, was appointed by President HAYES, his term beginning on June 15, 1877; in January, 1882, he was re-appointed for four years, after a severe contest for the position. In 1869, he married Miss Sarah J. ORCUTT, of Carlinville; they have had four children - Lelia Rose, Essie Orcutt, Lucy and Grace. Mr. CAMPBELL is an efficient and obliging Postmaster and an estimable citizen.


F. W. CROUCH, druggist, Litchfield, came to Litchfield in March, 1881, and formed apartnership with Dr. J. B. ADELSBERGER, and under the firm name of Adelsberger & Crouch, bought the drug store of J. W. STEEN, and they have since conducted a prosperous business on State Street. In June, 1881, they opened a branch store at Mt. Olive, and enlarged it, in September of the same year, by purchasing and adding to it the drug house of Flint Bros. He was appointed a member of the School Board in June, 1881. Mr. CROUCH was born in Washington County, Tenn., on January 1, 1846, and in 1857 came with his father to Green County, Ill., where he lived a short time, and in 1858, moved to Macoupin County, where he received his education during the winter months, and did farm work the remainder of the time, until 1866, when he entered a select school at Scottville, under Prof. J. H. WOODEL, continuing three summer terms, and teaching during the winters of the same years; after this, he adopted teaching as a profession, and followed it in the county until 1877, when he was elected by popular majority the Superintendent of Schools for Macoupin County, serving until June 16, 1881, resigning a few months before the expiration of his term, in order to engage in mercantile pursuits. He has been an active member of the County Normal since 1872.

John A. CRABTREE, deceased, born in Kentucky May 9, 1809; the youngest child of John and Mrs. (HARKINS) CRABTREE. His mother died when he was three years old. When eleven years of age, he came to Illinois with his sister, Mrs. William JORDAY, and her husband. With this sister he lived until his marriage, in 1831, to Ann GRIFFITH, a native of Montgomery County, who bore him twelve children, viz.: William (deceased),Margaret (deceased), James (deceased), Nancy, Francis, Job, Phoebe (deceased), John,Louisa, Mary, and Charles and Isaac (twins). He worked at farm labor for others prior to his marriage, after which he entered a tract of land in South Litchfield, on which was a small cabin. During his life, he put about 360 acres of wild prairie land undercultivation, and had acquired in all over seven hundred acres of land by hard work and unceasing industry. He made most of his estate before the war by raising grain and stock for the St. Louis market; he served in the Black Hawk war; donated the land to what is now known as the Crabtree Graveyard. He died March 15, 1874. Although uneducated, Mr. CRABTREE had one of the brightest intellects of his count. In business, he was shrewd and successful; in social life, generous and hospitable. He was an adherent of the Democratic party.

John CORLEW was born in Rockcastle County, Ky., in January, 1813, son of Philip and Anna (KINCAID) CORLEW, he, a native of North Carolina, came to Kentucky when a lad; followed farming during his life he and his wife died a few years previous to the breaking-out of the late war, aged respectively eighty and sixty-eight years; they were the parents of nine children, only four of whom are living, viz.: John, David, W. M. and Jane (now Mrs. Israel FOGLEMAN). The subject of this sketch removed to Missouri with his parents in the spring of 1817, who, after a short sojourn in St. Louis, moved to St. Charles, and remained in Missouri until 1819, when they moved to Madison County, Ill.; here his father took a lease in timber land on Mississippi River bottoms, cleared the place and raised four small crops; in the winter of 1822-23, moved to Montgomery County with his wife and family of seven children, and located in what is now Hillsboro Township on the place now occupied by C. H. MISSIMORE, entering eighty acres on the edge of the timber. John's first teacher was Peter LONG, who is still living in Bond County; the school which he attended was about one and a half miles from his home, the schoolhouse being a spit-log building, 14 x 14, with skick chimney, puncheon seats and floor, a long crack in the wall covered with greased paper serving the purpose of a window. After attending one term at this school, he went to the Clear Spring Baptist Church School, two miles distant from his home. He enlisted in Capt. Hiram ROUNTREE's company and went out in the campaign of 1832, serving in the Black Hawk war. About the year 1835, he, with his brother Lindsey, who died soon afterward, made his first entry of 160 acres of land where he now resides; he worked on his farm till the opening of the Mexican war, when he enlisted in Company C, Third Illinois Infantry, under Capt. McADAMS, and participated in the battles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo; was promoted to the rank of Second Lieutenant, and returned home in 1847 and resumed farming. In 1850, he was elected Sheriff of Montgomery County; served two years, and after an interim of two years, was re-elected, and again served a two-years' term. He has steadily acquired property until he now ownsabout two thousand acres in Montgomery County, one third of which is under cultivation; he has bought and sold largely in real estate. In 1856, he married Mrs. Eliza J. JETT, widow of Wesley JETT; from this union five children were born, still living, viz.; Alice, wife of Douglass SIMPSON; John Martin, who lives near San Francisco, Cal.; Lucy J., wife of Charles BARRY; E. R. and Rosanna, at home. Mr. CORLEW is a Democrat, was elected Sheriff by that party; he has held several positions of trust in his township.

Jacob CLEARWATER, physician, Litchfield, was born in December, 1821, in Highland County, Ohio; and, at the age of two years, with his parents, left his native home, and lived successively in several different counties of Indiana until 1831, when they removed to McLean County, Ill., where our subject was raised and educated. At the age of sixteen years, he began reading medicine with Dr. MORAN, then of Leroy, but afterward a distinguished physician of Springfield. He finished his medical studies with Dr. Zera WAKEFIELD, of De Witt County, Ill., after which, for a period of four years, he practiced with Dr. James A. LEMON, of De Witt; he located then at Mt. Pleasant, now Farmers’ City, De Witt County, and there practiced eight years. In 1854, he came to Macoupin County, and at Clyde and Gillespie practiced his chosen profession until 1861, when he came to Litchfield, at which place he had had patients as early as 1854. Dr. CLEARWATER has built up a large and lucrative practice, in the eclectic school, in this place; he is a member of the Medical Association of Montgomery County, and of the State Medical Association; he has been Treasure and Vice President of the former.


John D. COLT, physician, Litchfield, was born in 1839, in Mahoning County, Ohio, at Berlin, where he passed his youth and received his early education; he attended an academy at Ellsworth, Ohio, and, at the age of seventeen years, began the study of medicine with Dr. George W. BROOKE, of Ellsworth; he subsequently continued his studies with Joseph WAGNER, of Deerfield, Portage Co., Ohio, to which place his parents had removed in the meantime. He entered upon a course of study in the Western Reserve College (now the Medical Department of Western Reserve University), and was at the same time under the private direction of Dr. Proctor THAYER until 1861, when he joined the United States Navy as able-bodied seaman, and was assigned to gunboat service; he was on the Ohio River for a time, but was finally transferred to Admiral PORTER’s command. Soon after entering the navy, he ceased to do sea service, and was employed as Assistant Surgeon, and, after an examination by the Fleet Surgeon in 1862, was transferred to the hospital boat Red River; he acted in this capacity without commission until 1863, when he was taken sick, and, in July, returned home. He attended a second session of the Western Reserve Medical College, and graduated in the spring of 1864, and at once came to Litchfield, where he has since enjoyed an excellent practice. He has a membership in the Montgomery Medical Society, and one also in the State Medical Society.

Barnard W. COOPER, machinist, Litchfield, is the son of William and Jemima (KELLAND)COOPER, the former of whom was a Sergeant in the Royal Marine Artillery, and died in Barbados, West Indies, on January 1, 1862, and was there buried. Barnard W. COOPER was born in Portsmouth, England, on January 27, 1857; he was educated in the Royal Naval School at Greenwich. At the age of fifteen years, he began to learn the machinist‘s trade, swerving two years’ apprenticeship. He came to the United States, reaching Litchfield in June, 1874, where he worked at various employments until August 1875, when he entered the employ of the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company, and there completed his trade in three years; he has continued in their employ ever since, except for a period of six months, when he engaged his services at Elkhart, Ind., as machinist in the shops of the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railroad. On January 1, 1882, he became foreman of the machine shops of Litchfield Car and Machine Company, a position he still holds; his department has in its employ twenty-two men.

Joseph F. DOLLAR, Litchfield, was born in Baden, Germany, in the town of Portsheim, in December, 1853, and came to the United States when eighteen months old, with hisparents, who settled in Marion County, Ohio, on a farm, where he lived until 1865, in which year he moved to Terre Haute, Ind., where he began the blacksmith’s trade at the age of eighteen years, with Ceith & Hagar, car-builders, serving three years;apprenticeship, and continuing with them seven years as journeyman. He spent the next eighteen months in the M., K. & T. R. R. shops at Parsons, Kan.; the following year he spent in farming. He returned to Terre Haute and worked for Ceith & Hagar three months, at the expiration of which period he came to Litchfield, Ill., and worked in the shops about eighteen months. In the fall of 1880, he was made foreman of the blacksmith department, of which he has had charge ever since; in busy seasons, it employs thirty-five hands. In 1870, at Terre Haute, Ind., he married Miss Susannah M. GARNER, who died on August 9, 1871, leaving one daughter. In the fall of 1872, he married Miss Martha J. MULLIGAN, of Terre Haute; of this marriage, there are three children.

David DAVIS, grocer and banker, Litchfield. David DAVIS, deceased, the father of oursubject, was born in 1785, of Welsh parentage, near Genoa, Italy, and, at the age offourteen years, came to the United States. In New York City he learned the baker’s trade, and from that city moved to St. Louis, Mo., when it was but a French village; he was in the regular army five years; he participated in the war of 1812, and was wounded in the battle of Queenstown, with a saber, which enabled the enemy to take him prisoner, which they did, carrying him on flatboats to Boston, Mass., where he was confined and compelled to endure many privations. He lived in St. Louis, Mol,until about 1840, when he removed to Madison County, Ill., where he engaged in farming sixteen years or thereabout, coming to Litchfield in f1856. After coming to Litchfield, he was the business partner of his son, the subject of his sketch, until 1872, in which year he died, in his eighty-seventh year, having lived a life of honor. David DAVIS was born in Madison County, Ill., in December, 1838; he received his education in his native county, and, at the age of sixteen years, came with his parents to Litchfield, Ill., where, until 1858, he successively engaged his services as clerk and book-keeper in several business houses of the city. In September, 1858, he engaged in the grocery trade, being one of the first grocers of Litchfield; he opened his line of groceries in the building now occupied by Mr. HOOG as a sack depot. In 1871, Mr. DAVIS erected his present building, on the same block, but located on the corner of State and Edward streets, where he has since conducted a flourishingwholesale and retail business. In 1870, he became a stockholder in the Litchfield Bank, and, the following year, was elected its President. Shortly after this election, they re-organized the bank as a private bank, under the firm name of BEACH, DAVIS & Co.; of the new departure Mr. DAVIS is one of the managing partners. That he is anestimable citizen is evident from the fact that he has been three times elected Mayor of Litchfield, the elections being made by the Independents; he served in 1875, 1876 and 1879; in 1866 and 1867, he was elected Alderman. December 23, 1868, he married Miss Blanche KEATING, of Rockbridge, Greene Co., Ill., and has four living children, two being deceased.

William G. DAVIS, liveryman, Litchfield, was born near Meadville, Crawford Co., Penn., in 1842, and, until he was ten years old, was raised on a farm; his parents then removed to Hartstown, Penn., and he attended an academy there, finally becoming a teacher in the same school. In the summer of 1860, he came to Litchfield, Ill., where he engaged in the sale of lime and plasterers’ and bricklayers’ furnishings for a period of three years, during which time, in the winters, he taught three terms. He next engaged in the fancy groceries and restaurant business, with good success, for about four years. He was six months in the army, serving half the time in the SeventhIllinois Volunteer Infantry, under Capt. Munn, and the remainder of the time in theEighty-fourth Ohio Regiment. In the fall of 1872, he engaged in the livery business, and has since continued, enlarging his trade from year to year. In 1881, he built a large brick addition to his original business house, and this consisted of two stories, with an elevator; the present dimensions are 115x132 feet, covering almost two lots. Mr. DAVIS does a large livery, feed and sale business, having on hand a full line of vehicles, and a stable furnishing capacity for from seventy-five to one hundred horses. In 1875, he married Miss Susan AUGHINBAUGH, of Hillsboro.

William T. ELLIOTT, deceased, a native of Franklin County, Ky., was left an orphan at an early age. In his twelfth year, becoming justly dissatisfied with his treatment and condition in his uncle’s household, he, in 1838, was informally adopted by R. W.O’BANNON; for thirteen years he was a member of his estimable family; with no ties of blood to bind the lad to his foster parent, they were, in esteem and affection, as father and son; he shared Mr. O’BANNON’s fortunes, removing successively to Missouri and Madison County in this State. In 1849, he married Miss Adeline SWETT, of that county, and, forming a brief partnership with a blacksmith at Ridgely, he wrought for several months at wagon-making. Turning from this, he began mercantile life with his foster parent; successful in this line, he, in May, 1854, removed his family to Litchfield, which then consisted of his store and dwelling, and one other dwelling, not occupied. He was by three days the pioneer settler, James W. JEFFERIS being the second householder. With Mr. O’BANNON as a partner, he opened the store of W. T. ELLIOTT on the corner now covered by the banking house of BEACH, DAVIS & Co., April 24, 1854; the name of the firm was twice changed in the ensuing twelve years, and fortune smiled on his venture. In 1866, he retired from commercial life, and, in connection with P. B. UPDIKE, engaged in the sale of agricultural implements. He took the tide at its flood, and it bore him to wealth. The little house on “cheap corner” was exchanged for a commodious home a quarter of a mile north, on State street. No reverse swept across his path. His eye was not yet dim, nor his natural force abated. But pulmonary disease appeared, and, after a few months of hoping against hope, and dissolving his partnership with Mr. UPDIKE, he died, March 24, 1868, to the profound regret and grief of the city. Mr. ELLIOTT was a charter member of the Charter Oak Lodge of Masons, and an Odd Fellow; for several terms he presided over the lodges of both fraternities; in graceful recognition of his zeal and efficiency in works meet for a true and accomplished brother of the mystic tie, the chapter bears his name. He greatly aided in the erection of a new church for the Christian society. He was equally estimable in what he did and for what he was. He was of medium stature, spare, but sinewy; he was of courteous bearing, diligent inbusiness, upright in his dealings, discreet in speech, without concealments or the need of them, and true to his party, which was a bar to no personal friendships, and never limited his readiness to assist others. Leading a spotless life, losing no friend and making no enemy in the dolorous ears when a difference of opinion meant hatred and all uncharitableness, he blushed only at his own praises. Three of his six children still survive. William Lewis, his eldest son, at twenty-two a Knight Templar, and the youngest one in this section, died in 1876, in his twenty-sixth year; his second daughter, Lillie, “went home” the following year; one died in infancy – Minnie.

Israel FOGLEMAN, deceased. Melchoir FOGLEMAN was born in Cabarrus County, N. C., in 1779, and was educated in both English and German, afterward learning the trade of blacksmith. March 4, 1811, he was married to Elizabeth MEISENHEIMER, and, on the 17th day of June, 1812, a son was born to them, he being our subject, Israel FOGLEMAN, who was baptized March 4, 1813. In the autumn of 1813, Melchoir and family set out for the West, first landing in Indiana, but, not being satisfied with the country,removed to Illinois, reaching the vicinity of what is now Walshville on the 6th of June, 1818, and for several months, the family, consisting of father, mother, the son and two daughters, subsisted chiefly on venison and honey, of which there was an abundance; Melchoir afterward (about 1820) removed to the West Fork, where he lived till 1824, then he moved to the Clear Spring Branch and built the grist-mill known as the old "Pepper Mill". They had two sons and one daughter born in MontgomeryCounty, in addition to the children born before arriving there. Melchoir died February 10, 1827, and his widow remained at the mill. In 1832, Israel bought out James PARRISH, and commenced improving a farm near where Litchfield now is, building a house and removing his mother and the children into it in 1841. He enlisted in the Black Hawk war in 1832, being Sergeant in Capt. BOONE's company. Receiving a land warrant for services in the war, he entered another eighty acres, to which he added until he had 350 acres of land. In November, 1838, he married Miss Jane, daughter of Philip and Anna (KINCAID) CORLEW, who was born January 27, 1821. Mr. FOGLEMAN had borne all the vicissitudes of pioneer life, and was a man highly respected and trusted. It is said that he acted more frequently as administrator and executor of estates and guardian for minors than any other man in the county; he served asCommissioner, Justice of the Peace and School Treasurer; was a Democrat, and cast his first Presidential vote for "Old Hickory". He died June 17, 1876. He was the father of fourteen children, but six of whom are now living; of those dead, two diedin infancy and three grew to maturity; those living are Amanda E., wife of William R. BLACKWELDER; John W., merchant in Miller County, Mo.; Sarah L, wife of W. Frank RAINEY, of Montgomery County; Alida M., Joel M. and William D. are at home.

Joel M. FOGLEMAN was born April 7, 1826; is a son of Melchoir and Elizabeth (MEISENHEIMER) FOGLEMAN. He lived with his mother near the old mill till he was fifteen years of age, and attended school in the old Clear Springs Baptist Church. In 1841, his mother, with her family, moved to what is now North Litchfield, and settled near her eldest son, Israel FOGLEMAN. Joel M. worked and improved his present place – a quarter of School Section 16, which had been purchased for him about the year 1843, till 1846, when he enlisted in Company C, Third Illinois Infantry, under Col. FORMAN and Gen. SHIELDS, and served in the Mexican war from June to November, but was taken sick and sent home from Matamoras, Mexico. He married, December 30, 1847, Nancy Jane CRABTREE, born in Edwards County, Ill., daughter of John CRABTREE, a native of Kentucky and an old Revolutionary soldier, who died about 1837, and who had twenty-two children, Mrs. FOGLEMAN being the twentieth child. Mr. and Mrs. FOGLEMAN are the parents of seven children, of whom two daughters died; those living are Henrietta, now Mrs. David A. BLACKWELDER; Eliza, now Mrs. Charles ROSE, of Montgomery County; John F.; Lizzie, now Mrs. Milton C. ASH; and William J. Mr. FOGLEMAN moved to his present place in 1848, having built a frame house, which is still standing, at the rear of his present residence; he has ever since remained on the same place, which is all under cultivation. His mother, who was born February 4, 1788, died April 27, 1850; her children are Israel, born June 17, 1812; Sarah, now Mrs. Dillard DUFF; Catharine, now Mrs. George FOREHAND; John, living in South Litchfield; Peter, died in infancy; Mary A., died in 1857; and Joel M. our subject. Mr. FOGLEMAN is aDemocrat; he and his wife are members of the United Baptist Church.

John FOGLEMAN, son of Melchoir and Elizabeth (MEISENHEIMER) FOGLEMAN, was born inMontgomery County, Ill., one mile east of where Walshville now stands, on Easter Sunday, April 11, 1819, and was the first white child born in Walshville Township, and is now perhaps the oldest native resident of Montgomery County. Melchoir FOGLEMAN, the father of our subject, started a mill where the "Pepper Mill" now stands, in 1824, the wheel of which was overshot, the water being brought from one-half to three-quarters of a mile, in oak troughs placed on the hillside, connected with springs of water; the mill, which had a capacity of 100 bushels in twenty-four hours in flood time, did a good business, drawing the patronage of all the earlysettlement; the buhrs were of native stone, taken from the prairie. Melchoir FOGLEMAN died in 1827; his widow held the mill until 1843, when she sold it to John KIRKPATRICK. Our subject attended school principally at Clear Springs Church; his last school term (in 1835); he attended the school a mile west of Hillsboro, taught by J. GRANTHAM, now a sub-clerk in the United States Treasury at Washington, D. C. In his early days, John worked in his father's mill, and was familiar with all the heads of the families in the county at that time. In 1840, he bought eighty acres of land of John CORLEW - forty prairie land and forty acres in timber - and April 23 of that year moved into a small cabin on the border of the prairie, and the first year tilled six acres, which he had cleared in the timber, but his crop was nearly all taken by squirrels and raccoons, which infested the woods; he soon added twenty acres to his original purchase, and, from 1866, steadily increased his property; till he is now the owner of 300 acres in this township and 200 acres elsewhere. He married, April 18, 1840,Elizabeth KIRKLAND, daughter of Robert and Jane (LONG) KIRKLAND, and from this union ten children have been born, of whom six died in childhood, those living are Daniel M., Israel P., Mary E. U. and Francis M. Mr. FOGLEMAN cast his first vote for VanBUREN in 1840, and has since been a stanch supporter of the Democratic party; he invariablyfilled the office of Clerk for township and county elections; has been Township Trustee or Treasurer for a great many terms, and has acted on county and townshipcommittees; he was elected Sheriff of Montgomery County in 1860, and served one term.

Francis Marion FOGLEMAN, farmer, P. O. Litchfield, was born on the place of his father, John FOGLEMAN, on July 15, 1858. He was raised a farmer, and still follows that occupation with his father, on whose place he has resided since his marriage, on March 2, 1881, to Miss Nancy E. Z., Daughter of David CORLEW. He is a young man of enterprise and industry.

William H. FISHER was born in Middlesex County, N. J., October 15, 1829, where he lived until six years old, when his parent moved to Ohio, residing at Mt. Vernon for eight years. In 1845, his parents came to Illinois and settled on a farm in Jersey County, where William H. lived ten years. In 1856, he married Elizabeth IVENS, of Dayton, Ohio, and, the same year, bought forty acres of land three miles from Litchfield, adjoining the county line of Macoupin County, and in ten years he acquired 480 acres of valuable land, which he sold in 1865, and moved to Litchfield, and, a short time thereafter bought 160 acres within the corporate limits of the town where he has since lived and been engaged in farming near the city, possessing about four hundred acres, the larger portion of which is in Montgomery County. The father of our subject, William B. FISHER, was a native of New Jersey, and a farmer in that State, but keeping a hotel after moving to Ohio. After moving to Illinois in 1845, Mr. FISHER, Sr., resumed farming, which he continued until his death, some ten years later; he was the father of ten children, nine of whom are living, William H., our subject, being the second son; the mother is still living, aged seventy-seven years. Our subject has three children; is a member of the Baptist Church.

Henry K. GARDNER was born in Williamson County, Tenn., November 24, 1807; was reared on a farm in Maury County, Tenn., and worked in a distillery during the winter. He came to Illinois in 1833, stayed one year near Mulberry Grove, Bond County, then moved to the eastern part of Montgomery County, where he entered eighty acres of land, on which he worked five years, and improved the greater portion of the farm; he then removed to Fayette County, where he worked a farm for sixteen years, then, in 1855, bought his present place of 120 acres of prairie land, which at that time had a small patch of ground broken, and on which stood a small cabin. Since he came to Montgomery County, Mr. GARDNER has been chiefly engaged in farming, but has also worked at the brick and stone mason‘s trade, which he learned from his father, though he never served any regular apprenticeship. In Tennessee, in October, 1829, he married Winnefred WOLLARD, born October 1, 1807, who bore him three sons and three daughters (all living), and died in Fayette County in April, 1854. October 12, 1854, he married his second wife, Mrs. Amanda Jane JONES, widow of Lewis Charlton JONES and daughter of Alexander McWILLIAMS, one of the pioneers of Montgomery County; she was born in that county April 29, 1826; from this second marriage two children have been born – one son and one daughter, both living; Mrs. GARDNER had four children (all living) by her first husband, Mr. JONES. Mr. GARDNER has had fair success as a farmer, and is now owner of 254 acres of land, though he began withoutcapital; he has always been a Democrat; has been a member of the Old School Baptist Church for about forty years.

Frank H. GILMORE, Master in Chancery, Litchfield, was born in Greenville, Bond Co., Ill., on January 3, 1833. Here he passed his early youth, except a few years spent in Northern Illinois. His father, James GILMORE, died when he was twelve years old, and two years later, he entered the printing office of the Protestant Monitor, which was the first paper of Greenville, and finished his trade in the office of its successor. In 1851, he came to Hillsboro, Ill., and there started the Prairie Mirror, of which Dr. Francis SPRINGER was editor; he conducted that and other papers as publisher at the same place until 1862, excepting two years. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company B of the One Hundred and Seventeenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and served until the close of the war; at the organization of the company, he was elected Second Lieutenant, and came home its Captain. At Memphis, Tenn., our subject was detached, and was a depot ordnance officer for the Army of Tennessee from Chattanooga to Atlanta; he joined his company, and, just after the battle of Nashville, led his command in the battles attending the capture of Mobile, Ala., and in other engagements, till the close of the war. He returned home, and, in 1866, was elected Sheriff and Collector of Montgomery County, serving one term - at that time the full limit; after those two years, he engaged in the real estate business with John D. MADDUX, at Hillsboro, continuing until 1874, when he came to Litchfield and engaged in the purchase and shipment of grain, the firm name being BALLWEG & GILMORE; he continued at that but one and a half years. In November, 1880, he was appointed, by Judge ZANE, Master in Chancery of this county; he is also Director and Secretary of the Litchfield Oil and Pipe Line Company, and has been since its organization. November 16, 1858, he married Mary S., daughter of Col. Robert BLACKWELL, of Vandalia, Ill.; they have had the following children: Angelina E., James R. and Frank P. (both deceased), Henry E., May V., Sarah E. (deceased) and Mary E. A. He was raised a Whig, but voted for Stephen A. DOUGLAS, since which time he has acted with the Democratic party, being conservative in his views. His father was a native of East Tennessee, and his mother of Virginia; they emigrated here from Hardin County, Ky., about 1828, and settled in Greenville; his father was a carpenter and builder, and died June 13, 1844; his Grandfather GILMORE was for many years Probate Judge of Bond County.

Capt. Ephraim M. GILMORE, retired, Litchfield, was born in Christian, now Todd County, Ky., January 15, 1811. Seven years later, he was brought by his parents to Bond County, Ill., who settled within four miles of Greenville, where he grew up and learned the elements of an English education. There he married, January 19, 1832, Miss Mary W. HARRIS, a native of Tennessee, after which he moved to Greene County, Ill., where he farmed until 1861, in October of which year he raised a company of cavalry, and, by permit of Gov. Yates, it was attached to Col. Logan'sThirty-second Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and went into Camp Butler for the winter, and in December, it was detached from the Thirty-second; in February, 1862, it was ordered to Quincy, and, in the last days of February, it was Company F, in the Twelfth Illinois Cavalry, and ordered back to Camp Butler until July, 1862, when they were ordered to Martinsbury, Va.; there Capt. GILMORE was forced to resign because of poor health. In April, 1832, he was out forty-seven and one-half days in the Black Hawk war. In December, 1862, he came to Litchfield, and has resided here ever since. For some years, he engaged in the grocery business, but is now passing his time in retirement. He has always been a Democrat; in 1868, he was elected to the Legislature in Montgomery County by the Democratic party; he became a member of the State Board of Equalization in 1876, and served four years; he was also a member of the Land Committee. In 1866, he was elected Mayor of Litchfield, and is now Assessor of North Litchfield Township. Capt. GILMORE has had the following children: Lucinda Isabella, John H., Harvey M., Harriet Elvira, Rachel Eleanor, William Persis, James Polk, Louis Barr, Nancy Mitter, Mary Murphy. He lived in Bond County till 1834, when he moved to Macoupin County, and lived there until the spring of 1852, when he moved to Greenville, Ill., where he was a merchant and farmer for ten years. His father, John GILMORE, was appointed Justice of the Peace by the first Legislature of Illinois, at Vandalia, and held that office for many years; for many years he held the office of Probate Judge of Bond County.

Samuel M. GRUBBS, banker, Litchfield, was born in Hillsboro, Montgomery Co., Ill., in 1835, where he was educated in the public schools. At the age of twenty-two, he engaged in general merchandising in the town of his birth, and continued with fair success until the close of the war, when he sold his stock and came to Litchfield, where, in partnership with R. H. PEALL, he engaged in mercantile pursuits, they having bought the business of J. W. JEFFERIS; the firm afterward became Jefferis & Grubbs. Our subject sold to Mr. JEFFERIS in 1868, and became a partner in the private banking house of Brewer, Seymour & Co., which became the firm of Brewer & Grubbs in 1880. Since January, 1869, Mr. GRUBBS has given exclusive attention to banking. In 1857, he married Miss Mary, daughter of William BREWER, whose sketch appears elsewhere. In 1874, Mr. GRUBBS, by an independent ticket, was elected Mayor of Litchfield; prior to this, he was City Treasurer. He is a Steward and Trustee of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The father of our subject was Moody GRUBBS, a native of Virginia, who moved to Todd County, Ky., when a young man. He married Miss Cynthia BOONE, of Bowling Green, Ky.; she was a great-niece of Daniel BOONE. Moody GRUBBS came to Hillsboro, Ill., in about 1833, and died four years later; he was a brick-mason by trade; his wife still survives, in her eighty-eighth year.

S. H. GEROW, D. D. S., Litchfield, was born in St. John, New Brunswick, in 1850, and there was educated in the grammar schools. In October, 1879, he entered the Dental Department of the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, from which he graduated in March, 1881, with the degree of D. D. S. In July, 1881, he came to Litchfield to locate for the practice of his profession, and has since been actively engaged, having pleasant dental rooms on State street, where he performs both mechanical and operative dentistry. Although he has been here but a short time, he has been very successful in the practice of his profession.

Constantine HOOG, dealer in boots and shoes, Litchfield, was born in Baden, Germany, in 1825. At the age of nineteen he began learning the shoemaker’s trade, and completed it in two years. In 1850, he came to the United States with his parents, and in that and the year following, worked as journeyman in Alton, Ill., where he opened a shop of his own and carried on his business until 1856. In that place, he married Miss Charlotte NIEMANN in 1854. In April, 1856, he came to Litchfield, and lived in a small shanty just east of the dwelling now owned and occupied by WilliamWIEGREFFE; here he put out a sign and made shoes during the summer; then he bought the site of his present home, it being Lot 3 in Block 29, and occupied a little frame building which stood on it until 1859, in the fall of which year he built the present two-story brick residence, moving into it the same year. He conducted a shop for the manufacture of custom work from 1856 to 1873, when he began selling Eastern work. Two years later, he sold his store, and, for three years, ran a hide house and sack depot. In 1878, he re-opened his present shoe store, and has since conducted a good business in boots and shoes. He was the second shoemaker of Litchfield, and, from his humble beginnings, he has steadily gained a prominent place among the business men of this city. He has always been a Democrat, and was Alderman from the Second Ward in 1869. Mr. HOOG’s wife died in 1874. He has one son and four daughters living.

Valentine HOFFMAN, merchant, Litchfield, was born in Bavaria on May 14, 1833, and came to the Untied States in 1842 with his parents, who settled in Columbus, Ohio, shortly after removing to a farm near Reynoldsburg, Franklin Co., Ohio, where our subject grew up and received an English education in the public schools. At the age of sixteen, he learned the trade of iron-molding at Gill’s Foundry, at Columbus, serving five years as apprentice and journeyman; he then traveled two years as journeyman, working in St. Louis and Indianapolis. In 1856, he came to Macoupin County, Ill., where he married Miss Martha TURNER January 15, 1857, and, the following year, came to Montgomery County, Ill.; here he entered the employ of H. H. BEACH & Co., as molder, and continued until the war broke out. He first enlisted for three months in the Seventh Illinois Regiment, and served his time out. He then returned to his old place with H. H. BEACH & Co., and remained until September, 1862, when he again enlisted, this time in the Ninety-first Illinois Regiment, as private soldier; he was mustered in as Orderly Sergeant, and his first engagement was at Elizabethtown, Ky., where he and the entire command were taken prisoners. During his confinement, he was made Second Lieutenant at Benton Barracks; he was retained a prisoner from January 1, 1863, to June 3, 1863, and was then exchanged, when he joined the Thirteenth Army Corps in their first engagement at Morganza, La. He went into quarters at Carrollton, above New Orleans, and, in December, 1863, he went with Banks’ expedition across the Gulf to Texas, where, for seven months, he experienced continual skirmishing. In March, 1865, he left Texas, and took part in the capture of Mobile, Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort. At Fort Blakely, Capt. HOFFMAN was wounded in the wrist by a Mini ball while on the skirmish line, March 26, 1865. In 1864, he was promoted to Captain of Company A., Ninety-first Illinois Regiment. After his wound, he was sent home on leave of absence, and was honorably discharged, being mustered out at Camp Butler, Ill., inSeptember, 1865. The following year, he engaged in mercantile pursuits at Litchfield, at first having but a small stock; he has won success by his industry and perseverance, and for nine years has been located on Jefferson street, where he has built up a largetrade in groceries, queensware, boots, shoes, etc.; he employs four persons in his store. He cast his first vote for Fremont, and has always been a Republican. He has ever taken an active interest in city affairs and all matters of public interest. He served one term in the City Council. Mr. HOFFMAN, true to his German birth, is fond ofmusic, and creates it on various musical instruments.

Mrs. Martha HOFFMAN, Litchfield, daughter of James and Catharine (ANDERSON) TURNER, was born in Westmoreland County, Penn.; she received a common-school education in Ohio, to which State her parents moved, settling in Licking County, when she was eleven years old; after living in Ohio about seven years, they moved to Macoupin County, Ill., where her father engaged in farming; he now resides in Litchfield, being in his eightieth year; her mother died fourteen years ago. Our subject married Capt. V. HOFFMAN in Macoupin County; of their marriage, six children have been born, but three of whom are living, the other having died in infancy; those living are, namely, Ella Nora, the oldest daughter, who was born in Litchfield on February 1,1861, and who received her education in the public schools of this city, in addition to a fine musical education; on May 3, 1882, in Litchfield, she married George AndrewBEELER, of Hamilton, Ohio; the second daughter, Ida, was born September 15, 1872; and the third living child, a son, Walter R., was born March 11, 1876. Mrs. HOFFMAN is one of a family of nine children, five of whom are deceased.

John C. HUGHES, deceased. The father of our subject, Thomas C. HUGHES, was born in Knox County, Tenn., in about 1804. He was raised on a farm, and was married, in his native county, to Miss Mary GODSEY. In 1828, he came with his family to this county and first settled in the Gray neighborhood, afterward moving to the place now owned by John COVER; he moved thence to the Crawford neighborhood, and thence to where Martin A. RITCHIE now lives; here he lived several years, and each one of the previous places he improved and sold at an advance. After leaving the RITCHIE place, he moved to the head of Shoal Creek; thence to Litchfield, where he traded largely in town property, at the time of the building up of the city; here he lived until after the war, when he moved to Section 22. In all, he owned about four hundred and sixty acres of land, and was remarkablysuccessful in almost every undertaking. Mr. HUGHES was Justice of the Peace in NorthLitchfield Township four years; he was a member of the Methodist Church for many years. He was the father of four sons and three daughters, all of whom are living except John C. HUGHES, his oldest son, whose sketch appears in another paragraph. Thomas C. HUGHES died November 14, 1871, and his wife in 1866. John C. HUGHES was born in Knox County, Tenn., on December 17, 1823, and came to Montgomery County, Ill., with his parents when in his sixth year; he was fortunate in obtaining a common-school education superior to that of most farmer boys, and was the school-mate of Gen. Jesse PHILLIPS. He was ingenious with tools, and picked up the carpenter's trade, building several barns andhouses in the country when not engaged in farm labor. On November 26, 1846, he married Miss Susan E. ROBERTS, daughter of Josiah and Susan (HART) ROBERTS. He bought a Mexicanland warrant about three years after he had settled here, on vacant land, and by it became the owner of 160 acres in 1840. He engaged in farming here until 1852, when he went by ox team from St. Joseph, Mo., to California, the journey continuing over onehundred days. After spending about eighteen months in the mines, he returned by the Panama route in 1854, and lived on his farm until his death, on November 17, 1879. At the time of his demise, he owned 200 acres of land, all of which was acquired by his own labor; he was a hard-working, shrewd and enterprising farmer. He had five sons and one daughter; one son died at the age of six weeks; his children are William H., born June 23, 1849, a stock-dealer in Colorado; Hiram J., born February 27, 1855; John C., Jr., born June 23, 1857; Mary J., born October 15, 1862, the wife of John GUNDY, of this county; and George B., born April 19, 1864. Three sons are still living at the homestead.

Esquire
William C. HENDERSON, real estate agent, was born in Columbus, Miss., on January 25, 1817. When about ten years old, his parents removed to Illinois, first settling in Clinton County, where they lived on a farm until 1835, in which year they moved to Macoupin County, settling near Gillespie. In 1838, our subject married Miss Martha CAULK and settled near Mt. Olive, Macoupin County, where he farmed twenty years with good success. He came to Litchfield in 1858. In April, 1876, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and since that time has filled the office of magistrate. He is now engaged in the real estate and collecting business. Politically, Mr. HENDERSON is a Democrat, and always has been such. In 1859, he married a second time, the lady being Mary A. GREEN, of this county; of this marriage there are no children, but of his first there are six living.

H. H. HOOD, Litchfield, was born September 19, 1823, in the city of Philadelphia; his father was Lambert HOOD, born nearCamden, N. J., April 16, 1792, and died July 27, 1850; the mother of our subject was Sarah (HUGHES) HOOD, who was born in Wales January 25, 1793, and died July 20, 1844. Mr. H. H. HOOD was married, first in Jerseyville, Ill., June 11, 1855, to Matilda W. JACKSON, born in Philadelphia August 23, 1829, daughter of Charles S. JACKSON, of Philadelphia. His second marriage was at Taylorville, Ill., July 7, 1869, to Abigail E. TORREY, born September 10, 1833, daughter of Joseph TORREY, of Woodstock, Conn. The following children have been born to Mr. HOOD: Charles L., who died in infancy; George P., Sarah Frances, Annie H., Oliver, Harold H. and Abigail Louise.

William W. HEWITT, Superintendent of Planet Mills, Litchfield, was born in Shropshire,England, in April, 1849, and was brought to the United States in the fall of 1851 by his parents, who settled in Terre Haute, Ind., and there raised and educated him. He was successively book-keeper and manager of a yard and freight department of the Vandalia Railroad at Terre Haute from 1869 to 1875; since 1875, he has been in the lumber, grain and milling business, first with McKeen Bros., of Terre Haute, with whom he continued until October, 1881, when he entered the employ of D. L. Wing & Co, as Superintendent of the Planet Mills, which were erected in Litchfield in 1881.

Joseph E. HICKMAN, Honey Bend, was born in Crittenden County, Ky., June 1, 1851, son of William B. and Eliza A. (WITHERSPOON) HICKMAN, who were the parents of eight children, all living. William B. removed from Kentucky in 1851 and settled on a farm near Hillsboro, Ill., where he died in March, 1857; his wife removed to Butler, Ill., with her family, and died November 9, 1968. Joseph E. received his education in Hillsboro and in Butler, and left school at the age of sixteen and entered the store of Hedge & Bro. as clerk, and remained with them and their successors, McGowan & Watkins, for seven years. He spent the year 1872 in Nebraska, then returned to Butler and worked on the farm one year, and from that time until 1878 he ran a steam threshing machine during the summer season, and taught school in winter. In January, 1878, he came to Honey Bend, which at that time consisted of a post office and blacksmith shop, with no railway facilities except a side-track for passing trains; there were but two houses in the town; he was appointed station agent and Postmaster in March, 1878, which positions he has since held, in addition to which he is now agent of the Pacific Express Company; he also engaged in mercantile business with his brother, under the firm name of Hickman Bros.; they do a fine trade; besides general merchandise, they also deal in coal and lumber. Mr. HICKMAN married, January 20, 1881, Ida L. HART, born in St. Clair County, Ill., December 20, 1861, daughter of Joseph and Mary (HILT) HART; they have one child, Ida May.

James B. HUTCHISON, was born in Trigg County, Ky., November 8, 1830, and received his education in Cumberland College, at Princeton, Caldwell Co., Ky. He came to MontgomeryCounty in August, 1848, having preceded his parents, who followed in November; they bought land in Bond County, where they died. Our subject taught school three terms at Walnut Grove, in the southern part of the county, and one term at Lazy Neck. In the spring of 1849, he married Miss Sarah J., daughter of Capt. James BLACK, an early pioneer; he spent some time in Marshall County about 1852 - 53, but returned to Montgomery in 1854 and engaged in mercantile business at Donnellson until 1857, during which time he, in conjunction with T. C. DONNELL, laid out the town named. Selling out his business, he traveled for some time in the nursery business. In 1865, he purchased seven acres, which he has since increased to twenty-two acres, and follows the nursery and market gardening business; he has about ten thousand apple and fifteen hundred peach trees, in addition to other fruits and shrubs. He has four sons and threedaughters living. The father of our subject, Rev. William T. HUTCHISON, was a minister of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and was born in Montgomery County, Tenn., inDecember, 1799. He traveled in Missouri when it was a Territory. His wife was Miss Mary Clay DAVISON, a native of Bourbon County, Ky., and by her had ten sons and two daughters, subject being the second son; he died on his farm near Greenville in September, 1868, having preached in this State twenty years; his wife died in 1864.

The HOOD Family. Of the ten children born to Lambert and Sarah HOOD, seven grew to mature years, and the four still surviving live in Litchfield. The family on the father’s side were for several generations residents of the city of Philadelphia, where the four surviving children were all born; their mother was Welsh, coming inchildhood with her parents to this country. The father was poor, and was able to support his family only by the constant labor of his hands, united with the strictesteconomy, and aided by his wife and older sons. In 1837, the parents, with four of the children (of whom H. H. and B. S. alone survive), removed to Alton, Ill., and afterward to Otter Creek Prairie, then in Greene, now in Jersey County. Their stay in the West was only for about eighteen months, at the end of which time they returned to Philadelphia. The mother died in 1844, and the father in 1850. Ann Hughes HOOD the eldest child, was for twenty years a teacher in the schools of Philadelphia; in 1857, she resigned her position as Principal of one of the secondary schools to accompany her brother (with whom she still lives) to Litchfield; she has been a member of the M. E.Church since her childhood. Joseph Lybrand HOOD, second child, was born August 22, 1819. In 1845, he was married to Miss Rebecca SHAPLEY, who died nine years later. Fourchildren were born to them, of whom one died in infancy and two in womanhood; those who attained maturity were Herbert Shapley (still living), Sarah Hughes and Edith Prizer. In 1856, he left Philadelphia, and, with B. S. HOOD, engaged in the sale of drugs and books, under the style of HOOD & Brother; the successors of this firm, HOOD & Son (Joseph L. and Herbert S.), are still in business. He united with the M. E. Church about forty years ago, and has been an active worker in church and Sunday school during most of that time. Humphrey Hughes HOOD, the fourth child, was born September 19, 1823. In 1848, after reading with a tutor, he entered Jefferson MedicalCollege, Philadelphia, and was graduated in the spring of 1851. In the following autumn, he removed to Jersey County, Ill., where he had lived a short time during his boyhood. After teaching a winter school and having charge of a drug store inJerseyville for one year, he removed to Hardinsburg, a village then about two milessouthwest of the present site of Litchfield, and engaged in the practice of his profession. Late in the following autumn, Litchfield was laid out, and, in the summer of 1854, he removed his office to the new town. In June, 1855, he was married to MissMatilda WOODHOUSE, eldest daughter of Charles S. JACKSON, of Jerseyville, who died January 2, 1867; by this union he had five children, of whom three survive, namely, George Perry, Sarah Frances and Annie Hughes. In September, 1862, he entered the army, with the appointment of Assistant Surgeon of the One Hundred and Seventeenth IllinoisVolunteer Infantry, and, after one year, was appointed Surgeon of the Third United States Heavy Artillery, with quarters at Fort Pickering, Memphis, Tenn., holding that position three years, during a part of which time he was on the staff of Gen. John E. SMITH as Surgeon in Chief of the District of West Tennessee. In July, 1869, he was married to Mrs. Abigail Elvira PADEN, daughter of the late Joseph TORREY, of Springfield,Ill.; two children, both living, were the fruits of this marriage – Harold Humphrey andAbigail Louise. Dr. HOOD has been three times elected Alderman of the city of Litchfield,and once Supervisor of the town of North Litchfield; the discharge of his official dutieshave invariably been with the most thorough and conscientious exactness, always makinghimself familiar with the business before him and the best method of disposing of it forthe public good, before committing himself. The same traits, together with a warm fidelity to the interests of his friends, have characterized his conduct in private life. In politics, he and his brothers were originally Free-Soilers, and, since the organization of the Republican party, close adherents of the latter. Benjamin Smith HOOD, eighth child, was born in October 24, 1832; was educated in the public schools of Philadelphia; came West in April, 1852; taught school the following summer in MadisonCounty, Ind., and afterward, till the spring of 1856, in Illinois, principally nearJerseyville, but, in the summer of 1854, in the old Lutheran Church, which stood on what is now Schere’s Addition to Litchfield. In April, 1856, he, with J. L. HOOD, engaged in the drug business, from which he retired in January, 1867. Since that time, he has been a Notary Public and insurance agent. In April, 1859, he was married to Miss Mary Tanner,second daughter of Charles S. JACKSON, of Jerseyville, who died December 25, 1866; threechildren were born to them, of whom Mary, Louise and Charles are still living. In December, 1867, he bought the offices of the Union Monitor, of Hillsboro, and theLitchfield News, and consolidated the two under the name of the Litchfield Monitor. He sold this business in January, 1870, but again bought it in January, 1878, and has since conducted it, the last year in partnership with Mr. John G. CAMPBELL. He was Village Clerk in 1857, and at different times has filled the office of City Clerk for nine and a half years. In 1861, he served three months as private in Company D of theSeventh Illinois Volunteer Infantry.

P. T. JAMES, physician, was born in Franklin County, Va., January 5, 1828, and passed his youth in the village of Rocky Mount and vicinity; was educated at Emery and Henry College, in Washington County, Va., from which he graduated in 1846, when he began the study of medicine, reading a preliminary course with Dr. William L. T. HOPKINS, of his native place; entered the Medical Department of the University of Virginia in 1848, and graduated from that institution in March, 1850. He began practice at Elamsville, Va., but only remained a short time, when he returned to his native county. In 1855, hewent to Missouri and practiced until the war broke out, when he entered the First Missouri Cavalry Regiment, under Col. William BROWN, afterward becoming Regimental Surgeon of the First, and then Acting Division Surgeon under Gen. Sterling PRICE, serving until the latter part of 1863, when he was captured by Missouri Federals, held two months, and finally released on bond. Sectional feeling becoming so bitter at that time, and the Doctor feeling that his propertywas in jeopardy, he removed to Illinois in 1864 and located at Litchfield, where he has since been engaged in the practice of his profession, with good success. In addition to his previous preparation for the intelligent and thorough understanding of his profession, the Doctor attended a regular course of lectures at the St. Louis Medical College, from which he received the degree of M. D.; he also received the degree ad eundem from the Missouri Medical College. In December, 1850, he married Miss Emily R.WOODS, of Franklin County, Va., a relative of Gen. Jubal EARLY. His paternal ancestor was Welsh, and his mother, whose maiden name was Elizabeth THOMPSON, was of English parentage, both of whose families settled in the Old Dominion before the Revolution, the Jameses being amongst the first colonists at Jamestown; he has seven children living. The Doctor received the nomination for Coroner of Montgomery County at the hands of the Democratic convention in June, 1882.

George W. JONES, City Clerk and attorney at law, Litchfield, was born on April 14, 1846, in Macoupin County, Ill., near Bunker Hill; he is the son of Simeon and Dorothea (STARKEY) JONES, who were natives of Madison County, Ill., both being born near Bethalto. His father was born in 1811, and was raised to the occupation of farming. The grandfather of our subject was Rev. William JONES, one of the first Baptist preachers in the State; he was sometimes called the “fighting preacher.” Simeon JONES came to Bunker Hill in 1828, having just married and settled on a farm one mile west of that place, and resided there until his death in 1852. By his efforts he acquired a handsome property. He was a prominent man in his county, and was Treasurer of histownship. In religious matters, he entertained the Baptist doctrine. He was the father of nine children, six of whom grew to maturity, and are still living. Our subject as raised on the farm, and educated in the common schools and in Bunker Hill Academy. He began reading law with Woodson & Walker, of Carlinville, Ill., in the spring of 1866, and was admitted to the bar in September, 1867. He began the practice of his chosenprofession as the law partner of George P. FOWLER, in Litchfield, in the spring of 1868; the partnership was dissolved in the fall of the same year, and he has practiced in this city ever since. He was elected City Attorney in 1869, and served one year; he was first elected City Clerk in 1878, and is now serving his fifth term; in the spring of 1882, he was elected City Attorney, and is also serving in that capacity. He is Director of the Public Library, and Secretary of its board. On October 26, 1870, he married Miss Eugenia A., youngest daughter of J. V. HOPPER, of Bunker Hill.

William A. LEACH, grocer, Litchfield, was born October 11, 1833, in Philadelphia, Penn., and, at the age of one year, was taken to Salem, N. J., thence, two years later, to Wilmington, Del., where he grew up, and at the age of sixteen, apprenticed himself to the molder’s trade, serving his time under Bush & Lobdell, in their foundry, workingalso two years as journeyman. He went to Atlanta, Ga., in 1859, and worked four years in a foundry there, and at Macon, Ga., was foreman for one year in the Macon & Western Railroad shops. In December 1864, he came to Litchfield, where he has since resided. He worked as molder here in the railroad shops ten years for Mr. H. H. BEACH. In about 1875, he bought a farm in South Litchfield Township of 206 acres, and conducted it fiveyears with good success; he still owns it. In January, 1880, he engaged in the grocery trade with Mr. THORPE, and since has conducted a prosperous business under the firm name of Thorpe & Leach, on Jackson street. In 1862, he was married to a widow lady, Mrs. JONES, nee Miss Temperance FOWLER, at Atlanta, Ga.

Bennett P. LEWRIGHT was born near Winchester, Frederick Co., Va., May 4, 1813, son of Robert and Elizabeth (PRICE) LEWRIGHT; Robert was at one time wealthy, but became involved through security debts. Bennett P. received a good English education at Upperville, Va.; went to Ohio when twenty-one years of age and taught school there three years; went to Missouri about the year 1837, and taught school three years inFranklin County, that State, where he afterward farmed till 1856, then moved to Miller County, Mo., where he remained nine years engaged in farming. In 1865, he came to Montgomery County, Ill., having exchanged 555 acres of land in Missouri with Mr. BOWEN for 172 acres near Litchfield; here he lived about two years, then moved to his present place, consisting of ninety-six acres, to the cultivation of which he devotes his time. In Ohio, in 1838, he married Narcissa SOOFBOUROW, a native of Fayette County,Ohio, who has borne him twelve children, viz.: Edmund M., Maria S., Alphonso J., Robert W. (deceased), Marium F., Corinne P., Robert, William L., Harley B., Jennie R. (deceased), Frances E. (deceased) and James S. Mr. LEWRIGHT is a stanch Democrat; he has been a member of the United Baptist Church forty years.

Egbert S. LITCHFIELD, real estate, New York City, was born in Onondaga County, N. Y., in 1836, and, when a mere child, was removed to Cazenovia, where he was educated in a seminary. He came to Litchfield in the fall of 1855, with his brother, E. E. LITCHFIELD, and they engaged in mercantile business, opening a general store on the site of D. Davis & Co.’s present grocery building, continuing four years, when our subject went out of the business and returned to his home in New York. In 1860, he returned to Litchfield and remained a year, when he went to East Saginaw, Mich., where he engaged in the manufacture of salt for a period of four years; retaining an interest in real estate, he has frequently visited the place since. He lived five years in St. Paul, Minn., when he went to New York, where he engaged in the real estate business.

John LANGE, Superintendent Care and Machine Company, Litchfield, was born in Oldenburg six miles from Bremen, Germany, in August, 1832. In his fifteenth year, he left school and became a seaman on a merchant vessel; he shipped as boy, and, after sailing four years, became ship carpenter, in which capacity he served four years; he was on the sea from 1845 to 1853, and sailed on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, Mediterranean, North and Baltic Seas in his travels; he rounded Cape Horn and Cape of Good Hope, visited Australia, the Indies and South America; he made several trips between Europe and the United States. Leaving the sea, he came, via New Orleans, La., to Alton, Ill., in the fall of 1852, and there became car-builder for the Terre Haute & Alton Railroad; he remained at Alton until the shops were moved to Litchfield, in 1858, when he came also, and worked in the car department, where he rose to the position of MasterCar-Builder; when the shops were removed to Mattoon, Mr. LANGE went there for six months to aid in starting them in operation. He became a charter member, and also a Director, of the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company; at the opening of that company’sshops, he became Superintendent of refitting shops for manufacturing purposes, and was the first Superintendent of the shops, which position he virtually has held ever since, at various times having been elected to other offices in the company. At the re-organization of the Litchfield Car and Machine Company, he became a stockholder and Director; he has been Superintendent and Vice President of the present company. Since 1858, he has been in the shops continually, except the six months at Mattoon. In Alton, Ill., on December 18, 1852, he married Miss Fanny BOHNENS, a native of Hanover, Germany. His father’s name was Charles LANGE, a carpenter.

George B. LITCHFIELD, restaurant, Litchfield, was born in Syracuse, N. Y., in 1842, and came West in 1856, with his parents, locating in Litchfield. At the age of sixteen, he began his apprenticeship in the office of H. A. COOLIDGE, publisher of the LitchfieldJournal. In 1863, he formed a partnership with E. J. C. ALEXANDER and ran a job office here for a year, when he formed a partnership with B. S. HOOOD and published the Litchfield Monitor for a period of two years; then, selling his interest in that paper, he bought a job office, and, during that year, printed a paper for the Fithian Brothers of Carlinville. He next sold the job office to Kimball & Taylor, who established theIndependent, and he then became manager of its office, continuing about one year, when he started the Montgomery Democrat, which afterward became the Litchfield Democrat. For the first year, he took in R. S. YOUNG as editor, after which he conducted it in his ownname until September, 1881, when he sold it to Mr. Charles T. TOBIN, and engaged in therestaurant business on State street. His father, Elisha W. LITCHFIELD, was born inLitchfield, Conn., in 1819, and moved to Syracuse, N. Y., at which place, in 1839, hemarried Mary E. JOHNSON. At that place he was a large wholesale grocer and lastmanufacturer, After coming to Litchfield, he engaged in the lumber trade, and subsequently in the grocery business, at which he continued until his death, on April 28, 1862; his wife and son died in the same year. He was the second Mayor of the town, and held that office two years.

Eli LEE, grocer, Litchfield, was born in Greene County, Ill., where he lived until December, 1829. He entered a grocery in Carrollton, where he conducted business until he came to Litchfield, in 1863, and opened a grocery and provision store on the site he now occupies, at No. 67 State street, where he has carried on that business ever since, except a period of about three years, during which e was engaged in the agricultural implement business. Mr. LEE has taken an active interest in public affairs of the city and county, and has served several terms in the City Council; he is now a member of the Township Democratic Committee. In 1859, he married a daughter of Capt. E. M. GILMORE. The father of our subject is Archibald LEE, who was born in Huntsville, Ala., in 1804, and came to this State in 1814, with his parents, who settled in White County and lived there until 1832, when he removed to Greene County, where he has since resided; he now lives in Greenfield, Greene County, in his seventy-seventh year. He served in both campaigns of the Black Hawk war. He married Miss Jane UPTON, of White County, in 1822, and raised a family of fourteen children, twelve of whom are living.

George A. MATTHEWS, merchant and contractor, Litchfield, was born in Caroline County, Md., and, when four years old, left his native State. He was raised in Muskingum County, Ohio, and, at the age of eighteen, began to learn the brick-mason's trade, and also brick-making; he served three year's apprenticeship in Zanesville, Ohio. In 1857, he came to Illinois to build therailroad shops at Litchfield, and acted as foreman of the men on brick and stone workduring 1857 and 1858; he was foreman when the shops were remodeled for the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company, and also rebuilt them after the fire of 1872; he was acontractor and builder in partnership with his brother, W. T. MATTHEWS, under the firm name of Matthews & Bro., until the close of the war, after which the firm mane was MATTHEWS & CHAMBERLAIN, his business career in this direction extending over a period of twenty-five years, during which time they put up the major portion of the brick structures of the city. In 1865, he formed a partnership with Mr. KESSINGER, the firm name being KESSINGER, MATTHEWS & Co., and engaged in the grain and merchandising business, continuing about three years, when Mr. MATTHEWS sold his interest to KESSINGER& BAKER. In addition to the brick-yard and brick-laying, he afterward engaged in themanufacture of candies and in the bakery business for two years, when he again devoted his entire time and attention to brick work. In October, 1877, he bought out the store of L. CRAMP, and continued business in the frame building on the corner of State andMadison streets, which he replaced with a handsome two-story brick building in 1881, in October of which year he sold his old stock. In January, 1882, he formed a partnership with Theodore HART, under the firm name of G. A. MATTHEWS & Co., and opened a new stock of groceries in his new building on the old site, where they areconducting a good and lucrative business. He has built ten dwelling houses for himself, and two storerooms, and has given employment to from eight to twenty men fora large portion of each year. Mr. MATTHEWS is a stanch Republican. In 1866, he was married to Miss Temperance JONES, of Litchfield. In 1859, he married Miss Hattie CARLO, of Zanesville, Ohio, and removed to Wyandotte, Kan., where he lived three months, when his wife and child died, in September, 1860. His present wife, nee Miss JONES, has one daughter, Jessie, born on May 30, 1879. The father of our subject was a ship carpenter, and his wife, Mr. MATTHEWS' mother, was of Quaker parentage - was Sarah VAIN; she died at the age of seventy-eight. Their children, with the exception of our subject and another son, are residents of Ohio.

Jacob MOCK, was born in Alsace, France, about twenty miles from Strasbourg, in 1826, and came to the United States with his parents when two years old. They settled in Montgomery County, Penn., where our subject spent his youth, and, at seventeen, went to learn the carpenter’s trade, serving two year and thee months, after which he workedas a journeyman; also worked one year under instructions in Philadelphia. He then went to Cincinnati, New Orleans and St. Louis, then to Madison County, Ill., where he and his brother worked, taking wild land in payment, thus becoming owners of 140 acres of land; he worked at his trade for some years, and, in the meantime, improved his land. In 1863, he sold his farm and came to Litchfield, and has worked at car-building eversince, with the exception of six years at mill-wrighting. February 17, 1853, he married Miss Lucinda WETMORE, daughter of Reuben and Martha (OLMSTEAD) WETMORE, of Madison County. They have had the following children: Charles J., George W., MarthaAnnetta, Jessie Bell and Orris C.; those living are Edward M., William F. and Mabel M. Mr. MOCK was originally a Whig, but is now a Republican; is also a member of the FreeMethodist Church. The father of our subject, John MOCK, was a cooper. His mother died when he was eleven years old, and he was raised by a Dunkard named John CRATER, of Pennsylvania.

John H. McMANUS, photographer, Litchfield, was born in Macoupin County, Ill., near Palmyra, December 2, 1843; son of G. F. and Emeline McMANUS, he, a native of Tennessee and she of Kentucky. In addition to the ordinary common-school education, young McMANUS attended the high school at Carlinville, Ill. He removed with his father to Athens,Henderson Co., Tenn., in 1855, where he lived three years, dividing his time between going to school and assisting his father in his cabinet-shop. His father removed to Texas in 1858, and our subject worked with him till the latter part of 1860, when he erected a large mill, in which he was engaged till January 8, 1862, when he enlisted in a company which ultimately became a part of the Twenty-second Texas Volunteer Infantry, and attached to the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Army of the Confederate States; in June, 1862, he became snare drummer, and remained till July, when he was transferred to a brass band, J. B. NORMAN, leader, and remained in it until the close of the war, in 1864-65, playing the leading instrument. In May, 1865, the army disbanding, Mr. McMANUS returned to Mt. Pleasant, Texas, where he attended a select school for some time, after which he accompanied his father to Dallas, where they took charge of the Osceloa Flouring Mills, where the son worked as engineer. In 1866, he came to Macoupin County and obtained the position of engineer at the woolenfactory, which he shortly gave up, and worked at carpentering till the fall; the following winter he spent as a student in a private school, taught by Mr. COOLIDGE, and, June 7, 1867, he entered the photograph gallery of D. C. BACON, spending three months under instructions; then to Macoupin County, farming, going to school in the winter; continued farming in 1868, and worked at building with his father. During a portion of 1870, he assisted Mr. BACON in his gallery. In January, 1871, he bought hispresent gallery, in Litchfield, which he has since conducted with marked success, andturning out work equal in chemical effect and artistic execution to the best work done in the cities. Mr. McMANUS, having made a study of his present profession, is able to cope with the best artists anywhere, as he thoroughly understands the chemistry ofphotography, as well as that very important accompaniment of good portraiture – artistic effect.

Thomas McWILLIAMS, deceased, son of Alexander and Nancy (KIRKPATRICK) McWILLIAMS, was born in Hillsboro Township, Montgomery County, in July, 1822. He received an ordinary education, and learned the wagon-maker’s trade. He served in the Mexican war under Capt. McADAMS, and for his services received a land warrant of 160 acres, in addition to which he entered, in 1848, the land on which his widow now resides. He married, in1850, Susan Jane BARRY, daughter of John BARRY, and from this union eight children were born, of whom two sons and four daughters are living. The names of the eight children are as follows: Sarah E. (died at two years of age), John Newton, Nancy P., Amanda J., Mary Alice A., William Henry (died at eighteen years of age), Franklin W. and Minnie. Previous to his marriage, he had erected a log cabin on his land, had broken a few acres and fenced a small tract; he afterward built a shop near his residence, where he worked at his trade, principally on repairing; he also worked at the carpenter’s trade, and assisted in the erection of his own residence and outbuildings; he, however, devoted his time chiefly to farming, and owned at his death 452 acres of land, which he had accumulated chiefly by his own labor, although his health was broken down by his army services; the homestead farm of 280 acres he kept in a good state of cultivation. He was a supporter of the Democratic party.

James N. McELVAIN was born in Simpson County, Ky., five miles from the Tennessee line, May 17, 1818, son of William and Jane (NEELY) McELVAIN. William, the father of our subject, born in Cumberland County, Penn., in October, 1783, went to Virginia when seven years of age, thence to Kentucky when twenty-two, and to Illinois in 1850; lived in Sangamon County for some years, and died in Macoupin County January 12, 1864; his wife, a native of Orange County, N. Y., died February 1, 1849; they were the parents of fifteen children – ten sons and five daughters, subject being the fifth child; of this family, six sons and one daughter are living. James N. received his education in the subscription schools of Kentucky, and began farming in his native county. In 1841, he married A. A. HAMILTON, of Scott County, Mo., who has borne him six children, of whom four are living, viz.: Andrew J., William H., James N. and Mary A. In the fall of 1847, he moved from Kentucky with his family and settled in Montgomery County, Ill., on 160 acres of land which he purchased of Benjamin HATHAWAY, who had entered it some years previous, and had broken about twenty acres. Mr. McELVAIN has since resided on the place, of which 120 acres are under cultivation, the remaining forty acres being timber land; he also owns various tracts of land elsewhere. He has given particular attention to stock-raising, for which his farm is well adapted, and raises cattle of a good grade before the late war, he raised horses and mules. In the fall of 1870, he was elected to the State Legislature from Montgomery County, and served during the sessions of 1871-72; he acted on the Committee on Banks and Corporations; was electedJustice of the Peace in 1852, in which office he served four years. He was a Whig until 1852, and has since been an adherent of the Democratic party.

Sylvester MURPHY was born in Macoupin County, Ill., June 10, 1845; is the only living child of Hiram and Sarah (HUFF) MURPHY. Hiram MURPHY, born in Clermont County, Ohio, December 8, 1816, came West with his parents in 1828 and settled near Carrollton, in Greene County, Ill., where he lived four years, then moved to Macoupin County, Ill., with his parents, where he has lived for half a century; he has been a successful farmer; beginning with nothing, he now owns 600 acres of improved land. His wife, whom he married about 1843, was of German descent. Sylvester received his primary education in the district schools of Macoupin County, and finished at the high school in Carlinville. He came to Montgomery County about the year 1868; lived on the farm there two years, then moved to the city of Litchfield, and carried on farming in North Litchfield Township, raising good crops of corn and wheat; he served as Town Clerk of South Litchfield in 1880. The great-grandfather of our subject was a native of Ireland; his wife was a native of Germany, named HESS, and bore him seven sons; he started to return to the old country, but was never afterward heard of, and is supposed to have been lost at sea. John MURPHY, subject's grandfather, was born in Jefferson County, Ky., January 26, 1791; he served in the war of 1812, and afterward located in Ohio; he engaged in flat-boating to New Orleans on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers; was married three times, and had eleven children by the first two marriages; he was the youngest of seven sons, all of whom were in the war of 1812, after which they became scattered.

Alexander McWILLIAMS, deceased, was born in Virginia, and removed with his parents toMadison County, Ky., when seven years of age, where he afterward married Nancy KIRKPATRICK, who bore him thirteen children - six sons and seven daughters; of this family, three were born in Kentucky; three are now living, viz.: Lewis, Mrs. VANDAVER, and Mrs. GARDNER. About the year 1816, he came to Montgomery County and settled on a quarter-section (160 acres) of land where William ATTERBURY now lives, near the Truitt Bridge; at that time, there were but five families in Montgomery County, the nearest mill being that of Edwardsville. He built a log cabin on his place and began farming, in which occupation he met with success, having at his death about five hundred acres of land. He was a Democrat, and though not a member of any church, favored the belief of the Old-School Baptists. Lewis McWILLIAMS, the son of our subject, was born on the farm now occupied by William ATTERBURY, in Montgomery County, April 12, 1820, and attended school at Clear Springs Church, two miles from his home, during the winter season, till he was a large boy. In 1842, his father entered for him eighty acres of land, on which he made, hauled and put up 7.000 rails during the winter of 1842-43. In March, 1843, he married Martha JONES, daughter of David JONES, of Montgomery County, and from this union five children were born - four sons and one daughter - of whom two are deceased. After his marriage, he settled on the eight acres which had been entered for him, on which he now resides, and which he has since increased to 400 acres, which is chiefly under cultivation; he has handled and fed stock quite extensively. His grandfather, Hugh KIRKPATRICK, in the early days of the county, built a horse-mill near where Woodbury now stands.

Jacob T. MILES, deceased, was born near Brighton, Macoupin Co., Ill., May 21, 1833. His paternal ancestors were from the Carolinas, emigrating thence to Logan County, Ky., early in the present century. Mr. MILES' father entertained strong antislavery convictions, which, in 1833, induced him to seek a home in a free State, settling near Brighton. He was a farmer and merchant until the last fifteen years of his life, during which he was in the ministry of the Protestant Methodist Church. He died in 1865, the father of twelve children, of whom Jacob was the first born in Illinois, and the tenth son. One brother and one sister survive. The latter is the wife of the Rev. John FRIEND, a Christian preacher, lately of this city, but now of Iowa. Col. Jonathan R. MILES, of Miles' Station, Macoupin County, and George W. and F. M. MILES, formerly of this city, and Samuel STRATTON, were cousins of the deceased, and Mr. John R. SIMMONS, formerly a farmer of South Litchfield, now near Brighton, was his nephew. The family removed to Missouri in 1839, and returned in 1844, living in Madison and Macoupin Counties. At the age of eighteen years, Jacob began to learn the trade of carpenter in Alton, and worked thereat in that and various neighboring towns till the spring of 1856, when he removed to Litchfield. Here he carried on the business of a carpenter and builder until 1873. During part of this time, he was in partnership, first, with Lewis WHITAKER; some years afterward, with John D. CARSON; and still later, with R. A. GEORGE. In 1873, he was elected Justice of the Peace, and since then has united the duties of that office with the business of insurance and real estate. In 1859, he was elected Alderman of the Third Ward of this city, and filled that position two years. In April, 1861, he enlisted, as a private, in Company D, Seventh Illinois Infantry, and served three months. Mr. MILES was three times married, having become twice a widower. The ladies were the Misses Elizabeth, Susan and Lou LINDER, sisters of the late Mr. Emmett LINDER, well known in this city. His first marriage took place in 1858. He died at his home, in Litchfield, Ill., about 5 o'clock P. M., on Saturday, April 29, 1882, in the forty ninth year of his age. His demise was sudden and unexpected, and the news of it filled the towns people with grief, for he had been esteemed by all. He leaves a family well provided for, consisting of his wife and seven children - two grown daughters and five sons - Stella F., Alice M., William T., James L., Benjamin L., Arthur M. and Perley, the youngest, being four years old. He is greatly missed in the community, and his departure leaves a place vacant none other can fill.

Mark M. MARTIN, Vice President of the Litchfield Car and Machine company, Litchfield, was born in Onondaga County, N. Y., on May 31, 1831. He earned the trade of car-building at Syracuse, N. Y., beginning at the age of eighteen; he plied his trade there and atAdrian, Mich., being foreman of the Michigan southern shops from 1853 to 185, in September of which year he came to Litchfield, Ill., and entered into the employ of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad Company (then the Terre Haute, Alton & St. Louis Railroad). He superintended the erection of its shops here, and at their completion became master car-builder, continuing to hold that position until 1864, when he removed and became master car-builder for the Ohio & Mississippi Railroad Company, having charge of their shops from 1864 to 1872. He then was Superintendent of the Cincinnati Division of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Railroad, and in 1873 returned to this place, where, the railroad shops being removed, he became a member of the Litchfield Car and Machine Company, who leased the present building. He was at that time elected Superintendent, and has held an office in the new company ever since, except for a period of three years, during which he was master car-builder of the Cincinnati, St. Louis & New Orleans Railroad, being located at McComb City, Miss. On his return, he was Superintendent of the works two years, when he was elected to the office of Vice President, which he creditably fills.

Julius C. MACHLER, of German parentage, was born in April, 1844, in New York City, and educated in its public schools. In the fall of 1862, filled with the adventurous enthusiasm of youth, he enlisted as drummer boy in the One Hundred and Third Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry. The regiment joined the army at Fortress Monroe, and served in Burnside's expedition to open the coast of North Carolina, and was stationed at Newbern. Here young MACHLER was detailed as Orderly or Interpreter to the General Director or Medical Officer of the Volunteer Hospital, and remained nearly two years. Under this officer he saw service at the battles of Goldsboro and Kingston, and was present at the surrender of Joe JOHNSTON. Mustered out in April, 1865, he returned home, and for six years was in a shop for the manufacture of ladies' hats. In 1871, he came to Litchfield, where he has since been interested in business. Politically, a Democrat,; hi is now serving his third term in the City Council, and is deemed a careful, painstaking and industrious officer. He married, in 1875, Miss Mary McGINNIS, and has four children.

Michael MORRISON, dealer in wines, liquors and tobacco, Litchfield, was born in County Mayo, Ireland, on November 2, 1850, and came to the United States in 1851, with his parents, who settled in New York State, at Dundee, moving thence in a short time to Illinois, where they settled on Rock River, near Elgin, where our subject lived until he was five or six years old. The family then moved to Beaver Dam, Wis., where they lived two years on a farm. Next they lived in La Crescent, Minn., for about one year, and then moved to Freeborn County, same State; that county was then but sparsely settled, and they remained about two years, when the mother died, and, in consequence of that sad event, the family broke up, and our subject first found employment as water carrier on the railroad, going to school at Rochester, Minn., during the winters, until 1864-65, when he took a commercial course with Hurd & Belknap, following them from Rochester to Winona, Minn., and completing his course in the spring of 1866; he found employment as clerk in a furniture store at Rochester, Minn., for one summer, and the following winter he pursued his studies in a private school there. In June, 1867, he was employed by O'Rourke & Woods, in their grocery and liquor store, continuing until December, when he removed to Austin, Minn., where he clerked in a dry goods house until the fall of 1868, when he returned to the old firm, which had changed from the grocery to the dry goods business, and stayed with them until February, 1869, when he went to Dodge Center and worked in W. A. Higgins' general store until July, same year, and then returned to Rochester and worked in the saloon business for John CHUTE, having charge of a branch house at Eyota, Minn., one year. On September 8, 1870, he began work for Charles BALLWEG, at Rochester, Minn., from which place they removed to New Ulm, Minn., in 1872, and remained until May, 1873, when they came to Litchfield, Ill., subject remaining with him here until September, 1881, except six months (from March to September, 1878), when he acted as Deputy County Treasurer in Hillsboro, and another period of three months (in the winter of 1877-78), during which time he was on a Western tour. In September, 1881, he leased a building on the corner of State and Ryder streets, where he opened a retail liquor and tobacco store, which employs three persons.

Richard McMAHON, roadmaster, Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad, Litchfield, was born in County Kerry, Ireland, in November, 1845. He received a good academic education in his native country, and, in 1864, at the age of nineteen years, came to the United States, locating in Elmira, N.Y. where he worked two years on repairs of the New York& Erie Railroad. He moved to Mattoon, Ill., in 1866, and there worked two years as laborer on the track of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad. From 1868 to 1871, he was Road Clerk in the General Roadmaster's office at Mattoon; the following year, he acted as section foreman on the track of the same road, at Sunnyside, Ind. From 1872 to 1876, he was again Clerk in the General Roadmaster's office at Mattoon, and, during that time, was Roadmaster of a branch road called the Sullivan & Decatur Railroad. In August, 1876, he was promoted to the position of Roadmaster of the Middle Division of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad, his division consisting of seventy-five miles. He presided over this until 1880, when the Roadmaster of the East Division resigned, and our subject was transferred to it. He had this division, which consisted of 110 miles, until July 14, 1881, when the road was redistricted in two divisions, and he was transferred to the West Division, extending from Mattoon to East St. Louis, a distance of 137 miles. He has since filled that position, having headquarters at Litchfield. November 28, 1872, he married Honora, daughter of D.O'SULLIVAN, of Mattoon, Ill. The names of their children are as follows: Mary Ann, Denis Joseph, Brian Augustin, Terrence Patrick, Margaret Teresa.

Benjamin McHUGH, merchant, Litchfield, was born in the town of Cornwallis, Nova Scotia, on March 1, 1833, and came to the United States in 1845, settling forty miles west of Milwaukee, Wis. His father, James McHUGH, died just before the son's emigration, in which he was accompanied by his mother and grandfather. After living four years on the farm on which they first settled, our subject returned to Nova Scotia on a visit; he then sailed on a schooner from Cornwallis to St. John, New Brunswick, with his brother-in-law, continuing one season. The following season, he worked his brother-in-law's farm on shares, and went to New York as supercargo to sell his farm products, returning to Wisconsin. In the spring of 1853, he started across the plains to Oregon, with Dr. Knight, of Dogtown, Mo., traveling seven months by ox team. His destination was Chahalam Valley, Ore., where lived a cousin, with whom he stopped about two months, and then, via steamer, went to California, landing at San Francisco, from which point he went north to Port Orford and entered the Rogue River Mines at GoldBeach, where he entered the diggings and worked about two months, when his employer was killed. He had located about fifty claims, and sold over $700 worth in the next two months. He next became the proprietor of the Elk River Ferry, north of Port Orford a distance of five miles, by agreement with the Indians, and conducted it with an eating house and provision trade, for three months, with good success. During this time, the Coquel Indians had an outbreak, and Mr. McHUGH was cook for the garrison two weeks, when they subsided. Mr. McHUGH then left the ferry and returned to Portland, Ore., where he took up a land claim and improved it to some extent, then removed to Jacksonville, Ore., and worked in the mines for a short time. He went thence to Yreka, Cal., and mined during the winter of 1854-55. Then he joined his brother at Kelsey's Diggings, in El Dorado County, Cal., remaining about a year, after which he worked six months in a tunnel at Goodyear's Bar, which place he left, next locating at ColdSprings, In El Dorado County, until the fall of 1857, working in the diggings. He returned via steamer Central America, Panama route, reaching New York City and going thence, via Niagara Falls, to Walworth County, Wis., where he worked at farming one year, and then came to Pike County, Ill., where he took a contract to chop 500 cords of wood, for the accomplishing of which he employed men during the winter of 1858-59. In the spring, he took a trip through Kansas, and, on his return, came, via St. Louis, Mo., to Bond County, Ill. Here he taught a four-months' summer school at Millersburg, and, during the winter of 1859-60, taught near Ripley. In the spring of 1860, he married Miss Emily C. BILYEW of Pocahontas, Ill. For ten years after his marriage, he farmed in the summers and taught school in the winters, in Bond County. After the war, he bought a farm of 173 acres near Pocahontas, and conducted it about ten years, when he traded it for town property in a stock of goods in Millersburg, where he merchandized about one year, and then traded it for land near Irving, Montgomery County. This farm he conducted for about two years, and then traded it for a stock of goods at East Fork, where he conducted a store and post office for two years. He then returned to Irving with his stock of goods, and continued merchandising one and a half years. He moved to Litchfield in September, 1881, and has been engaged since in merchandising on Jackson street, carrying on a good trade. In April, 1882, Mr. McHUGH was elected Town Clerk of South Litchfield Township. The names of his children are as follows: Frank M., Mary F., Annie E., Cresada A., Charles W., Thomas N., Nellie B., Lewis A., Daisy M. and Cora E.

Richard W. O'BANNON, the first settler in the city of Litchfield, is the great-grandson of a Mr. O'BANNON who came to this country from Ireland before the Revolutionary war, and eventually settled in Virginia. The father of our subject, Isham O'Bannon, a native of Fauquier County, Va., whose wife, Mary WINN, was also a native of Virginia, and connected with the family of Stonewall JACKSON, being an aunt of that famous Confederate General. Isham O'BANNON was Captain of a company of Virginia militia, and in that capacity served his country in the war of 1812. Their youngest child but two was Richard W. O'BANNON, who was born on November 1, 1808, in Fauquier County, Va., near the town of Salem. There he passed the early years of his life, and there he lost his mother, who died when he was but four years old. In the year 1816, he removed with his father to Shelby County, Ky. Here his father became a successful farmer, working twenty-five hands and owning thirty-five servants, and here our subject grew to manhood. At the age of nineteen, he began his life-long employment of merchant, in the store of Graham & Standford, of Shelbyville, Ky., where he remained three years. July 29, 1830, he was married to Miss Matilda DORSEY, of Jefferson County, Ky. Subsequent to his marriage, he engaged in mercantile pursuits on his own account, in Oldham County, Ky. Those were the days of the stage coach, when Louisville and Cincinnati were not as great marts of trade, and when the merchants of Kentucky went to Philadelphia and cities farther east for their supplies - journeys involving more of time and money than journeys to Europe at this day. Mr. O'BANNON made many such journeys, adding to his stock of knowledge and experience in the ways of men. About the 1st of September, 1842, he came to Illinois, having left Kentucky some time previously, and living in the meantime in the State of Missouri. There fortune had not favored him, and he came to Illinois to begin anew the battle of life. Settling upon a quarter-section of uncultivated prairie, near to the present hamlet of Ridgely, in Madison County, they proceeded to transform it into the most highly cultivated farm in the all that region. Mr. O'BANNON proved himself as good a farmer as merchant, which avocation he also found time to pursue. Here he lived and prospered for twelve years, gathering about him hosts of friends, and here Mrs. O'BANNON organized a Christian Church and built for it a house of worship. In January, 1854, he came to Montgomery County on a tour of inspection. It cannot be said that he came to Litchfield, for then Litchfield was not. But he visited the site of the future town, then bristling with the remains of the last year's corn crop, and, with good judgement, selected and bought of Maj. P. C. HUGGINS, for $120, the east half of Block No. 21, which no includes the principal business houses of the city. The ground to-day, exclusive of all buildings on it, is worth $30,000. During the winter, on this purchase he built a one-story frame store, 22x36 feet, the site of which, still owned by him, is covered by the banking house of Beach, Davis & Co. This was the first house built in the place, and, at the time of its erection, the Terre Haute & Alton Railroad had not reached the site of the town, and all building material, as well as goods, had to be delivered in wagons. In March of the same year, he placed in this store $6,000 worth of a general assortment of merchandise, and commenced business, with William T. ELLIOTT as his partner. In the year 1854, the firm sold $42,000 worth of goods. During this year, the Ridgely Colony moved to Litchfield. It consisted of R. W. O'BANNON, his wife, two sons, Samuel and Joshua; Miss Sue ELSBERRY; John P. BAYLESS and wife and two daughters, Matilda and Martha; W. S. PALMER; W. T. ELLIOTT and wife and son, William, and daughter, Maria; Henry E. APPLETON and wife; James W. JEFFERIS and wife, and Charles M. DAVIS. Soon after coming to Litchfield, Mr. O'BANNON bought the property where he now lives, building the house the first summer. In the history of our country, 1854 was a fateful year - the year of the Kansas-Nebraska struggle. Mr. O'BANNON had been a Whig of the Henry Clay school, but, in the issue of 1854, he arrayed himself with the Democracy, with which party he has ever since affiliated. He was a Douglas Democrat, and, in 1861, presided over the first Union meeting held in this city after the commencement of the war. He also subscribed liberally in aid of the families of the volunteer soldiers. Mr. O'BANNON continued in active business with W. T. ELLIOTT for twelve years, doing a very large and profitable business. In 1859, they erected the store now occupied by Frank R. MILNOR, and which continues the property of Mr. O'BANNON, to which they removed their business, and where they continued until 1866, when Mr. ELLIOTT retired from the firm, the business being conducted by Mr. O'BANNON and sons till the completion of the Decatur & East St. Louis Railroad, to the construction of which Mr. O'BANNON largely contributed, when it was transferred to the new town of Raymond. This town is on the Wabash & Pacific Railroad, then known as the Decatur & East St. Louis Railroad. In Raymond Mr. O'BANNON had large interests, being one of the company by whom the town was laid out; consequently, he moved to it, and resided there one year, with his son Joshua, who carried on the business. After that, he moved to his large farm in Zanesville Township, about nine miles from this city, where he lived with his son Samuel. This was in the years 1872 and 1873. About this time, a friend for whom he was bound, failed in business, and by unanimous consent he was put forward as the assignee of the unfortunate merchant. Mr. O'BANNON was himself a large creditor, and, to recover in a measure what he had lost, he took the stock and once more engaged in business. In this he associated with himself his oldest son, and for seven years O'BANNON & Son have held a front place among the business men of Litchfield, with eminent success. The churches, the railroads, the coal mines, the car-shops and the great mill have all been helped forward by him. His familiar form is identified with every stage in the history of the town.

John Milton PADEN, contractor and builder, Litchfield, son of James and Margaret (McELVAIN) PADEN, was born in Todd County, Ky., August 31, 1821. He was in his fifteenth year when he came to this county, in 1835, with his parents. He received a part of his education in the private schools of Kentucky, and finished his schooling in the old Hillsboro Academy, which he left in 1840. He learned carpentering with Hamilton HIGH, of Hillsboro, serving two years, when he began taking contracts, which were principally in the neighborhood of his old home. He continued at this until 1852, when he bought a saw-mill, which he conducted two years, one mile east of Litchfield. In 1854, he purchased, in South Litchfield Township, a farm of 175 acres, on which he lived until the spring of 1882, when he moved to Litchfield. He engaged in contracting and building in the vicinity of Litchfield, in addition to his agricultural pursuits, for twenty-five years. He has been a member of the Presbyterian Church of Litchfield since its organization, and helped to erect that church building. He has been Trustee and Deacon for many years. In politics, Mr. PADEN is a Democrat. He served as Deputy Sheriff of this part of the county four years, and also one term as Deputy Assessor for the western part of the county. In April, 1843, he married Miss Martha STREET, daughter of James STREET, and raised a family of four sons and three daughters, one son dying at the age of twenty-six years.

Robert N. PADEN was born in Todd County, Ky., in 1830. James PADEN, the father of subject, was born near Charleston, S. C., in October, 1777, and lived on his native place till he attained his majority. His father died when a young man. His mother was a lady of Celtic descent. James, when he reached the years of manhood, moved to Virginia, where, in Adair County, he married Margaret McELVAIN, and, about the beginning of this century, moved to Todd County, Ky., where he farmed till 1835. He then came to Montgomery County, Ill., bought 120, and entered eighty, acres of prairie and timber land, four miles southwest of Hillsboro, where a few families had previously settled; here he resided until his death, in 1845; he was a Deacon in the Presbyterian Church, and assisted in the erection of the first church at Hillsboro. The subject of this sketch, who is the seventh son of a family of ten children, came to Montgomery County with his parents in 1835. He received his rudimentary education in the Clear Springs Baptist Church, a log structure covered with clapboards, and having puncheon floors and seats; he completed his studies at the Lutheran College, then at Hillsboro, now of Springfield. In 1851, he engaged as clerk in Hillsboro, and continued in that occupation until 1855, when he opened a furniture store there, in which business he remained one year. In February, 1856, he came to Litchfield and opened a general store in partnership with J. M. McWILLIAMS, but after a year sold out his interest in the business and returned to Hillsboro, where he engaged in the lumber business till 1860. In that year, he became Deputy Circuit Clerk under Benjamin SAMMONS, which office he held for two years, then returned to Litchfield, and was appointed Deputy United States Collector and Assessor of Internal Revenue in District 10, which position he held till 1868. He then removed to Southern Minnesota and engaged in general merchandising and drug business in Rochester and Austin, that State, until 1878, then returned to Litchfield, where he has since resided, engaged in real estate business. He married, October 17, 1855, Illinois E. BLACKWELL, who died May 16, 1881; she was a daughter of Col. Robert BLACKWELL, of Vandalia, Ill. Mr. PADEN is Director, Secretary and Superintendent of the McWILLIAMS Oil and Mining Company, which began operations in January, 1882; was elected Mayor of Litchfield without opposition in 1865, and, during his administration, built the City Hall, and contracted for the first public school house. He was appointed one of the Trustees of the Illinois Industrial University of Champaign for six years, by Gov. CULLOM, in 1881. He was formerly a Whig, and is now a Republican.

Aharte PIERCE, deceased, was born in Wythe County, Va., on May 22, 1808, and removed with his parents to Johnson County, Ind., when a young man. About 1842, he came to Illinois, and first settled in Macoupin County. In 1848, he entered 160 acres of land, with another party, on which the city of Litchfield now stands. In September same year, he rented a house on the mound where Mr. W. S. PALMER now lives. In the fall of 1849, he built a small log house on the site where W. H. FISHER now resides, and, when the town was laid out, the east side of the house extended into Madison street. He farmed his land, which was all raw prairie, until the laying-out of the town, by which time he had it all under cultivation, and stood above debt, for it and its improvements. He sold fifteen acres, to be platted at that time, to Wesley ANDREWS, and Benjamin HARGRAVES. The remainder was laid out by Mr.PIERCE himself, and it reached five additions; it is now all included in the corporation limits, and the lots, excepting two, on which his son Granville resides, are all sold. Before the war, he purchased another farm of eighty acres near the city, and lived on it three years during the war excitement. He passed the remainder of his days near his first settlement, and lived a retired life in his latter years. His first marriage was in Indiana, to Polly BROWN, who bore him one child. His wife died in Macoupin County, Ill. In 1847, Mr. PIERCE married Mrs. BROWN, daughter of David JONES, a Virginian, who settled in what is now South Litchfield in about 1833. The first coal-shaft of this city was sunk on a part of his original purchase. Mr. PIERCE gave several lots to various benevolent enterprises of the city, including schoolhouse and various church lots. Politically, he was a Democrat, and was the first Assessor elected after the city's organization. He died June 15, 1878; his widow has three children by her last marriage. One son, Granville F. PIERCE, was born in Macoupin County, Ill., October 27, 1845; he received an education in the Litchfield schools, and in 1862 left the farm and became a clerk in a clothing house, continuing for some years; he afterward engaged in the grocery business for about four years; he then began clerking, and has been for nine years with the present grocery house of G. A STODDARD, as salesman. In January, 31, 1877, he married Miss Dora A. WARE, of this county, and has two children - Essie May and Gracie A.

Charles PAULLIS, Jr., foreman painter, Litchfield, was born in Buffalo, N. Y., in October, 1853, and lived there five years, after which he lived in Dunkirk, same State, seven years, and then moved with his parents to Zaleski, Ohio, where he began learning his trade. He was fourteen years of age when the family came to Litchfield, and he at once began the furtherance of his mechanical studies in the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad shops, then the St. Louis, Alton & Terre Haute Railroad shops, where he worked at painting four years. When the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company organized, he entered their employ as journeyman, and for the last six years has been foreman of the pain department of the shops, the company changing, in the meanwhile, to the Litchfield Car and Machine Company. His department employs from fifteen to twenty-five men. Mr. PAULLIS has been an earnest worker, and has made steady and rapid progress since he began his trade. He was married, in June, 1878, to Miss Fannie, daughter of B. W. ARNOLD. The father of our subject, Charles PAULLIS, Sr., was born in Prussia, and came to the United States when a child, his parents settling in New York, where he followed the trade of painting. He is engaged in the same occupation, as contractor, in Litchfield.

W. H. PHILLIPS, Litchfield, only child of Samuel and Mary B. (WEBSTER) PHILLIPS, was born in Jersey County, Ill., March 11, 1856; lived in Macoupin county four years, and came to Montgomery County with his step-father, Samuel STRATTON, in 1860. In the Litchfield Public Schools he secured an education, which he furthered at McKendree College, and at the Industrial University at Champaign, Ill. In 1876, he engaged in the grocery business at Miles' Station, remaining almost a year; he then, in the spring of 1877, came to Litchfield and engaged in the same business here two years. In January, 1880, he became agent of the Pacific Express Company, and, a year later, became also agent for the United States Express Company, both of which agencies he has since conducted with great care and ability. On December 20, 1877, he married Amanda B., daughter of Dr. J. S. HILLIS, of Hillsboro; they have two children - Claude and Stanley H. The father of our subject was born near Lebanon, St. Clair Co., Ill., March 28, 1821; he was a farmer, and was one of the most successful land-tillers of Macoupin and Jersey Counties, in both of which he left large landed estates; he died in 1859. The WEBSTERs were originally from Tennessee.

Loughlin QUEALY, foreman molder, Litchfield, was born in County Kilkenny, Ireland, in July, 1830, and came to the United States in June, 1845, his parents having died in his native country. He served three years' apprenticeship in the foundry of Edwin DAVIS,at Andover, Mass., learning molding. He moved farther west in 1848, and lived in Columbus, also Zanesville, Ohio, plying his trade as journeyman. In 1855, he went to Chicago, Ill., where he followed his trade for two years. His brother, William J. QUEALY, was a heavy railroad contractor, and our subject had charge of his works at Sheboygan, Wis., for a time; he was afterward contractor on the Fox River Railroad, in Kenosha County, Wis. In 1858, he returned to Zanesville, Ohio, where, two years later, he married Miss Anna E. COYLE. In November 1860, he moved to Clay County, near Kansas City, Mo., for the purpose of becoming a railroad contractor, but the breaking-out of the war put a stop to the business; he therefore entered a large foundry of his brother's at Hanover, Mo., remaining from 1861 to 1876, being Superintendent of it except the first two years. He took charge of the Ohio Falls Car Company's foundry, in Jeffersonville, Inc., in 1877, continuing two years. In August, 1881, he came to Litchfield, where he since has been foreman of the Litchfield Car and Machine Company's foundry, which melts thirty-six tons of iron per day, and employs in this department from sixty to sixty-five men.

James ROGERS, miller, proprietor Eureka Mills, Litchfield, was born in Decatur County, Ind., April 5, 1835, where he lived until 1857, receiving his education in the public schools. At the age of seventeen, he apprenticed to the carpenter's trade, which he followed until 1858. In March, 1857, he came to Walshville, this county, and, the following year, engaged at merchandising, continuing until 1861, when he came to Litchfield and kept a grocery eighteen years, during which time he was associated in mercantile business with Mr. F. M. MILES and Mr. J. F. SETZER. Miles & Co. added to their interests the milling business, and ran the present mill two years, when Mr. Lewis WHITTAKER and our subject bought it, in 1877, the firm name becoming Whittaker & Rogers; this continued two years, when Mr. ROGERS became sole proprietor, previously having sold his interest in his store; he has run the mill since, doing a large custom business, with a capacity of twenty barrels per twelve hours; he retains the old process; has two run of buhrs and employs three men; his mills are called Eureka Mills. Mr. ROGERS has been Township Collector, and has served as a member of the Litchfield School Board; he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and a charter member of the St. Omar Commandery, No. 30; he has been Recorder of the Commandery ever since its organization. Mr. ROGERS was married, October 8, 1857, in Walshville, to Martha J. DESHANE, born in Montgomery County January 15, 1838, daughter of Eli DESHANE; they have had the following children: Laura I., Charlie and Mabel - Laura and Mabel being deceased.

Frederick W. REESE, deceased, was born in Hanover, Germany, on August 1, 1824; his home was in the country, and, at the age of five years he was an orphan; he learned the trade of cabinet-making in his native town, and afterward traveled as journeyman cabinet-maker, working but a few years in any one place; he occupied his time in this manner until he was twenty-eight years old. In 1854, he came to the United States; his boat freezing in the Mississippi River necessitated his walking to St. Louis, where he found employment, but, when the summer came on, he left the city on account of the cholera epidemic, and located at Redbud, Randolph Co., Ill., where he married, in January of the following year, Miss Christiana GEYER, a native of Saxony, Germany, who proved a helpmeet by working industriously, shoulder to shoulder, with him, almost day and night, at first, in order to help him get a good start in life, her part of the work being the varnishing and sand-papering of the furniture he made. After his marriage, he worked at carpentering, and in the winter at cabinet-making. He came to Litchfield in 1860, and worked for awhile for Mr. WHITAKER at cabinet-making, managing his business while that gentleman was absent. In about 1862, he opened a shop of his own for the manufacture of furniture, engaging in the sale of it and in the undertaking business; he at first started on Ryder street, but the rapid and steady increase of his business caused him to move to State street, where he built a large brick store, occupying it until his death, on July 24, 1880; he had no capital when he came, and, in twenty years, made, by his own labor and careful management, a handsome competency. He was a Master Mason; in politics, he was a Republican; he had six children, who are living. When he died, Litchfield lost a worthy citizen.

John W. RITCHIE, Litchfield, was born in Cabarrus County, n. C., August 14, 1834, son of John and Sela (BLACKWELDER) RITCHIE, natives of Cabarrus County, N. C., he born in 1798, died September 25, 1854; she born in 1808, died October 23, 1854. Subject came to Hillsboro, Ill., in December, 1855, where he and his brother, Martin A., bought a quarter-section of land, which they farmed together till after the war; on this place Martin A. still resides. John W. married, May 20, 1856, Rachel S. CRESS, a native of Cabarrus County, N. C., born January 23, 1833, daughter of G. Henry and Elizabeth(FOGLEMAN) CRESS, both natives of Cabarrus County, N. C., he born April 11, 1811, died in March, 1844; she born July 26, 1813. Mr. and Mrs. RITCHIE are the parents of eleven children, viz.: George A., James M., Laura J., Mary E., Sarah E., Joel E., Charles A., Flora R., Alice A., Prestin and Albert L. In 1861, he returned to North Carolina, and remained there till 1864, then returned to Montgomery County and bought 150 acres of land, on which he has since resided, engaged in farming and stock-raising; he at present owns 260 acres of land, of which 230 is prairie, and thirty timber land. Mr. RITCHIE is a Democrat, and is a member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.

Martin A. RITCHIE was born in Cabarrus County, N. C., August 11, 1829; he worked in his father's mill for two years, but left that and began farming for himself in 1853, and, the same year, married his first wife, who died in 1854. On December 24, 1855, he arrived at Hillsboro, Ill., and, February 13 following, he bought 217-1/2 acres of land, where he now resides, and moved onto it in the latter part of same month; he has ever since lived on the place; raises grain principally, and for many years raised and handled a goodly number of horses and cattle. His second wife is Martha CRESS, whom he married in North Carolina; of his twelve children, only four are living. He has held the office of Township Assessor three years - 1879-81; been Township Treasurer since 1872; served as Collector of this township during 1874 and 1875; is an Elder of the Lutheran Church at Litchfield; has been a member of that church since he was eighteen years of age; he is an adherent of the Democratic party; he now owns 320 acres of prairie and twenty-five of timber land.

Jacob RAUSCH, grocer, Litchfield, was born in Province Coblenz, Prussia, on the RiverRhine, in September, 1832. At the age of sixteen years, he began to learn the hardware and grocery business, and served five years' apprenticeship. In November, 1854, he came to the United States, and first located in Philadelphia, Penn., where for five years he clerked in a wholesale French confectionery store; the next five years he spent in the State of New York, acting as clerk in hardware stores of Lockport and Buffalo. He went to California in 1862, by the way of New York, Aspinwall and San Francisco, and lived in Marysville, doing hardware business one year, after which, for a period of four years, he engaged in the drug business in San Francisco. He returned to New York by water in 1867, and located in Oswego, where he remained until 1872, acting as clerk in a book store. In May, 1872, he came to Litchfield, Ill., and was at that time broken down in health; in July of the same year, he purchased his present site and erected storeroom and dwelling, and opened a grocery and provision store on Jackson and Martin streets, where he has since done a prosperous business. In Oswego, N. Y., he married Miss Marian COLLYS, a native of Alsace, France, their union occurring in 1867; they have two daughters.

William SIMPSON was born in Lincoln County, N. C., September 21, 1812, son of Samuel and Elizabeth (BROWN) SIMPSON. Samuel, subject's father, came to Illinois with his family in 1831, and lived, during their first summer in the State, near where Staunton, in Macoupin County, now stands; he settled on the land where subject now resides, earning the money to enter the first forty acres by hauling sand for the building of the first frame court house in Montgomery County; at his death, which occurred in March, 1848, he owned 160 acres of land, which he had accumulated by his own labor and industry; his wife survived him about twelve years, and was about eighty-four years of age when she died. The subject of this sketch began working by the month, about a year at brick-making for Judge Hiram ROUNTREE, and at farm labor for $13 per month, which at that time was considered high wages. In 1835, he began learning the blacksmith's trade with Thomas TARRANTINE, of Hillsboro, with whom he worked about twenty months. He married, November 17, 1836, Elizabeth A. BECK, daughter of Paul BECK, of Fayette County, Ill., and from this union six children have been born, still living, viz.: Elizabeth J., wife of Fletcher GAMBLE, died in 1862, leaving two children; William M., a farmer in Montgomery County; Eveline, wife of James C. HOLLOWAY, of Litchfield; Emily, wife of Robert FERGUSON, of Montgomery County; John W., of Montgomery County; Alonzo Douglas, a farmer, also of Montgomery County; and Laura, at home. After his marriage, Mr. SIMPSON purchased forty acres near his father's place, which he farmed until his father's death, when he took charge of the homestead and managed it for his mother until her death, when he bought the claims of the other heirs and became sole owner of the homestead, on which he has since lived,engaged in farming; he now owns about four hundred and eighty acres of land. In 1871, he was elected Assessor and Treasurer of Montgomery County, which position he held for two years; he has also filled various other positions of trust; he is a Democrat of the Jackson school.

David O. SETTLEMIRE, President of Car and Machine Company, Litchfield, was born in Cape Girardeau County, Mo., in 1827, and the year following his parents emigrated to Greene County, Ill., settling ten miles from Alton. Mr. SETTLEMIRE was raised at Brighton, Ill., on a farm, and his education was limited to six months' attendance at a log schoolhouse of the primitive kind, having slab seats, and the marked lack of school comforts characteristic of the school buildings of the frontier. In his seventeenth year, he left home to serve an apprenticeship to the cabinet-maker's trade at Carlinville, Ill., where he worked three years; he then gave up that trade and commenced carpentering, at which he continued until 1858, at Brighton, Bunker Hill and Gillespie, as contractor; his last work was a large flouring-mill at Gillespie, Ill., and he ran it until 1861, when he sold the mill to J. D. MARTIN, and engaged in the grain business, in connection with merchandising, at that place, until the fall of 1866, when he purchased property in Litchfield, and, the following year, erected his present homestead, and the grain elevator now known as the O. K. Mills and Elevator, it being the first regular grain house kept in operation here throughout the year. In that year he brought his family here, and has since been a resident of this city. In 1870, he closed out the mills to J. B. L. KEATING. Mr. SETTLEMIRE built the Wabash Elevator, and furnished it with a "dump" and corresponding machinery for handling, unloading, shelling and cleaning corn, it being the first one used in the State; consequently, it attracted much attention and admiration, and succeeded in revolutionizing the methods of handling grain. In 1871, he built the Harvel Elevator, and, with Maj. R. McWILLIAMs, laid out the town. In 1873, he rebuilt the elevator at Mt. Olive, and, six years later, bought and remodeled the elevator at Morrisonville, which he is still running. On March 20, 1876, Mr. SETTLEMIRE was elected President of the Litchfield Car Manufacturing Company, which had made an assignment, on March 3, to Mr. M. M. MARTIN, as assignee, for whom our subject ran the business until August, 1877, when he purchased the property of the car manufacturing company, and then organized the Litchfield Car and Machine Company, of which H. H. BEACH was elected first President. On August 14, 1878, Mr. SETTLEMIRE was elected President of the company, and ever since has been annually ere-elected to that position. By careful management and shrewd judgment, Mr. SETTLEMIRE has greatly increased its value, and the product in 1881 was about $1,000,000. Mr. SETTLEMIRE's marriage occurred November 29, 1849, the lady being Sarah J. ADAMS, daughter of John ADAMS, a native of Massachusetts; their children are George L., Iola E., the son being married.

F. W. STAHL, Secretary and Treasurer of Car and Machine Company, Litchfield, was born in Prussia, Germany, in the province of Posen, on August 3, 1833. At the age of fourteen years, he began learning coppersmithing in his native town of Chodziesin, where he served four years' apprenticeship, and, in 1852, sailed for the United States, landing in New York City; he worked two years in Albany, N. Y., then one year in New York City, after which he went to Texas, remaining a short time. After this, he worked three months at New Orleans, when he came to Illinois, via St. Louis, and settled in Bloomington, where he worked five years in the Chicago & Alton Railroad shops. In February, 1860, he went to Alabama and engaged in the stove and tinware business, but, the war coming on, he returned in August to Litchfield, Ill., and here found employment in the railroad shops for eighteen months, and, at the expiration of that period, he bought out the stove and tinware business of John FOWLER, and conducted with it extensive trade in hardware and agricultural implements, with good success, until 1875; he then disposed of the hardware branch of his business, and for two years dealt in agricultural implements alone; he then settled up his business, and became a stockholder in the Litchfield Car and Machine Company in 1879. In August, 1880, he became a Director of the company; in March, 1881, was made Treasurer; and in August, 1881, he was elected Secretary and Treasurer, a position he still holds. Mr. STAHL is also a stockholder in the McWILLIAMS Oil and Mining Company. In 1857, at Bloomington, Ill., he married Miss Margaret J. WALDRON, a native of New York State.

Hon.
Elizur SOUTHWORTH, lawyer, Litchfield, was born in West Fairlee, Vt., September 22, 1826; his parents were also natives of the same State; on the paternal side, of English extraction, and on the maternal side, his ancestry was of Irish birth. His education was acquired at the academy in Bradford, Vt., in the high school at Post Mills, and in the Thelford High School, at one time a famous educational establishment. He was the youngest of a family of five, and, at a very early age, was compelled to rely upon his own exertions to secure a livelihood. At the age of eighteen, he commenced teaching school, a calling which he pursued in Vermont, Massachusetts and in New Hampshire, thus securing, while instructing his pupils, a fair and varied education. In 1847, he removed to Illinois, where he continued to teach in several counties during the ensuing three years. In 1850, he went to California, crossing the plains on foot, and driving an ox team from St. Joe to Sacramento. Upon arriving at his destination, having experienced many hardships on the road thither, he engaged in mining for about fifteen months; he then returned to the East, to Bradford, Vt., where he became the proprietor by purchase of a newspaper establishment, which he conducted one year, until his business was destroyed by fire. In the spring of 1854, he again removed to Illinois, and settled in Montgomery County, where he engaged in farming and agricultural pursuits, continuing thus employed during the succeeding four years. Having applied himself to the study of law while teaching school, he was admitted to the bar in 1859, and, in January of that year, entered upon the practice of his profession in Litchfield, where he has since permanently resided, engrossed in professional labors, his practice being very extensive and lucrative. Politically, he was originally a Democrat, but in 1856, he cast his vote for John C. FREMONT, and was eventually one of the original Republicans of the State; after that time, he voted with the Republican party until 1872, when he cast his vote in favor of Horace GREELEY, and has since acted with the Democrats; in 1869, he was nominated by his party for County Judge, but failed to secure an election, the county having been always governed by Democratic views, although on this occasion he reduced a 600 majority to thirty-six. Starting out in life young, poor and friendless, he has been truly the architect of his own fortune, and has won his present enviable position as a legal practitioner and as an esteemed citizen solely through his own abilities and tireless energy. In 1876 and 1878, he was elected to the State Legislature from Montgomery and Christian Counties, and served four years; he was elected Mayor of Litchfield in 1881, and served one term; he served in the State Senate from 1878 to 1880.

James A. SMITH, ice-dealer, St. Louis, Mo., was born in London, England, in 1823, and was a lighterman on the River Thames. He came to the United States in 1857, and first located in Chicago, Ill., where he dealt in grain three years, and went thence to St. Louis, Mo., where he began dealing in ice in a wholesale and retail way, the trade at that time being but small everywhere. In connection with ice, he was engaged in wrecking on the Upper and Lower Mississippi River during the war, his work being the raising of sunken boats. At the close of the war, he began extending the ice business from year to year, until he has now thirty houses scattered through the States of Illinois, Missouri, Iowa and Minnesota, which have an aggregate capacity of 150,000 tons, which is shipped by barge and railroad to the Mississippi Valley as far south as Texas; during the cutting season, he employs from five hundred to seven hundred men, and in the shipping season has from fifty to eighty men. In the spring of 1880, James A. SMITH & Son purchased five acres of land, lying between the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad and the Litchfield reservoir, and leased the ice privilege of about three-fourths of the reservoir for twenty years, and, in November, 1880, they began the construction of an ice-house which cost $28,000, being 160x160 feet, thirty-six feet high, with a self-supporting roof, and three-feet walls filled with saw-dust, the whole having a capacity of 21,500 tons; this house is filled by the Knickerbocker endless chain hoisting machinery, which has a capacity of 1,200 tons per day; the present firm is James A., Sr., and James A., Jr. The Litchfield building was erected under the supervision of Mr. Arthur SMITH, who is the youngest son of our subject, and who has had charge of this and the Oakland, Iowa, department, which latter consists of three houses. Mr. SMITH's general office is at No. 817 North Seventh street, St. Louis, Mo.

William S. LEA, grocer, Litchfield, was born in Yorkshire, England, in February, 1830, and came to the United States in 1848; he learned the trade of stone-cutter and mason at Spofforth, England, beginning at the age of thirteen years and serving nearly six years' apprenticeship. In the United States he was contractor and bridge-builder on several railroads until 1859, first working on the Des Moines Canal, in Iowa and Missouri, and afterward on the Alton & Chicago Railroad with his two brothers, building the masonry from Alton to Carlinville; on the Pacific Railroad he constructed the bridge across the Des Press River; he was employed on the masonry of the Illinois Central Railroad bridge spanning the Little Wabash, and the Iron Mountain bridge across the Merrimac River; in 1857, he took contract for grading and masonry of five miles on the West Branch of the Pacific Railroad, at the completion of which, in 1859, he settled on a farm in Macoupin County, Ill., which he operated until 1866, when he removed to Litchfield, Ill., and for two years was a contractor on the North Missouri Railroad. In 1868, he embarked in the grocery business in Litchfield, continuing until 1876, when a fire destroyed the entire stock and building, covered by only partial insurance; from that period until 1881, he managed his farm and other interests, and in the latter year again opened a grocery on State street, in which he is still doing a good business. Samuel LEA, the father of William S., was a surveyor and civil engineer, and came to Illinois in 1850, and for two years resided in Alton, then removed to Centralia, where both parents died in 1857, of milk sickness. Our subject married, April 30, 1852, Miss Caroline BARRETT, youngest daughter of Elisha BARRETT, one of the early settlers of Greene County, Ill. Elisha BARETT was born in the State of Virginia, of Scotch-Irish parentage, somewhere about the year 1779; he came to Kentucky when small, with his parents, who settled near Lexington, where, on reaching manhood, he married Mary Jenkins, an English lady, by whom he had twelve children, five of whom are still living; he became the owner of a large landed estate in Oldham County, Ky., on which he farmed until about 1836, when he was dispossessed of his property by a prior French claim, and sought a home in the West, settling in Greene County, this State, where he resided until his death, in January, 1845; his widow, left with a large family, subsequently removed to Alton, Ill., where he died in 1851. Mr. and Mrs. LEA are theparents of eight children, three of whom died in infancy, and four are living - Edwin, a farmer of this county; Charlie; Harry, who died at the age of seventeen; Jennie and Sammy.

Preston SHEPHERD, farmer, P. O. Litchfield, was born in Kentucky on November 7, 1832. When an infant, he was brought to Illinois by his parents, who settled east of Hillsboro, Montgomery County, but, after a few years, removed to Section 15, North Litchfield Township; his father owned 120 acres of timber land there, and died on the farm where Bluford BANDY now lives, leaving a wife and four children, two of whom are deceased. Hiram SHEPHERD, the only brother of our subject, lives in the eastern part of Montgomery County. The widowed mother, Mrs. Anna (BROWN) SHEPHERD, died in 1846, leaving our subject at the age of fourteen, an orphan without means; she had been previously married to Mr. Henry HILL, and had two children of that marriage. When thrown upon his own resources at so early an age, Mr. SHEPHERD worked by the month, doing different kinds of work; he was frugal, and, with his savings, purchased his brothers' and sisters' interests in their father's estate; having gotten that in his possession, he farmed it until 1862, when he exchanged it for his present farm in Section 16, of 120 acres, to which he since has added largely. Mr. SHEPHERD has lived here just twenty years, during which period he has been very successful raising grain; he has now 330 acres of land, all earned by his own labor and perseverance, except the one-fourth interest bequeathed him of his father's farm of 120 acres. In 1857, he married Miss Sarah A. THOMPSON, daughter of Peter THOMPSON, a farmer of this county; he is the father of eight children, three of whom are deceased.

Joseph STREHLE, retired, Litchfield, was born in the town of Aeffinen, Wurtemberg, Germany, on June 10, 1835; he attended school until he attained the age of fourteen years, and then served three years' apprenticeship to the trade of wood-turning. In 1854, he came to the United States, locating in New York City, where he entered a bakery, remaining one year; the following year, he came to Alton, Ill., and conducted a confectionery and restaurant business there until 1866, when he came to Litchfield, Ill.; here he established a bakery, which he conducted until 1880 with fair success, and then sold out on account of feeble health. At Alton, in 1860, he married Miss Mary EITER, who died five years later, leaving two daughters. He married Miss Minnie WEIPERT, of Litchfield, in 1868, which union has been blessed with one son. His father, John STREHLE, was a farmer and baker, and died when our subject was but nine years old; his mother's maiden name was Barbara MENNE; he has two brothers living in Wurtemberg.

Edward SUMMERFIELD, merchant tailor and clothier, Litchfield, was born in Posen, Prussia, on August 5, 1829; his ancestors for several generations were merchants. He received his education in the common schools of Posen, and from private instruction in his father's home, which, at the age of sixteen years, he left, and traveled in England, selling merchandise until 1856, when he came to the United States, landing in New York in September. From there by ocean route he went to New Orleans, thence to St. Louis, Mo., which place he reached in March, 1857, with small means; he traveled thence to Illinois for one year, with merchandise, and, during that period, decided to locate here, which he did on March 13, 1858; he opened a stock of clothing, and was the first regular clothier to locate here; his first stock cost $850, and his business has grown steadily from year to year; by close attention to business, he has built up a large trade; for several years he conducted the business personally, until it largely increased, and, since 1870, has admitted some of his employees into partnership, and at the marriage of his daughter, in 1880, the present firm, Summerfield& Co., consisting of Mr. SUMMERFIELD and his son-in-law, I. L. MOSSLER, formerly of Indianapolis, Ind., was formed. During his twenty-four years' experience here, he has educated a goodly number of young men in the clothing trade, many of whom are now very successful business men; in 1867(?), he added a merchant tailoring department, and now occupies two large business rooms; in his business and manufacturing department, he employs twenty men. In 1880, Mr. SUMMERFIELD began the manufacture of gas for the purpose of lighting his business rooms, which are illuminated by fifty-four jets; his stock has grown with consecutive years of active labor and constantly increasing sales, from $650 to $50,000 per year.

C. R. STEVENSON, passenger and freight agent of the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad, Litchfield, was born in Lawrenceburg, Ind., July 6, 1856; when quite young, he went with his parents to Indianapolis, Ind., where he lived until he was nine years old; the family then removed to New York City, where they lived until 1878. Mr. STEVENSON was educated in the public schools of New York City, and in private schools in New England. In the spring of 1871, he went to Europe, where he attended a preparatory school at Dresden one year, and another at Munich, Bavaria, for the same length of time, after which he spent three years there in the study of engineering in the Polytechnic Institute. In July, 1876, he returned, and worked on the architecture of the Coney Island and Manhattan Beach Hotel, where for a time he remained as clerk. In January, 1878, he was made a clerk in the general freight office of the Wabash Railroad at Toledo, Ohio, remaining one and a half years. He then came to Litchfield, in July, 1879, where he since has been passenger and freight agent of the Wabash, St. Louis & Pacific Railroad. His father, Columbus S. STEVENSON, was born in New Orleans, La., in 1817, but moved to Kentucky when young, and lived in that State and in Indiana until after the late war, in which he served, being Paymaster; later, he was Cashier of the State National Bank of Indiana, at Indianapolis; he is now Inspector of the Manhattan Elevated Railroad. He married, in New York City, Miss Julia ELLIS, a native of that city.

F. M. STRATTON, physician, Litchfield, was born in Jefferson County, Ind., September 22, 1829, and, being left an orphan at an early age, he began, when nine years old, to earn a living and secure an education for himself; he was employed in a drug store at that place for a period of one and a half years; at the age of thirteen, he removed to Jefferson County, Ky., thence to Henry County, Ky., where, at the age of seventeen , he began to learn the trade of carpentering, at which he hoped to earn means to pay for an education; he served as apprentice three years, and then began taking contracts. In the evening, after his work by the firelight he studied medicine, being without a tutor; his early education was obtained through many difficulties, and all his spare hours were devoted to earnest study of the profession he has since adopted and now practices with marked success. At the age of twenty-two years, he married, in Kentucky, and in 1852, removed to Morgan County, Ind., taking some large contracts at Morgantown, which he completed with good success. In August of the following year, he returned to Kentucky, and there his wife died in June, 1854. In the fall of that year, he entered the Medical Department of Michigan University at Ann Arbor, taking a six-months' course, at the close of which he entered the office of Dr. O. B. PAYNE, at Columbus, Adams Co., Ill. In the fall of 1855, he entered the Iowa University at Keokuk, and graduated in medicine in March, 1856. He located at Ashland, Iowa, where he practiced a short time; he then removed to Mill River, Mass., and practiced among the old Berkshire hills eighteen months, and again, in 1858, removed to Fort Madison, Iowa, where he practiced three years, leaving, in May, 1861, for Louisville, Ky., where, with his brother, he engaged in the drug business. The war coming on and cutting off Southern trade made it expedient for them to sell out their stock of drugs, which they did in less than a year, and the following winter, he took a partial course of lectures in the University of Louisville. In May, 1862, he landed in Hillsboro, Ill., and there became the medical partner of Dr. OWEN; here he continued two years, and, in April, 1864, he started overland for Montana Territory, in search of adventure, gold and health; he spent nearly two years in the mines, and returned to Illinois in July, 1866, locating permanently in Litchfield, where he has practiced ever since, except during a portion of the years 1877 and 1878, which he spent in Kentucky and Texas. Mr. STRATTON's children are John A., Owen T. and Francis M. Dr. OWEN was for over seventeen years in the same office with our subject.

Moses B. SAVAGE, merchant, Litchfield, was born in Granville, Washington Co., N. Y., on June 8, 1803, and, at the age of one year, was removed by his parents to Onondaga County; he received a good common-school education, and remained with his father until he was thirty years of age, assisting him on the farm and in his mills and shops. He was married, at Delphi, N. Y., in February, 1828, to a Miss CLARK, who died March 12, 1830. October 23, 1835, he married Mrs. Sophia COBB, a native of Greenville, N. Y., daughter of Aaron and Rebecca (TUTTLE) LAKE. Mr. SAVAGE had the following children: Lucia M., deceased, Marcia Adeline, Sophia Lake and Moses. In 1833, he went to Michigan, and lived in Monroe eleven years, engaged in mercantile business; he then went back to New York, and was two years in Onondaga County; he hoped thus to regain his health, which became impaired in Michigan. In 1847, he went to New York City; residing in Brooklyn, he was Superintendent of a large manufacturing establishment for a period of ten years. He came to Litchfield in March, 1857, and formed a partnership with E. E. LITCHFIELD in the hardware business, continuing two years; he next engaged in the dry goods business, and continued two years, after which he was a partner in mercantile business with Mr. PALMER, with whom, under the firm name of PALMER & Co., he was connected from 1869 to 1879, since which time he has been salesman for Mr. TOWEY. Mr. SAVAGE has been in active business for nearly fifty years; he was the third Mayor of the city of Litchfield; politically, he was a Whig, and is a Republican.

William B. SCHOEN, merchant, Litchfield, was born in Bavaria, Germany, on October 13, 1843. He was in his fifth year when he came with his parents to the United States; they settled in Franklin County, Mo., and his father carried on a shoe-shop there until 1853, when they removed to Baltimore, Md.; there our subject lived with them until 1857, when he came to St. Louis, Mo., and lived with an uncle, entering his employ in a gun and jewelry store, and continuing until the war broke out, when his uncle became a Sutler, attached to the Fifteenth Army Corps, and Mr. SCHOEN became its manager, acting as such until 1864, when he was employed in Little Rock, Ark., for a year, as clerk; he next opened a dry goods and clothing house in Mattoon, Ill., and conducted business therein until March, 1866, when he engaged in the clothing and gents' furnishing business in Kansas City, Mo., until October, 1868, when he went to Omaha, Neb., remaining until 1870, in the clothing trade. In February, 1870, he came to Litchfield, Ill., and here became a member of the firm Levy & Schoen. J. LEVY being the senior partner in the house until September 1, 1875, when he sold to his brother, S. LEVY, and the new firm continued under the same name until February 18, 1878, when it was dissolved, and Mr. SCHOEN has since continued the business in his own name. He located at No. 45 State street, and there does a prosperous business in dry goods, millinery and fancy goods; he employs six persons, exclusive of the dress-making department, which employs from ten to fifteen ladies. Mr. SCHOEN was married, in Baltimore, Md., December 4, 1873, to Rose MANDELBAUM, a native of Winchester, Va., born February 4, 1856; they have one child, Ira D.

Ezra TYLER, deceased, was born in Boston, Mass., in 1793, and lived near his birthplace during his youth, receiving a good common-school education, after which he engaged his services as clerk until he reached manhood, when he came West to Indiana and settled on a farm near Michigan City, where he married Miss Maria CONNAWAY; in a few years, he removed to Aurora, Ind., and there conducted a farm until 1846, when he sold out and came to Montgomery County, Ill., where he bought a farm of about five hundred acres indifferent sections in South Litchfield Township, about one hundred and sixty acres of which comprised that part of Litchfield City south of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad. This portion of the county was but sparsely settled when he came, and he was obliged to find market and trading points at Hillsboro, Carlinville and St. Louis. He erected a log cabin near the southeast corner of the city limits, now known as Tyler's Third Addition, where he lived five years, and then built the house now occupied by his son, Larkin, whose sketch is hereunto appended. Until the completion of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad, he devoted his attention to farming, and afterward, in addition to his farming interests, he bought and enlarged a steam flouring-mill, located on the site of the present Planet Mills, and ran it several years; he then engaged in the manufacture of brick, and sold to different parties tracts of land, out of which three additions were made to the city. In politics, he was a Whig, and subsequently a Republican, and took an active part in public affairs. He died in the fall of 1872. He was the father of twelve children, all but one born in Indiana; but three are deceased; those living are, viz.: Mrs. James PARMLEE, now near Los Angeles, Cal.,; Jesse, John and Shelby, residents of Kansas; Mrs. Ed C. THORPE and Mrs. James THALLS. Those who reside in this county are Miss Almira TYLER, William and Larkin G. Larkin G. TYLER was born near Aurora, Ind., in October, 1845, and was but one year old when his parents moved to this county, where he has since resided, receiving his education here in the public schools. At the age of fifteen years, he engaged his services as clerk in the clothing house of A. R. MONFORTE, continuing his services one year, when the firm of Ludden & Forrester came here, and he engaged his services to them; the firm afterward became Luden & Taylor; he remained in that house some three years. In 1866, he engaged in the grocery business on Jackson street, and for eight years conducted business there. In June, 1877, he became Assistant Postmaster, serving for a short time, when he became agent for the American and the United States Express Companies, which agencies he retained until the latter was superseded by the Pacific Express Company, since which time he has conducted the agency of the American Express Company exclusively. He represents several fire insurance companies. He is a stanch Republican, and served as Alderman of Litchfield. In 1873, he married Miss LYTLE, of Carlinville.

Luke TERRY was born in 1833, in Harrison County, Old Virginia (now West Virginia). He received a fair education in the schools of his native State, which he improved by his own personal efforts. On attaining his majority, he engaged in merchandising, and speculating in various enterprises. In the fall of 1865, he came to Illinois, and purchased 190 acres of land in North Litchfield Township where he has since resided, engaged in farming and the raising of stock of a fine grade; he has a fine orchard on his farm. In 1857, he married Ann Eliza McKINNEY, a native of West Virginia, who bore him seven sons, of whom five are living. Mr. TERRY lived near the West Virginia oil region, and, previous to and during the war, operated in oil and oil lands; he also dealt in horses.

J. W. THYNNE was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1842; his parents were of Scotch descent. He received his education in a parochial school about seventeen miles south of Dublin, having moved from the city when nine years old; left school at the age of fifteen and worked at farming; clerked in a store for a time, and also followed the occupation of a fisherman. In 1862, he emigrated to the United States, and came to St. Louis, Mo., in November of that year, where he lived with his step-father, a merchant tailor of that city, until August 3, 1863, when he enlisted in Company K, Eleventh Missouri Cavalry, and served until the close of the war, in Third Brigade, Second Division of the Seventh Corps, which operated in Arkansas until they were ordered to New Orleans, La., where they were mustered out in 1865; he first served as private; was promoted to a Sergeancy, and afterward commissioned Second Lieutenant of his company. At the close of the war, he returned to St. Louis and engaged in tailoring with his step-father until 1868, studying meanwhile, in his spare hours, at the Rohrer Commercial College of St. Louis, from which he graduated; he held the position of clerk in the office of the Chief Commissary of the Military Division of Missouri for thirteen months; was engaged as clerk and book-keeper in Alton, Ill., and Cleveland, Ohio, for twenty months; he was employed as book-keeper with George S. SHYROCK & Co., tobacco manufacturers, three years, and afterward at Victoria, Ark., as clerk, for nearly a year; he then returned to St. Louis, where he held the position of book-keeper for the Home Bitters Company six years; afterward, book-keeper in the office of the Atlantic Milling Company from February, 1881, until August of the same year, when he came to Litchfield and bought the B. B. B. Mills, which he has since conducted under the firm name of J. W. THYNNE & Co. Mr. THYNNE married, in Litchfield, in 1878, Emma, daughter of Peter BOXBERGER, of Litchfield; the mills (old process) are situated on the Bee Line; they have a capacity of about eighty barrels a day, and do a good custom and merchant business.

Charles T. TOBIN was born in New Orleans, La., August 25, 1849. His father, who was a grocer, moved to St. Louis when subject was two years old, and remained there three years, during which time four of subject's brothers died of cholera. The family then removed to Peoria County, Ill., in 1854, where the father died about four years afterward, leaving five small children, Charles T. being the second son living. The mother then moved with her family to Brimfield, Peoria County, where the boys worked at anything they could find to do for the support of the family. Charles T. worked on a farm in summer and attended the town school in winter. At the age of seventeen, he entered the office of the Carlinville Democrat, where he remained four years, and thoroughly mastered the business in its various branches; he then obtained a position as foreman on the Cape Girardeau News; stayed about a year, and came to Hillsboro, Ill., in March, 1870; became foreman of the Hillsboro News Letter, working half time in the office, attending the remainder of the day the Hillsboro Academy, and pursuing his studies at night; he purchased the News Letter September 11, 1874, and, in partnership with James L. SLACK, published the Hillsboro Journal, the successor of the News Letter. After six months, he sold out his interest in the paper to Mr. SLACK, and became foreman of the Illinois Sentinel, of Jacksonville, remaining in that position three months. He then went to Springfield, Mo., where he had been engaged as foreman in the office of the Springfield Leader. There he remained six months; was afterward foreman of the Shelbyville Leader for a short time, and, July 30, 1875, purchased the Hillsboro Journal, changed the name to that of the Montgomery News, and, after eight months, sold a half interest in the paper to Ben A. JOHNSON. After this firm had published the paper a year, George W. PAISLEY, on August 11, 1876, bought out JOHNSON's interest in the business; this new firm then managed the paper till February 23, 1882, when they sold out to Col. JOHNSON. PAISLEY & TOBIN then purchased the Litchfield Democrat, changed the name to the Litchfield Advocate, and have since conducted it under that name.

James TOBIN, foreman machinery department care and machine shops, Litchfield, a native of County Clare, Ireland, was born in 1838. Coming alone to America in 1850, he was for a year a student in Burr Seminary, Vermont, and then went to sea, sailing to Cadiz via New Orleans, and then making several voyages between New York and Liverpool, going next around the Horn to San Francisco; on the return voyage, he visited Callao and Lima, and then the Chincha Islands; doubling Cape Horn, he sailed to England, and then on order to New York. After six years of seafaring, and reaching the position of Second Mate, he abandoned nautical life and entered a machine shop under instruction. In December, 1857, he began work here for the Terre Haute & Alton Railroad, first as a fireman, then as clerk in the storeroom, and then for ten years as time-taker in the shops, until, in 1870, they were removed to Mattoon. When the Litchfield Car Works were opened, in 1872, he entered their service, and, in March, 1881, was foreman of the machinery department. He married, in May, 1859, Miss Eliza MOON, a daughter of his native isle.

John H. TILDEN, M. D., Litchfield. Joseph G. TILDEN was born in Norwich, Windsor Co., Vt., on May 19, 1810; he was the son of John TILDEN, a New Hampshire farmer; his mother's maiden name was Grace GOODRICH, of Vermont, where John TILDEN ultimately settled and raised his family, consisting of five boys and one girl. Joseph G. began his education in the common schools of Vermont, and, in that State and in Massachusetts, he taught school, at the same time pursuing his medical studies; he attended lectures in the medical schools of Castleton and Woodstock, graduating at the University of Norwich. Following this, he pursued his post graduate studies, in connection with school-teaching, for eight years. At Highland, Ill., he began the practice of his profession, and for two years taught the schools of that place. He removed to VanBurensburg, Montgomery County, in 1843, that place being then one of the best business points in the county; he practiced his profession there, in conjunction with the drug and general merchandise business, until 1871, when he removed to Raymond, Ill., where he now lives. He was one of the first practitioners of this county; when he located here, he found Drs. HILLIS and HERRICK practicing in Hillsboro, and Dr. LANE at Fillmore; they were the only regular doctors here, he thinks, and there may have been a few irregular. In that early day, the country was rough and wild, the doctors being obliged to travel mostly on horseback, and, owing to the sparsely settled country, their rides were long and tiresome; he rode twenty miles, his practice extending to near where Ramsey, Nokomis and Irving are now located, and also into Fayette and Bond Counties; today, he is the only surviving physician who practiced in Montgomery County when he settled here. Joseph G. was married to Ann W. HILL, daughter of John and Sarah(CASEY) HILL, who was born in this county in 1819, her parents being among the early emigrants here from Kentucky. From that marriage have been born nine children: three daughters died in early infancy; the six remaining are Joseph, a locomotive engineer, living in Mississippi; John H., subject; Scott S., druggist, of Raymond; Seth H., now studying medicine with his father; Ruth E., wife of H. C. COLEMAN, commission merchant of St. Louis; and George A., who is drug clerk for his brother Scott. Dr. John H. TILDEN, subject of this sketch, was born in Montgomery County, Ill., on January 21, 1851, and was educated in the public schools of Litchfield. He left home at the age of seventeen to labor for his own support and education. He began the study of medicine with his father, and, at the age of seventeen, had finished reading several works on medicine. In September, 1869, he entered the office of Dr. J. FELLOWS, of Nokomis, Ill., and read two years, when he entered the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cincinnati, Ohio, attending lectures there two sessions, and graduating on May 21, 1872. He began practice in Nokomis, Ill., continuing eight years; in the meantime, during the spring of 1877, taking a post graduate course in the American Medical College at St. Louis, Mo. In August, 1879, he left Nokomis, and for two sessions was connected with the American Medical College as lecturer in anatomy and physiology, residing in St. Louis until June, 1881, when he came to Litchfield and formed a partnership with Dr. R. F. BENNETT, with whom, under the firm name of BENNETT & TILDEN, he enjoys a large and lucrative practice; he is a member of the State and county medical societies and was elected Adjunct Professor of Anatomy in the American Medical College in June, 1872. In September, 1873, he married Miss Rebecca MADDUX, of Hillsboro, Ill., and by their union there are two children living, namely, Edna and Elsie. Edwin C. THORP, grocer, Litchfield, was born at Upper Alton, Ill., May 21, 1843. At the age of five years, he accompanied his parents to Springfield, and, after living there three years, moved to Woodburn, Ill., where he remained until 1862, and engaged in farming. In August, 1862, he enlisted in Capt. Carr's company at Upper Alton, and served two years; he was ten months in the Eightieth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and assigned to the Army of the Cumberland; his regiment passed through twenty-three hard fought engagements, besides skirmishes; he was in all the active engagements of his regiment, and was only off duty three days from sickness, he was taken prisoner on Sand Mountain in 1863, while on a raid in Georgia; Col. Streights' brigade were all captured, and were only in the hands of the enemy fourteen days, when they were paroled. Mr. THORP was mustered out at the close of the war, and came to Litchfield in July, 1865; here he engaged in the fruit and grocery business on State street, continuing for a period of five months; after selling off his stock, he was successively an employee in the business houses of Smith & Tuttle, J. LEVY, L. LEVY and Valentine HOFFMAN; Mr. HOFFMAN sold his interest to Ezra TYLER, and our subject continued for a time with the new firm; he afterward entered the employ of Mr. STETSON, continuing eighteen months, when he went into business for himself, buying out William EDWARDS in December, 1872, but in a few months sold his stock at auction. After spending five months as shipping clerk in a sash and blind factory in Chicago, Ill., he returned to Litchfield and engaged his services to Mr. HOFFMAN again; after continuing five years, he became the partner of Mr. LEACH, and established a grocery and boot and shoe business on Jackson street, near the Catholic Church; here they have built up a large and flourishing trade; in 1881, they enlarged and improved their store. Mr. THORP was married, on May 23, 1867, to Miss Rachel L. TYLER, daughter of Ezra TYLER, of Litchfield; they have six children - Addison C., William T., Frances, Edwin, an infant child which died unnamed, and Bertha.

James THALLS, undertaker, Litchfield, was born in Preble County, Ohio, near Eaton, on June 27, 1825, and lived there until 1852. At the age of Twenty years, he learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed, in connection with farming, in Ohio, and moved to this (Montgomery) county in the fall of 1852, settling on a farm of eighty acres, which now is included in the southwestern part of the city of Litchfield. In 1853, he sold his farm, and until 1860 devoted his attention to his trade, putting up many of the early buildings of this city, among others the Presbyterian Church, and also took several contracts in the county. In 1860, he bought another farm, west of the city, and conducted it, at the same time plying his trade; his farm he owned twenty years. Mr. THALLS has been a contractor here for almost thirty years. In 1882, he engaged in the undertaking business on Barnes street, with Edward GREENE. In 1848, he married Miss Hester D. WHITLOCK, in Eaton, Ohio; she died in 1868, leaving six children, all of whom are now living. In 1870, he married Mrs. Maria SHORE, daughter of Ezra TYLER; he has one son by the last marriage. Mr. THALLS is a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

D. A. TINKLEPAUGH, engineer, Litchfield, was born Poughkeepsie, N. Y., in 1839, and came West in 1856 with his parents, who settled in Livingston County, Ill., removing thence to Iroquois County, where his father died in 1864. Five years after that event, our subject went to Chicago, Ill., and there entered upon an apprenticeship in the machine shop of Mason & McARTHUR, serving three years, after which he worked for a short time as journeyman in that city. He soon began running an engine, and, at the close of the war, went to Milwaukee, Wis., where he acted as engineer for Hunter & Bros. in their large mills for a period of about four years, at the expiration of which he went to Minneapolis, Minn., where for ten years he was chief engineer in the large lumber mills of William H. ELDRED; he went thence to Sauk Center, Minn., as engineer in the flouring-mills of Harmon Holmes & Co., continuing until February, 1882, on the 20th of which month he came to Litchfield and became chief engineer in the Planet Mills of D. L. WING & Co., which responsible position he holds still. His parents were natives of Dutchess County, N. Y., and his father was a farmer.

Mother Ursula, Superior of Ursuline Community at Litchfield, was born in Elberfield, Prussia, where she lived until she was twelve years of age, when she came with her parents to the United States, in 1848. They located in Cincinnati, Ohio, where she continued her education with the Sisters of Notre Dame for a period of two years. They then removed to St. Louis, Mo., where she was further educated by the Sisters of the Sacred Heart, until 1852. Two years later, she entered the community of the Ursulines at St. Louis, Mo., and, in 1856, took the vows of that order. She was assigned to the work of teaching, and taught in St. Louis until 1859, when they established a community of Ursulines at Alton, Ill., and she was one of the seven sisters who took charge of the work of teaching there, continuing until 1880, in September of which year she was sent to preside as Superior of the community of Ursulines at Litchfield, Ill.; she at present has charge of the academy.

Col. Delso VanDEUSEN, Litchfield, banker, was born in Jamestown, N. Y., in December, 1823, and there received a good academic education. He came West in 1846, and located in Dayton, Ohio, until 1857, being connected with the boot, shoe and leather business, and moved thence to Illinois, locating in Litchfield in July, 1858. After the war broke out, he raised a company of volunteer infantry for three years, and was elected its Captain; this company was the first raised in this section of the country for three years, as the call for three-year volunteers had but recently been made; he raised this company at that time when Missouri was in danger of being taken by the Confederate soldiers, and when even her Governor was favoring the rebellion; this made the demand for Union soldiers in Missouri greater than the supply, and our subject, with his company, through a desire to enlist their services where there was greatest need, went immediately, June 16, 1862, and joined the Sixth Missouri Infantry in defense of the United States Arsenal at St. Louis; their company, with the regiment, served as guard to Pilot Knob and Iron Mountain, and in November, went to join Fremont in the march on Springfield; returning, they went into camp at Otterville during the winter. In May, 1862, they joined Gen. Grant at Pittsburg Landing, becoming a part of the First Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, under command of Gen. W. T. Sherman, and served with his army until the close of the war, participating in the siege of Vicksburg, Mission Ridge, the capture of Atlanta, the march to the sea, through Georgia and the Carolinas. Our subject commanded his company (H) in the Sixth Missouri Regiment until March, 1864, when, the regiment having re-enlisted, he succeeded to the command of the regiment, and advanced to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and commanded the Veteran Sixth Missouri Volunteer Infantry until the close of the war, being mustered out of service at St. Louis, with his regiment, in September, 1865. After his return to Litchfield, the Colonel served four years as City Magistrate, and, at the expiration of that period, became Cashier of the bank of Beach, Davis & Co., which position he still creditably fills; he is at present City Treasurer, which office he has held six years.

Daniel P. WOODMAN, lumber-dealer, Litchfield, was born in Newbury, Essex CO., Mass., September 11, 1834, and at the age of seventeen, went to St. Louis and became a clerk in a wholesale fancy dry goods house on Main street; here he remained four years, when he removed to Louisville, Ky., there pursuing the same vocation for another period of four years. In July, 1861, he came to Litchfield, where, with his uncle, he was engaged for over a year in the cattle business. In June, 1863, he became a partner in the firm Perley & Woodman, at Alton and at Litchfield, the business being lumber-dealing, in which he engaged until the death of Mr. PERLEY, in 1879, since which time Mr. WOODMAN has conducted the business in his own name, being recognized by all as a prompt and efficient business man. Mr. WOODMAN was married, at Bunker Hill, Ill., to Miss KNOWLTON, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (WOODWARD) KNOWLTON, both natives of Connecticut. Mr. WOODSMAN had one child who died August 17, 1872, and has one living, Mary Perley, born December 6, 1879.

John WIEGERS, grocer, Litchfield, son of Bernard and Elizabeth (KONNIG) WIEGERS, was born in town of Lugde, Prussia, on August 10, 1831. He left school at the age of fourteen years and entered upon an apprenticeship to the blacksmith's trade in the town of Pirmont, continuing three years, after which he worked three and a half years in Hanover. He came to the United States in 1853, leaving the seaport of Bracke, Wurtemberg, on May 27, and sailing seven weeks, landing at New York, stopping three days in the city; n his arrival, he had $600. Leaving New York City, he came direct to Chicago, Ill., remaining two days; thence to St. Louis, Mo., remaining four days, going thence to Edwardsville, Ill., where he worked at his trade a year, his remuneration being $14 per Month; after this, he went to Alton, where he stayed four months, during which time he acted as waiter in the Franklin House. He next moved to Manchester, Mo., where he worked nine months at blacksmithing, going thence to Iowa, where he worked four months at farming; there he met with an accident with a threshing machine, resulting in a broken leg, which disabled him for thirty-three weeks, at the end of which time he was in debt for $37. As soon as he was able to do so, he commenced as waiter in a hotel, continuing eight months, and then returned to Edwardsville, Ill., where he drove a mill team two months, and subsequently, in his twenty-seventh year, entered a cooper-shop there for the purpose of learning the trade; he served eight months' apprenticeship, during which time he gained the ability to do good work and receive full wages. He next removed to Staunton, being in the cooper business for himself until March, 1864, when he came to Litchfield, Ill., on the 27th day of the month, having accumulated a capital of $900. On coming to this city, he purchased, for $400, a barn, of Perley & Co., which he turned into a cooper-shop on the site of his present store and residence; the first year he employed fourteen men, and afterward as many as twenty-six men; from the first, he had the confidence of all, and his credit was always good. He continued with good success until 1873, when his shop and stock burned, with a loss of $4,000; the property was insured for $1,600, but $1,000 being paid. He immediately began to rebuild the shops, and continued in the cooper business until 1881, when he gave his entire attention, instead, to mercantile pursuits. In the spring of 1879, he changed into storerooms his two-story brick building, which had been used as his cooper-ship, and, with Mr. Joseph BARTMAN, under the firm name of Wiegers & Co., he engaged in the grocery and liquor business, at which he still continues, with good success. Mr. WIEGERS was married, in Staunton, Ill., on August 28, 1862, to Miss SPOVLEDER, of that place; they have five children living, namely, John, Frederick, Lisse, Christ and Anna.

Rev. M. WEIS, priest, Litchfield, was born in Bavaria, in Franconia, on June 8, 1838, and came to the United States in 1852, at the age of fourteen years, with his parents, who settled in Montgomery County, N. Y., in the vicinity of Amsterdam, and remained there five years. He came to Illinois in 1857, settling in Effingham County, in Tentopolis (called German City), and two years later began teaching in a primary school, continuing one year, when he came to Edwardsville, Ill., and there for two years taught a parochial school. During that time he studied, preparatory to entering St. Joseph's College at Teutopolis, which he did in the fall of 1862. He studied there three years, completing classics and philosophy, and in the summer of 1865, he started for Montreal, Canada, where he entered upon the study of theology, in the Grand Seminary there, in charge of the Sulpician Fathers, where he received holy orders. He was ordained to priesthood at the Alton, Ill., Cathedral, by the late Bishop Younger, in the spring of 1868. He began his pastoral work by taking charge of the Catholic Church at Vandalia, Ill., having also missions at Ramsey, Oconee, Sandoval and at Vandalia. After a year and a half he was transferred to Marine, Madison Co., Ill., where he remained two years. In September, 1871, he was removed to Effingham, and was pastor there five years, during which time he built a large church, costing over $36,000, and a hospital for the Sisters of St. Francis. Being broken down in health, he started in the spring of 1876 for California, and returned to Minnesota in June, where he took charge of two congregations in the dioceses of St. Paul, called respectively Hoka and La Crescent, near La Crosse, continuing three months. He was then recalled to the diocese of Alton and appointed Secretary and Chancellor to the Bishop, which important and laborsome position he held until 1880. He was sent thence to Saline, Madison Co., Ill., where he enlarged and finished a church and built a schoolhouse, filling that pastorate until he came to Litchfield in October, 1881, when he was transferred to the Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, at Litchfield, Ill.

Edward WHITMER, tile manufacturer, Litchfield. Henry M. WHITMER was born in Juniata County, Penn, in 1833, and was raised among the Alleghany Mountains, on a farm. He came to Peoria, Ill., just before the war, and there engaged in the carpenter trade for a year, then removed to Decatur, Ill., where he became a large contractor and builder. For the past eighteen years he has been a large manufacturer of brick, and of late years has manufactured tile. He married in Snyder County, Penn., Miss Anna A. APP, by whom he has five children living. He started in life with limited means, and by hard work has gained for himself a handsome competency. He established the Litchfield Tile Works in May, 1881, for which purpose he purchased eight acres at the eastern limits of Litchfield, on the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad, choosing that locality because of the superior quality of the clay which stands every test necessary to make drain tiling. He erected two dry sheds 200x20 feet, with two round, down-draft kilns, and a Tiffany improved auger machine, with an average capacity of 5,000 feet per day of ten hours. The tile works employ about twelve hands, the products of the works (consisting of tile of all the various sizes), supplying a large local demand, and there are shipments made by railroad to other points in the State. Edward WHITMER, the oldest son of H. M. WHITMER, and the subject of these lines, is Superintendent and Manager. They have on the same premises a yard for the manufacture of brick, which was established the same year of the tile works. The yard employs about fifteen hands.

Daniel WALLWORK (deceased), was born in Newtown, Lancashire, England, January 9, 1829. At the early age of eight years, he went into the mines of Pendlebury, in Lancashire, and worked there as a miner until 1856, when he came to the United States, where, for a period of about eight months, he worked in the mines of Pennsylvania. In 1857, he came to Alton, Ill., thence to Brighton, and thence to Moro, where he was Superintendent of the mines, and in the latter part of 1869 he came to Litchfield and here became Superintendent of the mines of the Litchfield Coal Company, a position which he held until his death, which occurred on February 14, 1881. He was a man of great industry, a successful miner, and was loved by his employees. He was a practical engineer and surveyor, and drew all the maps of the mines, etc. In May, 1847, he married Miss Sarah GREENHALGH, and ten children were born to them, but two of whom are living - John WALLWORK, now Superintendent of the mines, and a daughter. John WALLWORK was born in Newtown, England, in 1847, and came to the United States with his parents in 1856. His first mining was done at Alton, Ill., where he was twelve years of age. He was Assistant Superintendent of the mines of Litchfield under his father, and still holds that position under Mr. AMSDEN. On April 4, 1882, he married Miss Violet TINNELL, of Litchfield.

M. C. WHIPPLE, druggist, Litchfield, was born in Canton, Stark Co., Ohio, in 1833. At the age of seventeen years, he entered a drug store at Massillon, Ohio, and learned the business. He afterward clerked in a drug store at Wooster, Ohio. In 1856, he engaged in the wholesale grocery business at Massillon, Ohio, continuing three years. In April,1861, at the first call for volunteers, he enlisted in the Thirteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and served until December, under Gen. Rosecrans, in West Virginia, and after that in the Army of the Ohio and Army of the Cumberland, under Gens. Buell, Rosecrans and Thomas. He was mostly on detached duty in the medical department of the army. His time having expired, he was mustered out June 26, 1864. After the war, he went to Tennessee, where he engaged in various pursuits, among which were the drug business and real estate, until 1873, when he came here and opened a drug store, and is yet in the same business, and also manages a farm near the city. In March, 1881, he formed a partnership with Joseph BUERGER, his former clerk for eight years. Mr. WHIPPLE was married in October, 1873, to Miss Julia I., second daughter of the Hon. Thomas CUMMINS, one of the pioneers of Jersey County, Ill.

William WIEGREFFE, lumber dealer, Litchfield, was born in Hanover, Germany, on February 13, 1828. His father was a miller, and taught him the trade when a boy. This he followed until he came to the United States, in 1850. He landed in New Orleans in the spring of 1851, and worked four years on a farm in Jersey County, Ill. He then came to Montgomery County, and bought a farm of 160 acres of raw prairie land near Zanesville. He still owns it, and lived on the place until 1868, when he came to Litchfield, Ill., and started in the lumber business. The same year he built a planing-mill, which he ran until 1877. Until 1872, he was associated with Mr. A. PERLEY, the firm name being Perly, Wiegreffe & Co., and afterward with his brother; but since 1877, Mr. WIEGREFFE has conducted the business in his own name. He came to this country without capital, and has gained all he possesses through the merits of his own efforts. In 1861, he married Miss Eva SEN, at Carlinville, Ill. They have six children. From 1874 to 1876, he was Alderman from the Second Ward. His business includes lumber and building material, sash, doors, etc. He employs from two to five hands.

Frederick WEBER, manufacturer of soda and mineral waters, Litchfield, was born in Bavaria, Germany, near the River Rhine, in that portion called Pfalz, in the town of Zeiskam, on January 1, 1838. Until fourteen year old, he attended school, and then spent two years' apprenticeship in a bakery in his native town. In 1856, he came to the United States, and located first in St. Louis, where he worked at his trade until the breaking-out of the war, when he enlisted, becoming a member of the Convalescent Corps, acting as pastry cook. He served eighteen months in the Good Samaritan Hospital, at St. Louis, and, being then discharged, he joined the Forty-seventh Indiana Infantry, being pastry cook for them for six months, at Helena, Ark. July 9, 1863, he married Miss Elizabeth ENDERS, in St. Louis, a native of Germany, and located in Cairo, Ill., where he conducted a bakery one year. He then returned to St. Louis, Mo., and in November, 1864, visited the old county, returning in April of the following year, after which he farmed for a short time near St. Genevieve, Mo., and in the fall of 1865, discontinued it in order to establish a bakery in St. Louis. This he did, but at the end of one year sold his bakery and moved to Litchfield, Ill., where he worked for Mr. William ROTH, in a bakery, for eight months. In June, 1867, he started a factory for the manufacture of soda and seltzer waters, to which he still devotes his attention. In 1881, he manufactured during the season an average of one hundred dozen of bottles per day, and these were shipped to various points in the State. These waters have become verypopular as a healthful beverage, and, in consequence, the demand has steadily increased from year to year. For the past two years, Mr. WEBER has run a steam cider press with good success. During the busy season, his business requires the services of eight active men. The following children have been born to Mr. WEBER: Lizzie, Louise, Anne, Rosa, Kate, Mary and Frederick William.

William G. WARDEN, carpenter, Litchfield, was born in Allen County, Ky., on May 2, 1832. He lived on a farm in his native State until October, 1850, when he came to Illinois. His father died when he was small, and he came to this State unaccompanied, arriving on a foggy Sunday, being obliged to climb the sign-posts to see the directions. He first stopped with his sister, Mrs. YOUNG, with whom he lived, south of Hillsboro, and worked until the summer of 1851. Then he returned to Kentucky, but in the fall of the same year came back to this State with a brother, with whom he lived two years, helping on the farm. He again returned to Kentucky, and in the fall of 1853 brought his mother to this State. She settled here permanently in 1854, the memorable "famine year". Our subject lived with her four years. Previous to this time he had learned carpentering with his brother, and in 1855 - 56, he worked with Robert FRAME on contracts in the northern part of Montgomery County. In 1857, Mr. WARDEN began taking contracts alone, working in the southern part of this county until 1865, when he moved to Litchfield, where he has been engaged in carpentering ever since. During 1866-67, he also ran a wagon shop. For a period of one year he worked on the bridge work of the Indianapolis & St. Louis Railroad. When the Wabash Railroad was built, he was one of the first to begin work, and after working on the bridges, he superintended a company of men in the construction of the depot and freight building, etc., from Warder to Decatur. Since then he has engaged in carpentering and building. Mr. WARDEN is a Democrat, and has taken an active interest in politics. He was Justice of the Peace for five years, beginning at the time the township system was adopted. After that he was Town Clerk four years. In the spring of 1882, he was elected Assessor of South Litchfield Township. He acted one term as Alderman of the First Ward of Litchfield City in 1877. In 1860, he married Miss Anna E., daughter of A. C. ATWOOD, of Allen County, Ky. Their children are as follows: Alonzo W., born August 1, 1861, and died October 27, 1866; William J., born June 30, 1864; Ivy, born July 24, 1880; and all born in Montgomery County.

Irving WELLS, farmer, P. O. Litchfield, was born in Rowan, now Davie County, N. C., November 13, 1825, and with his parents came to Illinois by team, in the fall of 1830, the journey lasting eight weeks. They stopped in Madison County until the spring of 1831, when they went to Greene County, where his parents resided until their death. [Page 185]His father, John WELLS, Sr., was born on April 27, 1795, in North Carolina, and died April 17, 1873. He was the father of seven children, and when he came to Greene County his means were limited to 31-1/4 cents. He was a member of the United Baptist Church. Our subject began teaching in 1847, in Greene County, and continued until 1858, in the meantime working on a farm. He came to Walshville Township, Montgomery County, in 1858, having purchased a land warrant, eight years previous, for eighty acres. On coming here he engaged in farming, and taught school five winters, living upon his original purchase until 1867, when he removed to his present place of 160 acres, where he since has engaged in raising grain and stock. February 6, 1860, he married Miss Lucetta, daughter of Edwin BROWN, a Methodist preacher of Walshville. Twelve children were born to them, but seven of whom are living - Julia, deceased; Oscar A. deceased; Washington I., deceased; John F.; David E.; Matta, deceased; Clara J., Albert S., Cora O., Ollie M., Myrtle, and Effa, deceased. Mr. WELLS started in life without capital, and worked at first for $8 a month. Politically, he is a Democrat. His mother's maiden name was Matilda IRWIN; she was from North Carolina. Although the father of our subject met many discouragements, he persevered in earnest, faithful labor, and made for himself an estate worth about $12,000. He was twice married, and was the father of thirteen children, eleven of whom grew to maturity, and ten of whom still live, nine being of his last marriage.

Lewis WHITAKER, Litchfield, was born in Deerfield Township, Cumberland County, N. J., September 2, 1835, and obtained his education in his native State. At the age of seventeen years, in 1852, he came to Carlinville, Ill., where he began learning the carpenter's trade, continuing one year, when he removed to Alton, Ill., there completing his trade. He spent the winter of 1854-55 in Mississippi and Louisiana. He came to Litchfield, Ill., on October 8, 1855, and, after spending six weeks at his trade here, he went to his old home in New Jersey, where he spent the winter of 1855-56. In July, 1856, he returned to Litchfield, and worked as contractor and builder two years, when he went into the furniture and undertaking business, at which he continued about fifteen years, meeting with and meriting excellent success. His first furniture store was located where Boepple's bakery now is, and he afterward did business on the lot now occupied by Mr. ENNIGER. He next built the block where the Regulator is at present. In January, 1874, he retired from the furniture business, and in April of the same year he was elected City Marshal, which office he held one year. He then became a member of the firm of Whitaker & Rogers, in the milling business, continuing about two years. He next leased the Boxberger Mill, and took in as a partner Mr. ROTH, for two years continuing in the milling and grain business, with very excellent success. Mr. WHITAKER is a member of the McWilliams Oil and Mining Company, which began operations in this county in January, 1882. He has been a member of the City Council. On December 25, 1861, he married Mary E. SHORE, sister of Tilman SHORE. Mr. WHITAKER is at present a member of the Litchfield Board of Education. In politics, he is a Republican.

George L. ZINK, was born in Steubenville, Ohio, September 19, 1841. He received an academic education in Jefferson County, Ohio, and devoted his own personal efforts in the study of the languages after leaving school. He began the study of law at seventeen years of age, with J. H. S. TRAINER, of [Page 186] Steubenville, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar at Pomeroy, Ohio, in 1864. In 1862, he enlisted in the Fifty-second Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and participated in the battle of Perryville, Ky., and went as far South as Bowling Green, Ky., where he lay sick until December, 1862, and afterward in the hospital at Louisville; went out on duty again at post headquarters until July, 1863, when he was discharged. He then returned home, taught school for a time, and completed his law studies. In May, 1864, he enlisted for 100 days, and was stationed at Fort Delaware until the expiration of his time of service. He came to Illinois in 1865, and for eight months taught school at Gillespie, and in May, 1866, located in Litchfield, where he has ever since practiced his profession successfully, being admitted to the bar in this State in 1866, and in 1867 was admitted to practice in the Federal Courts. Mr. ZINK was a Republican until 1872, when he joined the liberal movement, and was Presidential Elector for the old Sixteenth District on the Greeley ticket. In 1878, he was nominated and elected by the Democrats as Representative to the Illinois Legislature, from the Thirty-fourth District, composed of Montgomery and Christian Counties.



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