South Carolina was named to honor King
Charles I (Carolus is Latin for Charles).
Following exploration of the coast in
1521 by Francisco de Gordillo, the Spanish tried unsuccessfully to
establish a colony near present-day Georgetown in 1526, and the
French also failed to colonize Parris Island near Fort Royal in
1562. The first English settlement was made in 1670 at Albemarle
Point on the Ashley River, but poor conditions drove the settlers
to the site of Charleston (originally called Charles
South Carolina was based on a plantation
culture with an aristocratic, wealthy society that was dependent
on black slave labor. One of the original 13 colonies, South
Carolina was first formed in 1729 when the Carolina colony was
divided in two to form North and South Carolina. The attack on
Fort Sumter in the Charleston harbor launched the Civil War. After
the war, the structure of the state changed.
It was admitted to the Union on May
23, 1788 and became the 8th state.
Mottoes: Animis opibusque
parati (Prepared in mind and resources) and Dum spiro spero (While
I breathe, I hope)
Flower: Carolina yellow
Tree: Palmetto tree
Bird: Carolina wren