Genealogy Trails' Kansas

WYANDOTTE COUNTY, KANSAS

History of Wyandotte County Kansas: and it's people

Edited and Compiled by Perl W. Morgan

Kansas City, Kansas

Illustrated

VOL. 1

The Lewis Publishing Company Chicago 1911

AUTHOR'S FOREWORD

Through all the history of Kansas and of Wyandotte county there runs a thread of romance. There is an odd fascination in the accounts of those old explorers who came this way in the three centuries preceding the coming of the white men to dwell here. There is a quiet charm about the old Indian legends and in the stories of the wars and wanderings of these ancient tribes. There is something delightfully interesting in the tales of the old steamboat days told by the men and women who came up the Missouri and Kansas rivers in the Territorial days. The long struggle for statehood, the Border strife and the final conquest, one of the most thrilling periods in our nation's history, appeal to the author as well as to the reader.

The early history of Kansas and of Wyandotte county interwoven and inseparable, is a repetition of the old story of the battle of civilization with the forces of the wilderness. The passing of the savage Red Man, the education of his more enlightened brother, the Emigrant Indian from the east, the beginning of the future's development and the final victory of peace, are in harmony with the history of Kansas and of Wyandotte county, which is a story crowded with vicissitudes and leading through a phenomenal growth to a promise of splendid triumph.

It has been the airm of the author to present something of all this in this work. And it should not be a colorless summary of dry facts and figures. The personal reminiscences of men and women of the early days who are still living have been used to give life and realism to the work. Here is undertaken a record of the progress of Wyandotte County, its people and its institutions up to the close of the first decade of the twentieth century. It is a story full of absorbing interest and it has been the endeavor of the author and those with whom he has been associated to tell it in an accurate but attractive manner. In this work the author, having been a citizen of the county for more than twenty-five years, has accumulated in that time much of that which appears in these two volumes. Also he has had access to a fund of historical information from the Kansas State Historical Society and in the public library of Kansas City, Kansas. Many others have contributed information for which the author, the publisher and the reader, as well, are indebted.

Perl W. Morgan

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

THE TRAILS OF THE EXPLORERS

Early French and Spanish Explorers - When Father Marquette Came - Father Hennepin's Wonderful Map - Explorations of Lewis and Clark - First Fourth of July Celebration in Kansas - Captain Pike's Expedition - Major Long's Expedition - French-men Our First Merchants - The Fur Traders - The Great American Desert - The Fremont Expeditions - Scenes of Rare Beauty - Physical and Geographical Features, Etc. - pages 1-16

CHAPTER II

THE KANSAS INDIANS

Whence Came the Name - Here Three Centuries Ago - Kansas, the Dominant Tribe - Moncachtape, the Interpreter - Early Kansas Villages - Kansas Indian Lodge - The Kansas Home Life - Old Fool Chief - An Honest Indian - The Famous Kansas Orator - A Chief Who Was A Warrior - At War With Their Brothers - Depredations of the Kansas - The Kansas Treaties - Abandoned The Kansas River - Beginning of A New Era - pages 17-28

CHAPTER III

THE SHAWNEES, FIRST EMIGRANTS

Their Wars and Wanderings - Their Last Stand - The Death of Tecumseh - Their Coming to Kansas - The Shawnee Prophet - The Great Chief, Blue Jacket - Captain Joseph Parks - Clung to Old Customs - Farewell to Kansas - pages 29-38

CHAPTER IV

THE DELAWARES

Their Wars on the Pawnees - As Irving Saw Them - Civilization's Advance Agents - Visited by Parkman - Not Given Alone to Fighting - The Delaware Chiefs - The Death of Chief Ketchum - The Last of A Noble Race - The Treaty of 1866 - pages 39-46

CHAPTER V

THE OLD INDIAN MISSIONS

The Shawnee Methodist Mission - Where the Legislature Met - The Mission Graveyard - The Shawnee Baptist Mission - A Newspaper for the Indians - A Visit to the Missions - The Shawnee Quaker Mission - Social Life About the Missions - Delaware Methodist Mission - Delaware Baptist Mission - pages 47-58

CHAPTER VI

THE ANCIENT WYANDOT NATION

The Wyandots - Early History of the Nation - Romances and Folk Lore - Wyandots' verison of the Creation - Their Allegiance to the French - Their Wars at an End - Became a Civilized Nation - pages 59-68

CHAPTER VII

COME TO THEIR PROMISED LAND

Wyandots Purchase A Home From the Delawares - Founded the Village of Wyandotte - Romances of Old Wyandot Families - The Heroism of Elizabeth Zane - Captain Pipe - pages 68-78

CHAPTER VIII

WYANDOTS BECOME CITIZENS

Burial Place of the Wyandots - Reminiscences of the Early Days - (Mrs. Lucy B. Armstrong) - pages 79-86

CHAPTER IX

OLD WYANDOTTE'S EARLY DAYS

When the White Settlers Came - The Catfish Hotel - Residents in 1855-6 - Isaac Zane's Perpetual Motion Machine - When the Townsite Boomers Came - The Town Organization - The Big Town Lot Sale - A Rush of Population - Four Broad Avenues - A Famous Old Hall - When Wyandotte Became A City - A Forbidding Looking Place - Those Ready-Made Houses - The Blue Goose Saloon - Officers for Twenty-Eight Years - pages 87-101

CHAPTER X

OLD QUINDARO

Free State Boomers Started Quindaro - Other River Ports Out-Distranced - Kasnas Merchandise Landed There - A Town of Real Live Men - What Killed Old quindaro - Early Kansas Politics - How Quindaro Lost Out - Pages 102-107

CHAPTER XI

KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI

Families There Ninety Years Ago - Westport A Great Trade Center - When the Town was Born - A Real Estate Boom - An Unpromising Town - When Cholera Struck the Place - The First Mayoralty Election - Benton's Famous Prophecy - A Traveling Post Office - steamboat and Trail Trade - First Public Improvements - The Civil War Brought Ruin - Return to Peace - Hotels on the Levee - The Hannibal Bridge Helped - Benton's Prophecy Verified - pages 108-117

CHAPTER XII

IN THE OLD STEAMBOAT DAYS

First Glimpse of Kansas - When the Yankee Free State Men Came - Delights of Pioneer Travel by Steamboat - When Governor Reeder Came and Went - First Steamboats to Navigate the Kansas River - The "Emma Harmon's" Famous Trip - The "Lightfoot" Built in Kansas - A Notable Voyage up the Kansas River - Quindaro's Famous Side-Wheeler - Kansas River Steamboats - Steamboats that Went Down - When Boats were Operated for the Railroads - An End to Steamboating - pages 118-128

CHAPTER XIII

STRUGGLE FOR CIVIL GOVERNMENT

Wyandot Indians Pioneers in the Movement - The First Election - A "Boating" Convention - Kansas-Nebraska Bill Passed - Welcome to Governor Reeder - Orders an Election - Candidates for Territorial Delegates - The First Invasion - Eyes of a Nation on Shawnee Mission - The Bogus Laws - Three Makers of Kansas History - Governor Shannon to the Frontier - The Topeka Constitution - The Wakarusa war - Emigrant Aid Socities - The Captial at Lecompton - Governor Geary on the Scene - Governor Robert J. Walker - The Lecompton Constitution - Leavenworth Convention - Governor Medary - Elections Before Statehood - pages 129-145

CHAPTER XIV

THE WYANDOTTE CONSTITUTION

The Roll of the Convention - A Convention of Young Men - Republican "Whips," Ingalls and Simpson - The Organization - Ohio Constitution Followed - Resolutions to Congress - Closed the Door to Slavery - Refused to Include Part of Nebraska - Woman's Influence in the Convention - Democratic Members Refused to Sign - Consistution Approved by the People - Congress Slow to Act - When the News Reached Kansas - Thirty-Five Years of Statehood - pages 146-159

CHAPTER XV

FIFTY YEARS UNDER THE CONSTITUTION

Senator Bristow's Address - Governor Stubbs on "Kansas" - Henry J. Allen's Eloquence - Congressman Madison's Tribute - William Allen White on "The Old Insurgents" - John H. Atwood's Speech - pages 160-166

CHAPTER XVI

BOUNDARY LINE FIGHT

The East Boundary of Kansas - The North Boudnary - Southern Boundary - When Colorado Was A Part of Kansas - Wyandotte Convention Cut Off Colorado - Debate on the Western Boundary - To Cut Off "Short Grass" Country - Objected to the Mining Regions - A Pathway to the Mountains - Part of Nebraska Wanted to be in Kansas - Nebraska's Many Capitals - Would Make the Platte the Boundary - Nebraska's Delegates to Wyandotte - Defeat of the Plan - Kansas Papers Indifferent - A Missouri Opinion of Kansas - Stephen A. Douglas' Speech - Ben Simpson's Defencse of the Boundaries - The Convention Did Right - Kansas City Lost its Opportunity - Kansas the "Middle Spot" of North America - pages 167-183

CHAPTER XVII

SURVEYING A STATE LINE

Ran Out of Provisions - Threatened by Pawnee Indians - A Long Tramp - Working in A Blizzard - The Journey to Wyandotte - Border Ruffians at Work - pages 184-188

CHAPTER XVIII

KANSAS IN THE REBELLION

The First Infantry Regiment - At the Battle of Wilson's Creek - A Famous Cavalry Regiment - The Fifth Kansas Cavalry - The Eighth Infantry - Ninth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry - A Consolidation of Kansas Regiments - Young Tom Ewing's Regiment - The Twelfth Infantry - Fourteenth Infantry - One Hundred Day Men - The Negro Regiments - The Third Battery - The Record of Kansas - pages 189-200

CHAPTER XIX

WYANDOTTE IN THE CIVIL WAR

The County's Record - First Regiment Kansas Volunteer Infantry - Our Boys in the Second - Indians in the Fifth Cavalry - Those who Joined the Sixth - Colonel Weir's Men - The Ill-Fated Twelfth - A Fighting Cavalry - The Sixteenth's Roll of Honor - The Kansas Colored Regiments - The Battles They Fought - Fighting in the Ozarks - Powell Clayton's Command - Protectors of the Southern Border - When Colonel Clarkson was Captured - The Twelfth Cavalry's Many Battles - pages 201-212

CHAPTER XX

THE GREAT BATTLE OF THE BLUE

General Price's Bold Plan - The Fight of the Little Blue - Situation Before the Big Battle - The Dash for Kansas - The Crossing at Byrom's Ford - Colonel Veale's Heroic Stand - As A Participant Saw It - The Rebel Yell - Fighting to the Death - The Topeka Battery's Loss - As General Deitzler Told It - pages 213-226

CHAPTER XXI

"UNDERGROUND" AND WAR STORIES

"Silence and No Questions Asked" - Some Valuable Freight - The Kidnappers of Lawrence - Stories of War-Time Days - A Night of Terror - The Negro Exodus - When Colonel Moonlight Guarded the Town - Soldiers Guarded A Steamboat Captain - pages 227-233

CHAPTER XXII

OUR BOYS IN THE PHILIPPINES

The Approach of War - Peace Relations End - The Call for Volunteers - Kansas to the Front - The Camp in San Francisco - First Smell of Pwder - The Day on the Firing Lines - Where Their Spirit Originated - The Night Attack - The First Real Battle - A Skirmish March - Malolos is Taken - Calumpit, Next Stop - Trembly and White in Swimming - The Campaign Continues - Outposts are Annoyed - Back to Manila - The Boys Who Gave Up Their Lives - The Muster into Service - The Boys from Kansas City, Kansas - pages 234-251

CHAPTER XXIII

EARLY TIME CHARACTERS

The "Pill Box" and Dr. Root - Alfred Gray - Governor Robinson - State Geologist Mudge - Byron Judd - The Doctors Speck - Mrs. C. I. H. Nichols - Governor McGrew - Otis B. Guinn - Colonel A. C. Davis - Judge Isaac B. Sharp - Colonel G. W. Veale - Last to Desert Quindaro - Mary Tenney Gray - Judge Jesse Cooper - Captain Thomas Crook - Samuel W. Day - Frank H. Betton - Tabitha N. Thomas - James G. Dougherty - A Kansas Artist - Literary and Artistic Women - Rev. Alexander Sterrett - "Mother" Sturges - Three Wyandotte Founders - James R. Parr and Others - pages 252-270

CHAPTER XXIV

ORGANIZATION OF THE COUNTY

Creative Act - First Election of County Officers - Machinery in Motion - Beginning of Road Building - The Old Southern Bridge - Law Enforcement in 1859 - The First Jurors Drawn - Senators and Representatives - County Officers in Fifty-two Years - The County Seat - First Taxes Levied - Commissioner Districts Established - Township Organization - Wyandotte County Statistics - pages 271-283

CHAPTER XXV

THE BENCH AND BAR

An Execution in Wyandotte - Three Judicial Districts - Colorado in the Wyandotte Districts - Second and Third Districts - Courts Under Statehood - The First Term - An Early Day Court Scene - Dramshop Cases - Early Members of the Bar - A Judge Who Played Poker - The Court House Blown Down - The Judges Who Followed - The Growth of Litigation - The District Court Judges - Lawyers of the Early Days - pages 284-294

CHAPTER XXVI

KANSAS CITY, KANSAS

The First Movements - Kansas City Town Company - City Incorporated - When Armourdale Got A Start - Platting of Argentine - Public Improvements - Kansas Patriotism Aroused - Call For A State Mass Meeting - A Great Civic Demonstration - Colonel Cobb's Logical Address - Governor's Consolidation Proclamation - First City Officers - Established Ward Boundaries - First Regular Municipal Election - The Metropolitan Police - Officials of The City - Government by Commission - pages 295-311

CHAPTER XXVII

OUTSIDE OF KANSAS CITY

Rosedale, An Independent City - Mayors for Thirty-Four Years - A Picturseque Little City - Rosedale Schools - Church History - A City of Homes - A Great Medical School and Hospital - Railroad Terminals - The Old Rolling Mill - Other Industries - A Pioneer for Kansas Good Roads - Bonner Springs, the Ancient Quivera - The First Commercial Center - The Famous Four Houses - The Tiblow Ferry - The Celebrated Springs - Town Organized - City Organized - Discovery of Natural Gas - Lakes and Parks - Churches and Schools - First Rural Mail Delivery There - Other Towns in Wyandotte County - pages 312-325

CHAPTER XXVIII

KANSAS CITY OF TODAY

Figures Show Substantial Growth - An Era of Improvement - The Flood of 1903 - The New City Hall - Municipal Water Works - A Municipal Electrical Plant - Parks and Boulevards - Kansas City Post Office - New Post Office Building - Street Railway Facilities - First Interurban Railway - Financial Strength - Hotels of Old Wyandotte - The Mercantile Club - Other Civi Organizations - Charitable and Christian Organizations - pages 326-342

CHAPTER XXIX

PROTESTANT CHURCHES OF THE COUNTY

Wyandots, The First Methodists - When the Methodists Were Divided - Expelled the Rev. Mr. Gurley - Returning to the Old Church - The Methodist Churches Burned - The Old Church Re-organized - The Methodist Episcopal Church South - Other Methodist Churches - A Church of War Time Days - The Organization of the Church - Soldiers Attended Prayer Meeting - As A Pastor's Wife Told It - The Drought of 1860 - When the Old Church Bell Rang - The Burning of Lawrence - The Old Church on Fifth Street - Episcopal Churches - The Presbyterians - The Baptist Churches - The Methodists Protestant - Christian Churches - Christian Science Organizations - Other Religious Organizations - Sunday Schools - pages 343-360

CHAPTER XXX

CATHOLIC CHURCHES AND INSTITUTIONS

Arrival of Father Kuhls - Catholic Families - the Town of Wyandotte - Site for A Church - The School - A Silver Jubilee - The New Church - St. Thomas' Church - St. Anthony's Church - Blessed Sacrament Church - St. Benedict's Church - St. John's Croatian Church - St. Rose of Lima Church - St. Joseph's Polish Church - St. Bridget's Church - St. Peter's Congreagation - St. Cyril and Methodius Church - St. John's Church, Argentine - Sr. Patrick's Parish - Catholic Convents - Shawneetown - Eudora - Removal of the Bishop's Residence - Reminiscences of Father Kuhls - pages 361-379

CHAPTER XXXI

EDUCATIONAL INTERESTS

The First Public Schools - The Old Palmer Academy - City School History - Cost of the Schools - Officers - The City's Forty School Buildings - Night Schools - High Schools - Manual Training and Industrial Education - Play Grounds and School Yards - Wyandotte County Schools - Districts Organized - School Statistics - Parochial Schools - The City's Great Public Library - Dogs Bought the Books - Club Women Took the Lead - "Official Dog enumerator" - Growth of the Library - Uses of the Library - Books in the Schools - Boys' and Girls' Department - Story Hour - The Staff - pages 380-396

CHAPTER XXXII

UNIVERSITIES AND SEMINARIES

Kansas City University - Dr. Mathers' Offer Accepted - Death of the Founder - The Corner Stone Laying - To Become A Great University - Descendant of the Puritans - A Journey to The West - Gifts to the Young - Kansas City Baptist Theological Seminary - Its Courses - Western University and Industrial School - Teaching the Negroes Trades - Frugality the Chief Aim - Effect of School Training - Thoroughness in the Courses - The Kansas School for the Blind - pages 397-410

CHAPTER XXXIII

HOSPITALS AND MEDICAL SCHOOLS

St. Margaret's Hospital - Bethany Hospital - University of Kansas School and Hospital - Other Hospitals - pages 411-416

CHAPTER XXXIV

MEDICINE AND SURGERY

Act to Incorporate the Kansas Medical Society - The State Organization - First Annual Meeting - Then Came the Civil War - Reorganization - The Society's Influence - The Wyandotte County Medical Society - pages 417-421

CHAPTER XXXV

THE PRESS OF THE COUNTY

Correspondents of Long Ago - The First Newspaper - The "Wyandotte Register" - The "Gazette's" Founder - A Friend of The Indians - The "Wyandotte Herald" - The "Argentine Republic" - The "Weekly Sun" - The "Press" - Career of Mark Delahay - pages 422-433

CHAPTER XXXVI

SECRET AND BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES

First Kansas Masonic Lodge - Organizers of the First Lodge - Other Masonic Bodies - The Scottish Rite Masons - Building the Temple - The Odd Fellows - Knights of Pythias - The A. O. U. W. Lodges - Grand Army of the Republic - The Elks Lodge - The Eagles - Other Secret Societies - pages 434-440

CHAPTER XXXVII

RAILROAD BUILDING IN KANSAS

First Railroads Chartered - The Atchison Ten Years in Building - The Granger LInes - Pacific Lines - The Santa fe System - The "Joy Roads" - The "Katy" System - The "Frisco" Built - First Railraods Started from Wyandotte - When the "K. P." Reached Lawrence - Assassination of Hallett - Hallett's Visit to President Lincoln - Eastern Capitalists Interested - Hallett A Railway Genius - First County Grant to the Missouri Pacific - Building the Santa Fe - When the Memphis Was Built - The Northwestern - When the Rock Island Came - The Chicago - Great Western - Railroad Values and Trackage - Great Railway Shops and Terminals - The Great Stilwell Enterprise - pages 441-459

CHAPTER XXXVIII

PIONEER TALES OF RAIL AND TRAIL

A Buffalo Stampede - Waiting for an Attack by Indians - A Night of Terror - Some of the Men of the Old "K. P." - The Early Day Paymaster - The State Line Deport - Slow Trains in the "Sixties" - Every Clerk A Politician - A Preacher-Conductor's Yarn - The Famous Muncie Holdup - Seventeen Days in A Snow Bank - Curious Things in the Mail - The California Fast Mail - The Pioneer Railroad Telegrapher - A "Holdup" on the Trail - pages 460-471

CHAPTER XXXIX

MID-CONTINENTAL INDUSTRIAL CENTER

The Beginning of Flour Miling - Elevators - The Live Stock Market - Meat Packing Industry - Great Soap Manufactories - Cooperage and Box Factories - Foundries and Machine Shops - Implement Factories - The Cotton Industry - Manufacture of Cotton Products - The Cement Industry - An Oil Distributing Center - A Great Steel Plant - United Zinc & Chemical Company - Where Fire Engines are Made - Baking Companies - Ice Manufacturing Companies - Other Manufactories - Future Possibilities - pages 472-487

CHAPTER XL

ARGICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE

Crop Conditiosn - Trees and Native Flora - Types of Soil - Limestones - Early Farm Methods - Barns and Fences - Fall Work - The Grasshoppers - The Centennial Display - Modern Farming - Cereals - Grasses - Clovers - Field, Forage and Silo Plants - Farm Truck - Vegetable Gardening - Farm and Crop Statistics - Expense of Raising Corn in Kansas - Horticultural Statistics - pages 488-502


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