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State Flower - Yellow Jessamine
**** South Carolina's History *****
South Carolina was named to honor King Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles).
Following exploration of the coast in 1521 by Francisco de Gordillo, the Spanish tried unsuccessfully to establish a colony near present-day Georgetown in 1526, and the French also failed to colonize Parris Island near Fort Royal in 1562. The first English settlement was made in 1670 at Albemarle Point on the Ashley River, but poor conditions drove the settlers to the site of Charleston (originally called Charles Town).
South Carolina was based on a plantation culture with an aristocratic, wealthy society that was dependent on black slave labor. One of the original 13 colonies, South Carolina was first formed in 1729 when the Carolina colony was divided in two to form North and South Carolina. The attack on Fort Sumter in the Charleston harbor launched the Civil War. After the war, the structure of the state changed.
It was admitted to the Union on May 23, 1788 and became the 8th state.
**** State Symbols *****
Dena Whitesell - State Coordinator 2008-2014
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