Green Caston Waggoner Pioneer Family

Contributed by Ella Tittsworth
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Green Caston & Mary (Foster) Waggoner
Green Caston & Mary (Foster) Waggoner

Green C. Waggoner left Pike County Illinois and went to California in the Gold Rush of 1850. After returning to Illinois, he married Mary A. Foster. Mary had two sisters that married Green's brothers. An interesting story has been passed down in the family. When Mary and Green would finish a meal at the home of their son Thomas, Mary would say to Jolie, Thomas's wife, "Now honey, you just put those dishes aside. As soon as I am finished with my pipe, we will do them together."

Green Caston & Caroline (Doak) Waggoner m 23 Oct. 1845 Pike Co IL
Caroline was b 1826 VA - Died 29 Mar 1852 IL -- Children:
Sarah Jane Waggoner b: SEP 1846
William Jackson Waggoner b: 16 DEC 1848 in Martinsburg, Pike Co., Illinois
Missouri Ann Waggoner b: 29 MAR 1849 in Martinsburg, Illinois m Wm. Wash. Reynolds
John Green Waggoner b: 06 OCT 1850 in Pike Co IL - m Mary Jane Alston 19 APR 1873

Green Caston & Mary Aurena (Foster) Green b 5 Jan 1833 d 10 Jan 1917
m. 23 Feb 1854 Pike Co IL - Children:
Thomas Marion Waggoner b: 06 NOV 1854 in IL. m Julia Ann Roberts
Amanda Caroline Waggoner b: 29 MAR 1856 Pike IL
Mary Waggoner b: 11 FEB 1858
Henry C. Waggoner b: 26 SEP 1859
Martha E. Waggoner b: 20 FEB 1861 in Pike Co IL m Robert Robinson
Flora Tobiatha Waggoner b: OCT 1864 in Pike Co IL m David Zumwalt
Lewis Martin Waggoner b: 26 SEP 1869 in Martinsburg, Pike Co IL - m Nancy Palmer
Laura L. Waggoner b: 09 NOV 1871 in Pike Co IL m Wm. Lyman
Myrtle Lucinda Waggoner b: 30 AUG 1874 in Martinsburg IL m Charles W. Waggoner

Divider Line Green Caston & Mary (Foster) Waggoner

Green Caston Waggoner of Martinsburg Illinois, his second wife Mary and some of the children of both of his marriages. Green was born in Grainger County Tennessee in 1819. He was married first to Caroline Doak who was the mother of Missouri, William Jackson and John Green. The photo was taken in Pittsfield, four miles north of Martinsburg in Pike County, Illinois. It was taken in 1882 when Green's daughter Missouri (Reynolds) returned from Stockton, California for a family visit.

Divider Line Amanda Caroline (Waggoner) & Sebastian Goodin
Amanda Caroline (Waggoner) & Sebastian Goodin
Divider Line Martha (Waggoner) & Robert Robinson
Martha (Waggoner) & Robert Robinson
Divider Line Laura (Waggoner) Lyman
Laura (Waggoner) Lyman

History of Green Caston Waggoner

The life span of Green Caston Waggoner encompassed the greater part of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th. His life paralleled the period of the Industrial Revolution in the United States. The changes in the world during Green's lifetime were greater than that of the lifetime of anyone who had preceeded him. The America of his birth had been a rural, agrarian society which during his lifetime was transformed into the leading industrial power of the world. During his long life of ninety-four years, Green saw the steamboats ply the waters of the Mississippi Valley and the arrival of the age of the railroad. He saw the coming of the telephone and the phonograph to the Martinsburg, Illinois area. Before his death hi 1913, both the automobile and the airplane had been invented. Green may have embraced the changes in America brought on by the Industrial Revolution. His interest in technology may well be indicated by the fact that he was the first in the Martinsburg area to own a twine binder. Through it all, Green remained a farmer at heart, and after his return from a visit to his daughter hi California in 1886, he was most impressed by the immensity of the wheat harvest in that state. Green Waggoner was born in Tennessee within four years of the close of the War of 1812. His father Jesse had served in that war as a member of the East Tennessee Militia under the command of that great hero of the West, Andrew Jackson. Green Waggoner was born hi the first administration of President James Monroe and died in the first year of the first administration of Woodrow Wilson. His life spanned the administrations of twenty-four Presidents (counting Grover Cleveland twice as both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth Presidents). Shortly after having settled hi Pike County, Illinois, Green lived through the time of the Mexican War of 1846-7. More than a decade later, he watched as many of his cousins and neighbors went off to war to crush the Southern Rebellion during the Civil War. Not long after his seventy-ninth birthday in 1898, the United States went to war again, this time with Spain. Green's death in 1913 was only one year short of the beginning of World War I in Europe.

In 1850 Green Waggoner joined the rush to the goldfields of California. When Green left for California in March of 1850, his wife Caroline was pregnant with their son John Green. John Green Waggoner was born on October 6 of 1850. By that time his father had arrived in California to pan gold in the El Dorado district near Pilot Hill thirty miles north and east of Sacramento. As was the custom of the '49ers and the more numerous gold seekers of 1850, the men went ahead usually leaving their families behind. Caroline apparently remained at home (she is not with Green in the 1850 California census, nor is she found in the 1850 census of the Pike Counties of Missouri and Illinois) with two very small children, William J. and Missouri Ann. Another daughter of Green and Caroline, Sarah Jane, had died hi March of 1849. With his younger brother Jesse and several Martinsburg area relatives and neighbors, Green Caston Waggoner almost certainly joined a company which was outfitted in Pike county and was led by Thomas Richardson, the husband of Lucinda Jane Waggoner (Green's first cousin once removed). The Pike County company's trip overland across the Oregon Trail is described in an article on Thomas Richardson in "Representative Citizens of Northern California", Standard Genealogical Publishing Company, Chicago, 1901, page 611: "Accordingly, he (Richardson) joined a company of ninety men that secured an outfit in Pike County and started in a train of twenty-nine wagons on the long and arduous journey across the plains. They were well supplied with provisions, and, as two physicians were of the party, were protected against prolonged illness. The journey was made by way of South Bear River, Green River, and Humboldt, and they were on the journey about six months, at the end of which period they arrived in Hangtown, now Placerville, September 18,1850. Although many emigrant trains suffered greatly from cholera, only three of their party had died of this disease.

Mr. Richardson began his career as a placer miner with pan and rocker on the American River below Coloma. He met with a fair measure of success, taking out considerable gold, and followed mining until 1851, when he returned to his home by the water route..." Other information on the 1850 Overland Trip comes from "A Memorial and Biographical History of Merced, Stanislaus, Calaveras, Mariposa Counties (Calif.), The Lewis Publishing Co., Chicago, IL 1892, page 226, which states: "In 1850 he (Thomas Richardson) crossed the plains to California with an ox-team. Proceeding to the gold-diggings on the American river, he mined there about two weeks. In December, 1851, he went back east by water..."

Although Thomas Richardson would return to settle in California by making a second overland trip with his family leaving in March of 1852, Green Waggoner appears to have returned to stay for good in Pike county, Illinois , However, on at least one other occasion, Green Waggoner returned to California in order to visit his daughter, Mrs. Missouri Reynolds. She and her family had settled in the Stockton area, and Green's return to Pike county from to visit to his daughter was reported in the "Pike County Democrat" of April 1,1886.