Samuel F. Gammill
There is no broader field for a man to become familiar with the phases of human nature, than in the business of a merchant, nor can one gain a more intimate knowledge of family life, unless it be in the legal profession, and a broad-souled man who is in sympathy with his fellow-creatures has in this calling an unparalleled opportunity for doing good. Especially is this true of once engaged in general merchandise, for one will make many sacrifices of pride and self-respect if one family is in need of the necessities of life, and happy is the man whose position enables him to respond to his generous impulses and relieve these necessities. The gentleman of whom it is our pleasure and privilege to here give a short biographical sketch is a general merchant in the village of Gays being the oldest merchant here who has been thus engaged. He was born in Whitley Township, this State, June 20, 1841, and is a son of Andrew and Jane (Whittes) Gammill, both natives of North Carolina, who with their respective families, moved to Tennessee. Our subject was but two years old at the time of his emigration to that State, having been married thither on horseback from North Carolina to Tennessee, in which county the young people married, and after which in 1832, they emigrated to this State, settling in Whitley Township, being among the first settlers on Whitley Creek. There they entered some land and pursued their calling farming. They continued to reside here, with the exception of the years 1847 and 1848, when they lived in Coles County, one year of which time they made their home in the house built and formerly occupied by Thomas Lincoln, father of Abraham Lincoln. The father of our subject died in 1867, at the age of sixty-seven years. The mother passed away in 1876 at the age of seventy-four years. For years they had been consistent and conscientious members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Eleven children clustered about their fireside and board. One of these died in childhood and ten lived to be grown. They are by name Adaline, Caroline Lucinda, William James, James Newton, Madeline, Louisa, Samuel F. and Nancy L. and Elem W. Adaline married Joseph Hendricks, and died at Ottumwa, Iowa. Caroline married John Shoemaker, of Coles County; Lucinda was united to J. W. Whetstone, of Pomona, Kan. William resides in Woodford, Cal. James was a member of Company E of the Fifth Illinois Cavalry, and died of small pox while in service. James Newton is a resident of Hickman, Neb. Madeline is the wife of John T. Alexander, of Ottawa, Kan. Louisa has been three times widowed, her first husband was George Curry, the second was James Renner, and the third Joseph Hayden. She now resides at Pomona, Kan. Elem W. is the wife of Thomas Kimball of Whitley Township. Our subject was reared upon a farm. His school days were limited but being an ambitious boy and fond of reading, he made up by outside work, many of the deficiencies of his school life. During the early part of the war, soon after the firing of the first gun, our subject enlisted, September 7, 1861, and was mustered into service with company H, of the Seventh Illinois Cavalry. He was mustered out November 4, 1865, having re-enlisted in 1864. He entered as a private, but was advanced to the post of Firsts Lieutenant, having filled all the ranks below, except those of Orderly Sergeant and Second Lieutenant. That long period of bloodshed was one in which our subject lived a life-time of adventure and experience, most of which was of a bloody and terrible character. He was a participant in the following engagements: that of Madron, Mo., Corinth, and was in the lead of Grant's army to Coffeyville, Miss., on the Grierson raid from LaGrange, Tenn., April 16, 1863, and landed at Baton Rouge, La., May 2, 1862. During this march they covered eight hundred and fifty-three miles and the raid is memorable in the memory of him of whom we write as being the hardest trip taken during the war. He was also present at the siege of Ft. Hudson, a participant in the battle of Collierville, Tenn., Campbellville, Tenn., and was with Gen. Smith in Mississippi, starting with his army in February of 1864. The battle of Nashville, Tenn., September 15 and 16, 1864, has left a deep and lasting impression on the memory of our subject. He also took part in several minor engagements.
On returning home, Mr. Gammill resumed farming and in 1869 came to Gays and established his present business house. His marriage took place in 1873 when he was united to Margaret C Wilson, a daughter of John and Charity Wilson. She was born in Ash Grove Township, Shelby county. Four children have been the outcome of this marriage. Their names are Mack, Toal J., Stella May, and one who died in infancy. Mr. Gammill affiliates with the Republican party and in recognition of his loyalty as well as his fitness as a man of intelligence and firm standing in the community, he was appointed Postmaster at Gays, which position he held for twelve years. In his religious preference, he with his wife, is a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. He is one of the thinning ranks of the Grand Army of the Republic, being a veteran who thoroughly enjoys, when at reunions, a recital of the striking experiences that he or other comrades had while in the war. Not slow to recognize bravery in friend or foe, many a piquant and spicy story is at his tongue's end. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Wesley H. Garrett
This worthy and prominent gentleman whose sterling character and many attractive personal qualities, give him an exceptional standing in the community, resides upon section 9, Whitley Township. His honored father, William Garrett, was born in Montgomery County, Ky., about the year I798, and is the son of James Garrett who was probably born in Virginia, and was proud to claim his ancestry from the rugged lands of the Highlands and bagpipes. James Garrett died in Montgomery County, Ky., having lived to the remarkable age of one hundred years and six months. Polly Reid was the maiden name of the mother of our subject, and she was born in Montgomery County, Ky., in 1801. Her father, Joseph Reid, the son of William Reid, died in that county, as did also his father William, whom our subject distinctly remembers as visiting their home when he was nineteen years old. The family is thus on both sides notable for longevity and endurance. William H. Garrett was married in Kentucky and soon after removed to Indiana, but resided there for only a short time, as within a year he returned to Montgomery County and continued to live in that and Clark and Harrison Counties for some years. He finally came to Illinois and spent a year in Whitley Township, Moultrie County, but on account of sickness the family returned again to their native State, and made their home in Harrison County, where the father died about 1857, and the mother passed away in 1886. Their six children are Wesley H., Libby, Susan, Sarah, Joseph and James.
Our subject, who is the oldest in the parental home, was born during their sojourn in Indiana, near the White River, on the 22d of July, 1820. He was but an infant when his parents returned to Kentucky, and the greater part of his boyhood was spent in Harrison County, that State. He received the early training and education of an ordinary Kentucky boy of that period, and made his home with his parents until he was able to establish a home of his own. Wesley Garrett's marriage with Miss Mary E. Baker, took place in Harrison County, her native place, August 23, 1840. This lady was born August 29, 1817, and her wedded life, although it opened with the brightest prospects, soon faded into darkness, as she died July 27, 1841. The second marriage of Mr. Garrett took place in Harrison County, Ky., July 28, 1842, and he was then united with Miss Eliza J. Evans, daughter of David and Mary (Baker) Evans, both natives of Kentucky. Both Mr. and Mrs. Evans died in Harrison County, having been the parents of three children, Eliza J., Cynthia and John. Eliza was born in Harrison County, April 11, 1817.
Eight living children have been born to Wesley H. and Eliza J. Garrett, viz.: James F. who married Anna Cox, and resides in Sullivan Township; William D. who took to wife Melissa Armentrout, and resides in Whitley Township; Green B. who married Eudora Rose, and makes his home in Moultrie County; Solomon F. who was united in marriage with Anna Harrison, and lives in Whitley Township; Mary S. who is the wife of Beal Marsh, of Moultrie County; Robert M. who died in infancy; McArthur, who married Nancy Armentrout, and resides in Whitley Township; Richard O. who took to wife Della Lanham, and makes his home in East Nelson Township, and Cynthia R., who is now Mrs. Joseph Roberts, and lives in Whitley Township.
Mr. Garrett came to Moultrie County in 1850 and settled in Whitley Township, where he has since been one of its most respected and useful residents. There were, however, six months of that time when he lived in East Nelson Township, but soon returned to his first choice. The Christian Church is the religious body with which Mr. and Mrs. Garrett are actively connected, and in it they rejoice to find abroad field for labor and influence. The political views with which Mr. Garrett finds himself in sympathy are most fully expressed in the platform of the Democratic party, and although he is no office seeker yet he has been compelled by the suffrages of his fellow citizens to accept a number of offices of trust and influence. For fourteen years he held the office of School Trustee, and has taken an active part in promoting the educational interest of the township and county. Upon his splendid farm of three hundred and fifteen acres, he has placed excellent improvements, and it is all in a first-class condition. His beautiful home and well-kept barns testify, not only to his enterprise, but his intelligence and culture.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John P. Glasscock
The agricultural community of Whitley Township, Moultrie County, is one of the prime elements in the industrial and financial success of the county. It is notable as being of a superior order, both in intelligence and enterprise and nowhere can be found more efficient farmers or finer-looking farms. Among these capable agriculturists we name with pleasure and pride the gentleman of whom we are now writing.
Asa Glasscock, the father of our subject, was a native of Virginia and his mother, Mary (Penquite) Glasscock was a Pennsylvanian by birth. The Old Dominion was the scene of their marriage and they shortly afterward emigrated to Kentucky settling in Fleming County in 1816 and living there for a number of years. Asa Glasscock finally died in Mason County, Ky., and his wife passed away in Warren County, Ohio. They had eleven children of whom our subject was the youngest.
Fleming County, Ky., is the native home of John P. Glasscock and April 22, 1825 was his natal day. In this county he passed his early years, a little later emigrating to Mason County and afterward to Warren County, Ohio, where he grew to manhood. The varied experiences of his early years and the thorough drill which he received upon the farm added to his natural ability, producing a fine and vigorous young manhood, well equipped to undergo the struggles of life. In Warren County, Ohio, this young man met the lady whom he chose from all the world to be his life companion, and he was married in 1845 to Catherine Crosson, by whom he had five children, namely: Mary C., Sarilda, Margaret E., Catherine S. and one who died in infancy. The lovely mother of these children died while the family still resided in Ohio and somewhat later our subject was married in Warren County to Elizabeth Mount, who also became the mother of five children - George G., Ruth A., Martha A., Frances Anna and U. S. Mrs. Elizabeth Glasscock died in Whitley Township in 1887 upon the 12th of September. It was in 1869 that Mr. Glasscock determined to remove from Ohio to Moultrie County, Ill., and here he settled upon section 16, Whitley Township, where he has ever since been a resident. Upon his farm here he has placed excellent buildings and his home is not only attractively located but is also a place where friendly and social gatherings are held and where neighbors ever feel that they are welcome. Mr. Glasscock has been Highway Commissioner, having filled that office with satisfaction and profit to his township. He has ever taken a fair degree of interest in local politics and is considered one of the sound Republicans of that section of the county. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Many a man who is now a prosperous and successful farmer in Illinois began life as did the subject of our sketch, without means in a material sense and with no endowments except those of his own personality. John Goetz was possessed in boyhood of sturdy health, a determination to succeed and indomitable energy, pluck and perseverance. With these he has achieved a success which is an honor to himself and worthy the consideration of the biographer. Our subject was born in Germany on Christmas day, 1830, and he had his training and education in his native land and there spent his youth and early manhood until he was twenty-three years old. He had heard much of America as a land of freedom and a country where a broader opportunity awaited a young man of enterprise and he resolved to come to this land, and left home and friends in the spring of 1854, landing in New York City and coming directly West. He had learned shoemaking in his native land and in Chicago he spent between three and four years working at this trade.
He finally decided that he preferred country to city life and finding an opening for the employment of his abilities at his trade in Sullivan. Moultrie County, he removed here in the spring of 1858 and was thus employed for about fourteen years. Agricultural pursuits now presented themselves to him as a broader and more promising field of operations, and he purchased a farm on section 34, Marrowbone Township, and removing his family here began its cultivation. Here he has found content and prosperity and now owns five hundred and sixty-seven acres, all in Moultrie County. It was not until after Mr. Goetz came to Sullivan that he entered into a matrimonial alliance. He was here united with Elizabeth Cratz, who was born in Moultrie County, Ill., and who brought to her husband three children. Two died in infancy and the one who is living is Mary, now the wife of Ammon Davis. After the death of Mrs. Elizabeth Goetz her husband was unite in marriage in Marrowbone Township to Mrs. Isabella Daisy, who bore her husband one child, Andon, who died in Marrowbone Township. Mr. Goetz's third wife bore the maiden name of Angie Westfall and her one child was named Perry E.; she also passed from earth in early womanhood and Mr. Goetz then married Eliza Bushart.
Excellent buildings and all the appurtenances necessary for the successful prosecution of farm work have been placed upon Mr. Goetz's farm. He is a member of the Christian Church, and in his political views is in sympathy with no party but is governed in his vote by his own judgment and casts his ballot for the best man for the place. He is public spirited and ever active in the promotion of any movement which looks to the upbuilding of the community either socially or industrially. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Rev. Elliah Gollogher
The work of a minister in the Western States has ever entailed a great degree of severe labor and privation, and the brave men who have undertaken the work of the preacher among new settlements have had abundant opportunity to emulate apostolic self denial and zeal, and have many of them quite undermined their health by the severe efforts which they passed through. Such an one is our subject who now resides in Stewardson, Shelby County, and who was born in Holland Township, March 21, 1841.
Mr. Gollogher is the son of Wesley and Sarah (Middlesworth) Gollogher, who were natives of Fairfield County, Ohio. The paternal grandfather of our subject, Thomas Gollogher, was born in Ireland and came to the United States while a young man. While living in Pennsylvania, he was united in marriage to a lady of German birth and soon removed to Fairfield County, Ohio, where they reared a pioneer family of eight sons and two daughters. Wesley Gollogher was the seventh son in that family, and he like his father, became a farmer by occupation and in 1837 removed to Indiana.
In 1839 the father of our subject came to Shelby County, Ill., and settled in Holland Township, purchasing a small claim and entering some three hundred acres of land. Here he made his home until 1878, when he removed to Shelbyville, where he died January 28, 1880. He and his affectionate and faithful wife had been most harmoniously related in their wedded life and their separation by death was brief, as her passage to the other world took place February 28, 1880, just one month after his. In their religious life they had been connected with the Methodist Church and were valuable and valued workers therein. The children of this worthy couple are Mrs. Mary J. Allen who resides in Wallace, Neb.; Sarah A. who is now Mrs. S. W. Wilson and resides near Shelbyville; Elijah, our subject; Louisa M., married the Rev. David Gay and makes her home in Decatur; Minerva, whose husband, N. P. Smith, is a physician in Paris, Ill.; Thomas J. who resides in Shelby County, and Lucy M. who married H. B. Smith M. D. of Shelbyville.
Farm training and the life of a school boy in the common schools of Shelby County, filled up the early years of our subject, but he did not take all of his education by any means in the school house, for he has carried it on through life as he is an extensive reader and a man who delights in the pursuits of literature which is broadening and improving in its effects upon his mind. In 1866 he left the farm and for six years was in the grocery trade at Shelbyville, after which he returned to the farm for five years.
Elijah Gollogher was but sixteen years old when he gave himself to Christ and became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Being a nominal member of the church did not satisfy him as he became at once an active worker in both church and Sabbath-school, and for many years devoted himself to the work of a local preacher. It was in 1876 when this earnest man became a member of the Illinois Conference, after which he located as pastor at Oconee for two years, at Lovington for two years and one year at Stewardson. Not having had the advantages of a thorough education in his boyhood, he endeavored to supplement this while carrying on his pastoral work, and owing to over exertion his health failed. This obliged him to devote himself again for four years to the cultivation of his farm, after which he became pastor for one year at Bismarck, then for three years at Murdock, and one year at Lerna, but on account of throat trouble he was obliged to leave the ministry permanently and in the fall of 1890 he erected a beautiful residence at Stewardson where he hopes to make his home for life. He owns eighty acres of land in Prairie Township, upon which he is carrying on fruit raising.
The Rev. Mr. Gollogher was married May 22, 1862, to Rebecca E. Young, a daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Wertman) Young, who has proved a faithful and true-hearted companion. This lady was born in Christian County, Ill. The Democratic party commanded the respect and vote of our subject in his early life but it was not long before he decided to ally himself with the organization which placed Abraham Lincoln in the Presidential chair. His deep and serious interest in the cause of temperance leads him now to vote for prohibition and to work for its success in both the moral and political field. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Frank M. Harbaugh
The career of this young gentleman is one which may be reflected upon with profit. He began paddling his own canoe at an early stage of his existence, and after pulling up stream for a season finally found himself in smooth waters, and his course has since been one of uniform prosperity. He is now numbered among the influential lawyers of Sullivan, Moultrie County, where he located in 1883, and after experiencing the ups and downs incidental to the commencement of a professional life, he is on solid footing, with every indication of a prosperous and even brilliant future in the law.
Mr. Harbaugh has known no other home than Moultrie County, and he was born on his father's farm, one mile south of Sullivan, September 4, 1859. As is the usual experience of everyone reared upon a farm, he had few idle moments, even in his boyhood, being employed in aiding his father in the work of sowing and reaping, while he alternated this toilsome labor with attendance in the village school. He decided when quite young to enter upon a professional life, and therefore devoted himself assiduously to gaining knowledge. He entered the law department of the State University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and after taking a thorough course in that institution, he was graduated with the Class of 1880. Soon afterward he was admitted to the bar at the Appelate Court, in Mt. Vernon, Ill. He began practice of his profession in Windsor, whence he removed to Lovington, sojourning in both places about three years, and coming to his present location in 1883. The father of our subject, David Harbaugh, and his grandfather, Jacob, were both natives of Pennsylvania, and of Dutch descent, belonging to that substantial class of people who brought the Keystone State to its present state of development. Jacob Harbaugh grew to manhood upon a farm and in his early prime married a lady by the name of Sinclair. About 1831 they emigrated to Illinois, making the tedious journey overland, as was common in those days, and settling in what is now Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, before the town of Sullivan was laid out. The father purchased Government land, which he improved from the wilderness. Neighbors were very few, the country being sparsely settled, and improvements were only being begun. Amid these primeval scenes Jacob Harbaugh passed his declining years and there he died at a ripe old age.
The father of our subject has always been interested in farming pursuits, and now at the age of sixty-seven years, is hale and hearty, and makes his home in the city of Sullivan. He was married in this county to Miss Elizabeth Smith, a native of this county, who is living and has attained to the age of three-score and five years. Her parents were early settlers of this county and are now deceased. The mother of our subject is a consistent member of the Baptist Church and adorns her profession of faith by a noble and godly life. It may truly be said of her that her children "rise and call her blessed." There were three children in the family circle, of who Leander, the eldest, died young. The surviving member of the family, besides our subject, is Lucretia, wife of Robert M. Peadro, attorney-at-law in Sullivan. Our subject is an enterprising, ambitious young gentleman, who will, undoubtedly, make his way to fortune and fame. In his political views he is a stalwart Democrat, devoted to the success of that party in both national and local affairs, and ever anxious to cast his ballot for the candidates nominated by his chosen party. He served as City Attorney with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of his constituents. He has also been Central Committeeman of the county, and is in various ways connected with the public affairs of this section.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Amid the fertile lands of Lovington Township is a tract of eighty acres belonging to the gentleman abovenamed and devoted by him to general farming. It is pleasantly located on section 24, and is embellished with every necessary structure. To say that the owner is one of the most prominent farmers in the community gives but a slight idea of the respect he commands, for he is looked upon as one of the most intelligent citizens to whatever class they may belong. A good neighbor and a reliable business man, he also merits the gratitude of all who are pleased with the advance of civilization in this section.
Mr. Binkley comes of substantial forefathers. His father, Daniel Binkley, was a native of Perry County, Ohio, and was a chair maker by trade. The mother, whose maiden name was Catherine Zartman, was also a native of Perry County. The worthy couple passed their entire wedded life in Ohio, where the father died in 1868; five years later the mother came to Moultrie County, and died in Lovington Township in 1880. Our subject was the only son in the family, and he had one sister, Amelia A., who became the wife of B. M. Clark and died in Lovington Township in 1881.
The birthplace of our subject is Perry County, Ohio, and his natal day August 25, 1838. His youth was passed uneventfully in conning his lessons at the district school and gaining practical knowledge of the way to conduct a farm. He began the battle of life for himself at an early age and when he was able to establish a home of his own he was married in his native county, September 20, 1868, to Miss Matilda, daughter of John and Charlotte (Jonas) Fisher, natives of Perry County, Ohio. Mr. Fisher followed the occupation of a farmer and died in Perry County, where also his wife passed away. A large family of children had been born to them, ten in number, and Mrs. Binkley was the second in order of birth, having been born in Perry County, Ohio, September 10, 1839.
After his marriage our subject located in Perry County, Ohio, where he engaged in farming. They made their home in the Buckeye State until 1873, when they removed to Moultrie County, Ill.; afterward they removed to Piatt County, whence after a residence of six years, they returned to Moultrie County and located in Lovington Township. Unto him and his estimable wife thirteen children have been born, ten of whom are living, as follows: Amanda C., the wife of George E. Foster; Amelia A., who married Charles Redman; Acta C., the the [sic] wife of Irving Houseworth; William E., Charlotte, Oscar, Liberta, Daniel R., Walker O. and Lambert. The three deceased died in infancy. Mr. and Mrs. Binkley are consistent members of the German Reformed and Lutheran Churches and are active in every benevolent enterprise. He has served the people in several offices, among them that of School Director. He has always followed agriculture and his successful and honorable career is worthy of emulation.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Jacob G. Holderman
Jacob G. Holderman is the junior member of the firm of Scott & Holderman, proprietors of the Bethany Roller Mills, which are noted throughout the State for both quantity and quality of the farinaceous product which they prepare for use. Our subject was located at Bethany where he engaged in business in September, 1887, and has since been a member of the above mentioned firm, which is broadly known as one upon whose word and judgment the greatest reliance may be reposed. Their dealings have always been conducted on such a basis as to win the confidence of all with whom they are connected. He of whom we write was born in Montgomery County, Ohio, January 6, 1850, and is a son of Joseph and Amanda (Wampler) Holderman, natives of Ohio and Maryland, respectively. He is the third in order of birth in a family of four children. His early life was passed on a farm in his native county. It is not his privilege to enjoy an extended education, though he was fond of books and made excellent use of his time at school. At the age of twenty years he went to the city of Indianapolis where he learned the milling business with the Gibson Milling Company. He remained in the employ of this company for four years, after which he went to Cincinnati and was in the employ of Root & Co., for one year. Thus fully drilled and equipped with a knowledge of the business which he had chosen as that to which he should devote himself, our subject came to Decatur, Ill., where he was in the employ of D. S. Shellebarger & Co., millers. After that he came to Bethany, Moultrie County, and became associated with A. B. Scott as partner in a milling business of their own. His career was begun by a thorough and complete overhauling of the entire mill, and in this work Mr. Holderman showed himself to be master of the mechanical workings of the business. When his work was finished the place was in first-class shape and besides being engaged as manufacturers they carry on a merchant and exchange business. The firm also deals largely in grain. Our subject was married in 1879 to Miss Maggie Campbell, at the time of their marriage a resident of Indianapolis but a native of Scotland, and a daughter of Andrew Campbell. With her Mr. Holderman enjoyed but four years of marital felicity, her decease taking place in 1883. She left one little daughter whose name is Marjery. Five years later Mr. Holderman was again married, taking as his companion a sister of his first wife, whose given name is Mai. Their marriage was celebrated November 14, 1888. Mrs. Holderman is an intelligent and bright woman whose wholesome presence animates and invigorates those who are brought into communication with her. In his political life he of whom we write is a Democrat. Socially, he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and also of the Modern Woodmen of America. Mr. Holderman is liberal in his religious belief; his wife, however, is a member of the Presbyterian Church, in which she is an energetic and ardent worker, both for the support of the local organization and spreading of the Gospel teachings.
The father of our subject, Joseph Holderman, pursued farming as a business until the breaking out of the Civil War, when he entered the service with a regiment from Indianapolis and served four years as trainmaster. After the war he was engaged as a contractor and builder at Indianapolis, during which he led a busy life. He is spending his declining years at Troy, Ohio. Our subject's mother died at Bunker Hill, Ind., in 1857. Of the parental family John M. was a soldier in the Union army during the Civil War, and was thus engaged for three years, in which time he did honorable and effective service. After leaving the army he became a railroad man, being yardmaster at Lorain, Ohio, where he died when about forty years of age; George H. is Superintendent of the fire alarm and telegraph at Indianapolis, Ind., and Orlando is a farmer at Bunker Hill, Ind.
The paternal grandparents of our subject came from Pennsylvania at an early day and settled on the site now occupied by the National Soldiers' Home at Dayton, Ohio, the grandfather pursued the calling of farming and was also a butcher and cattle dealer. Jacob G. Holderman, our subject, has been very successful thus far in his career and, being a comparatively young man, he has a right to expect a greater degree of success to crown his plans and efforts for the future. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William Calvin Holton
William Calvin Holton, a retired farmer residing at Arthur, became a resident of Moultrie County, in 1871, at which date he settled on section 2, Lowe Township. He was born in Claiborne County, Tenn., February 20, 1835, his honored parents being James W. and Martha (Goines) Holton, both of whom had their birth in Tennessee. In 1847 the family removed from the State to Pulaski County, Ky., where the mother was called from them by death some thirty years ago. The bereaved father remained there with his family for many years, but in 1888 came to Illinois and died in Moultrie County, not long after his removal to this State. He had a truly patriarchal family of nine daughters and three sons, William being the eldest of the sons. Our subject was twelve years old when the family settled in Kentucky and he there grew to a vigorous young manhood, receiving a practical drill upon the farm which has ever been of benefit to him both physically and in a business way. Amanda J. Thurman, a lovely young Kentucky lady, became his bride January 14, 1855, she was born in December 25, 1835, and is the daughter of Marshall Thurman, who was well known in that region.
Young Mr. Holton came to the Prairie State ten years after his marriage and renting land in Douglas County continued there until 1871; when he removed to Moultrie County and settled upon a beautiful tract of unimproved land, to which he gave his undivided attention and which he brought from its wild condition to its present productive and highly cultured state. He is now the owner of two elegant farms, comprising some two hundred and thirty acres in all and upon each of them he has placed excellent improvements. In the spring of 1889 he removed to the village of Arthur although he still continued to carry on the farm until 1891 when he placed it in the hands of a tenant. He is now enjoying the pleasant home which he built for himself in Arthur and without the care of a farm is receiving the benefits of his former labors and enterprise. The five children who have blest this home are John R., Lucy (wife of George Ketzel), William, Hattie (Mrs. A. Kinney), and Cordelia. The principles of the Republican party very clearly define the political views of Mr. Holton and his earnest efforts and advocacy are given to securing the success of this party. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Walter K. Hoover, M.D.
This gentleman and physician, who is a resident of Lovington, Moultrie County, is the son of the late David Hoover, who was born in Belmont County, Ohio, in 1824. His mother was Sarah Calhoun, also a native of Belmont County, Ohio. She was born in 1820. They first settled in Belmont County and afterward in Guernsey County and thence went to Macon County, this State, in 1864. He was a farmer by occupation. He died in Macon County, Ill., in July, 1890, and his wife preceded him some years to the better land. They were the parents of three children, two sons and one daughter, of whom our subject was the second child.
Dr. Hoover was born in Guernsey County, Ohio, June 2, 1855. He was only nine months old when his parents came to Macon County. Ill., where he grew to manhood and where he lived until 1888. He received his education in the common schools and in the Wesleyan University at Bloomington, Ill., at which time he took up the study of medicine, but on account of ill health was obliged to relinquish his studies for awhile, but afterwards resumed them entering Rush Medical College, Chicago, in 1880, where he graduated in 1888. Soon afterward he settled in Lovington, where he has been ever since engaged in the practice of his profession. He enjoys an excellent practice and has the confidence of the community. He remained on the farm until he was age, then and for about eight years engaged in trading and studying. He worked his way through and is a self-reliant man. He was married at Maroa, Ill., October 23, 1889, to Miss Effie S. Bean, who was born in Morgan County, Ill., July 8, 1865. Her father was Joseph Bean, and her mother was Ellen Pratt. They are residents of Macon County, Ill. He is a farmer by occupation. Dr. Hoover has buried one child who died in infancy. He has been an active member of the Methodist Church since 1873. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of the Knights of Pythias, of which he is a leading member.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
An honorable citizen and a thorough business man, a practical mechanic, and the representative of a worthy family is to be found in Isaac Horn, who is now a farmer and stock-grower residing on section 29, Sullivan Township. He was born in Washington County, Pa. July 30, 1832. His parents John and Mary M. (Gantz) Horn, as well as his paternal grandparents were natives of Pennsylvania, while the great-grandparents on that side came from Germany.
The subject of this sketch worked with his father upon the farm in Pennsylvania until he reached the age of nineteen years, when he worked at the carpenter's trade until 1870, at which time he made his permanent home on a farm in Moultrie County, Ill. It was in 1865 when he came to Illinois and on account of failing health being obliged to stop his mechanical work he decided to settle upon a farm. For several years past he has done but little more than to superintend his various interests in Moultrie County. The marriage of Mr. Horn, February 13, 1870, united him with Miss Barbara A. Hudson, a daughter of J. J. Hudson, for whose family history, the reader will please see the sketch of Isaac Hudson upon another page. Of the Horn family there were twelve children born, seven sons and five daughters, namely: Martin, who resides on a farm in Knox County, Ohio; George C., who lives on the old homestead in Washington County, Pa., which was entered from the Government by the great-grandfather of our subject; two girls who died in early childhood; Hugh N., who resides in Henry County, Iowa and is engaged in farming; our subject; Mary M., the widow of W. M. D. Price, who resides in California; Hannah, who married first Eleven Alva, who died in 1868, and is now Mrs. Squire Woodruff; Jacob, who enlisted in a cavalry organization afterward known as the Ringold Cavalry, and having served three years died a few days after the expiration of his term of service, passing away in Clarysville Hospital, Md.; John, who died in Pennsylvania when sixteen years old; Sarah Maria, wife of George Coogle who resides in her native county and William M. who owns a portion of the old homestead in Pennsylvania a fine tract of three hundred and four acres which was divided between George and William.
Isaac Horn was the financier of the family and in his early days undertook the difficult task of saving the old homestead from the relentless hand of a security debt which was contracted by the father. By dint of a tremendous effort and the sacrifice of years of his early manhood the property was saved and he afterward sold his interest, as did the other heirs, to the two brothers. The parents passed away in Pennsylvania. To our subject and his estimable wife six children came: the eldest, a son, died in early infancy; the second a girl died when nine months old; Leslie C., was born August 3, 1877; Doy O., February 3, 1882; Earl A., April 12, 1884; and Chester July 3, 1886. When Mr. Horn came to Illinois in 1865, he brought with him the results of his savings at the carpenter's bench and his share from the sale of the old homestead, making in all about $7,000. This he invested in lands and improvements in Sullivan Township. Mrs. Horn had inherited two hundred and seventeen acres and to this her husband has added at different times by purchase until they now own eight hundred and sixty-two acres of fine farming and timber lands. Fine improvements and good buildings are upon the place. One of their farms, a tract of three hundred and five acres, located near Sullivan, is usually rented out on shares. This gentleman has ever taken a thoroughly intelligent interest in public affairs and his political convictions have led him to ally himself with the Republican party, but office he has never sought and has often declined, as he prefers home-life and the quiet pursuit of agriculture to the turmoil of the political arena. He has accumulated a fine property, the income from which will afford him and his family a good living during their lives. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
One of the residents and most prominent men of Lovington who has made himself felt in the commercial life of the town is he whose name is at the head of this sketch. Although an American by birth and education, he is of German ancestry and has always brought to bear in his business dealings the good common sense and thorough business principles for which that nation of people is noted. His father was Christian Hostetler and his mother, Elizabeth (Hardman) Hostetler. The former was a victim of the cholera and died in 1831. Our subject's mother passed away from this world to a better land, in Orange County, Ind. They were the parents of four sons and five daughters and of these our subject was the eighth child in the order of birth. He was born in Orange County, Ind., February 9, 1826. The original of our sketch grew to manhood on the home farm and in the latter part of 1852 he came to Moultrie County and settled near the village of Lovington, where he purchased a farm and thereafter engaged in agricultural pursuits until about 1872 when he removed to the village of Lovington, and embarked in the grain business, afterward adding the lumber business to his interests and later, enlarging his business so that it included grain, lumber and hardware, and was thus engaged for several years. He has not, however, been actively engaged in business for the past few years, confining his attention to the care of his estate and a general oversight of the banking business which is now operated by his son, Leonard G. Hostetler and S. P. Drake. The firm is run under the name of Drake, Hostetler & Son. They carry on a general banking business and do a large and flourishing business. Our subject was married in Orange County, Ind., 1849, to Miss Elizabeth Harman, who is a native of the same county in which she was married, her birth occuring [sic] May 12, 1829. Mr. and Mrs. Hostetler are the parents of four children. The eldest of these is a daughter, Margaret, who is the wife of Samuel S. Boggs. Calvin E., married Miss Ella Bowers, and has set up a home for himself, being engaged in farming in Moultrie County, this State. Leonard G. is engaged in the banking business in Lovington. The youngest son, William, died when about seven years of age. The gentleman of whom we write has filled the office of School Director and has been a member of the Village Board. In his political preference he is a Republican, being one with that party in his opinions as regards tariff, currency and other planks of the party platform. Our subject and his estimable and amiable wife are members of the Christian Church and are generous supporters and ardent and interested workers in the upholding of Gospel truths. Mr. Hostetler is the fortunate possessor of nearly one thousand acres of land, most of which is located in Lovington Township. He is also the owner of valuable property in the village of Lovington. When actively engaged in farming, he made a specialty of stock-raising and the foundation of his fortune was laid in this way. He, of whom we write, and his wife are numbered among the representative people of Lovington Township, and although financially they stand among the best people in the county, money is not all in all to them, for they number among their friends more people whose intelligence and culture is preeminent, than any other class. Mr. Hostetler is a broad minded and intelligent man to whom the current topics of the day, both general and local, are very interesting and in which he is always well posted. A good conversationalist, knowing what to say, and being above petty gossip, he is at the same time a sympathetic, attentive and interested listener to any one who may have something that is worth listening to.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Isaac Hudson, of the law firm of Spitler & Hudson, and Master in Chancery, was born in Moultrie County, Ill., January 8, 1867, and is the son of J. J. and Susan (Souther) Hudson. The parents, who were natives respectively of Virginia and Kentucky were quite young when they came to Illinois and settled in what is now Moultrie County. Jeremiah Souther, our subject's maternal grandfather, secured some Government land in Moultrie County, and after making extensive improvements and becoming the owner of about eight hundred acres, died in March, 1889, at the age of eighty-seven years. He was a man of great influence in his community, and his death, which occurred in Shelby County, was widely mourned. He was twice married and his second wife, who still survives, makes her home on the farm in Shelby County. The father of our subject was born in April, 1810, and accompanied Mr. Souther to Illinois in the early 1830s. He immediately set to work to gain a livelihood and so successful was he in his efforts that at the time of his death, January 3, 1875, he was the owner of about one thousand acres of splendid land. His property was in Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, where he spent his active life. Politically he was a Democrat, and religiously a member of the Christian Church. He was ever a liberal contributor to charitable purposes and no man worthy of his confidence was ever unkindly turned away when he sought a favor at the hands of J. J. Hudson. The wife of J. J. Hudson was the daughter of his benefactor with whom he had come to Illinois and afterward resided. This most estimable woman passed from the busy scenes of earth May 15, 1874, at the age of forty-six years, having been born in 1828. In her early girlhood she had united with the Christian Church and in that faith she died. For some years before her demise she had been an invalid and passed away, the victim of consumption. A good and noble woman, and a true helpmate, she was mourned not only by those nearest to her, but by the neighbors and friends who still hold her memory dear. She was the mother of eleven children, six of whom died young. Laura died March 30, 1891, the wife of J. H. Michael; Barbara is the wife of Isaac Horn, a well-to-do farmer and stock-raiser of this county; Jerry chose as his wife Addie Wheeler and is a successful farmer and stock-raiser of Lovington Township: Sarah became the wife of Samuel Elder, a prominent farmer of Sullivan Township.
Under careful influences at home our subject was reared and the good common-school education which he obtained from the home schools was supplemented by a thorough course in the Christian College at Eureka, this State, an institution of prominence and influence. In 1888 he began the study of law with his present partner and after a thorough course of reading he was admitted to practice at the bar of Illinois. He was appointed Master in Chancery in December, 1888, and fills the office to the general satisfaction. He owns a fine property divided into three good farms and aggregating three hundred and twenty acres. He also has invested some in city property in Sullivan and possessing good judgment, will undoubtedly attain prominence in political and public affairs in the State. His political convictions are strongly with the Republican party, and he is ever interested in matters of public interest and is wide awake to the progress of the town. Mr. Hudson was married September 9, 1891 to Miss Kate Evans of Sullivan who is also proud to claim Moultrie County as her birthplace. Mrs. Hudson is the daughter of Benjamin Evans, deceased, and possesses the nobility of mind and geniality of disposition which wins her friends The citizens of the community, who are proud of the acquaintance of herself and Mr. Hudson, wish them every happiness in the union upon which they have recently entered.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John E. Jennings
John E. Jennings, State's Attorney and City Attorney of Sullivan, Moultrie County, and a member of the law firm of Jennings & Huff, is a native of Moultrie County, where he was born March 9, 1864. He belongs to one of the prominent families of the county. His father, Benjamin Jennings, is a native of Ohio, and his grandfather and great-grandfather also bore the name of Benjamin Jennings. The latter came of English parentage and it is not unlikely that he was born in England. His boyhood days, however, were spent in Massachusetts, and he died in Pennsylvania. During the Revolutionary War he served in the Colonial Army. The grandfather of our subject, a native of the Keystone State, emigrated to Ohio and in 1853, came with the father of our subject to Illinois, making a settlement in Marrowbone Township, Moultrie County. He died in 1867, at the home of his son in Lovington Township. On first coming to Illinois, Benjamin Jennings, father of John E., was employed as an engineer in a grist and sawmill. He had learned the business in Ohio and was a practical machinist. After some years he removed to Lovington, where he operated a mill for a time and then located on a farm in the township of that name, some ten miles northwest of Sullivan. Afterward removing to the city, he became one of the partners in the Sullivan Woolen Mills, with which he was connected until 1887, when the factory was abandoned and the machinery shipped to Canada, while the building is now being used as an elevator. Since that time Benjamin Jennings has lived a retired life. He continues his residence in Sullivan where he is a very prominent citizen. He has been connected with the public interests in many ways and has acceptably filled a number of positions of trust. He was a member of the first city council in 1873, was re-elected in 1875, again in 1877 and in 1879. On the expiration of that last term he was elected Mayor of the city and had previously filled an unexpired term for one year. The Democratic party finds in him a stanch advocate, and his labors in its behalf have aided greatly in its success. With the best interests of the county he has been identified and his works are well deserving of mention in the county's history.
Benjamin Jennings was united in marriage with Miss Eleanor Caddington, a lady of Scotch-Irish descent. She died at her home in Sullivan in 1877, in the faith of the Baptist Church of which she had long been a member In the family were eleven children, seven of whom are yet living - Addie R., at home; Aza, who wedded Emily McCraig and is living in Sullivan; W. Henry, who married Dolly Harris of Sullivan, and is an electrician employed by the Kester Electrical Company of Terre Haute, Ind.; Lucy M., at home; Samuel, who is married and is connected with the abstract office in Fresno, Cal.; John E., of this sketch; and Hillory, who is foreman of the Canton Register, of Canton, Ill. He married Minnie Tichenor. The sons are all Democrats and the family is one well worthy of mention in the RECORD.
The subject of this sketch acquired his education in the public schools and was graduated from the Sullivan High School. Wishing to engage in the practice of law he entered the office of Meeker & Smyzer, under whose direction he pursued his studies for two years, when he was admitted to the bar at the Appellate Court at Springfield, January 21, 1887, Judges Wall, Conger and Pleasant officiating. He was licensed by the Supreme Court, Judge Scott presiding, and was one of a class of sixteen, self-made young men, who, though none had ever attended law school, fitted themselves for legal practice by their own efforts and won a place among legal practitioners. Mr. Jennings had attained his majority only a short time previous to his admission to the bar. Soon after he was recommended by the court and received the appointment of Assistant State Attorney of his county, a position which he filled until his election as State's Attorney. He was admitted to the United States District Court in January, 1890, and the following March, the firm of Jennings & Huff was formed. They do a general law business, making a specialty of criminal law and although little more than a year has passed since the organization of the firm these young lawyers, men of ability and enterprise have won for themselves a prominent place at the bar. Mr. Jennings is also Notary Public. In politics, he is a Democrat and a stanch advocate of the party principles. In his youth, he learned the trade of a manufacturer of woolen goods, acquainting himself with every branch of the business and could now, if necessary, fill any position in a woolen factory, but unless something unforeseen happens, he will continue his efforts at the bar, where he is meeting with such excellent success.
Mr. Jennings joined Company C, of the Eighth Regiment Illinois National Guards as a private, but was soon promoted to Sergeant was afterward elected Second and then First Lieutenant, and in 1886, was elected Captain of the Company, a position which he filled for two years. He was thus serving when called to duty during the time of the great St. Louis strike in 1886. He has met with his regiment at every annual encampment at Camp Lincoln, Springfield, Col. Relley M. Smith, of Greenup, Ill., being Commander of the regiment. The following have served as Captain of the company: Alvin P. Green, George Chapman, Samuel Jennings, John E. Jennings, and Adolph T. Jenkins. Mr. Jennings is one of the prominent and enterprising young business men of Sullivan, who, unaided by capital or influential friends, is working his way upward to an honorable and enviable position. He has not yet married but makes his home with his father and two sisters. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Although the competition in the agricultural business is vastly more year by year, new and improved methods and the aid which science has extended to the farmer, with the carrying facilities offered by railroads which are stretching out in every direction in an intricate net work that covers every needy agricultural region, make the production so much greater, and the choice of markets so much easier that the virgin freshness of the prairie soil and early advantage is more than counter balanced There is not so much drudgery in the life of a farmer now as formerly. He can live and enjoy it having time to perceive about him the beauties of nature, and to enter into sympathy with every branch of his calling. Our subject is one who appreciates the new method of agricultural proprietorship, and the farm of which he is owner, located on section 25, Lovington Township shows evidence that he has put into practice his theories upon this subject.
The original of our sketch is the son of David Jones who was a native of Cumberland County, Ky. His mother was Elizabeth Fiscus, also a native of that county. The removed at an early day to Morgan County, Ind., and there lived for forty years. Their decease took place at their homestead. Our subject was the second in order of birth in the parental family, which comprised eight children. He was born October 2, 1837, in Morgan County, Ind., and was reared in his native place, remaining under the home roof until he came to Illinois in 1862.
Upon his advent into this State, he of whom we write at once came to Moultrie County and settled in Lovington Township, where he has since been a resident. The next most important event in his career, was his marriage, which took place in the village of Lovington, July 26, 1863. His bride was Miss Mary E. Clore, a daughter of Allen Clore, for whose history see biographical sketch in another part of this volume. Mrs. Jones was born in Lovington Township, May 1, 1844, and until her marriage lived at home, learning the accomplishments that were then fashionable for young ladies. But two children have come to gladden the home and be the prop and comfort of their parents' declining years. They are by name Stanton A. and Lucy E.
The original of our sketch has always devoted himself to the calling of a farmer and before he came to this State, while as a young man he had been well trained in the processes and methods by which agricultural life could be made financially successful, and since then by the introduction of improved machinery, he has learned how it can also be made pleasant and not so arduous as formerly. He is the owner here of eighty acres of land which is under good improvement. It is well located and fenced, and has a good class of buildings. The home is built for comfort rather than for show, and serves its purpose well. He has good barns and a fine grade of stock. Politically he is an adherent of the Republican party and the lines of argument in governmental affairs are such as appeal to him as being the most reasonable and those that will conduce to the general growth of every department of life in the United States. He has held several local positions in the Township, having been School Director, which position has been most satisfactorily filled. Mr. and Mrs. Jones are both members of the Christian Church, and are a warm hearted, generous people, ready to assist in any measure that promises to benefit either needy individuals or he general mass of humanity.
Mr. Jones enlisted in the War of the Rebellion, March 1, 1865, in Company H, of the Eighteenth Illinois Regiment. He first entered the army as a private and was soon promoted to the position of Corporal. He was engaged in service for one year and was mustered out at Pine Bluff, Ark., after which he returned to his old home in Moultrie County, where he has ever since been a resident. He is a member of Post No, 354 of G. A. R. in Lovington. A quiet and unpretentious man, our subject is one whose example and precepts cannot but have their weight in any community, and it is needless to say that they have been felt for good here in Lovington Township. He and his family are among the most highly respected residents in the Township. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
James H. Jones
It is often been observed that while our foreign-born residents do not always readily accommodate themselves to the genius of our country, that descendants in the immediately following generation possess peculiar qualities of intellect and executive ability, which bring them into prominent places in our American civilization. It seems that the vigor acquired during many generations of quiet, settled life in the Old World, stimulated by the unprecedented activity of the American atmosphere and institutions, produced most valuable results. The subject of our sketch, who resides in Lowe Township, Moultrie County, has this peculiar advantage, as his father, William Jones, was a native of Wales, while he was born and reared in this country.
The mother of our subject bore the maiden name of Martha Keyes and was a native of Virginia, although she was living in Highland County, Ohio, when she met and married William Jones. They spent together more than a golden half-century in wedded life, most of this time being passed in Fairfield County, whence they removed in their later years to Attica, Seneca County, Ohio. Eleven children blessed this happy union, five sons and six daughters, and our subject was the youngest son and ninth child, being born in Madison Township, Fairfield County, Ohio, December 5, 1836.
James H. Jones spent his early years much after the fashion of that day with farmer boys and received the best education which the advantages of the neighborhood afforded. His father owned and managed a small farm, although he was also a Presbyterian minister. His son grew to manhood in Fairfield County and remained there until the fall of 1856, when he decided to seek the Prairie State and came to Coles County, where he resided about a year and then returned to his old home in Ohio. One year later he returned to Coles County and was living there when the war broke out, and with him as with thousands of young men, this important epoch in our country's history changed the whole current of his life. It seemed the most natural thing in the world to this young man, who had thoroughly enjoyed the blessings of freedom and who had been trained in a patriotic love for his country's flag and honor, that he should spring to defend that flag when rebellious hands had trailed it in the dust, and in August, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, Eighty-Eighth Illinois Infantry, and served until June 9, 1865, when he was mustered out of the service. His record in the army is one of participation in numerous conflicts and weary marches and he saw the smoke of battle at Perryville, Ky., Stone River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Rocky Face Ridge, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and at Atlanta, besides others of less note. His army experience is a part of his life of which he has just reason to be proud and he cherishes the memory of those days with ardor and enthusiasm. He is prominently identified with Post No. 194, G. A. R., at Arthur.
When "the piping times of peace" returned this young man came again to Coles County and resided there for some two years, but in the spring of 1868 removed to Moultrie County and made his home on section 5, Lowe Township, where he has since been so useful and prominent a citizen. He had learned the carpenter's trade in Ohio when a young man and followed it in connection with farming for some time after coming to Moultrie County. Of late years he has given up his trade and devoted his attention entirely to farming, having the management of his farm, a tract of eighty acres.
Previous to the war Mr. Jones had been married to Miss Mary Ann Miller, who was born near Columbus, Ohio, January 27, 1842. Their wedding occurred in Moultrie County, May 9, 1859, and to them were granted eight children. Their first born, who bore the name of the martyred President, Lincoln, died in infancy and the following remained to them: Charles W., John N., Lucy C., James E., Sherman, Frank and Ida M. The mother of these sons and daughters died in Lowe Township, February 7, 1880.
The present Mrs. Jones, who is an earnest and active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and a woman of sterling character and high intelligence, became the wife of our subject in Moultrie County, June 15, 1884, being at the time of her marriage to this gentleman the widow of Mr. John Rigg. Her maiden name was Diantha Brabham, being a daughter of John P. Brabham, whose biographical sketch will be found elsewhere in this Record. By her first marriage she became the mother of four children: Vesta J., Norton M., Arthur and one who died in infancy. She was born in Washington County, Ohio. March 13, 1842, and has made her home through life in Ohio and Illinois. The high intelligence and genuine interest which Mr. Jones takes in matters of public importance have secured to him the confidence and esteem of the residents of this township and he has occupied the position of Supervisor of Lowe Township, first by appointment and afterward by election, for more than two terms. He has also served two terms as Township Assessor, and his twelve years of service as Highway Commissioner and School Director have been years of progress in the direction of education and convenience to the traveling public. He is well read on political themes and takes his stand with the Republican party, being active in its support and having great faith in its possibilities.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
One of the substantial farmers of the township and a man who, having had experience in two countries in his chosen calling, and having profited by the example and results in original experiments among the Germans in an agricultural way. Mr. Kanitz has been enabled to make a success of buccolic life, that while it has not been void of pleasure and beauty, has been an advantage to him pecuniarily. He is now a resident on section 34, of Lowe Township, Moultrie County, whereon he has a fine farm that boasts of the best improvements. It is as fertile and prolific as constant cultivation and intelligent care will make it. Mr. Kanitz is a native of Germany, as his name would indicate, having been born in Saxony, March 26, 1830, and being a son of Godfried and Theresa Kanitz. There were seven children in the family, four sons and three daughters and of these three sons were attracted to the United States by the superior advantages that is offered young men who are industrious and ambitious to acquire homes and fortunes for themselves. The three who came hither are Charles, who is a farmer in Moultrie County. Edward, who, however, was killed by lightning in Christian County, this State, and our subject.
The original of our sketch passed his boyhood on the farm in his native land, and in addition to the manifold duties of the farmer's lad, which he early learned, he acquired the miller's trade, and having this for his main resource. In 1853, accompanied by his brother Charles, he came to the United States. Their passage hither was made in a sailing vessel which landed in New Orleans, and in that strange cosmopolitan city, they met many of their own countrymen, and divers were the advices given the young men as to the best place to locate, but with a customary German confidence in one's own judgment, they determined to decide that important matter for themselves. They went to St. Louis and were occupied in that city as common laborers. At the time, our subject was afflicted with that dread disease which attacks many foreigners who have not yet become acclimated, and many a time, while shaking with ague, has he longed for his native land, but he was in the position of the general who had burned his bridges behind him, for he was without money, and so obliged to remain here.
In 1854, he of whom we write came to this State and located in Sangamon County, where he was engaged for several years as a farm hand. From there he went to Marion County, and four years later, in 1871, he came to Moultrie County, first settling in Arthur, where he purchased some land a part of which however, he donated for railroad purposes. In 1874 he traded this land for that which he now owns in Lowe Township. He is now the proprietor of three hundred and sixty acres of good land which bears fair improvement. Although he is a general farmer, for some years he has followed stock-raising and in that specialty has made great advancement in the breeding of fine stock. Mr. Kanitz, while in St. Louis, took upon himself the responsibilities and obligations of married life. In 1856 he was married to Caroline Hines, who was born in Lowenstein, Germany. She came with our subject and one brother to this county, and the friendship that was formed on the way over ripened into an affection that ended in a wedding. Mr. Kanitz's brother, with whom she came hither, was by name Frank Hines who died later Montana.
Mr. and Mrs. Kantiz are the parents of nine children whose names are Richard, Frank, Henry, Joseph, Charles, Emma, Josephine, Ella and Anna. They are all bright and intelligent young people, who are bound to make themselves a place in the world. Politically our subject is a Democrat, his early training preparing him for a recognition of the merits and advantages of that party. In his church relations, he with his amiable and admirable wife who has ever been a loving and tender help-mate to him and a fond and careful mother is a Baptist. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John A. Kern
John A. Kern, a prosperous farmer of Moultrie County, resides on section 21, Whitley Township. His residence in this residence in this county dates from 1858, at which time his advent here was made from Indiana. He was born in Lawrence County, Ind., November 14, 1836, and his parents were Edward and Polly Ann (Rice) Kern, natives of Gallatin County, Ky. In that county they were married and about two years after that important event in their lives they removed to Lawrence County, Ind., where they settled on a farm. There they died, the father at the age of fifty-five and the mother when sixty-seven years old. They welcomed the coming of eight children to their home and fireside, six of whom lived to be grown. The names of the children of whom our subject is one, are respectively: Sophia, David S., John A., James B., Susan E. and Newton J. The survivors of these have reached man's and woman's estate and have taken honorable positions in society. Sophia married Anderson Boadinghamer and resides in Lawrence, Ind., on a part of the old homestead. David S. died in February, 1858, at Indianapolis, Ind. Susan E. is the wife of Thomas Ray and resides in Lawrence County, in her native State. Newton J. lives on the old homestead. The subject of our sketch was reared on the home farm and received his education in the common schools of his district. He was a careful and conscientious student and became well posted in all the common branches of learning. In 1858 he taught the school in his home district and soon afterward came to this State and was engaged in teaching in this county in East Nelson Township. While there he formed the acquaintance of Ann E. Armentrout and in March 1860, she became his wife. She was a daughter of Philip Armentrout and was born in Whitley Township, August 4, 1842. After marriage Mr. Kern rented a tract of land which he operated for four years and in 1865 he purchased the land upon which he at present resides, which was at the time entirely new, never having been cut by the plow. He is now the owner of two hundred and fifty acres of land upon which he has placed fine improvements, having a good residence and commodious barns and out buildings.
Mr. Kern has been twice married. His first wife died March 4, 1884, having been the mother of eight children, six who have appreciated the advantages of education and in this respect have made all efforts to obtain every advantage. Ollie J. is Principal of a school at Cherry Valley, this State; James R. is a farmer and resides in Indiana; Minnie M., who is a teacher by profession, is at present in Germany, where she has gone to complete her education in Hanover, desiring to give her attention to the teaching of the German language. Eunice F., who is also a teacher, lives at home, as do her brothers John F. and Charles. On October 11, 1886, our subject was again married, this union being with Miss Laura Pedro, a daughter of Bayless Pedro, a resident of Shelby County. By her Mr. Kern is the father of two children, only one of whom, however, is living, a son, whose name is Vernon H. Politically our subject is a Republican, having joined forces with that party on its formation and being loyal to it in every respect. He has been a member of the School Board, in which capacity he has done efficient work, being a broad, liberal-minded and progressive man in all his ideas, and especially concerning education. He is a member of the Christian Church, while his wife belongs to the Baptist Church.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
The great commonwealth of Illinois is the home of many self-made men, but none whose lives afford a better example of untiring industry, faithfulness and zeal in personal affairs, than can be found in the subject of this brief biographical notice. He owns and occupies a farm in Moultrie County, consisting of one hundred and twenty acres pleasantly located on section 10, Lowe Township. He has erected thereon a comfortable and substantial dwelling, good barns and other out-buildings, and is successfully carrying on mixed farming. He and his faithful wife have done much hard work, and their home is the result of labor upon which they may well look back with mingled feelings of sorrow and joy.
Germany is the native home of Mr. Landgrebe, and he was born June 28, 1839. His parents also natives of the Fatherland, bore the names of Jacob and Christine (Fisher) Landgrebe. After their marriage in Germany they settled first in their native land, whence they removed in 1857 to America. Their first home in the United States was in Sangamon County, Ill., where they sojourned until 1866, being employed as farmers. Thence they removed to Moultrie County and settled in Lowe Township, where the mother died August 3, 1878. The father still survives and makes his home in Lowe Township. Through his unceasing efforts he has become well-to-do, and better than worldly prosperity, has by his honorable dealings and upright life, gained the confidence of all.
The birth of Martin Landgrebe took place in Germany, June 8, 1839, and he was the third of the eight children born to his parents. When his father and mother crossed the broad Atlantic to make a home in America, he accompanied them and with them located first in Sangamon County, and later in Moultrie County. His youth was passed in much the usual manner of farmers' boys at that early day, and the education which he gleaned from the ordinary text books of the times, while not extensive, was very thorough. Through subsequent reading he has become well informed on all subjects of importance, and being a pleasant conversationalist, is very popular. The presiding genius in the home of Mr. Landgrebe is the lady who became his wife October 1, 1863, and who was known in maidenhood as Sarah Ann Harbur. She is the daughter of Levi and Mary (Sawyer) Harbur who died in Sangamon County, Ill. Mrs. Landgrebe was born in Sangamon County, February 16, 1845, and received not only a good common-school education, but also that careful home instruction which fitted her for the duties of wifehood and motherhood and have given her a prominent place in the society of this locality. Of the eleven children born to them, six are living, viz: Mary C., born August 5, 1865, and is the wife of John Schable; Jacob L., born December 17, 1866, who married Ruth Shonkwilea; Lana E., born April 3, 1871; Joseph W., September 6, 1873; Benjamin F., December 29, 1877; and Daisy D., February 16, 1882.
Mr. Landgrebe dates his arrival in this county from the year 1867, when he settled on section 10, Lowe Township. He has embellished his farm with all modern improvements and buildings, and has placed the entire tract under good cultivation. He has taken an active part in local affairs, votes Democratic ticket, and has held the offices of Highway Commissioner and School Director a number of years, and is now School Trustee to the satisfaction of all concerned. A devout Christian, his membership is in the Missionary Baptist Church, where he is a Deacon. He holds a prominent place among the people of this section, and is generally respected for his honorable dealings and good character. Our subject is one of the first settlers in this township, and when he first came here the land on the southeast corner of section 10, was at that time a large lake of water, and he says he could travel from his place to Bement across the prairie. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Charles M. Lane
He who views the panorama of humanity with a broad and far-seeing vision finds much to interest him in the prospective greatness of young men. He loves to note the characteristics, habits and ambitions which point in this direction and to prophesy in regard to those who give promise of prominence. The future is of course hidden from human eyes, yet a shrewd reader can feel free to foretell much. Among those residents of Sullivan, Moultrie County, whose future is thus of interest is the young man whose name appears at the head of this paragraph. Mr. Lane is doing a general law business in Sullivan, having been admitted to the bar in 1888. Upon November 22 of that year, he was examined at Springfield by the Appellate Court in session there and received his license from the Supreme Court during the January following. He had formerly been a student in the law office of R. Peadro, whose biography is to be seen elsewhere in this volume. He has been all his life a resident of this county, as he was born in Sullivan Township, October 2, 1865, and received the training of a farmer's boy and a common-school education.
Our subject is the son of Archie and Esther (Lewis) Lane, both natives of Illinois, having been born and reared in Coles County, but coming to Moultrie County where they afterward met and were married. They made a fine farm here and the mother was taken away in the prime of life, dying June 2, 1871. She was a member of the old school Baptist Church and was universally esteemed for her beautiful Christian character, her broad charity and genuine friendliness. She left six children and two had preceded her to the other world. Their names were Margaret and Elizabeth and a son William passed away immediately after his mother's departure. The five children of Archie and Esther Lane who are yet living, are Louisa E., the wife of C. P. Martin, a farmer in Whitley Township, this county; James L., who married Mary E. Martin and is farming in East Nelson Township; Lucinda J., who is the wife of W. H. Steven and lives upon a farm in Palmyra, Mo.; our subject, and Archie A., who took to wife Martha Miller and is farming in Whitley Township.
The father of these children contracted a second matrimonial alliance, choosing as his wife Miss Nancy E. Mehan. She was born in Illinois and reared in Shelby and Moultrie Counties. Since this marriage Mr. Archie Lane has been farming in Moultrie County and now lives in Whitley Township. Both he and his wife are active members of the old school Baptist Church and Mr. Lane is a thorough-going old-fashioned Democrat who has held various local offices and served as Justice of the Peace for years in Sullivan and East Nelson Townships. Our subject is a bright and promising young man, well known as possessed of good habits and excellent character. His aspirations are for the best and highest ideals and his honorable intention and thorough integrity mark him as one who will ever have the confidence of his fellow-men. His political views have led him to affiliate with the Republican party and he is progressive in his ideas in regard to public matters. He is still living in a state of single blessedness and his best friends predict that when he does take the step which will double his joys and halve his sorrows he will make an alliance that will be a credit to his judgment and his heart. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Thomas L. Leggitt
This successful farmer and old soldier who resides on section 7, Whitley Township, is the son of Thomas N. Leggitt, who was born in Licking County, Ohio, and of Evaline E. Kliver, a native of the same place. There they were married and made their first home and thence removed in course of time to Vigo County, Ind., where they resided a year before coming to Edgar County. There, they settled and remained permanently for eleven years, after which they returned to Indiana and purchased a farm in Vigo County where they lived for five years. Thomas N. Leggitt then sold out his Indiana farm and removed to Kansas, settling near Independence where he died in 1889. His bereaved widow survives him and is making her home with her children in Kansas City. Of the fourteen children of this worthy couple our subject was the third in order of age, being born in Licking County, Ohio, August 9, 1842. He was still residing under the parental roof when the Civil War broke out and President Lincoln made his first call for troops, our young man promptly enlisted in the service of his country, the date of his enlistment being April 20, 1861. He joined Company G, Forty-third Indiana Regiment, and served until August 29, 1862, when he was mustered out of service. But this short period of warfare did not satisfy the young soldier and he recruited and was mustered in again in Company B, Seventy-first Indiana Regiment, or Sixth Cavalry, serving in that company until September, 1865, with the exception of three months during which he was in Company E, of the same regiment. He was wounded at Moore's Landing, Ark., the ball going through his left hand. All through this period of conflict he was the same brave, unflinching, intrepid soldier, worthy of trust and reliance and full of enthusiasm for the old flag and the Union. He never felt that he did or could do too much for his native country and its institutions of liberty. When the war was over, our young hero returned to his father's home in Edgar County, Ill., but remained with him only a few months as he had now resolved to strike out for himself. In March, 1866 he came to Moultrie County and began work by the month, afterward going to the home of an uncle and remaining two years.
In Moultrie County this young man found the lady who was to be his companion through life and was united with her in marriage April 20, 1871. She was a widow at the time of her marriage with him, her name being Mrs. Julia A. Whitfield, nee Reed. She was a native of Moultrie County, having been born here November 11, 1844. After marriage they settled in Whitley Township where he has since been a resident. The six children who have been granted to Mr. and Mrs. Leggitt are Thomas I., Clara J., Mary E., Julia E., William A. and Olive A. William A. died when only nine months old but the other children have lived to be the joy and comfort of their affectionate and judicious parents. Mr. Leggitt has always been engaged in agricultural pursuits and is a successful man in his work. One hundred and fifteen acres of rich soil constitutes his farm, upon which he has made excellent improvements. Of his war record he may truly feel proud as it proved the stuff of which he was made and all who knew him in that relation are proud to say that he did good service and his full duty by his country in her hour of need. At the time he was mustered out he had the rank of First Corporal. The buildings upon his farm are first-class and his home is a delightful one, within the walls of which he and his amiable wife extend toward their friends a gracious hospitality. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Aaron J. Lewis
As a fine type of the citizens who have contributed to the prosperity of Moultrie County, the gentleman whose name introduces these paragraphs deserves especial mention. His splendid farm comprises one hundred and two acres on sections 6 and 7, Lowe Township, and is embellished with every necessary and convenient structure, good stock being kept and improved machinery used. The residence, a view of which appears on another page, is a home-like structure, in which good cheer for mind and body is always to be found. During an honorable career as a sagacious agriculturist Mr. Lewis has displayed those solid traits of character that are needful to the attainment of fortune in any calling, and in his dealings with all he has ever shown himself to be a man of probity.
The immediate progenitors of our subject are James T. and Paulina (Hostetler) Lewis. The father, now deceased, was born in Kentucky, but when quite young removed with his parents to Orange County, Ind., where he grew to a vigorous manhood amid primeval scenes. When ready to establish a home of his own he was married to Paulina Hotstetler, a native of Indiana, where after their union they settled in Orange County. This continued to be the home of the father until he closed his eyes to the scenes of earth September 22, 1852. The mother still survives at the advanced age of eighty-one years, and makes her home in Indiana. She is a noble-hearted woman, whose children may "rise and call her blessed." She carefully reared her children, of whom there were eight, to fill positions of usefulness and responsibility, and in working for their welfare her hands never wearied.
The subject of this notice is now in the prime of life, having been born March 23, 1839, in Orange County, Ind. He was reared on a farm and early acquired a practical knowledge of agriculture, and having a natural aptitude for this avocation, he chose it for his life calling when the time came for him to start out in life for himself. At the age of twenty-four years he was married, March 23, 1863, in Lawrence County, Ind., to Miss Martha J. Coward, the daughter of William and Eliza (Martin) Coward. Mr. Coward is supposed to have been a native of Tennessee, while the mother was born in Washington County, Ind. They settled in Lawrence County, Ind., where the faithful mother died in 1854. Twenty years later the father came to Moultrie County, Ill., of which he has since been a resident. Mrs. Lewis, who was the fourth among seven children, was born in Lawrence County, Ind., November 7, 1844, and by careful training at home she became well prepared for the responsibilities of her married life. Immediately after the marriage of our subject he brought his young bride to Moultrie County on a visit, and both were so well pleased with the appearance of the country that they concluded to make it their home. Accordingly, in the spring of 1864, they came hither to locate permanently, and this has since been the scene of their active labors. Having from youth been engaged in agricultural pursuits, Mr. Lewis is a practical agriculturist, and the air of thrift about his home stead indicates to every beholder that he is a man of enterprise and good management. He settled on his present place in December, 1875, and here he and his estimable wife have reared to maturity their seven children, whom they named as follows: Benjamin F., Anna E., Mary E., William C., H. C., Gertie M. and Jessie L. Mr. Lewis has never been an office-seeker, but uniformly casts his ballot for the candidates of the Democratic party, whose principles he believes to be right. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Samuel P. Lilly
It is a grateful task to the biographer to record the life of a man whose efforts have not been entirely centered upon self, but who has willingly and gladly devoted much of his energies and time to the good of the community and to the upbuilding of the institutions of religion and morality, which constitute the true basis for the healthful life of the community. Such a career has been that of Mr. Lilly who has made his temporal prosperity secondary in importance to the happiness of his family and the responsibilities which his church and Sunday-school work have devolved upon him. This gentleman's parents were Joseph and Mary J. (Wright) Lilly, both of whom were Kentuckians by birth, the former being born in Harrison County in 1812, and the latter being a native of Oldham County, born in 1816. Upon coming to Illinois they settled where our subject now lives in East Nelson Township, Moultrie County, and there lived until the death of the father in 1857. Subsequent to this event the mother was united in marriage with John Rose and now makes her home in Sullivan. There were but two children in the family, of whom our subject was the eldest and his sister, Nancy J., died at the age of twelve years. Samuel P. Lilly was born on the old homestead in East Nelson Township, December 3, 1835, and as his father lived until after this son had reached his majority he received the full benefit of that parent's instruction and training. Thorough drill was given him in the duties of a farmer lad and he was educated in the common schools. He inherited the old homestead which he still continues to make his residence and he would feel indeed lost to call any other place his home.
New Year's Day of 1860 was an epoch in the life of the young man who had chosen for himself a wife and who was now united in the holy bonds of matrimony at the residence of the bride in Whitley Township, with Miss Nancy P. A. Hendricks, who was born in the latter place, January 28, 1840. This young wife had been well educated and carefully trained in domestic duties and brought to her new home qualities which made her valuable not only as a wife and mother but also as a neighbor and a member of society. Four children came to bless this household, viz.: Joseph E.; Sally H. who was the wife of Henry Christy and who died February 23, 1887, in East Nelson Township; Europe L. and Vica J., who is the wife of John T. Edwards. This happy home was rudely broken in upon by death May 20, 1871, when the wife and mother was called from her cares and responsibilities and her husband and children were left to mourn their loss. She was a member of the Christian Church where the soundness of her Christian faith and the beauty of her character made her not only esteemed but beloved.
The second marriage of Mr. Lilly took place in Sullivan, December 3, 1872. He was then united with Miss Addie Mallory who was born in Vigo County, Ind., September 16, 1847. She became the happy mother of five beautiful children. Her eldest and youngest both died while young. The names of her offspring are Leona B., Ida M., Jesse F., Bertha M. and John R. While these children were still young they were deprived by death of a mother's love and tenderness and now a double duty fell upon the father of this little flock. To bring up his children in the nurture and admonition of the Lord, and to give them as far as lay within his power the attention and training which motherless children so sorely need has been his aim and endeavor.
Mr. Lilly has been a member of the Christian Church since about the year 1856 and for twenty-five years he filled the office of Deacon and has now become an Elder in the church. His keenest and broadest interest in church work centers about the Sunday-school in which he has been active for a long term of years. He is one of the prominent men of Moultrie County, and his public-spirited course receives the warm endorsement of his neighbors. He has always been a law-abiding citizen and has never had a lawsuit in his life, having made it his aim to live at peace with his fellow-men. The office of Supervisor of East Nelson Township has been placed in the hands of Mr. Lilly and he has also held school offices. He at one time took an active part in political affairs and was formerly a Republican but now feels that all other political issues since sink into nothingness compared with the necessity of freeing our land from the bondage of the saloon and the distiller, and he has allied himself with the Prohibition party. He has always been engaged in farming pursuits and in stock-raising, and upon his fine estate of four hundred and thirty acres he has erected a suitable and commodious set of buildings and his home is most delightfully situated. Mr. Lilly has been correspondent of the two county papers for a number of years.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
J. A. Linvill
In these days of evolution in every branch of industry it seems that every man who has any originality is in himself a centrifugal force, attracting to himself new ideas and methods that go to make the system of his small work and interests complete. While we know more of the world at large than ever before, in our specialties we are all specialists and egotists. Mr. Linvill, who devotes himself to the work of preparing flour for the use and consumption of mankind, is a specialist in his branch and bends every energy and power to bringing to his work all improvements and advantages that can give him the best results. He is the proprietor of the New Era Roller Process Mills, in Windsor, this State, and under his able management the mills turn out an immense quantity of the farinaceous product. He of whom we write was born in Fayette County, Ind., March 17, 1837. He was reared on a farm until he attained his nineteenth year; at that time he made his first journey out into the world and went into the eastern part of Kansas where he took up some land claims and dealt in stock to some extent. The young man remained in the then perfectly new state for two years, during which he had many exciting and strange adventures. However, at the end of that time he came to Moultrie County, this State, and purchased a farm in Whitley Township, where he settled and remained for six or seven months, being there engaged in farming. He came from this farm to Windsor and engaged in the drug business with Dr. C. H. Brunk, the firm name under which they conducted their business, being Brunk & Linvill. They continued this partnership for a period of about ten or twelve years, and then our subject sold out his interest and confined attention to the operating of his farm and dealing in stock. He bought the flouring mill of which he is proprietor in May, 1890. It has a capacity for turning out fifty barrels of flour daily.
The original of our sketch while in Moultrie County, took upon himself the duties and obligations of marital life. On October 30, 1860, he was married to Miss Mary J. Reed, who was born in Shelby County, Ill. Three bright children have come to gladden their home and brighten, by their intelligence and beautiful merriment, the daily lives of our subject and his amiable wife. Their names are Elizabeth J., John F. and Mary B. Mrs. Linvill is a charming, matronly little woman and is devoted to her children, although one of the favorites in Windsor society, her home is the first and most important object in her estimation.
Our subject owns three hundred and forty-six acres of land which is located partially in Shelby County and partially in Moultrie County. This is well cultivated and highly productive and yields a handsome income to its owner. Mr. Linvill is a member of the Democratic party. He was elected under his party as first Collector of Whitley Township, which was also the first Township Collector in that county. Both our subject and his wife are members and attendants of the Christian Church of which Mr. Linvill is Deacon.
The parents of him of whom we write were John and Elizabeth (Donelson) Linvill. The former was probably a native of Pennsylvania and the latter of Virginia, both reared in Kentucky, near Lexington, where they were married and first settled. From there they removed to Fayette County, Ind., where they spent the remainder of their lives. Our subject's father was at one time a Methodist preacher but about 1843 he espoused the doctrines of the Christian Church, and died in that faith. They were the parents of eleven children, of whom our subject was the tenth. Mr. Linvill is a public spirited man, whose generous impulses are governed by a firm and steady intelligence. He and his wife are associated with the best people of the place.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John F. Linville
This respected gentleman and thorough-going farmer who resides on section 18, Whitley Township, Moultrie County, is a son of John Linville and Elizabeth (Donnelsen) Linville, both of whom were natives of Kentucky, where they grew to maturity, married and settled in Bath County, Ky., coming from there to Indiana, where they settled near Greensburg. After living there several years they removed to Fayette County, same State, and there remained until called hence by death.
These worthy and venerated parents had ten children of whom our subject was the fourth in order of age, being born in Decatur County, Ind., April 7, 1824. He was about ten years old when his father removed to Fayette County, Ind., where he grew to manhood and continued to reside until he was about twenty-six years old. In his boyhood he received thorough and systematic drill and instruction both in the theory and practice of farming and agriculture has been his sole business in life. John F. Linville continued to live in Indiana until the fall of 1849, when he came to Clark County, Ill., and purchased a farm, upon which he continued to live until December, 1864, at which time he removed to Moultrie County and settled upon the section where he has ever since resided. The most important event in his life as a young man was his marriage, August 3, 1848, in Fayette County, Ind., to Jane McDowell, who was born in Bates County, Ohio, January 17, 1829.
Mr. and Mrs. Linville, had two children viz.: William D. who married Margaret E. Kennedy and was a farmer in Whitley Township, but died February l6, 1891; Rebecca E. who is the wife of Henry Wright, of Whitley Township. The death of the only son was a severe blow to the parents as well as to the young wife. Our subject now owns one hundred and twenty acres upon which he has placed many excellent improvements and where he exercises a kind and neighborly hospitality to all who enter his door. His political views have led him to affiliate with the Democratic party and he believes that the principles of that party are the ones which are destined to promote the prosperity of the State. In his religious views he is liberal and he is an active promoter of every movement toward the moral upbuilding of the community.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
It is said that no people travel so extensively as do the Americans, and hence their experience of different phases of life is correspondingly larger as a rule. Our subject has had many advantages in this respect and has traveled in various ways, not only in the luxurious Pullman cars of the present day, but also by prairie schooner across the plains, meeting frequently the red man on his territory. Mr. Luttrell is now a retired farmer living in Sullivan, where he located January, 1891, coming here from Whitley Township where he had been engaged for some years and where he still owns two hundred and forty acres of fine land.
The original of our sketch came to Shelby County from DeWitt County, and while there living was engaged as a grocer in Kinney, of that county. He was born in Morgan County, Ill., December 24, 1839, and was there reared and educated. Also after marriage he made that his home for several years. Mr. Luttrell is the son of John Luttrell, a native of Kentucky. Our subject is named after his grandfather who was also a native of Kentucky, being there reared on a farm. Mr. Luttrell's paternal grandmother was likewise a Kentuckian and a member of an old and highly respected family of that State. They left their native State after the birth of their first two children, of which our subject's father John was the elder, having been born in February, 1817, and moved to Illinois about 1820, coming overland and bringing their household goods and children in a one-horse cart. The parents walked the greater part of the way, and after a long and tedious trip in which they camped out at intervals, they settled on what is now Sulphur Springs Township, and there secured a tract of government land. The neighboring village of Jackson was not at that time thought of and there were very few people in the county, and for a few years they experienced the hardships incident to pioneer life.
On the farm which our subject's grandparents procured on first coming here they spent the remainder of their lives. The grandfather's decease occurred in 1863. His wife survived him by a number of years, her death occurring about 1886. She was born in 1799 and was well known as one of the prominent pioneer women of that county. For many years prior to her death she was afflicted with blindness. In religion they were adherents of the Baptist Church, and politics the senior Mr. Luttrell was a Democrat.
The eldest of a large family, John Luttrell, the immediate progenitor of him of whom we write, was reared to manhood in Morgan County, growing up to the calling of a farmer. He was married to Miss Tabitha Cross, a native of Kentucky, a daughter of William and Lotta (Compton) Cross, natives of Kentucky. After marriage they emigrated to Illinois and settled in the Eastern part of Morgan County as pioneers. Our subject's parents began life as farmers and the father pursued his calling until the time of his death, which took place in 1847. He was then in straightened circumstances and left a widow with four children whose names were, Caroline, our subject, William R. and Josiah. Our subject's mother some time after the death of John Luttrell, was again married to the Rev. Peter Garrett and they later removed to Dewitt County, where Mrs. Garrett died June 16, 1869. She was born in 1816. Mr. Garrett united with his work as a religious teacher the calling of farming; he is now a resident of Crawford County, Kan. Our subject was married in the eastern part of Morgan County to Miss Sarah Cox. She was born in that county November 19, 1845, and is a daughter of Corydon and Mary (McGill) Cox, natives of Virginia, who came to Illinois with their respective families at an early day. They were victims of the great cyclone that passed over the country May 9, 1880, at which time Mr. Cox was injured. Their servant was killed and also a daughter-in-law, and all moveable property was swept away. Our subject and his wife are the parents of four children. They are Mary, William A., Rufus and Corydon. They are all well educated, highly respected men and women. William was for some time a teacher. Our subject stands high in the estimation of his townspeople and has been elected to various local offices. He is a Democrat in politics.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William F. Logan
William F. Logan, one of the prominent business men of Marrowbone Township, Moultrie County, has extensive connections in Sullivan, Dalton City, Etna, Greenup, Mount Zion, Coles and Hervey City, in all of which he deals in farm machinery and also, at some points, buys and sells grain. He has been a resident of the county since 1876 and is a native of the adjoining county of Shelby where he first saw the light June 24, 1859.
William R. and Susan (Martin) Logan, the parents of our subject were born in Kentucky, and Benjamin F. Logan, the grandfather, was one of the first settlers in Shelby County, where he was a Justice of the Peace from the time the county was organized until he became too old to officiate. He was a descendant of the same stock from which Gen. John A. Logan sprang, and the family is justly proud of the patriotic record of that distinguished kinsman.
William R. Logan was married in Shelby County and lived there through the remainder of his life, working at his trade as a carpenter. His excellent wife also remained there until her death. Two only of their family of five grew to manhood, namely, our subject and John A., who is now a clerk in a wholesale house in Sedalia, Mo. The death of the parents occurred while they were still in the prime of life, and William was only about three years old when he was left an orphan. An uncle, G. W. Logan, cared for the child until he reached the age of twelve years when he determined to "paddle his own canoe" and work his way up stream no matter what obstacles were in his way. Going with his uncle F. A. Logan to Sedalia, Mo., he worked on a farm for three years, after which he returned to Windsor, and served as a farm hand through the summer, attending school in the winter, and completing his education in a select school at Bethany. After this he taught school for two years and then began work on a farm which he had rented.
It was in August, 1887, that Mr. Logan first engaged in the implement business at Bethany and finding the outlook favorable he gradually increased his stock until it has reached its present magnitude. Like many another successful man he began business with very little money, being obliged to use borrowed capital, but he is, in the common parlance of the day a "hustler," always busy and attending strictly to business to the management of which he seems to be peculiarly well adapted. He is never neglectful of the interests of a customer nor willing to be idle if there is an opportunity for effort.
The subject of this sketch has been twice united in the bonds of marriage. In 1881 he took to wife H. Eva Crowder, a daughter of David M. Crowder. She was born in Moultrie County in 1861 and after a brief married life she passed from earth in April, 1890, leaving her husband and three beautiful children - Bessie, Daisy, and David - to mourn her loss. The second marriage of our subject took place January 1, 1891 and he was then united with Lennie Meyer, a native of Moultrie County and a daughter of Henry Meyer.
Mr. Logan is a Republican in his political views, but not in any sense a politician, yet he is always sufficiently interested in political movements and thoroughly conscientious in regard to casting his ballot according to what he believes to be the right. In religious matters he has been for a long while connected with the Presbyterian Church where he and his wife are active in the various works of the church. He gives employment to a force of from fifteen to twenty men at Bethany, as he has a multifarious business comprising not only his implement warehouse, but also a harness shop and carriage salesroom. Besides from this he is engaged in drilling wells and erecting wind mills. He has several men also at his other points of business. A portrait Mr. Logan accompanies this sketch.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Frank M. Loving
Among the prominent citizens of Dora Township who has lived in this section for more than a quarter of a century, we are pleased to mention the name which appears at the head of this paragraph. Mr. Loving is a farmer who settled in Moultrie County in the fall of 1867, and whose pleasant home is to be found on section 22, Dora Township. He is a native Illinoisan, having been born in McLean County, April 14, 1855, a son of Jasper D. and Maria J. (Messer) Loving, natives of Indiana and Illinois, respectively.
Taylor Loving, the grandfather of our subject, was a native of North Carolina who came to this State and located in McLean County about the year 1835, locating near Normal, but later removing to Gridley Township, where he became the owner of some five hundred acres of land upon which he passed his remaining years, dying at the age of about fifty. He left a family of four sons and one daughter. John, Philip, James, Jasper and Nancy, which later became the wife of George Cox. Jasper Loving was only about eighteen months old when the family settled in McLean County and he was educated in Bloomington and chose husbandry as his pursuit in life. He was married in McLean County to Maria, a daughter of John Messer, an early pioneer of the county. After marriage the newly wedded pair settled in Gridley Township on land which Taylor Loving had entered from the Government. He remained with his parents and assisted them while his brothers went to California during the gold excitement, and after the death of the father Jasper fell heir to a portion of the land and purchased the interest of some of the heirs, and thus became the owner of a fine farm.
Jasper Loving, in 1867, sold his farm in McLean County and coming to Moultrie County, purchased from the Illinois Central Railroad Company two hundred and forty acres of unbroken prairie to which he somewhat later added by purchase one hundred and twenty acres more, all of which he improved. In 1882, on account of his wife's feeble health, he sold a portion of his land and went to Montgomery County, Kan., where he purchased two small farms, but the change of residence did not bring as much improvement to Mrs. Loving's health as had been hoped, and she left him for the spirit world in 1884. One year later he returned to Illinois and died June 7, 1888, in Dora Township. He was an earnest Republican in his political views and at different times held various local offices. The Christian Church was the religious body in the communion of which he found comfort and strength. He and his good wife had seven children, four of whom lived to years of maturity, namely: Frank M., Mary C., wife of John O. McMullen, John T. and Lewis V. The latter was born June 18, 1867, and resides with our subject.
Frank M. Loving came with his father's family to Moultrie County in 1867, and six years later chose for himself a bride in the person of Eliza, daughter of John and Nancy McMullen. She was born in Ohio, June 22, 1855, and became the mother of two children, John J. and Sylva E. The old homestead forms the residence of our subject, and he is the owner of eighty acres of finely improved land. His political views incline him to endorse the action of the Republican party, yet he is independent to a considerable extent and never allows himself to be trammeled by party ties. In the membership of the Christian Church he and his excellent wife find themselves in a religious home which is in accordance with their faith and sympathies. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John T. Loving
We are pleased to mention among the prominent families of Dora Township, Moultrie County, the Loving family, which has been, in its various members, identified with the interests of this county for many years. A brother of our subject appears in another biographical sketch in the pages of this Record and the one of whom we now write, who is the Supervisor of the township, residing on section 22, dates his residence in the county from the 1867. He is a son of Jasper D. and Maria J. (Messer) Loving and was born in McLean County, April 19, 1863, being upon the same day when his grandfather, Taylor Loving, expired. Full details of the history of the family reaching back to previous generations will be found in the biography of Frank M. Loving. Our subject was but four years old when the family came to Moultrie County, and here he received his education in the district schools and grew up to undertake the arduous but pleasant pursuit of a farmer. Laura F. Harper was the maiden name of the lady her fortunes with his in marriage, December 29, 1881. She is a daughter of David and Mary Ann (McMullen) Harper and was born in Ross County, Ohio, December 1864. She made the acquaintance of our subject while on a visit to Moultrie County, and they were married after her return to Madison County, Ohio. They have had one son, Clyde, who was taken from their arms by death at the age of twenty-two months. Mr. Loving owns eighty acres of land, the same being a portion of the old homestead. In the spring of 1884 he removed to Montgomery County, Kans., where he remained until 1889, when he returned to Illinois, although he still retains his ownership in the eighty acres of land which he acquired while there. He has made all the improvements which have been placed upon his home farm, and his residence is a pleasant one and delightfully situated. In political matters, he is independent of party ties and is now serving his second term as Supervisor. Both he and his good wife are prominent members of the Christian Church in which they are counted as faithful helpers. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Martin L. Lowe
Among the successful business men of Sullivan, Moultrie County, we are pleased to mention the name which appears at the head of this paragraph - the name of a prosperous dealer in horses and the head of a livery stable and who also deals in all kinds of farming implements and vehicles. He keeps a fine line of turnouts and horses at his place, which is well equipped and where he has been conducting business since October, 1889. Near the city of Sullivan he also has a good farm, owning about four hundred and fifty-two acres in this township and in East Nelson Township, and also has one hundred and sixty acres in Douglas County. His large property is stocked with about one hundred head of fine cattle and some fifty head of horses and he has among them some fine animals of good grades. Mr. Lowe bears the reputation of being an excellent business man and a "thoroughly good fellow," and he is well and favorably known to the people of Sullivan in and near which city he has lived for twelve years. His native home was in Harrison County, W. Va., where he was born in 1858. He is the son of John B. Lowe, a native of Virginia who was a farmer by occupation and died in Harrison County in 1876 at the age of seventy-five years. He was the son of Old Dominion parents and our subject was yet quite young at the time of his father's decease. His mother, whose maiden name with Susan Robinson, died some years before. She was during most of her life a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and came of excellent Virginian stock.
Although bereaved of his parents in his youth, Martin Lowe was given an excellent education. He was one of a numerous family, five of whom are yet living. He was early thrown upon his own resources and became independent and so more quickly fitted for supporting himself and a family. He was married in Harrison County, W. Va., to Miss Elizabeth K. Higginbotham, who was born in that county and came of an old established family. George Higginbotham, her father, is now living at an advanced age in Clarksburg, W. Va., and was bereaved of his wife, whose maiden name was Lydia Griffin, in 1879. Mrs. Lowe, the wife of our subject, was one of a family of five children who received the best advantages in an educational line and she shows marks of the culture which was bestowed upon her in her youth, for she is a woman of unusual ability in intelligence, is a true wife and a faithful mother and is bringing up her three lovely children - Omar, Georgie and Lulu - in the fear and admonition of the Lord. She is an earnest and conscientious member of the Methodist Church and a valued worker in every good effort. The political doctrines which receive the endorsement of Mr. Lowe are those which are found in the declarations of the Democratic party. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Ivory J. Martin
The power of the press is a trite but a forcible subject, for it is one of those themes which is constantly re-inforcing itself by proving anew every day its reality. Throw out of account the influence which is exerted by the newspapers of Illinois the destinies of the Prairie State would be largely affected by such elimination. The sketches which we have been called upon to give of the newspapers and editors of Moultrie County present matters which are of interest to everyone.
The Sullivan PROGRESS has been from the first a success and it now occupies first rank with the best papers in this part of the State and has a well-equipped office for job work and all kinds of printing. It was originally issued in 1857 under the caption of the EXPRESS, but was soon changed in title to the name which it now bears. Mr. Martin has been its editor and manager since 1885 and added to those duties its proprietorship in 1887. It is now a seven-column six-page paper with a good circulation and is issued weekly. Mr. Martin, who came to Sullivan, Moultrie County, in 1883, on account of having been appointed Deputy County Clerk by Mr. Charles Shuman, took charge of this paper after the expiration of his term of office, and has now taken Mr. Shuman as his partner in the management of the business. This was his first newspaper work but he proved himself no amateur in the business.
Mr. Martin was born in Whitley Township, Moultrie County, November 7, 1859, and was there reared upon his father's farm and received his education at Lee's Academy at Loxa, Coles County. For seven years he taught in Coles and Moultrie Counties, having taken his position at the teacher's desk before reaching the age of seventeen, obtaining his academic course during the same years that he devoted to teaching. He came of a family that has resided in the county for many years, as they settled here in the '30s. The father, John N. Martin, was born in Coles county, this State, and was only five years old when the family removed to what is now Moultrie County. He is still carrying on the farm in Whitley Township and is the son of John martin, a native of Kentucky, a grandson of James Martin, a Virginian, and a great-grandson of John Martin who migrated to Kentucky about the year 1777, during the Revolutionary War. The family was there in the days of Daniel Boone and had to make their home in a fort for self-protection.
The first John's son James was very young when the family came to Kentucky and he grew up near the Kentucky River and there married, and reared his family. At a very early day he came with his household to Coles County, Ill., and later made his home near Bruce, Moultrie County, where he died in 1865, at the very venerable age of ninety-one years, having buried his wife some twenty years before. For generations the family religion was of the old school Baptist denomination and their politics of the Democratic order.
John Martin, the second grandfather of our subject, was a young man when his parents came to Illinois and he here reached his majority and married a Miss Nealy. Her father was known far and wide as an Indian fighter on the frontier and was an original character in the early pioneer days. In his later years John Martin removed to Whitley Township, Moultrie County and built a mill there.
John N. Martin, the father of our subject, is one of a family of four sons and three daughters who are all living. He grew to manhood in Whitley Township and was married in Coles County to Miss Rachel Martin, who as well as her husband, is now living, having reached nearly three-score years of age. Of their children who ae now living our subject is the eldest, the others being Joel K., who is studying law under the Hon. John R. Eden, of Sullivan, and Nancy E., who is yet at home with her parents. Our subject was married in Sullivan in 1886 to Miss Rose Eden, daughter of the Hon. John R. Eden, of whom more can be learned in the sketch of that gentleman which appears in this volume. The subject of our sketch has ever taken an active part in local politics since before the became of age, but he is not office seeker. His paper is Democratic as are also his own political views. He is a man wo is capable of vast amount of hard work and he is exceedingly skillful in the management of his business. His wife was reared in Sullivan and is a graduate of the Georgetown Convent in the District of Columbia. She is an earnest member of the Christian Church and is the mother of three children - Olive, Eden and Nealy. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John R. Martin
John R. Martin, proprietor of the East Nelson Tile Works, which are located on section 21, was born in Sussex County, England, August 26, 1854. When only eleven years old he left his native home and came to America, reaching New York in 1866, and at once coming on to the Prairie State, locating temporarily in Griggsville, Pike County, and then entering a brickyard at Pana, this State. He had had some experience in this line of work before leaving England, and has continued in it since coming to this country.
In the spring of 1872, Mr. Martin came to Moultrie County and with his father establishing his brick works, began the manufacture of tile late in the spring of 1876, and since that season has given his attention chiefly to that department of the business. He has also engaged in agricultural pursuits. as he operates about three hundred acres of land besides giving the necessary attention to his tile works. He manufactures large quantities of tile and finds his market near home in Moultrie and Coles Counties. He has a thorough understanding of the necessities of his work and keeps everything in the first-class condition, being a thorough business man and one who allows nothing to go by default.
The marriage of our subject, which took place in East Nelson Township, December 11, 1878, united him with Miss Maggie J. Stewart; who was born near Philadelphia, November 5, 1860. To her have been granted five children who are as follows: George P., Sarah G., Hattie C., Fanny E. and Matilda M. All have been spared to their parents with the exception of Fanny, who died at the tender age of three years and eight months. The father of our subject, the late John S. Martin, was born in Mayfield, Sussex, England, and his mother, Fanny J. Vidler, was a native of the same shire. They came to America in 1866, and it was the father who established the brick and tile works which are now operated by the subject of our sketch. His death, which occurred in October, 1880, was very distressing in its circumstances, as it was caused by his being caught in the cogwheels of a tile machine. He had but two children John R. and Samuel and the latter is now deceased.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John M. Mattox
The work of such men as he whose name heads this sketch is a stimulus and tonic to any one who desires perfection or to emulate perfection in any branch whatever. His farm, located on section 13, of Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, is a model of neatness, productiveness and scientific cultivation. Its owner here settled in 1865, and since that time he has devoted his attention and his personal efforts to bringing it up to its present high standing agriculturally. Although he is the owner of but eighty-four and a half acres, this he has tilled to such a good purpose that it yields as much as does twice that much to many a farmer who fails to bring the intelligent oversight to bear upon his possessions.
He of whom we write was born in Clermont County, Ohio, October 19, 1839. His parents, Jason and Maria (Meeker) Mattox, were natives of Kentucky and New Jersey respectively. The mother was born in 1807, and was about four years old when her family removed to Ohio and settled on the Miami River near the present site of the city of Cincinnati. They were very early settlers there, and the growth of the city was made under their observation. Our subject's father was probably born in Kentucky although it may have been that his birthplace was in Clermont County, Ohio; at least he was very young when his family settled in the Buckeye State. Our subject's parents were married and lived on a farm, where the father's decease took place, in Clermont County, Ohio. He left eight children - William P., Miles A., A. J., Levi L., Mary J., Elizabeth, John N. and Thomas G. Miles A. died in Vigo County, Ind.; he had never been married. A. J. resides in Coffey County, Kan.; Levi L. lives in his native county in Ohio; Mary J. is the wife of Abram Dunnham and lives in Missouri; Elizabeth married Thomas Powell and lives in Nashville, Tenn.; Thomas G. died in this county, leaving a widow and two children.
The original of our sketch was reared on the home farm, and like the majority of Ohio boys, he received very good common school advantages, and being bright and assimilative, with a large amount of vital force, both mentally and physically, he was early equipped for the practical duties of life. December 1, 1859, he was united in marriage with Rebecca Beck, a daughter of Jeremiah and Elizabeth Beck. She was a native of the same State and county as her husband.
At the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion Mr. Mattox enlisted and was mustered into service in Company A, Fifth Ohio Cavalry, serving in that capacity for over three years. He was with the regiment all the time, and usually drove the ambulance wagon. His war experience is chiefly noted for his faithfulness and constant readiness for duty. After the war he returned to Ohio, and the following spring came to this State and county, where for several years he was engaged in cultivating land which he rented. He has a comfortable and well-built house upon his place and an orchard that he may well be proud of. He devotes much of his time to the cultivation of small fruits, and in the fruit season his place is a small Eden that would tempt any Eve to eat, whether the fruit was forbidden or not. Mr. and Mrs. Mattox are the parents of seven children. One daughter died in infancy. Those living are: Miles A., Benjamin H., Elizabeth M., Flora E., John R., Estella M. and Edith D. Elizabeth is the wife of Oscar Mizenheimer; Flora E. died in infancy. Like so many of his fellow husbandmen, our subject is a Democrat, that party receiving the weight of his vote and influence. He is a member of the School Board of his district. Religiously he and his family, are members of the Christian Church and are kind-hearted, Christian people.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Thomas E. Mayes
The wonderful success which has crowned the efforts of thousands of farmers who came to Illinois in poverty, is worthy the annals of the historian. The wealth in the soil of the Prairie State like the gold hidden in the dross, responded magically to the alchemy of the earnest effort, enterprise and industry of the pioneer farmer, and astonished the world by its splendid results. The farming community of Dore Township, Moultrie County, gives many instances of this success in agriculture and one of its farmers who resides within the limits of Dalton City, is the gentleman whose name appears at the head of this sketch.
Our subject owns fifty-five acres of land within this corporation, besides two hundred and forty outside. He settled in Moultrie County in the spring of 1865, and has since been a resident of Dore Township. He was born in Mifflin County, Pa., April 7, 1837, being a son of Matthew T. and Martha (Ewing) Mayes, the father of our subject being a tanner by trade. The paternal grandparents came from Maryland, and the parents of our subject lived and died in Pennsylvania, and during their later years resided on a farm, where the father died August 31, 1845, being then only forty-two years old, while the mother survived until the spring of 1869, and passed away at the age of sixty-seven.
The four children of Matthew and Martha Mayes are as follows: James, who is a resident of Lewiston, Pa.; Eliza, who married Mr. G. W. Soult, and resides on the old home in Mifflin County, Pa.; William E., who resides in Strawn, Kan., and our subject, who is the third in order of age. His early life was passed upon the farm, and after taking a public school education he received instruction in the academy, and in 1857, took a business course at Pittsburg, Pa., after which he clerked in different business houses.
The marriage of our subject took place December 26, 1861, and he was then united with Isabel Laugton, who was born in Pennsylvania, and is a daughter of Joseph I. and Catherine Laugton. They continued to reside in Pennsylvania until 1865, when they came to Illinois and purchased one hundred and sixty acres of slightly improved land, and proceeded to carry on the business of stock-raising. In 1874, Mr. Mayes removed to Dalton City, as he had been some time prior to this movement appointed station agent, and he was also carrying on the lumber business. He continued as station and express agent for two years, after which he was for three years, not employed in the former capacity, but in 1878, he took the position again and still continues in in. At the same time he has carried on his farm successfully, but in May, 1875, he disposed of his lumber business.
Mr. and Mrs. Mayes have had seven children, one daughter, Harriet O., having died in her thirteenth year. The others are as follows: Martha C., wife of Lowell A. Smith, of Macon County; Anna M., who now has charge of the railroad station at Dalton City; Eliza E., wife of James Freeland, of Macon County; Joseph I., Matthew T., and James W., who are at home. In 1875, Mr. Mayes erected upon one of the prominent sites of the town a fine store building, and established a drug business which he conducted for some three years. He has held a number of local offices and is a devoted adherent to the principles and policy of the Democratic party. He is identified with both the Knights of Honor and the Masonic fraternity. Mrs. Mayes is a woman of devoted Christian character and a leading member in the Presbyterian Church. Her pleasant home is the center of a true social life and her gracious hospitality affords a hearty welcome to every guest. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Among the old residents of Moultrie County and numbered among her brave boys who went forth to defend the flag of our Union we are pleased to name the progressive and intelligent farmer, whose prosperity we here record. Mr. McClung resides on section 30, Lowe Township, and his residence in the county dates from 1859, during which year there were but seven voters in the township and of that seven our subject is the only one now remaining within its bounds. This gentleman was born in Union County, Ohio, July 12, 1836, his respected parents being Thomas and Elizabeth (Danderson) McClung, who had their birth in the Old Dominion and the Buckeye State respectively and who met and married in Perry County, Ohio. The first wedded home of this couple was established in Logan County, that State, where they were early settlers before moving to Union County.
"Westward the star of Empire takes its course," and following this beacon the family undertook a removal with team and wagon from Ohio to Iowa. Arriving there in 1844 they prospected for a while, but being dissatisfied with the Hawkeye State they turned back as far as Vigo County, Ind., where they remained for some time and where the mother died in 1846. She had been the mother of eleven children of whom seven grew to years of maturity. The father eventually returned to Ohio where he remained for several years, but his final end came in Vigo County, Ind., while he was making a visit. The early orphanage of our subject by the death of his mother when he was ten years old led to his making his home with an uncle and both at his father's and at his relative's he was thoroughly trained in farm duties and prepared for a practical life, but in various ways his schooling was interfered with and his book education was limited. His first coming West was in 1852 and his first settlement was at Monticello, Ill., where he made the acquaintance of the Piatt family with whom he made his home and served as a farm hand. In 1859 he left this family (for whom the flourishing count of Piatt was named) and came to Moultrie County where he rented a farm, but his patriotic impulse did not permit him to remain here following the pursuit of peace. He enlisted in 1862 and was mustered into service in Company A, One Hundred Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry under command of Capt. Van Fleet. This company served through three years of fatiguing marches, severe engagements, numerous skirmishes and gained for themselves an enviable renown.
After the war our subject returned to Moultrie County and purchasing eighty acres of rich but unbroken prairie soil started in to make his fortune. In his effort he has been unusually successful and now owns four hundred and eighty acres of a fine land as can be found in Moultrie County and upon it he has placed an excellent farm residence, good barns and all the appurtenances which belong to a first-class farm. Stock farming has been the department of agriculture which he has pursued and which has proved profitable to him. The happy wedding day of our subject was July 7, 1872, and his bride, Cordelia Gaul, who was born December 15, 1837, is a daughter of Jacob Gaul who came to Moultrie County in 1865 and settled upon section 4, Jonathan Creek Township.
The father of Mrs. McClung is a native of the city of Philadelphia where he was born June 9, 1811, being the son of John T. and Dorothea Gaul, natives of Germany, who came to America in an early life and were married in Pennsylvania. They made their home in Philadelphia the remainder of their lives. The mother completed her three-score and ten years and the father lived to the advanced age of eighty-six. John T. Gaul was twice married, his first union bringing him eight children and his second giving him four children - Simon, Adam, Jacob and Sarah. The son Jacob learned the trade of a basket-maker which he followed in his native city before removing West. He removed to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1852, and subsequently resided in Chicago for some eighteen months, after which he followed farming for a short time in Clermont County, Ohio. In 1865 he came to Moultrie County where he had previously purchased land and where he now owns a handsome farm.
The mother of Mrs. McClung bore the maiden name of Rebecca Clarke and was a native of New Jersey. Her marriage to Mr. Gaul took place in Philadelphia in 1835 and her death occurred in Moultrie County, Ill. She was the mother of five children, namely, Susannah, who married Samuel Smith and died in Cincinnati, Ohio; Cordelia, the wife of Robert McClung; Edmund; Rebecca, who married William Merritt and Jacob who died in Moultrie County. The mother of these children was an earnest and active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. McClung has three children with her in this life and one who has passed before to the spirit land. The living are Isaac, Rebecca and Myrtle A. The political views of Mr. McClung have led him to affiliate with the party whose most notable exponent was the author of the Declaration of Independence. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Charles H. McCoy
Centuries ago, the work of an architect only began when the idea, the plans and specifications for his work were impressed upon his mind, and confided to parchment. After that he himself, with a myriad of workmen went into the forests, hewed down the trees that his judgment told him were best adapted for the work in hand, and set about putting them in such shape with his chisel and saw, as could be used in his building. Today, in architecture, as in every thing else, there are a hundred, yes, more, specialties, to which as many men bring the concentrated power of their intelligence, ability and skill. Of these specialists, no one takes a more important part than he who furnishes the well-seasoned timbers that go to make up the skeleton of a frame work, the odorous, piney shell, and the beautifully grained, marvelously shaded woods for the interior finish. The trade of a lumber dealer is one in which, if one have any artistic instinct, there is large opportunity for the fullest enjoyment of color, tone and form.
Our subject, who has just reached that age when success begins to be grateful was born in Mifflin County, Pa., February 10, 1851. His father was the late Samuel H. McCoy, a farmer by occupation and a native of Bucks County, Pa. where he was born December 1, 1818. Our subject's mother whose maiden name was Rachael J. Anderson, was born in Mifflin County, Pa. in July 1832. After their marriage, they settled in the bride's native county, where together they pursued the course of life for many years, and where the father died June 8, 1890. They became the parents of five children, our subject being the second in order of birth. His birthplace was in Mifflin County, Pa. and his natal day was July 10, 1851.
Charles H. McCoy was reared to manhood on his father's farm, and remained under the parental roof until about 1873. After that time and until 1876, he was employed in different occupations in his native State, and at that date, he came to Piatt County, Ill., where for a period of two years he was employed during the summer months at farming and during the winter season he was engaged in teaching in Moultrie County. At this time he formed a partnership with J. C. McCord and launched into the grain and lumber business in Bement. This partnership continued until 1881, at which time the firm dissolved and for about seven months afterward our subject was employed as book-keeper for a coal company in New Mexico. His experience in that territory was new and interesting, but he was not so attracted that his inclinations did not urge him to return to the Prairie State. Coming hither again he engaged in his former occupation, or rather, in the lumber trade, at Atwood, remaining there, however, but for a short time, selling out his business and in the spring of 1883 coming to Lovington, where he resumed the business in which he was formerly engaged but thereafter being sole proprietor, although for the first two years, that is from 1883 to 1885, he was in partnership with his brother, S. E. McCoy.
The original of this sketch enjoys the reputation of being a straightforward business man honorable in all his dealings, and it speaks well for his credit that he enjoys to the fullest extent, the confidence and esteem of his fellow-townsmen. His marriage took place in Bement this State, December 25, 1879. Mrs. McCoy's maiden name was Susan L. Tabor. Her parents were Edwin and Nancy A. (Boyle) Tabor. She is a native of Kentucky, being born in the metropolis of that State February 25, 1852. Their union has been blessed by the advent of three children whose names are respectively Edwin T., Fred H. and Florence L. They are amiable and lovable young people endowed with bright minds and quick perceptive faculties. Our subject affiliates with the Republican party, and although he is greatly interested, as all good men must be, in local government, he is not in any sense a seeker after office. He has, however, been elected to some local posts, and has filled the important position of School Director with great appreciation of the responsibilities of that office. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
John R. McClure
John R. McClure, a successful general grocery man, doing business on the east side of the public square at Sullivan, Moultrie County, has recently erected a fine, two-story brick building, 70x25½ feet with a basement, where he is carrying on an extensive business. His first store was opened in January, 1857, since which time he has been a successful merchant, with the exception of fourteen years, during which time he engaged in farming in Sullivan Township. He has lived in this county since October, 1853, making his home either in Sullivan or vicinity, and ever showing himself an energetic and public-spirited citizen. Mr. McClure is active in local politics, being warmly attached to the Democratic party, and was at one time an Alderman of the city. He is deeply interested in schools and a promoter of the cause of education. He was born in Franklin County, Ind., August 8, 1835. His father, Lewis D. McClure being also a native of that county and a son of William McClure, a Kentuckian who came of Scotch Irish descent, but whose parents were born in Virginia. They came to Kentucky in the time of Daniel Boone and became pioneers near Lexington.
William McClure became a farmer and was married in Butler County, Ohio, to Miss Phebe Eads, an aunt of the late Capt. Eads who built the great bridge at St. Louis, and also the builder of the Mississippi River jetties. Some years after marriage this couple, about the beginning of this century, removed to Franklin County, Ind., and there spent the remainder of their days, being past middle life at the time of their decease. They were consistent and earnest members of the old-school Baptist Church. Lewis D. McClure, the father of our subject, was born and reared in Franklin County, Ind., and learned the trade of a blacksmith which he followed for a number of years, after which he undertook farming. He was married in Franklin County to Miss Elizabeth Rockefellar, a kinswoman of the great oil speculator. Her parents, John and Mary (Thorp) Rockefellar, were early settlers in Franklin County, coming there in 1805 from Trenton, N. J., and there remaining through life. They were Methodists in their religious convictions. After the birth of three children, Lewis D. McClure and wife left Indiana with a team and wagon and after a long and tedious journey landed in Clark County, Ill., where they settled upon the farm where they now reside, Mr. McClure having reached the age of seventy-eight years and his wife being now eighty-two. They have both been active workers in the Methodist Episcopal Church throughout life and they are enjoying a quiet and peaceful old age.
John R. McClure is the eldest of six children, all but one of whom are still living. When eighteen years old he set out for himself, coming to Sullivan County, where he began life as a poor boy with but little means, and has now accumulated a comfortable but modest fortune. His marriage to Miss Sophronia Tichenor, a native of Sullivan County, Ind., occurred in this county. She died in the prime of life, leaving two children - Edgar who is at home and assists his father; and William, who took to wife Laura Matterson, and lives in Sullivan City, although he also assists his father a part of the time, but is a printer by trade. Mr. McClure was the second time married in Sullivan, Miss Julia Calkins, who was born in Licking County, Ohio, becoming his wife. Her father, Uranius Calkins, lived to the age of four-score years, and her mother is still living in Licking County, being now about three-score and ten. Mr. and Mrs. Calkins were efficient and consistent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. McClure, like her husband, is a member of the Methodist Church, and is a true and good woman. She is bringing up her five children in the Christian faith and giving them the best advantages possible for an educational and domestic training. Their names are Charlie, Ida, Cora, Flora, and Elmer. Mr. McClure is a charter member of the lodge of Odd Fellows, and also of the Masonic lodge at Sullivan. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Joseph H. McGuire
Many families who reside in Illinois came to this section originally from Kentucky and Tennessee, and those who came from the eastern or mountainous portion of the latter State belonged to a class of people, who, like other mountaineers, were lovers of liberty. They removed their families from their native and beloved State in order that they might take them out from under the blighting influence of the institution of human slavery, and in doing so they brought to their posterity not only a moral and spiritual blessing, but also in locating them in Illinois advanced their material interests. Mr. McGuire, the Postmaster in Bethany, Moultrie County, belongs to such a family. Our subject was born in Jefferson, East Tennessee, June 8, 1836, his worthy parents being Thomas and Rachel (Ashmore) McGuire, both of whom were natives of Tennessee. The family removed to Illinois in the fall of 1843, and made their first stop in Coles County, where the father was called from them by death, during the fall of that year. In 1853 the family removed to Moultrie County, and somewhat later on Mrs. McGuire married a second time, taking as her husband Mr. William Knight. Thomas and Rachel McGuire were blessed by the birth of eight children, their offspring being equally divided between sons and daughters, and only one of those children being taken from them during childhood. Their family is as follows: James, who died in this county; William P., residing in Bethany; Elizabeth, wife of John Baukston, of Washington; Mary, who married D. A. Vaughn, died in this county; Joseph H, our subject; Michael, who died in childhood; Sarah, who is now Mrs. Thomas Mitchell, of this county, and Maggie, who is the wife of John Han. The hardy life of a farmer's boy proved a good preparation for the hardships of a soldier's existence; and in l861 our subject, following the training of his early life and with the love of liberty in his heart, enlisted under the Union flag to help subdue the war of the rebellion. He was mustered into service in Company E, Twenty-first Illinois Volunteers, and served for four years, six months and two days. He first saw active service at Fredericktown, Md., and took part in the siege of Corinth, and in the battles of Perryville, Ky., Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jonesboro, Ga., Franklin, Tenn., Nashville, Tenn., and numerous skirmishes in the Atlanta campaign. During all this long and arduous service he escaped both wounds and imprisonment. During the first part of his service he was Corporal, but in 1864 was made Sergeant. When the "piping times of peace" had come our young hero, having been mustered out of service, returned to Moultrie County and resumed farming. In 1869 he removed to Bethany and engaged in the grocery trade, in which he continued for three years. He was then elected Justice of the Peace, and attended to the duties of that office for some sixteen years, during the latter part of which he engaged in the furniture busi- [sic] which he sold out in 1889, to accept the office of Postmaster. He is a loyal and stanch Republican in his political views and has ever adhered to that party. Mr. McGuire was married May 15, 1866, to Mrs. Mary Crowder, nee Creltz, who was born in Germany and came to the United States when a little girl of ten years. She has become the mother of six children, namely: Ella, Rachel; Addie, who died in the spring of 1890; Anna, Laura and Dora. They have also an adopted son who bears the name of Finis Ewing. The Cumberland Presbyterian Church is the religious body with which Mr. and Mrs. McGuire are connected, and in its communion they find an abundant opportunity for Christian work. Mr. McGuire is prominently connected with the Grand Army of the Republic, and as an old soldier he has a deep interest in its methods of procedure and loves to meet his old comrades in its enthusiastic gatherings.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
William P. McGuire
William P. McGuire belongs to one of those Tennessee families who emigrated to Illinois many years ago and found upon the prairie the air of liberty and the institutions which they desired for their children. The year 1850 is the date of his first coming to Moultrie County, and he has been in the business of merchandising most of the time since 1853. Our subject was born in Jefferson County, Tenn., September 17, 1829, and is the son of Thomas and Rachel (Ashmore) McGuire, Tennesseans by birth, of whom more is told at length in the biography of their son, Joseph H. McGuire, upon another page of this book. In 1840 the family removed to Illinois and made their first home in Coles County, where they resided until they came to this section. The early life of William McGuire was spent upon a farm and he assisted his father until he started out for himself. He thus gained a thorough knowledge of farm work and a sound and hearty constitution as well as invaluable habits of industry and application.
Margaret Ashmore, a daughter of Alfred Ashmore, became the wife of our subject in 1856. She was born in this county and had been brought up here and by the judicious training and education which had been given her she was well fitted to fill the position which she occupied. The ordinary trials of a young wife and housekeeper, were supplemented within four years after her marriage by the cares and anxieties which befell the wives of soldiers, for in 1861 her husband enlisted in the service of his country, being mustered into service with Company F, Forth-ninth Illinois Infantry. The regiment with which our subject was connected was commanded by Col. William Morrison, and Mr. McGuire served under him until 1863, when he received an honorable discharge on account of a wound received in the battle of Ft. Donelson. This wound had very serious effect upon his constitution as the injury resulted in partially paralyzing his left side. After recovering from this injury Mr. McGuire engaged in the business of merchandising at Bethany and has since that time continued in this line of work.
A truly patriarchal family of twelve have clustered around the fireside of our subject, and nine of this number are living, whose names are as follows: James L., an implement dealer in Bethany; Thomas a druggist of Bethany; William who is in the store with his father; Clarence, Claude, Mary E., wife of Thomas Lytle of Decatur; Rachel A., Cora and Nannie. The members of the family seem to inherit the ability and characteristics of their parents and although still young the sons and daughters are adding to the family reputation by their good judgment, business qualities and attractive traits of character. The Republican party in its declarations embodies the political principles which our subject considers a safe guide for State and nation. He has been a member of the Board of Supervisors for some fifteen years and Justice of the Peace for the same length of time and still holds this latter office. For more than forty years he has been a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and for a number of years, has served as Elder therein. He is identified with the Knights Templar and also with the Grand Army of the Republic, in which latter organization he has been Commander of the Washington Alexander Post No. 176. Aside from his business Bethany he was for one year carrying on mercantile business in Dalton City. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
The name at the head of this sketch is that of one who was a compatriot with the poet Moore and even yet his heart rebounds at the words of the old song : "The harp that once thro' Tara's hall The soul of music shed Now hangs as mute on Tara's wall As if that soul were fled -So sleeps the pride of former days. So glory's thrill is o'er, And hearts, that once beat high for praise, Now feel that pulse no more." However successful a native of that unhappy land may be in his adopted country he cannot but be saddened at the thought that Ireland is no more what it was in the days of the Kings.
Our subject is in the meridian of life and the best of his successes are before him. He is of Irish parentage as well as birth, his father having been William McKittrick, who was a native of the Emerald Isle, and his mother, Margaret (Quarrel) McKittrick, also of Ireland. They emigrated to the United States in 1858, and the father died after locating in Moultrie County, this State. The mother passed away in this county. They were the parents of thirteen children of whom our subject was one of the youngest; he was born in Ireland September 29, 1849, and was about nine years of age when, with his parents, he came to America. They at once located in Madison County, this State, where our subject lived for seven years and then they removed to Shelby County where he has ever since been a resident. He has always been engaged in farming, and has followed this pursuit with a reasonable degree of success.
The marriage of the original of our sketch took place in this county, March 22, 1877. The lady to whom he was united was in her maiden days Laura A. Patton, a daughter of James H. and Lydia (Friezner) Patton, the former a native of Virginia and the latter of Ohio. The father's death occurred in this county and he left to his bereaved wife ten children, of whom Mrs. McKittrick was the third; she was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, April 15, 1853. Our subject and wife are the parents of six living children, whose names are as follows: Lydia A., William C., James F., Milo E., Margaret E. and Mark N. The deceased children were taken away in infancy.
A short period of our subject's early married life was spent in Cold Spring Township, after which they settled on section 26, of Tower Hill Township, where they owned two hundred acres of good, arable land. Mr. McKittrick is in his political tastes and favors a follower of the Republican party. He has been a School Director for some time. Neither our subject nor his wife are united by membership to any church, being liberal in their religious belief, still they do their part toward the support of the Gospel and exert and wield a good influence in the community. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Benjamin F. McMennamy, M.D.
The life of a country physician is one of many trials and hardships and yet of real satisfaction in consideration of the fact that the one who fills this place is of value to a large community of families. To him they appeal in times of distress and sorrow. He is the first one to whom they turn for sympathy when a new life begins and an old one passes away and his is the kind hand which administers relief during days and weeks of suffering and languor. One who worthily appreciates his opportunities for influence in this capacity can do perhaps more to establish a proper standard of living in a country community than any other man, not even excepting the spiritual adviser. Such an opportunity has been appreciated and improved by the worthy gentleman whose name appears at the head of this paragraph, and whose pleasant home is at Bethany, Moultrie County.
Dr. McMennamy came to Bethany in 1876, and is a native of Macon County, this State where he was born October 21, 1847, being a son of John H. and Nancy (Hill) McMennamy. John McMennamy the grandfather of our subject, located in Macon County at a very early date, settling on a farm there, and when the county was organized he was made its first Sheriff. He subsequently removed to Texas where he died in Grayson County.
The father of our subject was born in Tennessee and came with the family to Illinois, and there married a Miss Clark, after which he removed to Texas where his wife died. Subsequent to this he returned to Macon County, this State, and married Nancy Hill who became the mother of our subject and two other children, none but Benjamin, however, having survived. Their mother died in Macon County in 1849, and in 1876 the father again removed to Texas and there died the following year.
The early life of our subject was passed upon the farm and he received his education at a seminary which was then located at Mt. Zion, and so well did he avail himself of his opportunities for instruction that he was soon fitted for the profession of a teach, which he pursued for a number of years. In 1869, after he had reached his majority, he took up the study of medicine with Dr. N. G. Blalock, then a well-known practitioner of Mt. Zion, but now making his home in Walla Walla, Wash., and in 1872 graduated from the Chicago Medical College. The first place at which the young doctor hung out his professional shingle was at Mt. Zion, but after he had attained a little more experience he decided to come to Bethany, as he believed that he would here find a better field for the fulfilment of his ambition. The same year in which our subject took his degree he was united in marriage upon 28th of May to Anna E. Smith, daughter of S. King Smith of Mt. Zion. This lady was born in Princeton, Ky., September 7, 1852, and to her have been given four children, the two who are living being Francis Earl and Clifford Dale. Besides the practice of medicine the Doctor carried on a drug business in Bethany from 1877 - 1886.
The declaration and platform of the Democratic party express the political views of Dr. McMennamy, but although he has held some local offices he takes only a modicum of interest in political movements, especially upon the local stage. He, however, believes it to be the duty of every loyal citizen to cast his vote upon every occasion when a question comes up for decision or a name is presented for office, as only by doing so can the rights of citizenship be maintained. An excellent and extensive practice has been built up by this worthy physician and as it is founded upon his devotion to his profession and to the humane interests of his calling, and has been carried on with unflagging interest and enthusiasm, coupled with true research and scientific study, it is a practice which will continue to improve in both quality and extent for many years. Both he and his lovely and capable companion are members and active workers in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church and their pleasant home is the scene of many social reunions among the best circles of Bethany. The Doctor is also identified with the Ionic Lodge, No. 312 A. F. & A. M. He is also a member of the Central District Medical Society and the Illinois State Medical Society. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Addison W. McPheeters
Addison W. McPheeters, the efficient and popular Postmaster of Sullivan, and one of the leading citizens of that place, where he has resided for eight years, is numbered among the early settler of Moultrie County, of 1852. He has the honor of being a native born citizen of Illinois, his birth having occurred in Morgan County, on the 1st of July, 1834. His parents, Addison and Julia (Pogue) McPheeters, were natives of Kentucky, and after their marriage emigrated to Morgan County, Ill., in 1833. Twelve years they spent in that county, and then returned to Fayette County, Ky., but in 1852 we again find them in Illinois, and the following year the father purchased a good farm in this locality, on which he made his home until his death, which occurred in l879, at the age of eighty-five years. He was a Whig and Republican in politics and was a member of the Presbyterian Church. His wife, who was born about 1801, died during the winter of 1844, in Fayette County, Ky. She was a Presbyterian in religious belief, and like her husband was highly esteemed. The family numbered four children, but two are now deceased. The twin brothers, Addison and Rankin, are yet living. The latter is married and engages in farming in Nelson Township. Our subject returned with his parents to Kentucky, but was living in Moultrie County, Ill., when he attained to mature years. As before intimated, his residence here covers a period of almost forty years. After arriving at man's estate he led to the marriage altar Miss Margaret Lynn, a native of Jefferson County, Ky., born in 1848, and a daughter of James and Belinda (Welch) Lynn, who were natives of Kentucky, having lived in Jefferson County, that State, until l855, when with their family they came to Illinois, where both Mr. and Mrs. Lynn died when past sixty years of age. They lived the life of farming people, and in religious belief were Presbyterians, while in political faith Mr. Lynn was a staunch Republican, in the family are three children, yet living - Mrs. McPheeters; George W., who is married and resides in Eureka Spring, Ark., where he is engaged in the real-estate business; and Martha, wife of John Williams, of Decatur, Ill. Among the first to enlist in Moultrie County after the breaking out of the late war was our subject, who esponded to the call for troops and became a member of the Twenty-First Illinois Infantry. The regiment was then commanded by Col. U. S. Grant, and the company by Capt. John Love. Joining the Army of the Cumberland, the troops fought at Frederickstown, Mo., Perryville, Ky., Champion Hill, and in the battle of Stone River, under Gen. McCook. Then came the Atlanta campaign, and the Twenty-First Regiment remained with Sherman until after the battle at that city, when it was sent back to fight Hood at Nashville. After veteranizing and being assigned to the Fourth Army Corps, the troops were sent to Texas by way of New Orleans, camping for two weeks on the battle ground, near the Crescent City. At San Antonio, Tex., the regiment was mustered out December 16, 1865, and on the 18th of January of the new year arrived at Camp Cutler, where the brave boys in blue were honorably discharged. Mr. McPheeters had enlisted as private, but during the first year of his service was made Sergeant, and held that office until his discharge. He was never wounded or captured, but was always found at his post, faithfully discharged every duty.
On his return from the war, Mr. McPheeters again went to his farm in Nelson Township, and devoted his energies to its cultivation and improvement until 1880, when he was stricken with paralysis and lost the use of his lower limbs. Shortly afterward he came to Sullivan, where he has since made his home and is now filling the position of Postmaster with credit to himself and to the satisfaction of all concerned. He and his family hold a high position in social circles, and are widely known throughout this community. In politics Mr. McPheeters is a stalwart Republican and an earnest worker in the interests of the party. He holds membership with the Presbyterian Church, and his wife belongs to the Methodist Church. Their family numbers six interesting children - Nettie L., George R., Leroy, Addison P., Frank and Julia P. Miss Nettie, who is a graduate of the Sullivan High School, is now assisting her father in the office.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Capt. Rankin P. McPheeters
It is a grateful task to the biographer to tell the story of the brave fightings and marches of the boys in blue who went forth to the call of the President to raise again in triumph the stars and stripes which had been assailed by traitors. No crisis in our country's history since the Revolutionary period had so stirred the hearts of the people and so entered into the home life of every family as the events which are classed under the head of the Civil War, and for at least two generations the history of that period will bear a peculiar and personal value in the eyes of all who love their country.
Capt. McPheeters, whose record we shall be happy to give further on in this sketch, is the son of the late Addison McPheeters, of whose history our readers will learn more in a biographical sketch of A. W. McPheeters, of Sullivan, which appears in this volume. The mother of our subject, whose maiden name was Julia Poague, bore four children, two of them being twins - our subject and A. W, McPheeters, of Sullivan. These sons were born in what is now Scott county, Ill., July 1, 1832, and there passed the early years of their life up to the age of nine when the father removed with his family to Fayette County, Ky., and there our subject grew to manhood and received thorough systematic training as a farmer's boy. When he left Fayette County in the fall of 1852 he came to Moultrie County and for three years pursued his education in Sullivan and Charleston, Ill.
The education which this young man had now attained he decided to at once put to practical service in instructing others, and securing a position at the teacher's desk he taught for two years in Moultrie County before entering upon what has been his life work - farming. He settled upon a farm and devoted himself to that work continuously from that day to this, excepting the time which he spent in the army. Mr. McPheeters enlisted in July, 1862, in Company C, One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry, serving for three years, which term ended about the close of the war. It was as a private that he enlisted, but in March, 1863, he received the commission of a First Lieutenant in his company and the following July was promoted to the Captaincy of Company C, which official position he held until the close of the war. He took part in the siege of Vicksburg and in the battles of Humboldt, Tenn., and Clarendon, Ark. In July, 1864, Capt. McPheeters with his company was detailed and assigned to the eleventh Ohio Battery for two months, and shortly after he was given command of that battery. He took part in the capture of Pine Bluff and Saline River, Ark. Having passed through his entire term of service unharmed and with an honorable record the young Captain gladly hailed the return home, and no doubt thoroughly enjoyed the "royal welcome" which every loyal Northern heart desired to grant when "Johnny came marching home." Sullivan now became his home again and he soon after engaged in farming in East Nelson Township, where he has since resided and where he owns three hundred acres, upon which he has placed desirable improvements.
Capt. McPheeters was married in June, 1859, in Attica, Ind., to Ann M. Campbell, a native of that place. They have a family of four living children and buried their eldest, Julia, when a little child. Those who are living are: Jessie C. the wife of Melville B. Connell, a druggist of Attica, Ind.; Susan F., Mary L. and Charles E. The parents of these children are active and earnest members of the Presbyterian Church and they have brought up their offspring in the faith and practice of the Christian religion. The office of Trustee of the church has long been filled by this gentleman. Our subject has taken quite an active part in political matters and has a strong faith that the Republican party embodies the true principles of political economy. He is prominently identified with the Grand Army of the Republic at Sullivan, and in the Odd Fellows Lodge has filled every office of trust and has been the Deputy and representative of his lodge in the Grand Lodge. The pleasant home which he has provided for his family is delightfully situated and within its walls this public-spirited gentleman and his excellent and capable companion have created an atmosphere of true home life and harmony which has had a decided effect not only in the formation of the character of their children but also upon the social life of the neighborhood. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Hon. Jonathan Meeker
The little city of Sullivan, in Moultrie County, counts among its citizens a number of men of unusual intellectual grasp and acumen, whose experience in life has been such as to bring them prominently before their fellow-men and prove the sturdy and stanch material of which they are made. Among such whose professional ability as well as personal qualities commend them to our readers, we are pleased to mention the gentleman whose name appears at the opening of this paragraph. He is a lawyer of more than ordinary ability and a man of massive frame and commanding presence. Our subject was born in Bennington Township in that part of Delaware County which is now included in Morrow County, Ohio, July 25, 1831. His father, Ambrose Meeker, was born in Orange, N.H., and Grandfather Meeker was a farmer and spent his last years in New Jersey. His wife's maiden name was Miss Tompkins.
The father of our subject was but two years old when his parents died and he was cared for by his maternal uncle, and at the age of fifteen was made an apprentice to learn the trade of a blacksmith at Newark, N.H. After completing his apprenticeship he started for the then far West, walking over the Alleghany Mountains to Ohio and settled in that State at Newark, Licking County. Here he opened a shop and followed his trade for a time before removing to Delaware County, where he bought a farm and for one year attended to cultivating it. He then returned to Newark and resumed business as a blacksmith, remaining there until 1832, when he carried on the same business at Etna after which he became a pioneer at Maysville, Union County. The young man bought a tract of timber land and erected a shop, carrying on blacksmithing and farming together until 1847, when he went to Hancock County, Ill., making the removal by teams. There were five families in the colony and they prospected first in Nauvoo, then in Clark County, and in February, 1848, they came to Sullivan, which was then a small hamlet in a sparsely settled country with no railroad facilities. The land about here was then owned by the Government and Mr. Meeker purchased some property in the village besides forty acres of partly improved land and two hundred and forty acres of wild prairie land. Customers came to his shop from as far away as Douglas and Platt Counties, and his business prospered, making him content to remain here for the remainder of his days. His death occurred in 1881, when he was eighty-two years old.
Hannah Hartwell Meeker, the mother of our subject, was a native of Plymouth, Mass., her parents being descended from the first settlers of Plymouth. She had two children, our subject and his sister Roxanna, the wife of the Hon. John R. Eden. Her death took place in February, 1848. The pioneer school of Ohio afforded all the advantages which these children received in their early days, and the log schoolhouse, the puncheon seats, the wide fireplaces and the unglazed windows were familiar to their childhood.
Jonathan Meeker began work upon the farm while still quite young, and after coming to Illinois worked with his father in the blacksmith shop and attended the academy in Sullivan, and in 1858, at the age of twenty-six, having devoted himself to the study of law, was admitted to the bar commenced practice in Sullivan, which has been the scene of his labors from that day to this. Besides his professional duties he has been somewhat interested in farming, and has made this his recreation from intellectual effort. The young lawyer soon began to think of establishing himself in domestic life and in November, 1860, he married Nancy Parker, a native of Rush County, Ind., and a daughter of Robert and Mary Parker. Five children came to bless this union, namely: Gertrude, Estella, Clara Belle, Raymond and Grace. To these children their parents are giving the very best advantages for a liberal education. Clara Belle and Raymond are graduates of Butler University, in Indiana.
The public career of the Hon. Jonathan Meeker began as early as 1852, when he was elected as one of the village Trustees, in which office he served for several terms. Soon after this he was elected Justice of the Peace and he has represented the township as a member of the County Board of Supervisors. He was elected as Representative to the Illinois State Legislature in 1870, and placed upon the bench of the County Judge in the year of 1877, which honorable office he held for nine years. At the beginning of the present year he formed a professional partnership with D. R. Patterson, Esq., which bids fair to be a business alliance which will benefit both parties and increase their efficiency. This honorable gentleman will no doubt continue to augment his already fine reputation as a member of the bar and as a public-spirited citizen for many years yet to come. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
J.H. Michael, a wealthy and public-spirited farmer residing on section 20, Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, was born in Pickaway County, Ohio, February 26, 1849. His father, Hamilton Michael, was born in Ohio in 1813, and his mother, Martha Bragg, was born in Savannah County, Va., in 1814. They had both removed to Ohio before their marriage, which occurred there in Ross County in 1833. After sixteen years' residence in that section they removed to Pickaway County, which they made their home until 1868, when they removed to Moultrie County, Ill. Nine children were born to Hamilton and Martha Michael namely: Anna E. born in 1834 now Mrs. David Dyer, resides in Hall County, Neb.; Mary C. born in 1836, married Mr. J. J. Swank in Ohio and died in this county; Andrew L. married Cynthia A. Frantz and resides at Broken Bow, Neb.; Sarah who was born in 1840, died unmarried in her young womanhood; John F. has been married twice and resides in Indiana; Isaiah died at the age of four years; George W., married Mary Nagles, and resides in Decatur, Ill.; our subject; Martha Jane, born in 1852 died when fourteen years old. The father of these children passed away after his removal to Illinois in the year 1879, but his venerable and honored widow still remains and resides with her son, our subject, by whom she is most tenderly cherished.
J. H. Michael came to Illinois with his parents when he was a lad of sixteen years and his education which had begun in the public schools of Ohio was continued in this State. He was married February 7, 1875, to Miss Laura A. Hudson, daughter of J. J. Hudson. For further particulars in regard to the history of this interesting and prominent family, the reader is referred to the sketch of Isaac Hudson to be found upon another page. This lovely lady, Mrs. Michael, died of consumption, March 30, 1891, leaving no children to mourn her loss.
The fine farm of two hundred and fifty-five acres, which is partly prairie and partly timber land, has received from the hand of Mr. Michael excellent improvements, and he has taken a great deal of pains with it. The crowning beauty of this farm is a delightful park and carp pond which he has spared no expense in fitting up for the pleasure of his own family and that of the general public. Oak Park as it is called, contains comfortable seats, swings, hammocks and other pleasant accommodations for those who would enjoy outdoor life. The pond is plentifully filled with excellent fish and has boats for the accommodation of visitors. It is a beautiful place and a general pleasure resort for the people for miles around. The trees are mostly of hardwood varieties and are of suitable size to afford excellent shade. The park is five miles northwest of Sullivan, the same distance southwest of Lovington and northeast of Bethany, a location which makes it very convenient of access. The farm is on sections 20 and 21. Mr. Michael is now giving his entire attention to the breeding of Englishshire horses. His fine animal "Nail Stone Honest Boy" is an imported horse of great beauty and a universal favorite among horsemen and represents a little fortune in himself, having cost $2,000. This gentleman is a Democrat in politics but is not aggressive, and was a member of the Town Council of the city of Lovington for six years. He has declined other offices and even failed to qualify after being elected. His departed wife was a worthy and devoted member of the Christian Church and her loss was deeply deplored by those who had been with her in Christian communion.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
George W. Monroe
Any agricultural community which is favored by the residence within it of men of culture and education, having broad views and a wide outlook on life, is to be heartily congratulated. Sullivan Township, Moultrie County, is thus favored in the fact that Mr. Monroe, who was for so long a time active in the educational field, is now one of its enterprising and energetic farmers, making his home on section 34. This gentleman was born in the township where he now lives, March 10, 1855. His parents were Henry J. and Sarah (Timmons) Monroe, the father being a native of Indiana, and the mother of Ross County, Ohio. They were among the pioneers of Shelby County in the early days before the separation of the two counties, and died in Moultrie County, the father in 1865, and the mother in 1889. This revered and beloved parent was the mother of eight sons and two daughters, and our subject was the sixth in order of age. All are still living, and now reside in Sullivan Township, with the exception of one sister, Mrs. Wright, who lives in Shelbyville.
This happy family, who have the good fortune to be still united in this life, are named as follows: Christopher, William H., Thomas, Isaac, Mary E., George W., M. T., John A., Julia A. and E. G. All are married except Julia A., and are all devoted to agriculture with the exception of John A., who is a clerk. That so honorable and enterprising a family should thus, almost without exception, devote their lives to the development of the agricultural interests of Sullivan Township, is in itself a guarantee that that section of our beautiful Prairie State will ever stand on a par with any portion of Illinois.
Young George attended the public schools and the graded school at Sullivan, completing his education at the Northern Indiana Normal School. He was thus fitted for the profession of teaching at the age of twenty-two, and after presiding for six years over various country schools in Shelby and Moultrie Counties, he was elected Principal of the school at Neoga, Cumberland County, where he had three assistants. He remained there three successive years and was then sought by the citizens of Mt. Pulaski to take charge as principal of their graded school, which was of high order and a much larger school, having nine subordinate teachers. During the three years while he was principal of the Mt. Pulaski schools, he contracted a matrimonial alliance, choosing as his wife Miss Mary R. White, a native of Neoga Township, Cumberland County, Ill., where she was born October 18, 1867. Their happy wedding day was November 26, 1885. During his connection with educational work he was frequently called upon to act as instructor in institute and normal work.
In 1888 Mr. Monroe decided to retire from the educational field, and engage in farming. He owns a fine property of two hundred and fifty-three acres, all in a high state of cultivation, with good buildings and improvements, and he has proved that a thorough and systematic teacher can make a thorough and systematic farmer. He is liberal in his political views, although he inclines more strongly to the principles of the Republican party than to those of any other organization. In the fall of 1890 he was placed in the field as a candidate for the office of County Superintendent of Schools in Moultrie County, but his party, that of the farmers and laborers, being largely in the minority, he of course suffered defeat, although he made an honorable and gallant fight. During his professional career Mr. Monroe was a very popular and successful teacher, his services always in demand, commanding the highest wages. Although he was employed in several different schools, he never made a change, except where he was called by an increase of responsibility and a corresponding increase of salary. To Mr. and Mrs. Monroe have been born three beautiful little daughters. Their first-born, Zelma, came to them November 27, 1886; Lorah, December 8, 1888; and Vergie, May 17, 1891. The mother of these children is a woman of lovely Christian character, and a devoted and earnest member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.[Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Samuel W. Morthland
Himself a lover of a fine horse, our subject understands the needs of the traveling public so thoroughly as to keep all grades and styles of animals to suit each whim and taste. For the young man who loves a level stretch of country and a good gait, he has in his stables roadsters that can keep up with any in the county. For the old physician who cannot get along without his forty winks as he goes from one place to another, he has the staid and reliable animals that will land him at his destination safely, without so much as a pull at the lines, and to the nervous lady who is afraid of a good, fast gait, and yet wants to travel behind a horse with some style, he gives a beautiful little mare with glossy mane and tail, and tender eyes that promise of themselves the utmost sedateness united with elegant dignity, for Mr. Morthland is a livery man and caters to the traveling public of Lovington, Moultrie County.
The parents of our subject were Joseph T. and Alice (McCardle) Morthland. The former was a native of Pennsylvania and the latter emigrated in her young womanhood to the United States from Ireland. They were married in New York City and came from there to Decatur, Ill., in the year 1859. Two weeks after his arrival in the last-named city Joseph Morthland died. His wife followed him a good many years later, passing away from this life in Moultrie County, August 17, 1889. They were the parents of five children, and of these our subject was the eldest. He was born in New York City, January 11, 1850, and was nine years of age when he came with his parents to Decatur, this State.
Mr. Morthland early knew what it was to take care of himself for in his young days he worked out for his board and clothing, spending four or five years in this way in Macon County, his mother having removed to Moultrie County and married again a man by the name of Levi Misenhelter. Our subject went to live with his mother and made his home under her roof until his marriage which took place in Lovington, December 18, 1872. His bride was Rebecca McCravy, who was born in Tennessee. After marriage the young couple resided in Lovington for several months and then removed to Lowe Township, where our subject was engaged in farming for a period of about four years. At the expiration of this time he returned to Lovington and purchased a livery business in July, 1878, and has since continued giving his attention to this business. Mr. Morthland is a genial, whole-souled fellow who is a hail fellow well met with all the best spirits of the town. He is deservedly popular with all classes of people and enjoys the confidence and respect of the community. Our subject and his wife have had their domestic life enriched by the advent of one daughter therein. Her name is Ida M. and she is the pride of her parents whose ambition it is that every talent that she possesses should be cultivated in the highest degree and that she should be an accomplished and intelligent woman. Mr. Morthland has served on the Village Board for several years and has filled the office of Township Clerk most acceptably. Socially, he is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and both an Odd Fellow and a Knight of Pythias. In connection with his livery business he also makes a specialty of Normans and roadsters, being engaged in breeding horses. He also sells many buggies and vehicles of all descriptions. Besides his business in the village he has a general oversight of his farm in the township which comprises one hundred and twenty acres and which brings him in a handsome revenue. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois. . . ." Published by Biographical Publishing Co., 1891, tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
Vachel D. Mullen
It being the purpose of the biographical writer to record for the benefit of posterity the names and deeds of those worthy of remembrance, he would fail in his purpose were he to omit from this volume some account, however brief, of Mr. Mullen, who now represents Lowe Township on the Moultrie County Board of supervisors. He has been the recipient of this honor, as well as other, from his fellow-citizens, who have recognized his sagacity and ability, and have often called upon him to assist in the management of public affairs. The family of which Mr. Mullen is an honored member included six children, as follows - Harriet, Vachel D., Isabella, Harry, Mary and Edwin. The parents were Francis C. and Nancy (Dean) Mullen, natives respectively of Delaware and Indiana. They were married in Vigo County, Ind., where they first settled and whence they removed to Illinois in 1850. They settled in what is now Douglas County, of which they have since been residents. The father follows the avocation of a farmer, and is honorable and conscientious in his dealings with those about him, considerate and kindly in social and domestic life, and with his good wife enjoys the esteem of the community where they reside.
Our subject, the eldest son in the family, was born September 28, 1845, upon an island in the Wabash River, in Vigo County, Ind. In the home of his birth he spent the first five years of his life, and was then brought by his parents to Illinois. He grew to a stalwart manhood in Douglas County, where he attended the common schools of the district and learned by experience many lessons even more valuable than those conned on the rude benches of the temple of learning. He began his career a poor boy, but put his shoulder to the wheel with so much energy that his present property is the result. For twenty years Mr. Mullen has received the active and devoted assistance of a faithful wife, who has shared his joys and sorrows, his hopes and disappointments, and who with him can now reap the harvest of the efforts of former years. The estimable lady bore the maiden name of Catherin Crist, and was born in Muhlenberg County, Ky., February 22, 1848. The ceremony which united her in marriage with Mr. Mullen was performed in Douglas County, Ill., March 2, 1871, and after that important event the young couple settled in Lowe Township on section 4, of which they have since been residents. Their family comprises five children - Myra B., Alfred H., Effie N., May and Winona.
In his chosen life work, farming, Mr. Mullen has been greatly prospered, and one hundred and twenty acres now pay tribute to his care and cultivation. In political affairs he takes a lively interest and is a prominent member of the Democrat party. He has held the office of School Director, a position for which he was well qualified by education, deep interest in the cause and energy of character. He was elected Supervisor of Lowe Township in the spring of 1889, and in that responsible position is doing much to advance the interests of his community. In his religious views he is liberal. He is one of the most enterprising and public spirited of men, and without neglecting his personal affairs finds time to do much to advance the common welfare. [Source: "Portrait and Biographical Record of Shelby and Moultrie Counties, Illinois..."; Chicago Biographical Publishing Co., 1891; tr. by G.T. Transcription Team]
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