Winnebago County, Illinois
SWEDISH TAKE ACTIVE PART IN CIVIL WAR
One Out Of Every 5 In State Enlists; 13 Enlist Together
By HERMAN G. NELSON
In Collaboration With A.B. Erlander
"The Civil war marks the beginning of general participation in public affairs by the Swedish settlers in this country," E.W. Olson, (?). D. writes in his monumental work The Swedish Element in Illinois.
"Of the total population in Illinois," Dr. Olson states, "one out of ever seven persons enlisted in the Union army. The Swedish population of Illinois, showed a slightly better percentage--one out of every five. These facts and figures are the result, not of rough estimates, but of a laborious search through nine volumes of names in Illinois volunteers, undertaken by the writer during the compilation of another Just how many Swedish persons from Rockford enlisted to fight for the union cause has never been figured out. Records of man recruited here, when available, were never consulted to determine how many Swedish names were among those enlisted. Even if they had been consulted, the records would probably have been misleading as men came from neighboring cities and communities to Rockford to enlist. The records which have come to us from that day tell us that a group of 13 Rockford Swedish citizens enlisted at the same time at the second call of Lincoln for volunteers. This group became members of Co. H. First Illinois Light Artillery, which became known as Silfversparre's or the Swede battery.
Those Who Enlisted
In this group were John Abrahamason, John G. Buckland, Henry Benson, Aaron Charlson, Henry Anderson, Mr. Gunnerson, John A. Johnson, August Lindvall, P.A. Oberg, Peter Olson, Jonas Peters, Olaf Pearson, and Louis Walberg.
An incomplete list includes the following Rockford Swedes, not mentioned in the group of 13, who enlisted in the Union army:
John Z. Rydberg, infantry corporal; Andrew Holmquist, Co. E, 141st Infantry; Lewis P. Anderson, Co. C, 74th Illinois Volunteers; Andrew Johnson; John Peterson; Aaron Anderson; Peter Larson; John Johnson, son on Carl Johnson.
Johnas Hollem, killed in the battle of Pea Ridge; John Johnson, not the same as mentioned previously; Adolph Peterson, killed in battle; John Hegberg.
O.P. Nelson, who died about two years ago; John Abramson and Nils Abramson, brothers; Samuel Johnson; and P.G. Hollem.
August Lindblade was also a prominent Civil war veteran in Rockford. He, however, enlisted in Princeton and settled in Rockford during the war.
Widow Of Veteran Soon 90
Many of these man have children and grandchildren surviving in Rockford and other parts of the United States. The widow of Lews P. Anderson still survives and will be 90 years old in December.
Lewis P. Anderson, who came to Rockford in 1854 was one of the best known and most stately of the Swedish Civil war veterans in Rockford. He enlisted on Aug. 7, 1862, for a period of three years. He left Rockford with Co. C of the 74th Illinois Volunteers Sept. 28, 1862, which company was sent down into Kentucky to drive away General Bragg. Anderson participated in the battle of Perryville in Kentucky Oct. 7 and 8 of the same year. When lying in the line of battle that night, it rained, then snowed, and froze. Mr. Anderson, along with many others, caught a severe cold and rheumatism. He was later taken to the army hospital at New Albany, Ind., where he partially recovered. By reason of disability, however, he was discharged Jan. 14, 1864. Died At G.A.R. Reunion. Anderson is one of the many G.A.R. veterans who have died from overexertion at Grand Army reunions. His death occurred Aug. 29, 1900, while he was attending the G.A.R. convention in Chicago and the reunion of the 74th Illinois Volunteers. Exertion of marching in the parade overtaxed his strength. Besides the widow, three children survive, Mrs. Anna Doebereiner and Mrs. Lydia Brown, of Rockford, and Frank Anderson, of Chicago.
Veteran Becomes Mason
The first Swedish person to become a member of the Masonic order in Rockford was a Civil war veteran, August Lindblade. He was prominent for many years in leading parades and in heading celebrations. Lindblade enlisted at Princeton, Ill., for a term of three months at the first call of President Lincoln, April 24, 1862. His first service was with Co. I of the 12th Illinois regiment. On Aug. 11, 1862, he was appointed first sergeant in Co. A. He did not serve long, however, being mustered out at Chicago on Oct. 6, 1862. Shortly thereafter he settled in Rockford. Children who survive are the Misses Wilhelmina and Emma Lindblade, Mrs. Peter Johnson and George Lindblade, of Rockford, and Henry E. Lindblade, Chicago, head of the Chicago State hospital drug department at Dunning, Ill.
Joined Army in 1851
Martin Hilliard, born in Stockholm, Sweden, Sept. 25, 1818, who immigrated to American in the 40's, was the first Rockford Swedish settler to enlist in the United States army. He joined the army in 1851, eleven years previous to the Civil war, and was mustered out in 1856. After leaving the army, he opened a store in Key West, Fla., but after a year there he moved to Chicago where he also engaged in business. In the year 1859, he went to California by oxteam. For 11 years he stayed in California, working as a prospector and panning gold. He came back to Rockford in 1870, his wife having been here since 1864. On his arrival here he opened a grocery store on E. State st.
Erects Store on Seventh Street
Later he erected a store building on the rear of his home lot on Seventh st. The Hilliard lot included the southwest corner of Seventh st. and Third ave., to the alley south. The Hilliard store was one of the first business buildings on Seventh st. His wife, Emile Long Hilliard, was a sister of Andrew Long, who is nearly 93 years old and in good health. A daughter, Emily Hilliard, was a charter member of Trinity Lutheran church.
Even in the early day, the Swedish settlers here mixed English with their Swedish. Hilliard spoke a very correct English as well as Swedish and disliked the growing custom among the early settlers of mixing their Swedish and English in conversation as well as in business. The story has been told that a woman came into his store one day and asked in Swedish for a pound of "butter." "Butter" in Swedish is a wooden container, and characteristic of Mr. Hilliard, he asked his customer if she wanted a "tra buter" (wooden container) or a "smor butter" (butter container).
Checkers Precedence to Business
Mr. Hilliard was one of the outstanding checker players of his day. If he was engaged in playing checkers with one of his "cronies" when a customer came into his store, he would tell the customer to wait until the game was over. Business was business, but a game of checkers was more important. [--Rockford Morning Star, October 19, 1930]
James M. Green
Passes To Rest -- Cherry Valley Township Farmer Dies In Rockford -- Served In Civil War
Gave Four Years and Three Months' Service in Behalf of Union of States--Grand Army in Charge of Funeral
James M. Green, a resident of Winnebago county since 1866, and who was prominent in the affairs of Cherry Valley township, died late yesterday afternoon at 1108 Charles street, the place he has occupied as a home since March 1, when he moved to this city. Mr. Green was a veteran of the civil war, performing meritorious service, and served four years and three months. Death was due to bronchial pneumonia, from which he was seriously ill since last Saturday. He has been in poor health for three years. Mr. Green in his prime was a sturdy man and weighed 200 pounds, but the rigors of the campaigns during the war and the burden of caring for the farm on which lived many years had its effect, and he weighed 117 pounds at his death.
Virginian in Northern Army
Mr. Green was a Virginian by birth and came from the Shenandoah valley, a section that is now famous in the history of the civil war. Although brought up in an atmosphere that breathed the rights of the white race to make negroes their chattels, the thought was repugnant to Mr. Green. He was a Douglas democrat and voted for Douglas for the presidency, hoping his election would avert the war. WIth the defeat of Douglas he became a republican and has always been consistent in advocating the principles of that party. Mr. Green came north at the outbreak of the war and settled in Ohio. He enlisted for the 90-day service in the 39th Ohio infantry, and re-enlisted in the 179th infantry, participating in all the battles of his company, and was honorably discharged when hostilities ceased. At the close of the war Mr. Green came to Illinois, and in 1872 was married to Miss Flora J. Canfield. They went to live on a farm in Cherry Valley township, four miles east of Rockford. Mr. Green farmed the place until 15 years ago, when he retired, although still living on the place, and the first of this month the family moved to Rockford.
Held Township Offices
Mr. Green served the people in positions of trust and responsibility. He was school director and commissioner of highways, discharging his duties with fidelity and promptness. As a republican he was a member of the Winnebago county republican central committee many years. Mr. Green was a member of Nevius Post No. 1, Grand Army of the Republic. Surviving Mr. Green are his widow and four sons--Arthur C., Clarence, Claude and Attorney Le Roy M. Green of Rockford. A.J. Green of Crosby street is a brother. He has a number of half brothers and half-sisters, including Joseph Shipe and John Shipe of Winnebago county; Mrs. Gleason, living south of Rockford; Mrs. Coleman, living in Cuba, and Benjamin Shipe of Whittier, Cal. The funeral will be held from the home Sunday afternoon at 2:30 o'clock and burial will be at Cedar Bluff cemetery. Nevius post will be in charge. [--Rockford Morning Star, March 29, 1913]
Samuel N. Jones
Death Calls Samuel N. Jones
Well Known Civil War Veteran--Long Prominent In Activities Of Rockford
Samuel N. Jones, a veteran of the civil war and for many years active as a citizen of Rockford, passed away late this forenoon at 3320 West State street, after being in poor health for a year and seriously ill of kidney and heart trouble about a week. He was a native of Woodstock, Coon., where he was born April 2, 1843, being the son of Nathaniel and Alma Corbin Jones. He enlisted August 15, 1862, in the 18th Connecticut infantry, serving throughout the war, being mustered out at Harper's Ferry on June 29, 1865. Three months later he came to Rockford to make his home. He was married February 13, 1871, to Elenor Pierpont, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Guy Pierpont, and sister of Theorn G. and Watson Piepont, all well known in this city.
For many years Mr. Jones conducted a pump and windmill business for this section of country. Later he was a member and manager of the Rockford Construction compnay, which was engaged on various public works. Mr. Jones was a devoted member of Nevius post, No. 1, G.A.R. He was a leading spirit in the Eastern Veterans association, which long held annual meetings in this city. He was active in affairs of the city, serving as a member of the city council. He was also a member of the Masonic order. Mr. Jones is survived by is wife and three children: Andros C., Lockport, N.Y., sales manager of the Niagra Cotton Batting company; Alma E., of Rockford, and Guy P., of Sacremento, Cal., member of the California state board of health. Mr. Jones was from a military ancestry; his grandfather being a soldier of the revolutionary war and his father of the war of 1812. The funeral will be held from the parlors of the Second Congregational church Saturday afternoon at four o'clock. [--Rockford Daily Register Gazette, June 27, 1918]
George W. Marston
--DEATH COMES TO GEO. W. MARSTON AT AGE OF 81--VETERAN OF CIVIL WAR AND RESIDENT OF SEWARD OVER SIXTY YEARS--WOUNDED TWICE AT SHILOH
George W. Marston, civil war veteran and resident of Winnebago county for over sixty years, died yesterday morning at 4:30 o'clock at his home in Seward after many years of suffering induced by wounds received at the battle of Shiloh. Mr. Marston was born in Java, Wyoming county, N.Y., Feb. 12, 1835. He came to Illinois with his parents in 1845 and located on the farm in Seward township on which he died. He enlisted with the Ellis Rifles when the first call came for volunteers in 1861 and May 24, 1861 was sworn into the U.S. service for three years. He saw service with Co. C, 15th Illinois Infantry. April 6, 1862, he was wounded twice at the battle of Shiloh and lay without medical attention for three days, when he was found and brought home by his brother, Joel, of Waterhouse's battery. His honorable discharge followed in August of that year, but he never entirely recovered from the effect of his wounds.
--Seven Children Survive
In 1863 he was married to Sarah Scott, a daughter of the late Dr. Amos Scott of Seward. He is survived by his wife and seven children, Professor Anson Marston of Iowa State college at Ames, Dr. Charles L. Marston, Mason City, Ia.; Amos W. and Walter S. Marston of Chicago, and George E. Marston who lives on the farm in Seward. Deceased was a member of G.L. Nevius Post No. 1, G.A.R., and joined the Methodist Episcopal church when a young man, his father's family being pioneers of this denomination in the vicinity in which the home was located, meetings of early days being held in the Marston house. Funeral services will be held Thursday afternoon at 1:30 o'clock at the home in Seward, Rev. H.P. Armstrong officiating, and burial will take place in the Twelve Mile Grove cemetery. All the sons and daughters will be in attendance at the obsequies. [Rockford Morning Star, April 26, 1916]
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